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coast, which does not owe a useful —and never forsook it in heart and and instructive library to the care and feeling, even when health failed her, exertions of Elizabeth Fry, and very or other circumstances, not under her numerous are the testimonies which control, closed the door, for a time, on she has received of the value and her personal exertions. This perseusefulness of the books which have
verance was combined with a peculiar thus been provided.
versatility and readiness in seizing on She was a faithful and diligent dis- every passing occasion, and converttributor of religious tracts, and larger ing it into an opportunity of usefulpublications of an edifying character,
not only always besides the Holy Scriptures. These, willing, but always prepared, always whether travelling or at home, she ready, (by a kind of mental sleight of took care to keep so near at hand, and hand,) to do good, be it ever so little, so nicely arranged, as to be always to a child, a servant, a waiter at an inn, ready for use on every occasion. Few a friend, a neighbour, or stranger! have been known, as the writer be- There can, indeed, be no doubt that lieves, to keep every thing around her natural endowments were pecuthem in better order, or to arrange liarly fitted, under the sanctifying intheir daily duties, and, as it were, to fluence of Divine grace, to her ardupack up life, with greater skill. This ous vocations in life: but it was this was one secret of her success in all grace, or, in other words, it was the her pursuits. Another was the re- anointing of the Spirit of the Lord, markable discretion which guided her which was in fact, her main qualificain her communications with persons tion for every service in the Gospel in authority. She knew exactly how far --for every labour of Christian love. to go, and she went just so far, and no This it was which imparted a heafarther. A third was the imperturbable venly loveliness to her countenance, evenness of her temper, and quiet- brightness and clearness to her words, ness of spirit, which marked her whole a sacred melody in times of religious course. She moved along in her walk solemnity to her voice, and a strength of mercy at an easy steady pace, and and facility to her actions. This it was never ruffled, never in a hurry. was which mainly accounted both for Her expressive countenance wore the the fortiter in re and the suaviter in beaming smile of unaffected kindness; modo for which she was so much disyet such was the calm dignity of her tinguished. “ C'est le don de Dieu," appearance and demeanour, that the cried a German prince, who interpretlove which she inspired wherever she ed for her while she was addressing a went never failed to be mingled with large company of orphans in a foreign a feeling of deference.
land. It was, indeed, the gift of God, The law of love, which might be supernaturally bestowed from the said to be ever on her lips, was deeply fountain of his grace, by which she was engraven on her heart; and her
enabled so to move, speak, and act in charity, in the best and most compre- his service, and by which her natural hensive sense of the term, flowed faculties—his gifts by creation-were freely forth towards her fellow-men purified, enlarged, and directed. of every class, of every condition. No one could more fully enter than Thus she won her way, with a pecu- she habitually did into the force and liar grace, and almost uniformly ob- meaning of the apostle's words: “I tained her object. There was, how- know that in me, that is to say, in
my ever, another quality, which power- flesh, there dwelleth no good thing;' fully tended to this result-patient no one could more readily or rightly and indomitable perseverance. She answer his question, " What hast was not one of those who warmly thou, that thou hast not received ?" embrace a philanthropic pursuit, and She was remarkably free from selfthen as easily forsake it. Month after complacency, dwelling deeply in the month, and year after year, she la- sense of her own unworthiness; and boured in any plan of mercy which from her inmost heart could she adopt she thought it her duty to undertake, the prayer of the Psalmist, “Not unto
us, O Lord, not unto us, but unto every hour of need, to her intimate thy name give glory.”
associates and friends. Her love, One example may illustrate the which flowed so freely towards maneffect of her Christian influence. On kind in general, assumed a concenvisiting one of the State prisons in trated form towards the individuals of the kingdom of in 1839, she her own immediate circle. There was found many hundred convicts work- not one of them who did not live in ing in chains, sorely burdened and her remembrance; not one who could oppressed. In union with her friend not acknowledge her as an especial William Allen, she pressed the case, friend-a helper and sustainer in life. in the absence of the King, on the Delightful was her conversation in the attention of the Queen and Crown family group, whether at her own Prince. Soon afterwards, the Queen dwelling, or in those of her relatives ; was seized by her mortal illness, but always fixing the attention, always did not depart from this world without soothing the feelings, always tending obtaining the kind promise of her to virtue and happiness, to love, peace, Royal Consort that Elizabeth Fry's and union. recommendations respecting the pri
an ardent lover of the sons should be at once adopted. beauties of nature, and observed them When the same prison was again with delight, in their smaller as well visited by her in 1841, not a chain as larger features. A shell by the was to be seen on any of the criminals. sea-side, a feather, or a flower, would They were working with comparative fill her heart with joy, and tune her ease and freedom; not one of them, tongue to praise, while she gazed on it as the governor declared, had made an evidence of Divine wisdom, his escape; and great and general skill, and goodness. It was, indeed, was the joy with which they received a remarkable feature in her character, and welcomed their benefactress. that she was as complete in the little
In several of the royal persons with as in the great things of life—as sucwhom she communicated she met cessful in matters of a subordinate with truly kindred hearts, and it is nature as in those of higher moment. not too much to assert, that some of She cared for the bodies of her friends them were united to her in the bond as kindly and as skilfully as for their not only of warm and constant friend- souls. She was the refuge of those ship, but of Christian fellowship. around her in every trouble, whether When the King of Prussia was in more or less important; and knew England, he made a point of visiting how to satisfy all who came to her, her at her own abode, on which occa- and all to whom she came. sion she had the pleasure of presenting Those who are accustomed to obto him her children, and children's serve the ways of Divine mercy and children a goodly company, between wisdom will not be surprised that so thirty and forty in number! She was beloved, so popular a being, should also gratified by receiving a most experience the full force of the Scripaffectionate and sympathizing letter ture declaration—" Whom the Lord from him, in his own hand, within a loveth he chasteneth.” Many and few weeks of her death. The interest varied were her tribulations in the felt about her on the continent of course of her pilgrimage ; and it was Europe, as well as in the United States through no light measure of affliction of America, was indeed as that she was prepared for her fulness and nearly as general as in her own of sympathy with the sufferings of country.
others. A delicate constitution, and After all, however, those loved her many sore visitations of sickness, the the best who knew her the most in unexpected death of some of her beprivate life. She was, truly, an at- loved children and grandchildren, as tached and devoted wife—a cherish- well as the loss of other near relaing and cherished mother-a loving tions and connexions, and some unand grateful sister--a dispenser of the expected adverse circumstances, were true balm of Christian comfort, in among the close trials of faith and
patience, with which her heavenly swered; so that it was by very slow Father saw fit to prove her in this degrees her friends were weaned from valley of tears. And, indeed, they that peculiar dependence on her to served their purpose, for she was pre- which they were naturally prone. served in deep humility and true Although she continued very infirm tenderness of spirit before the Lord, in body, the sufferings which she had under whose holy hand she quietly endured, from a painful irritation of bowed in resignation of soul. She the nerves and spasms, gradually knew what it was to mourn and weep, abated. She was again enabled, to a but she never despaired. She was certain extent, and with occasional one who could truly sing the song of relapses, to enjoy the company of her Habakkuk: “Although the fig-tree friends; again united with them in shall not blossom, neither shall fruit the public worship of God; again be in the vines; the labour of the cheered and comforted the family olive shall fail, and the fields shall circle; again laboured, as far as health yield no meat; the flock shall be cut would permit, for the benefit of her off from the fold, and there shall be fellow-men. It was a joy and comno herd in the stalls; yet I will re- fort to many that she was enabled to joice in the Lord, and joy in the God attend two of the sittings of the last of my salvation.'
Yearly Meeting of Friends, and the In the summer of 1843, she spent last Annual Meeting of the British a few weeks in Paris, for the last Ladies' Society, on which several time. Never, perhaps, did she mani- occasions she addressed the company fest a greater brightness than during present, with all her usual sweetness, that period. Her numerous friends
love, and power. (of various classes) flocked around About two months ago, she went her with peculiar pleasure, and lively with her husband and family, for and precious indeed was her testi- change of air and scene, to Ramsmony amongst them to the truth as gate, where a commodious residence it is in Jesus, and to its practical im- had been prepared for her, within portance and efficacy. It was a par
view of the sea.
There she was surticular satisfaction to her on that oc- rounded by several members of her casion to renew her intimacy with family, and took peculiar pleasure in several French ladies of truly Chris- the company of some of her beloved tian character, especially with her grandchildren, who had lately lost an long-loved and faithful friend, the invaluable father. But she was far Countess P, a lady of deep piety, from forgetting to be useful to others and with a heart full of love to God beyond her own circle. Repeatedly and man, like her own. This was her was she engaged in acceptable relilast effort of the kind. Soon after gious service at a friends' meeting in her return home, her health was evi- a neighbouring village ; and she took dently much enfeebled, and towards great pains in disseminating Bibles the close of that year she became so and I'racts among the crews of alarmingly ill that the solicitude of foreign and other vessels, which freher own family, and of the multitudes quented the harbour.
“ We must who loved her and knew her value, work while it is called to-day,” said was painfully awakened. Earnest she; “ however low the service we inquiries after her health were made may be called to, I desire, through the from the highest quarters, as well as help that may be granted me, to do it by the poor and miserable of man- the end;" adding, “Let us sow bekind. Public prayers were offer- side all waters. I so greatly feel the ed for her recovery in some of the importance of that text. In the Protestant churches on the continent; morning sow thy seed, and in the and numerous, we doubt not, were evening withhold not thine hand; for the petitions put up in private on be- thou knowest not whether shall proshalf of the cherished one, who had per, either this or that, or whether they been “the succourer of many."
both shall be alike good.' These petitions were graciously an- While such was her earnest desire, DECEMBER_1845,
she placed no dependence for salva- which state, notwithstanding some tion on any works of righteousness severe convulsions, continued, almost which she had done or could do ; but without intermission, until, on the only on the fulness and freeness of morning of the 13th, she quietly drew the pardoning love of God in Christ her last breath. On one occasion, Jesus—the one great sacrifice for sin however, she woke up for a few mo-her sure and certain hope of eternal ments, and said to a faithful attendglory.
ant who was beside her bed, “This In the meantime there was a mark- is a strife, but I am SAFE.” Safe ed sweetness and loveliness in her she then was, doubtless, in the holy conversation and demeanour, and a hands of the Lord, who was with her peculiar and increasing seriousness in in the valley of the shadow of death. her state of mind—a longing for a Safe she now is for ever, as we reverglorious eternity—which seemed to ently, yet firmly believe, in the bosom denote that she was rapidly ripening of that adorable Redeemer, whom she for a holier and brighter scene, a bet- ardently loved and faithfully followed. ter and enduring inheritance. Speak- Although she was scarcely to be ing of her late afflictions, in a note to numbered with the aged, her's was a one of her brothers, she acknowledged long life in the service of her God and that she did not count them strange, Saviour. She died in her 66th year, as though some strange thing had May we not entertain the joyful happened unto her, but rather rejoiced assurance, that, “when the son of in being made a partaker in the suffer- Man shall came in his glory, and all ings of Christ, that when his glory his holy angels with him,” this handshould be revealed, she might be glad maid of the Lord, so remarkable for also with exceeding joy. “Ah, dear- her loving spirit, and unceasing enest --,” she added," may we, through deavours to benefit her fellow-men, our Lord's love and mercy, eventual- will be found among those who shall ly thus rejoice with him in glory, rest, receive the joyful sentence, “Come, and peace, when this passing scene ye blessed of my Father, inherit the shall close upon our view!”
kingdom prepared for you from the Her hour was, indeed, nearly come. foundation of the world; for I was an In the afternoon of the 11th Oct., after hungered, and ye gave me meat; I a day or two of considerable suffering was thirsty, and ye gave me drink; I and debility, she was suddenly attack- I was a stranger, and ye took me in; ed with pressure on the brain, and naked, and ye clothed me; sick and while sinking under the stroke was in prison, and
visited me. heard to exclaim, “Oh, my dear Verily, I
inasmuch Lord, keep and help thy servant!" ye have done it unto one of the least She soon fell into a deep slumber, of these my brethren, ye have done it and became totally unconscious; unto Me."
EXTRACT FROM THE BISHOP OF HEREFORD'S LAST
If some good men at the close of the yet was dead; with little vigour in last and the early part of the present
her ministrations, and few symptoms century began a movement which was of spiritual vitality. Merged, for the likely to work, and has since wrought, most part, in dry, sentimental, heartgreat and important results, be it less morality, the peculiar and disremembered that they had a grand tinguishing doctrines of the Gospel object in view. They found the were rarely brought into fitting and Church with a name that she lived, scriptural prominence. It was a dark EXTRACT FROM THE BISHOP OF HEREFORD'S LAST CHARGE. 547
unfruitful time when they set them- doctrines of the Gospel were at stake. selves to the task of awakening a care- There could be no halting between less and lethargic generation. And two opinions. unlike the agitators of recent days, Compared with this, the present their trumpet gave no
uncertain strife about the force of difficult and sound.
doubtful rubrics, about postures, The fall and degeneracy and sinful- vestments, and the like, sinks into ness of man, with the means of re- utter insignificance, leaving behind conciliation to offended God only sorrow and a sense of shame at through the One only Mediator, and the bitterness which has marked its the necessity of a living faith in the career. The time chosen for such full and free grace of the everlasting disputes was most unfortunate, when Gospel, were the leading topics of reasonable men on all sides were betheir pulpit labours. Doctrines these, ginning to entertain a better apprecithen seldom discussed, though abun- ation of each other's motives, and dantly set forth in our Liturgy; but contending parties were fast drawing in their stead, long arguments on the to a nearer agreement in principle and Evidences, or calm, reasoning dis- practice, promising the happiest recourses on the beauty of virtue, on sult. This result had indeed been the dignity of man, on the merit and already in part effected in the imreward of obedience, lulled the unsus- proved tone and religious character pecting listeners into placid security, of the country. This unhappy strife, and pillowed them in soft repose. In for aught we know, may have been endeavouring to rouse their Christian designed by the overruling providence brethren from this state of dull and of God as part of his Church's trial. torpid indifference, it may be that the Waters become unwholesome by stagchief movers did not always act with nation, and the atmosphere is cleared discretion and wisdom, or with that and purified by storms. So it may be attention to Ecclesiastical rule and ordained for her good, that the Church order and discipline, which it was should have no rest while “militant their duty to observe and to inculcate, here in earth,” nor till “her warfare and that they rarely asserted, or fee- is accomplished,” and her work is bly vindicated some grave principles.
done. For all such faults let reasonable “The Priest's lips are to teach blame be allotted, after due allowance knowledge, and the people are to seek for human infirmity and error, for the the law at his mouth.” But this end want of sympathy in most of their can hardly be compassed if public contemporaries, for the vehemence of feeling be estrarged from our minisopposition which they had to encoun- trations. It will be wise, therefore, ter, and for the misrepresentation they to follow a conciliatory course, wherwere called upon to endure. Yet, it ever this can be done without unbemust be owned, they were doing a coming compliance, and without any great work, and they prospered in it. compromise of truth. All singulariTo this even their adversaries bare ties of doctrine and of ceremony witness, by adopting gradually most should be avoided. In matters “ diof their sentiments, and by acting at versely taken, we should allow long length upon most of their principles, custom to be the interpreter and under a conviction, doubtless, that guide. As there are confessedly some those sentiments and principles, in things in which the most scrupulous the main, were consonant with the conscience and the nicest punctiliousmind and will of God as revealed in ness cannot carry out the letter, are the divine oracles. If, then, in the we unreasonable in asking you to let commencement and early progress of long usage have its weight, and to be that religious movement, some un- satisfied with fulfilling the spirit? and happy disunion and dissatisfaction in asking you, likewise, not to insist prevailed, we must grant that the on some others which cannot be unistruggle was for great and vital ob- versally enforced without a more than jects; the fundamental and essential countervailing inconvenience, or with