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THE STRAND BRIDGE.
This was the first of the newly- cients, to be perfectly flat, a circumprojected bridges, and is to cross the stance highly favourable to the draught. Thaines froin a place midway between of carriages across it, and without any Somerset House and the Savoy, to the apparent subtraction from its beauty. opposite shore of Lambeth Marsh, over Each arch is to be 120 feet span which roads and streets are to be open- the piers 20 feet thick, with Tuscan ed to the Obelisk in St. George's Fields, coluinns; the width within the parapets and to Kennington. It was designed 42 feet, the foot-paths being 7 feet each, and is building under the direction of and the road-way 28 feet. The capital Mr. RENNIE.
of the company is 800,0001. for this It consists of nine equal arches, and bridge and other improvements. sis intended, like the bridges of the an
THE VAUXHALL BRIDGE.
This bridge is to extend from Mill. nine arches of equal span in squares of bank to Smith's Tea-gardens, which near- cast-iron, on piers of rusticated stone, ly adjoin Vauxhall Gardens, and is in- forined of fragments, united by means tended to connect the roads branching of Parker's cement. The total width from that spot to Hyde Park Corver, will be 809 feet, the span of the arches by a straight road and street across 78 feet, the height 29 feet, and the clear Tothill Fields to Eaton-street, Pimlico, breadth of the road-way 36 feet. The and Grosvenor-place. The architect is small crosses represent the triple lampe Mr. J. WALKER. It is to consist of The estimated cost is above 300,0001,
THE SOUTHWARK, OR NEW LONDON BRIDGE.
It is proposed that this bridge shall the side ones of 210 feet each. Tlie form a communication from the bottom arches are to be composed of cast iron, of Queen-street, Cheapside, being the and the piers and abutments to be of direct line of Guildhall, to Bankside, and stone. The cost is estimated at 287,000), thence to the various Kent and Surrey and there can be little doubt but its tolls roads. It is designed by Mr. RENNIE, will yield from 50 to 60,0001. per an. and is to consist but of three grand nom, though London bridge should be arglies; the centre of 240 feet
The Custom House which was erected ground floor and cellars are to consist of Sp 1718 being altogether inadequate to vaults, and warehouses for goods under the increased trade of the Port of London, bond; and in the centre of the first floor the wharfs and warehouses to the west- will be the long room, 190 feet by 67, sure ward of it, between Thames-street and mounted by an elegant dome. The the 'Thames, bave been purchased and water front here represented is to be of pulled down, and the building, of which stoņe, with Ionic columns at each end, we here present the design of the princi- and a double flight of steps at the principal front, is to be erected on the scite. pal entrance in the centre. The
is The architect is Mr. David LAING, and to be extended in front into the river, and this front possesses a degree of taste too a new wall and quay are to be formed evident to require our praise. The builder froin the Towerto Billingsgate, Other im. is Mr. Peto. The length will be nearly provements are also proposed in the double that of the old Custom House, be- access to this busy spot. ing 490 feet, and the width 108"feet. It the excavations for the sewers and founis calculated to admit the disposition of dations present an extraordinary picture 650 officers and clerks, and the employ- of human industry, and bring to light ment, without confusion, of 1050 tide- foundations of foriner wharfs, sewers, waiters, and other assistants, The and pavements of streets, 1000 years old.
THE DEBTORS' PRISON, CRIPPLEGATE.
This prison, which is built for the pur. cise, and that there is at present no ens pose of distinguishing the confinement of trance from Red-Cross-street for the city debtors from that of criminals, in the side, which is kept distinct from the crowded criminal prisons of Newgate and county side, the only entrance being a the Compters, had its origin in the obser- common and remote one from White. vations published by Sir Richard Phil. Cross-street. The accommodations will lips in his Letter to the Livery of London, however far exceed those hitherto possesse (pp. 90.92,) which were ably and honest." ed by this unhappy class of persons, ly supported by a committee of the cor- while the scite, being little more than a poration of London, appointed to report quarter of a mile from St. Paul's, does on them. The first stone was laid by not remove the incarcerated from the Ald. Wood in July 1819, and the part vortex of humanity, and the attention of intended for city debtors is nearly fi- their friends. The architect is Mr. nished for their reception. It is to be MONTAGUE, the city surveyor, and the regretsed that the high price of ground building and ground will cost not less than has too much limited the areas for exer- 80,0001.
THE NEW BETH EM HOSPITAL
If the asylum of St. Luke's has by its structure was designed by Mr. LEWIS, ñagnitude and arrangements astonished and is now nearly completed, in the road all beholders, much more will the erection which leads from Newington to Westof this vast and splendid pile of buildings, minster Bridge, at an expence of 95,000l. serve as an honour to the taste and inv- It is 580 feet long, and capable of reral feelings of the British nation.
ceiving in this front, 200 patients. The old hospital of Bethlem, or Bed- Another line of building extending to lam, in Moorfields, liaving become rui- the south, is designed for an equal numnous and dangerous in several parts, and ber; and also for 60 criminal lunatics, also unequal to the number of cases the charge of, which latter department which have required relief, it was deter- exclusively belongs to government. The mined to appropriate its scite to more ground occupied by the buildings, ane profitable buildings, and to rebuild where intended for the exercise of the patienis, ground was less costly, and more room is twelve acrcs. attainable. Accordingly the present
THE ROYAL MILITARY ASYLUM.
This splendid and munificent esta- education of the boys is chiefly of a mi. blishment has been formed during the litary character, the instructors bearing present war, for the purpose of main, the titles, of Serjeant-Major, Serjeanttaining and educating the orphan or un. Assistants, &c. protected legitimate children of warrant The scite of the building is opposite and non-commissioned officers and sol- the north-east corner of the enclosure of diers of the regular army. It is calcu- Chelsea Hospital, and the whole struclated to lodge at least one thousand ture and its appurtenances accord with children, in the proportion of 900 boys" the liberal spirit in which the British parto 300 girls; and in subordination to its liament has, of late years, granted the objects, there is an infant institution at public money for military purposes. As the Isle of Wight, from which, at a pro. far as it provides for the education and per age, the children are removed for maintenance of children, otherwise deseducation to this asylum.
titute, whose killed or maimed parents The boys, if they consent, are to be have claims op the gratitude of the goplaced in the army as private soldiers; vernment, it must have the heartfelt ap, and the girls, and other boys, are bound probation of every Euglishınan and father est apprentice, or put to servise. The of a family.
THE ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS.
possession of the s
splendid museum south side of Lincoln's Inn Fields. Here of the late John Hunter, purchased for the corporation holds its meetings for all thein by Parliament, rendering it in.
purposes and business of its charter; and cumbent on the Royal College of Sur- on the eastern side, arranged in distinct geons, to possess an adequate building in apartments, is the Hunterian Museum, which to display above 20,000 anatomi. forming one of the greatest curiosities, cal preparations, they have with com- and the most extraordinary assemblage mendable spirit recently purchased, en- of the wonders and harmonies of nature, farged and beautified some houses on the to be met with in any country,
THE PENITENTIARY HOUSES, MILLBANK,
The design of a building of this nature, of punishment and reform has been profor the punishment; employment, and re. jected formation of offences of secondary turpi. are, at MILLBANK, and no culprits
we understand, in
those irrefor a term of years, has been conceived trievable and enormous cases that retude, usually punished by transportation to New South Wales, uture to be sent since the disputes began which terminated quire transportation for life. in the separation of the Ainerican States. The plan of this erection is, it is The plan for colonizing New South known, partly that of Mr. JEREMY Wales, led to a general system of expaa Bentham--the culprits are to be contriation to the Antipodes; which, as apo fined in circular buildings, with windows plied to definite periods, was cruel and so constructed that the overseer from UNUST, because the wretched objects a room in the centre may be able to view were precluded from the power of ever one of their rooms. The external returning, however short might be the wall encloses no less than eighteen acres intended period of their punishment! A .of ground; and within that space, there strong and affecting memorial of the are to be six of these circular huildings, sheriffs of London, in 1807, (vide Letter each capable of lodging and employing, to the Livery, page 110,) led to several from 150 to 200 prisoners; with a chapel, parliamentary notices and remonstrances infirmary, and other conveniences. against this indiscriminate mode of trans- The view is limited to the entrance portation, which was in all cases, in effect lodge, because the surrounding wall will. for life; and ju consequence, this place conceal the low çircuar buildings, and
whese being dead on their outsides, will royal mercy, towards the contrite and never afford any object for graphic re- reformed, cannot fail to be attended presentation.
with salutary effects, and to alleviato The design, if conducted in the spirit those abuses of power and aggravations of charity and benevolence towards our of misery, to which men are sometimes fallen fellow creatures; and if made con- liable, under the best intentioned and stantly subservient to the exercise of the best constructed codes of laws.
*** In our next we propose to introduce the New Mint, the Commercial Hall, the Auctione Mwt, the Royal Military College at Blackwater, the London Museum, and one or two other objects. We shull then give a succession of fine buildings, lately erected or in contemplation, at Edinburgh, Dublin, Glasgow, Liverpool, Manchester, Bristol, Portsmouth, Plymouth, &c. &c. for all which, we earnestly solicit the communications of drawings and descriptions as soon us may be convenient, from friendly and public-spirited correspondents. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. of subjects, and to hold the particulars of
each at command; indeed the great busi
ness of education in our early years is VE following essay was "read before The
the Manchester Literary and Philo. to correct the disposition and improve sophical Society in January 1811, imme. the memory. Dr. Priestley, seems diately after the close of Monsieur Gregory have been of opinion that the memory Von Feinagle's lectures on the Art of Me. may be improved up to the age of 40; mory, (who was present). As it has not after that period, lie says, “if we gain yet been published; if you think it one fact we lose the recollection of ano. worthy a place in the Monthly Magazine, ther." How far it is desirable to pay parą it is at your service.
ticular attention to the cultivation of the Thomas JARROLD, M.D. memory, when the years of childhood
are past, is a subject worthy of consideOn the Art of Memory.
ration, but which has not met with pro. Memory is to the old man what anti- portionate attention. Before the art of 'cipation is to the young; it places him writing was invented, a good memory was where he would be, and feasts his ima- of inestimably greater importance, and gination on nature's best gifts; it imparts held in higher honour, than at the present to the withered countenance a glow of day. The persons of the British hards animation; ic directs the inind as sight were sacred, because to them were comdirects the body. If there be no memory mitted the archives of their country, and there is no judgment; the absence of me. the depository was their memory;" there mors is idiotism. But memory is not they stored the history of their nation, and characteristic of man, brules possess and made use of poetry as their system of enjoy the faculty. A dog set at liberty mnemonics. The Egyptian priests, for seeks his master, it therefore must re- the sanie purpose, made use of hierogly. member him. A lock of rooks are guard- phics, the art of which they taught the ed by a centinel; they must recollect past Jews, who practised it in their journey dangers, and anticipate some in future through the wilderness. Some rude na. Anticipation arises out of memory. But tions assist their memories by forming I am not designing to degrade man by mounds of earth, and heaping together thus speaking of animals. The inemory masses of stone; others by cutting of man is connected with his jud gent; notches in trees, or by strings of shells, or the memory of brutes with their ; ions. the seeds of plants ; every age is desirous Memory in man lessens his passions, be that its deeds shall not be forgotten, and cause his judgnient corrects theur; but if the art of writing be uuknown memory memory in brutes heightens theirs. Ani. alone can preserve them. To tear off the mals are trained and domesticated by hair, to amputate a finger, to lacerate the connection between memory and the body are mementos of personal calapassion; a vicious horse throws a timnid mities, which die when the event ceases rider, but carries the person it fears. It to interest. would be an easy and pleasant task to As soon as the age of barbarism is past, trace the difference between the opera, and the art of writing is made known to tion in man and in animals, but more iin. a people, their deeds are placeel beyond portant considerations are before us. the reach of further error, when the sam The memory
of man), like his senses, is credness of the bard, and the expounder capable of improvement, iis capacity may of hieroglyphics, ceases. A good memobe so enlarged as to embrace a multitude ry bas however many admirers, and va