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he would find family after family, not countryman whom they wish to beneof the lowest order of work-people, but fit, and have not a suitable tract or many of them of the superior class of volume with them at the time, it may our own manufacturers, brought over be easily sent afterwards by post from to conduct the French establishments. some other part of France, at which He would find among them many they are able to procure it. persons of most respectable outward “ The writer has heard the number appearance, of much intelligence, and of English work-people on and cona very earnest desire to receive En- nected with the railroads estimated glish books and tracts of a religious at 20,000. He has no means of asnature. Such will listen with plea- certaining whether this be above or sure to a word of advice on the sub- below the real number. He menject of religion from the lips of their tions this for the mere purpose of own countrymen, and in their dear showing that we may reckon the native tongue; and if, by means of English work-people in France by advice given, only prayer can be in- tens of thousands. More cases, then, troduced into the family, or the head of spiritual want of their own counthereof be prevailed upon to collect his trymen lie scattered about the path of household on the Lord's Day, and English travellers in France than to read to them a portion of God's they are perhaps aware of.” word, and a tract or sermon, with appropriate prayers, a little well of salvation has been opened in a land of It is hardly possible to describe to dearth, and of the shadow of death, you, to make you conceive rightly, which may be a means of rich and unless you were on the ground, the inconceivable blessings.

extraordinary politico-religious fer“The writer is acquainted with the mentation through which France is case of an English clergyman, who passing at the present time. An unwas obliged to reside upon the Con- observant person, or one who travels tinent from ill health, who found a hastily through the country, might number of English families connected see nothing of it, might know nothing with an establishment for preparing of it, and might come back with the iron rails for French railways. His news that all is quiet; but one who compassion was powerfully excited looks about him, observes, inquires, by the wants of the English little converses, reads the journals and the ones; they were sent to Roman Ca- new books, sees that a great movetholic Schools, which afforded the only ment is at hand. Rome is rousing means of instruction in the neigh- herself for the conflict, but at the same bourhood. He immediately opened time great masses of resistance are a school for them, and gave them preparing against her, in quarters what little instruction he could impart where formerly there was no opposiduring his sojourn in that place. tion. Rome is gaining power over

Visitors may do much, where the Court, the Jesuits increase, they such an effort as this is not practicable, are bold and hardy in their moveby the bestowal of a hymn-book or a ments, religious persecution is let text-book for the children, to supply loose, the Jesuits steal children, and them with some little scriptural light, are not yet called to account for it, where much darkness is existing priests are imprisoned for becoming around.

Protestants; but amidst all this there “The writer must request leave to is preparing a stronger defence of readd, that tracts and books, even En- ligious liberty, a wider progress of the glish, may be sent with great facility truth, a more general and better susby the French post, from one part of tained conflict against Rome, than France to another. The payment is ever has been witnessed in this about one halfpenny a sheet; a far- country thing for the half-sheet. If Christian This

year the public mind has been friends have, therefore, at any time, strongly agitated by the conflicts befound an interesting case of a fellow- tween the Jesuits and the University,

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that he may

on the subjects of public instruction. What they call “the force of things,” The Jesuits pretend to support what that is, I suppose,

the current of they call liberty of teaching, but it is events, led these two authors, almost only that they may get all the educa

simultaneously, to treat of the same tion of France into their own hands. subject in their teachings, at first in The University contends that educa- entire ignorance of each other's movetion is to be taken care of by the state, ments. Afterwards, in view of the the government having a controlling opposition they met with, they agreed power over all educational seminaries.

to publish their notes in a volume The University contends for freedom together. Michelet is one of the most of teaching apart from the tyranny of celebrated historians of France. It priests; but while doing this, it gives was in the midst of his historical altogether too much power to the go- lectures, having encountered the subvernment over the system of educa- ject of the Jesuits, and treated it with tion; the Jesuits profess to espouse freedom and severity, that he met with the cause of liberty, but in reality it is those interruptions, which caused in only the liberty of ruling by them- the end the publication of the volume. selves.

The notes of the first lecture comBooks and pamphlets have been mence thus: “It is God alone who published on the one side and the knows the future; but if he means ta other. A profound and eloquent dis- strike us again, I pray course by M. Thiers, in the Chamber strike us with the sword. The wounds of Peers, occupies an important place, of the sword are clean and frank, but I am sorry to say it is mingled which bleed, but heal. But what can with doctrines that tend to absolute a nation do with disgraceful, condespotism, while on the other hand, cealed sores, which grow old and by this barrier of state despotism it gain upon the system daily? would defend the University from the “ From such corruptions the worst monopoly of Jesuits and Priests. But to fear is the spirit of police in religion, it is not thus that they are to be con- in the things of God, the spirit of pious

intrigue, of holy informers, of sanctiQuite separate from this question fied accusation, the spirit of Jesuits. between the Jesuits and the Univer- Rather may God lay upon us ten sity, another discussion has been times all forms of tyranny political, aroused in regard to the Jesuits military, than suffer such a police to themselves, and their detestable max- pollute our beloved France ! A ims, character, and policy. MM. tyranny has this at least of good in it, Michelet and Quinet have published that it often rouses the national sentitogether a work, entitled, “ Des Je- ment, and they break it or it breaks suites,” of which, besides an edition itself. But if this sentiment be exin octavo, four smaller editions were tinguished, if the gangrene gets into exhausted in two months. One who our flesh and bones, how then will reads this work does not wonder at

you get rid of it? its success, for it is full of fire, and An ordinary tyranny contents animated by the spirit of liberty. It itself with the outward man, the acspeaks out, without the least restraint, tions. But this police attacks the in tones that thrill the bosom of the thoughts. The habits of thought nation, awakening an impulse which become gradually changed under it, in the end will work with irresistible and the soul is injured in its depths. power in France in the cause of reli- But a soul lying and flattering, tremgious freedom. When such works bling and vile, which despises even begin to appear, one might almost itself, is it still a soul? It is a change say, in spite of all temporary triumphs worse than death. Death kills only of the Romish priesthood, there is an 'the body, but when the soul thus dies, end of religious tyranny:

what remains ? Death lets you still The work consists of lectures given live in

children ; but here

you to the students by these two profes- lose both your children and the sors, with notes and appendices. future.”


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THE evangelical šeceders of Aigle

have just been prevented from meetI will venture to mix my voice with ing for public worship. Under the others to extol the excellence of the pretext that a mob would assemble, Bible; to increase, if possible, the the Préfet wrote to the Council of esteem with which I have no doubt State, and was directed to try to peryou already value it; and to induce suade the seceders from meeting. As you to co-operate for its diffusion this was not done, the gens-d'armes throughout the world. And this, in- entered the house, and, "in the name deed, I ought to do, with a deep sense of the law," dissolved the meeting. of gratitude for the benefits which I A lady at Sion has lately been fined have derived myself from its free use, 100 francs for having public worship so far as to have abandoned the path in her house. A minister of the Gosof error and of bondage for that of pel having called at her hotel, on his truth and liberty; for you must know way home from the baths of Loesere, that once that holy book was, as it she, being a Protestant, was desirous were, sealed to me. I had, indeed, of profiting by the visit of the ministhe permission to read it, but it was ter, and of having worship held in her on the condition of attaching to every house. She gave due notice of this part of it the interpretation of the to the town council, who made no Church of which I was a professed difficulty on the subject. About member. I think I have already said twenty persons were present at the enough to make you infer that I was service, including the English, the a Roman Catholic. Yes, my friends, persons belonging to the hotel, and the restrained reading of the Scrip- some Protestants of the town. A few tures is the principal characteristic of days after, à complaint was lodged the Romish Church: she shuts the with the government against the town fountain of life to her children, or, if council of Sion for having permitted she allows them the use of the Scrip- an act which violated the constitution. tures, it is on the condition of having The government was obliged to take their living waters mixed with her the matter up, and she was fined. On corruption. When, through provi- this the Roman Catholic bishop visited dential circumstances, I was led to the landlady, and assured her that she search the Scriptures, under the guid- was very wrong in having had the sera ance of a revered friend, what a changé vice in her house, aud advised her to was wrought in my soul! Then I carefully abstain from such a thing in could understand that there is some- future. His lordship concluded by thing of Omnipotence embodied in saying, that for this time he would inspiration. Quotations from the Bi- pay the fine for her, which he really ble appeared as a clap of thunder, a did. flash of lightning, or the clear and Some months since an order was steady radiance of day; or as if the issued that no Protestant in Sion Almighty himself had broken silence should be permitted to perform in and delivered utterance intelligible, public or in private any act of worship. authentic, and decisive to all. I was Ten days before the above condemno more in the awkward predicament nation was pronounced, the Diet of believing things repugnant to the refused to acknowledge the conword of God. Had it not been for stitution of the Valais, because the free use of the Bible, I might still, article 2 interdicted the Protestants probably, have lived in a state of bond- from performing acts of worship in age, a devotee to the "commandments the canton. of men” and vain ceremonies.

Errata in the Remarks on the Bishop of Worcester's Charge, in our last No. p. 460, col. 1, line 7, for wisdom read evidence.-ib. line 16, for views read errors. p. 461, col. 2, line 8, for lectura read lectern.-p. 463, col. 2, line 2, for far read for. p. 464, col. 2, line 49, for heart read breast.-p. 465, col. 1, line 8, for Triune read Nicene.






PAUL GERHARDT is generally al- and departed this life on the 7th of lowed to occupy, among the hymn June, 1676. One of his own writers of Germany, the next place hymns floated before his expiring to Luther, whom he excels in vivid

memory, and he died with some of delineations of Christian experience. its words (“No death can us desHe was born in 1606, at Gräfen. troy’) upon his lips. hainichen: and in 1651 was still Shortly before his death he drew living at Berlin, without any public up his last will for the benefit of employment. A tumultuous pe- his son, who was then of the age riod, the whole thirty years' war, of fourteen, from which the followhad then just elapsed; but of his ing is an extract:life during that time nothing is “ Since I have now reached my known, though he appears to have seventieth year, and have also the composed many of his hymns in joyful hope that my gracious God the course of those years.

In will shortly release me from this 1652, he was minister of Mitten- evil world, and conduct me to a wald, where he married, and re- better life than I have hitherto enmained till 1657. In that year he joyed on earth, I thank him, in the accepted the third deaconry at the first place, for all the goodness and Church of St. Nicholas, at Berlin, faithfulness which he has shown which office he filled till 1666 ; me, from my birth even to this when, in consequence of the lam- hour, both in body and soul, and entable disputes between the Lu- in all that he has given me. theran and Reformed Churches, he Also, I entreat him, from the botreceived his dismissal.

tom of my heart, that when my After he had lived for three

years hour comes he will grant me a in Berlin witout any charge, he happy departure, will receive my was appointed, in May, 1669, soul into his paternal hands, and Archdeacon at Lübben. He exer- grant my body a soft slumber in cised that function for seven years the earth till the last day; when I, to the great benefit of his flock, with all mine who have gone be


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fore or may remain after me, shall good conscience, though it be not once more awake, and when I shall very much. But should God grant behold face to face my dear Lord, you more, pray him to preserve Jesus Christ, whom, though as yet you from a fatal misuse of temporal I have not seen him, I have believ- blessings.

To sum up all—pray diligent"To my only surviving son I ly, study what is honest, live peaceleave little of earthly goods, but I fully, do your duty with integrity, leave him an honourable name, of and remain constant in faith, and which he will not have greatly to then, at the last, you will die, and be ashamed.

depart from this world willingly, “My son knows, that from his joyfully, and happily. Amen." tender infancy I have dedicated him The following poem, which we to the Lord, to be a servant and have translated as a specimen of preacher of His Holy Word. Let his hymns, is remarkable as having him remain steadfast thereto, and been the favourite of the celebrated not turn back because of the diffi- Schiller, whose infant mind his culties he may meet; for God can mother nourished with these sacred amply make up for outward sor- songs. It is also related that a row by inward, heart-felt joy and beggar-child was preserved through spiritual delight.

many temptations by repeating the “In your common life do not stanza, commencing “ Spread both follow eviļ company, but the will thy pinions wide.' and commandment of your God. Especially,

EVENING HYMN. 1. Do nothing wrong in the hope that it will be concealed; for

Now all the woods are still, nothing is so finely spun but it

Beasts, men, town, field, and hillcomes to the sun.

The world is all at rest : “2. Be not angry, except when But thou, my heart, arise ! duty requires it. If you observe To Him who made the skies that you are heated by anger, re

Give the song He loyeth best. main quite still, and do not speak a word till yoų have repeated the

O Sun! where canst thou be? Ten Commandments and the Creed.

The Night hath exiled thee“3. Be ashamed of fleshly, sinful

The Night, stern foe of Day!

Go, then: another Sunlusts; and when you at length Jesus-has now begun reach the proper age for matrimony, Upon my heart to pour His ray. marry, seeking the direction of God, and the advice of faitnful,

The day has fled afar: prudent people.

Like gold, each little star “4. Do people good as though Shines in Heaven's azure hall: they were never to repay you; for

So shall I stand and glow, what man cannot repay, the Crea- When from this vale of woe tor of heaven and earth has long Me my forgiving God shall call. since repaid, when He created you,

When we to rest retire when He gave His beloved Son for you, and when He admitted you to

We strip off our attire

Type of mortality: the privileges of holy baptism.

When I lay that aside, 55. Fly, covetoysness as hell. Christ will

, instead, provide Be satisfied with what you may A glorious robe of state for me. have earned with honour and a

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