« PreviousContinue »
LEVITICAL MINISTRATIONS AND INSTITUTIONS.
6 Now when these things were thus ordained, the Italy. riod, 4775. priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishVulgar Era, ing the service of God:
7 But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people :
8 The Holy Ghost this signifying, That the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing:
9 Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect as pertaining to the conscience.
10 Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.
Having described the ineffectual Ministrations of the Levi-
tical Priesthood in the earthly Tabernacle, the Apostle
shews that Christ was the High Priest of those good
Things or Services which were thus prefigured; having
entered as High Priest with the Sacrifice of his own
Blood, into the real holy Places in Heaven, and obtained
for Man everlasting remission of Sin-If the Ministra-
tions of the Law, by divine Appointment, served to cleanse
the Body for the Tabernacle Worship, and to redeem it
from legal Punishments, how much more will the Blood of
Christ, who being raised from the Dead by the Spirit, and
having offered his sacrificed Body without blemish to God,
possess Power to purify the Spirits of Men (adumbrated by
the cleansing of the Body by the Law) from the Pollution
of sinful Works, which merit Death, and fit them for
worshipping God in Heaven; and on account of the Effi-
cacy of his Blood, Christ is the Mediator of the New
Covenant or Contract between God and Man-making a
real Atonement for Transgressions under the Law of Con-
science and the Law of Moses, which the legal Sacrifices
could not accomplish, that the Gentiles, as well as the
Jews, might receive the promised Inheritance.
11 But Christ being come an high priest of good
things into the inward tabernacle, which represented heaven,
and by placing them in the manner described, the Holy Ghost
may be supposed to have signified, that in heaven the know-
ledge and memory of the divine dispensations to mankind, and
God's interpositions in behalf of nations, and individuals, will
be preserved, and be the subject of devout contemplation, not
only to the redeemed, but to the angelical hosts, represented by
the cherubim overshadowing the mercy-seat 1 Pet. i. 12.
Eph. iii. 10.
Julian Pe- things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, Italy. riod, 4775, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building; VulgarÆra,
12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood, he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.
13 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh;
14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
15 And for this cause he is the Mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
The Apostle proceeds, by proving that Remission of Sins
could be obtained only by the Death of Christ—God,
whenever he entered into Covenant with Man, having
made the Death of an appointed Sacrifice necessary to its
Ratification, thereby intimating that his Intercourse with
Man was founded on the Sacrifice of his Son-He shews,
from the Practice both of God and Man, that the Death
of Christ was necessary to the Establishment of the New
Covenant, as no Covenant was of force while the ap-
pointed Sacrifice lived-For which Reason the Covenant
at Sinai, which was a renewal of that under which Adam
was placed in Paradise, was not made without Blood,
(Exod. xxiv. 5-9.)-the Tabernacle also, and the Ves-
sels of the Ministry, were consecrated to the Service of
God by the sprinkling of Blood, (Exod. xl. 9-12.)—
And the Law with this view appointed almost all Things
to be cleansed with Blood, (Numb. li. 12, 13, and xix.
2-10.) and without the shedding of Blood it allowed no
Remission of Sin.
16 For where a testament is, there must also of neces-
sity be the death of the testator.
17 For a testament is of force after men are dead; otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth. 18 Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood.
19 For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book and all the people,
RATIFICATION OF THE NEW COVENANT.
20 Saying, This is the blood of the testament which Italy.
riod, 4775. God hath enjoined unto you. Valgar Era,
21 Moreover, he sprinkled likewise with blood both the tabernacle and all the vessels of the ministry.
22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
§ 23. HEB. ix. 23, to the end.
The Apostle having demonstrated that there could be neither
Pardon of Sin, nor Admission into Heaven, without the
Sacrifice of the Death of Christ, it was necessary that the
Tabernacle and its Utensils, which were the earthly Re-
presentations of celestial Things, should be opened to
Man, and cleansed from Defilement by the Sacrifices of
Bulls and Goats, whose substituted Life typified the vica-
rious Sacrifice of Christ, but the real heavenly Places
themselves could be opened only to Man by the actual
offering of the heavenly Victim-Christ not being an
earthly High Priest, (viii. 4.) entered into Heaven itself,
presenting his crucified Body there as the High Priest
and Mediator between God and Man, in the Manifesta-
tion of the Divine Presence for ever-His Sacrifice being
more excellent than those of the Levitical Priesthood,
which were continued Emblems of the same, required no
annual Repetition, or he must have suffered yearly since
the World was formed-He offered himself once for all,
in the last of the Dispensations of God, and by his one
Sacrifice he fulfilled and put an end to the typical Sin-
Offerings of the Mosaic Law, (Dan. ix. 24.) subduing
Sin, and obtaining in the human Nature pardon for all,
by the sacrifice of his Flesh-And as all Men, on account
of Adam's Transgression, are appointed by God once to
die, and after that the Judgment; so Christ, as the se-
cond Adam, suffered Death, (v. 8, 9.) and made an
Atonement for the Sins of the first, and through him of
all Mankind, that he might appear again as the High
Priest of the human Race, in the Glory of the Shechinah,
(in allusion to the Jewish High Priest on the Day of Pu-
rification, Numb. vi. 23-26. Luke i. 19-23.) to
bless his People with eternal Salvation.
23 It was therefore necessary that the patterns of
things in the heavens should be purified with these; but
the heavenly things themselves with better things than
24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for
25 Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the Italy. riod, 4775. high priest entereth into the holy place every year with Vulgar Era,
26 For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once, in the end of the world, hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.
27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment;
28 So Christ was once suffered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time, without sin unto salvation.
The Apostle having fully asserted the Inefficacy of the typi-
cal Representations and Ceremonies of the Law, declares
that as a shadow or faint Adumbration of the spiritual and
eternal Blessings which were to come by the Gospel, it
can never by its emblematical Sacrifices confer the real
Pardon of Sin-which is further demonstrated from the
annual Repetition of the legal Sacrifices-when the Peo-
ple's former Sins were still remembered, and confessed as
unpardoned and unexpiated; and the impossibility that
the Blood of Animals could take away the Sins of ac-
countable moral Agents.
1 For the law, having a shadow of good things to come
and not the very image of the things, can never with
those sacrifices which they offered year by year, continu-
ally, make the comers thereunto perfect.
2 For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins.
3 But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year.
4 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take way sins.
The Apostle, in the Words of David, (Psa. xl. 6, 7, 8. Septuagint) points out the Design of the legal Sacrifices, and the Manner in which Christ fulfilled them-it being impossible that Sin could be removed or the divine Justice satisfied by all the typical and atoning Offerings and Sacrifices of the Law-a Body was prepared for Christ, that he might do the Will of God, to suffer and die for Men, as it was predicted in the Volume of the Mosaic Law and Prophecies-The Apostle argues from this prophetic Psalm, that as God has declared he willed no longer the Sacrifices prescribed by the Law, and as Christ has fulfilled them
Julian Period, 4775. Vulgar Era, 62.
THE JEWISH RITUAL MUST BE ABOLISHED.
all by accomplishing Man's Redemption according to the Italy.
appointed Will of God, it is evident the first and typical
Sacrifices are abolished, that the only real and permanent
Sin-Offering of the Gospel may be established the Sacri-
fice of Flesh in the Body of Christ, which is the appointed
Will of God for the Sanctification of Men.
5 Wherefore, when he cometh into the world, he saith,
Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast
thou prepared me:
6 In burnt-offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure:
7 Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me) to do thy will, O God.
8 Above, when he said, Sacrifice and offering and
burnt-offerings and offering for sin thou wouldest not,
neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the
9 Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He
taketh away the first that he may establish the second.
10 By the which will we are sanctified, through the of-
fering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.
The Apostle points out the Difference between the Efficacy of
the legal Sacrifices and the Sacrifice of Christ-and the
Difference between the Levitical Priesthood and the Priest-
hood of Christ-The former were many, and made daily
Offerings, without being able to take away the smallest
Sin-But Christ, once for all, by his one Offering, which
is for ever efficacious in the Presence of God, has put away
all Sin, and has obtained eternal Pardon and Life for
those who are sanctified by Faith in this Atonement, as is
testified by the Holy Ghost, (Jer. xxxi. 33, 34. and viii.
10-12,) and where a perfect Pardon is obtained, where-
by God is reconciled to Man, there can be no need of any
further Sin-Offering, consequently the Jewish Ritual must
11 And every priest standeth daily ministering, and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:
12 But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins, for ever sat down on the right hand of God:
13 From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.
14 For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.
15 Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before,