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sicrel writings speak of damna-, against their delusion. Nay," ble heresis ; of conteniling car- this is not only the plain meannestly for the faith once delivered ing of the passages above cited, to the sui!!$; and of rebuking and of others of a similar kind, m.'n sharply, that they may be but it is the necessary result of 8o!!nd in the fuith. The apostle another principle plainly taught John declares, liposolver trans- in scripture. If all modes of gress2th, and abiideth not in the religious faith were equally safe, doctrine of Christ, hath not God : as to the final attainment of salI, that abideth in the doctrine of vation, we might well feel both Chrisi, he hath both the Father surprised and indignant to see and the Son. If there come any men, zealously contending for a un'o you, and bring not this doc- particular creed, and bearing a crime', recrive him noi into your warm testimony against different house, neither bid him God speed. opinions. But when the Holy The apostle Paul says, Aman Ghost has pronounced some thul! is an heretic, after the first heresies to be damnable, will not and second admonition, reject. every real Christian strive to What is the meaning of these avoid such heresies himself, and passages ? Not that we should warn others, as he has opportuundertake to judge the hearts of nily, against embracing them ? men ; not ibat we should at- While he loves the most extravtempt or desire to be Lords agunt heretics, as men, is erer over the conscience ;” not that ready to do them good, and daily we should condemn rashly and prays for their conversion and without evidence,

salvation ; he will feel it to be as with harshness and malevolence, much bis duty to abhor their or presume io decide on the fi- false doctrines, and, if they are nal state of those, who hold un- doing secret mischief, to detect sound opinions ; but that we and expose them, as to countercarefully discriminate between act the poison administered by the truth, as it is in Jesus, and an unprincipled physician, or to opposite errors; that we love unfold a conspiracy against the the former and abhor the latter, state. in proportion to the degree in Nor is such conduct in the which they appear to be hereti- least degree inconsistent with cal and mischievous ; that we Christian churity. Dr. R. in oppose the abettors of heresy, some instances, uses this word, not with personal malice, but in what we must think an unwith the firmest decision, and scriptural sense. An eminent with detestation of their false writer, has justiy said, that principles; and that, instead of “ Charity, in the language of employing language or conduct, scripture, means an ardent and which can be considered as giv- unleigned love to others, and a ing countenance to their errors, desire of their welfare, temporal it is our duty, if the interests of and eternal; and may very well religion require it, to hold them consist with the strongest al)up to public view, in their true horrence of their wicked princilight, in order to divninish their ples, and the deepest concern for influence, and to guard men their dangerous state." That'




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man, therefore, is the most char. Their intercourse may be frienditable, who is filled with the ly, and even affectionate. There warmest desire for the salvation is no good reason why they of men, and is most faithful in should contend with bitterness, warning them against those or cherish towards each other a principles, which corrupt and malignant or rancorous temper. destroy. And accordingly bish- But that each, so far as he is honop Burnet excellently observes, est to his principles, and in earthat « whatever moderation or nest in his way, must abhor and charity we may owe to, men's detest the system of the other, as persons, we none at all radically corrupt, as awfully deto their errors,

to that structive, is too evident to reframe which is built on and sup- quire proof. Dr. Priestly did ported by them.”

not hesitate to concede this. When one class of men be. He acknowledged with characlieve that human nature is totally teristic frankness, in conversation depraved ; that there is no sal- with an American divine, that vation but through the atoning when Calvinists denied him the sacrifice of Christ ; that the Sa- title of Christian, and denounced viour is a divine person, and that him as little better than a sober to represent him as a mere man, Deist, he considered them as is subverting the foundations of speaking a language, which, suphis gospel, and destroying the posing their system to be true, hopes of the soul: and when was inevitable and right. another class believe, that man is Dr. R. tells us that now as pure and upright as primitive Christians differed ever ; that to speak of an atone- greatly in their opinions, but ment is to dishonour God; that were remurkable for their broththe Saviour is a mere man ; that erly love and friendship.” If by of course to acknowledge and this he means, that the disciworship him as God, is gross ples of Christ, in the primiand abominable idolatry ; it is tive ages of the church, held difficult to conceive how these free and affectionate communion two classes can mutually regard with each other, while they eneach other with the same satis. tertained radically different opinfaction, as those who perfectly ions about such fundamental agree. If the Calvinist be right, points, as original depravity, the he cannot consider the Sociman, divinity and atonement of the as a Christian at all; but must Saviour, and the necessity of the contemplate and represent him, influences of the Holy Spirit to when he has occasion to speak renew and sanctify the soul, we on the subject, as an enemy of know not whence he has derived the cross of Christ. And on the his information, and, until he proother hand, so far as the Socinian duces his authority, must doubt believes in the truth of his own the fact. We know that one great principles, he must regard the reason why the pagans were so Calvinisi, as a superstitious and much enraged against the earliidolatrous corrupter of Chris. est Christians, was their holding tianity. These persons may have and avowing such rigid and exmuch intercourse as neighbours. clusive opinions with respect to the only way of salvation. This more liberal neighbours. We was a new doctrine, and it highly shall never think this kind offended them.

of liberality consistent with itself, But is Dr. R. consistent with until it learns to bear with the himself ? Here also we feel con- most rigidly excluding system strained to answer in the nega- of principles, as well as of practive. He speaks much of chari- tice. ty, and of a mild and indulgent On the whole, we are by no temper towards those who differ means satisfied with the strain of from us. But he seems to con- reasoning, wiiich pervades this fine this entirely to those who discourse. We cannot think call themselves Christians. Why that Dr. R. has given a just or this restriction? Does a sober discriminating view of the manDeist differ from a Socinian near- ner in which professing Chrisly as much, as a Socinian differs tians, who differ radically among from a Calvinist ? Certainly not. themselves, ought to feel 10Why then should we not include wards, and treat each other. We the Deist in our charity, as well agree with him in believing, that as the Socinian ? The profound they ought not to indulge in ranremark, that we differ from him cour or bitterness, or to dispute as much as he differs from us," ap- with a spirit of pride and dogplies as perfectly to the former, matism." But if Christians are as to the latter.

not bound to cleave to what they Dr. R. while he pleads for uni- deem the truth, with supreme versal mildness and charity, is love, and ardent zeal; if they are frequently severe on the rigid not enjoined to oppose error in and "excluding" advocates of every form, and especially those orthodoxy. But why so? If all, errors which affect the character without exception, who profess of the divine Saviour, and the to believe in the Christian relig- foundation of our hope towards ion, and whose moral character God ; if they are not under obliis good, are to be regarded “ with gations to withstand and deequal satisfaction,however they nounce, as unsound teachers, and may differ from each other in ar- as false guides those, who preach ticles of faith, why not extend to another gospel; in a word, if the highest toned Calvinist, the they are not bound to consider same indulgence which is grant- those who reject the fundamental ed to the most lax heretic ? It is doctrines of Christianity, and one of the most curious phenom- substitute the miscrable and intha of modern liberality, that ev- sufficient devices of human wiscry thing can be borne but strict dom, as enemies of the cross of unbending orthodoxy ; that eve- Christ; and with a mild and bery man is sure of indulgent and coming temper speak of them as even of respectful treatment, ex- such, and when called upon, to cepting one, who has such a deep warn others against their fatal impression of the importance of delusions ; if they are not bound divine truth, and so tender a con- to do this, (which may all be science, that he cannot yield to done withoui ont uncharitable or the polite concessions, and tem- unchristian feeling towards the porizing compliments of his persons of the deluded) then we Vol. III. No. 4.



acknowledge ourselves to have has, with great judgment, made mistaken the language, and the use of the discoveries of Horne spirit of the sacred volume. But Tooke, in his Diversions of Pur. if Christian duty be such, as has ley. The labours of this grainbeen stated, we must think that marian have thrown much light Dr. R. bas given a very vague on the principles of language, and unsatisfactory, if not errone- and are of such a nature as ous, view of the subject. enrich a General Dictionary.

With respect to minor obser- Our countryman, Mr. Webster, vations on this discourse, we have is engaged with ardour in pursu. few to make. The arrangement, ing the same plan; and we hope, though perlaps not so distinctly at some future time, the public announced, or so formally mark- will be benefited by his labours. ed, as could be wished, is not ob- Abel, the name of a great jectionable. The style, though stone mentioned in the scripture sometimes chargeable with re- history, is added in the Ameridundancy and diffuseness, and in can edition. a few instances with inaccuracy, Those, who are pleased with iş simple, perspicuous, smooth the lives of military worthies, and generally correct.

Dr. R. will derive satisfaction from the writes like a gentleman and a account of the late Sir Ralph scholar. It would give us cor- Abercromby, in a neat, well writdial pleasure, if we were able to ten article, which is added by the declare ourselves as well pleased American editors. with the matter,

as with the ABERNETHY, John. Concernforin.

ing this article we have already expressed our opinion and our

regret at some of the omissions DR. REES' Cyclopædia, vol. 1. of the American editors.* We PART ).

think it proper to add a few re

marks on this article, which has Continued from page 134. excited such warmth of feelABBADIE. We are happy to ing and strong disapprobation in observe, that the American Edi- the Boston reviewers. tors, in a subjoined paragraph, Some of our readers, perhaps, have rescued this able defender need to be informed, that the of the faith, as once delivered to Rev. Mr. Abernethy was a disthe saints, from the influence of tinguished Presbyterian minisan assertion, in his character, as ter settled first at Antrim, and afgiven by the English editors, terwards at Dublin, in Ireland; that his judgment was inferior 10 that he became obnoxious to the his imagination, learning, &c. synod of which he was a memBut as Abbadie was a distinguish- ber, on account of some opinions, ed advocate for the doctrine of which he expressed and defendthe Trinity, it is not difficult to as- ed with respect to religious freesign the cause of such an assertion. dom; and that he was finally ex

Under the articles Abbrevia- cluded from the synod; which tion, Adverb, and Adversative, proceeding was called, by his Dr. Rees, (for him we name to save needless circumlocution) See p. 132. Vol. III. for August.

friends, an act of persecution, dom and candour in adopting a and by the advocates of the synod, different plan of conducting the an act of discipline. Dr. Rees work. has given him a very excellent If the English Lise was true character, which he professes to and just, such a subtraction from quote from the Biographia Bri- it is highly censurable; if the tannica. The American editors, subject is praised more than truth conceiving, probably, that some will warrant, better have fairly parts were the offspring of too shewn it, and openly taken it fond a partiality for a friend, and away. If the spirit of party has that others savoured of party heaped deceitful panegyric upon spirit, simply omitted all such a favourite, let this be made to passages, and left his character appear, and the error corrected ;. to stand on its merits, after fairly and let us know also to whom we stating facts. The following are are indebted for the discovery the most important omissions. and correction. It is not iin

" He was much respected not only probable that the American editby his brethren in the ministry, but by ors considered Mr. Abernethy as many of the laity, who were pleased a latitudinarian divine ; (whether with the urbanity of his manners. His truly or not, is not now the questalents and virtues gave him a considerable ascendency in the synod, so

tion) and that they were desirthat he had a large share in the man- ons his character should have no agement of public affairs.

As a more than its due weight and in-' speaker he was considered as their fluence against the cause of evanchief ornament; and he maintained his character in these respects, and his gelical truth ; and therefore left interest in their esteem to the last, it to stand on the facts and incieven when a change of his religious dents of his life, which they have sentiments had excited the opposition given exactly from Dr. Rees. of many violent antagonists."

But, though friends to evangelic“For this event (his death) he was

al truth ourselves, we cannot confully prepared, and he met' it with great composure and firmness of mind, ceal, that we deem this mode of à cheerful acquiescence in the will, accomplishing their object exmd a fixed trust in the power and tremely unfortunate.

It is ungoodness, of the Almighty.” « His two volumes of discourses of distrust over every religious ar

sortunate, as it throws doubt and the Divine Attributes are still held in the highest esteem by those, who

ticle in their voluminous publiare disposed to approve the most lib- cation. Suppose the life of the eral and manly sentiments on the venerable President Edwards great subject of natural religion."

should be written in this country, However well intended may by some person of a kindred feelbave been these omissions, and ing, with that glow of affection though much may be said in jus- and admiration, which those who tification of the motives of the are fond of his writings are apt editors, we still think they have to feel ; and suppose it should be furnished a dangerous example republished in England by a Soto others, which by designing cinian, who should, without nomen might be improved to the tice, and without authority, (for injury of historical and religious every man is considered destitute truth. Honesty is ever the best of authority till he produces it) policy. We applaud their wis- leave out all those passages

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