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That same

mand of King Joash, in the court embrace the gospel. of the Lord's house, 2 Chron. nation, which had fallen, when xxiv. 21. It is true, indeed, that the apostle wrote, shall rise by his father is called not Barachias, faith, after the lapse of many but Jehoida. It is true, likewise,

hundred years.

So the Jewish that many

of the Jews had two church is described, in prophecy, names : perhaps these two be- as the same body, or assembly, longed to him. This, Chrysos- to wbich, in the Christian age, tom asserts, as we are informed Gentiles shall be added. by Doddridge. Possibly too This manner of speaking,and there is an error in copying. of viewing the subject, generally Jerome, saith the last mentioned prevails in regard to civil corauthor, found it different in the porations. A contract made by gospel of the Nazarenes.

a corporate body must be fulfillAnother difficulty is this. How ed, though all the persons encould one generation be answer- tering into that contract have able for the sins of their prede- deceased. A nation, perhaps, cessors ? How could it comport will put up with one injury from with divine justice, to require of another nation ; but if that injuthe Jews, of Christ's time, all ry have been preceded by a series the blood, which had been shed of injuries for sixty years, the by others ?

case will be different; neither God often treats a nation, as if will it be inquired how far those that nation were a single person. concerned in the recent injury, Though the individuals, who were concerned in those, whiclr joined in the death of Zacharias, preceded. were all dead at the time of But the main question is, how Chrisi, the nation, as a political it can be just, that tlre individbody, existed. To constitute na- uals, now composing a nation, tional identity, identity of per- should suffer for the sins of their sons is not required. We often predecessors : how the rightspeak of ourselves in a national eous blood of Abel and Zacharias capacity, and say, that in our in- could justly be required at the fancy, we were feeble ; but we hands of those, who did not exist have now become strong, and in till several ages after this blood a century from this time, our was shed. strength will be greatly increas- It is replied, that the generaed ; though not one person now tion of the Jews, on whom such on the stage existed, when the direful ruin descended, suffered country was settled, and not one, no more than their personal iniperhaps, of its present inhabi. quities deserved. It would have tants will exist a century hence. been just in God to have pun

This mode of speaking is ished them with these judg. common in scripture ; it runs ments, had their predecessors through the eleventh chapter of been guiltless. Still it may be the epistle to the Romans. true, that had their predecessors There the nation is mentioned been guiltless, the judgments as the same political body, when mentioned would not in fact it rejected the gospel, as in those have fallen on these individuals. subsequent ages, when it should The Jewish nation were, for many ages, treasuring up to

Suppose a man extremely themselves wrath against the day profligate lives in a virtuous naof wrath, At length, the storm, tion ; another person of similar which had been collecting and character lives in a nation, the thickening, for many ages, burst; individuals of which resemble but not, let it be noticed, on the himself. The first nation, we heads of the innocent. If less will suppose, feels no national righteous blood had been shed in judgments ; of course, the sinthe nation, destruction would ei- ner, who dwells in it, has no part ther have been delayed, or else, in any general calamity. The have been accompanied with less other sinner partakes in the wars, severity ; still the ruin was, by earthquakes, or pestilence, with no means, disproportionate to which an offended God scourges the guilt of that generation, on the people with whom he is which it fell. Justice requires united. While this latter sin. that no creature be punished ner feels no calamities, which he more than he deserves; but it might not justly feel, were he indoes not require, that all be pun- sulated, is he treated unjustly, ished to the extent of their de- because another sinner, of the serts. It has been taken for same moral character, lives at granted, that the generation, his ease? Divine justice will prewhich experienced the effects of vent every one from suffering divine wrath, agreeably to our more than his sins deserve : but Lord's declaration, had deserved whether each individual shall sufthe judgments, which they felt. fer as much as he deserves, may Surely then they did not cease depend on his connexions, or to deserve them, because their a thousand circumstances foreign predecessors had been treated to his moral character. with a degree of lenity, which

LEIGHTON. they did not deserve.


ORIGIN OF THE SAME JEW. ter the defection of the ten tribes,

according to the LXX. Iydales, All the posterity of Jacob Jews, signify subjects of the were anciently called Israel, or kingdom of Judah, (as 2 Kings Children of Israel, from the sur. xiv. 6. xxv. 25. Jer. xxxii. 12. Dame of that patriarch, till the xxxiv. 9. xxxviij. 19. xl. 11.) time of king Rehoboam, when But after the Babylonish captivten tribes revolted from this ity, the name, Ixdæli, or Jews, prince, and, adhering to Jerobo- was extended to all the descendo am, were thenceforth denomi. ants of Israel, who retained the nated the House of Israel, while Jewish religion, whether they be. the two tribes of Judah and Bene longed to the iwo, or to the ten jamin, who remained faithful to tribes, whether they returned to the family of David, were styled Judea, (as no doubt some of the the House of Judah ; Hence, af- ten as well as of the two tribes Vol. III. No. 1.





did) or not. For as the learned hovah. In like manner. Christ bishop Newton has well observ• himself speaks of the apostate ed, it appears from the book of unbelieving Jews of Asia Minor ; Estler, that there were great which say they are Jews, Isdatos, numbers of Jews, (Ixdo.o.) in all i. e. the true confessors or the hundred twenty and sev- shippers of God, but are not, en provinces of the kingdom of Rev. ii. 9, iii. 9. And St. Luke Ahasuerus, or Artaxerxes Lon- makes a similar allusion to the gimanus, king of Persia, and import of the traitor's name, they could not all be of the two Luke xxii. 47. He that was calltribes of Judah and Benjamin, ed Judas, 1soas, a confessor of Jewho had refused to

to horuh ; but was far from deserv. Jerusalem with their brethren; ing that glorious appellation. they must many of them have been

Parkhurst. the descendants of the ten tribes, whom the kings of Assyria had carried away captive ; but yet

MORNING PRAYER FOR A FAM• they are all spoken of as one and the same people, and all without distinction are devoininated Jews. ALMIGHTY and ever living (Isòction.) See Esther iii. 6. xiii. 4. God! we acknowledge ourselves iii. 8. v. 9. xi. 17. ix. 2, and fol bound, by innumerable obligalowing verses.

tions, to praise and adore, to love • In this extensive sense the and serve thee. From thee we word is applied in the New Tes- have received our being. Thou tament. See Acts i. 5, 8-l art our constant preserver and Comp. Acts xxvi. 7. James i. li bountiful benefactor : the source

Further, the name of the pas of every present enjoyment, and triarch Judah, from which the the spring of all our future hopes. Jews were called, 18èce106, means Thou hast also, in thine infinite a confessor of Jehovah: Hence condescension, been pleased to the apostle diätinguishes, Róm. look down with pity on our falji. 29, 30, between him who is len race, and freely to offer sala Jew our wardly, and him who'vation to us through Jesus is a Jew inwardly. By the for- Christ. We adore thee for the mer, he means a person de• knowledge of thy will, for the scended froe Abraham, Isaac, promises of thy mercy and grace, and Jacob, according to the flesh, and for the joyful prospect of and observing the outward ordi- eternal life so clearly revealed in nances of the Mosaic law, but thy holy word. Possess our destitute of the faith of Abrahum, minds, O Lord, with such a deep and not believing in his seed sense and firm persuasion of the Christ; by him who is a Jew important truths which are there inwardly he intends one, who, inade known to us, as shall powwhether Jew or Gentile by natü- erfully influence and regulate all ral descent, is a child of Abra- our thoughts, words, and actions. ham by a lively faith in Christ, - But while we celebrate thy the promised Seed, (see kom. goodness towards us, we have iv. 16, Gal. iii. 7, 29) and conse- cause to be ashamed of our own quently is a true confessor of Je conduct. We have great reason,


O Lord, to be humbled before serious and diligent in our prepthee on account of the coldness aration for death and judgment. and insensibility of our hearts ; We desire this morning to the disorder and irregularity of offer thee the sacrifice of thạoksour lives; and the prevalence of giving for the watchful care of worldly and carnal affections thy Providence exercised over within us. Too often have we us during the past night. We indulged the passions and appe- laid us down to sleep, and, bless tites which we ought to have op-ed be thy name, we have arisen posed and subdued, and have in safety. May the lives which left our duty unperformed : and thou hast mercifully prolonged we find a daily occasion to la- be devoted entirely to thy serment our proneness to corrupt

vice. Graciously continue thy inclinations and sinful lusts, and protection and favour to us this our reluctance to the practice of day. Save us from sin, we beseech what is agreeable to thy will. thee, and from all other evils, O Lord, be merciful to us mise- if it be thy blessed will. Enable rable sinners, and forgive us for us faithfully to perform every relthy Son Jesus Christ's sake. ative duty under an abiding sense Produce in us deep and unfeign- of thy presence, and of our aced repentance for our manifold countableness to thee. May we, transgressions; and a lively faith a family, dwell together in in that Saviour, who hath died peace and unity. May we for cur sins, and risen again for put away from us every angry our justification. And may thy and discordant passion ; and lovpardoning mercy be accompa- ing thee with a supreme affecnied with the sanctifying infu- tion, may we love each other ence of thy Holy Spirit, that we with pure hearts fervently. Premay no more sin against thee; serve us, O Lord, from the inbut may live from henceforth as fluence of those temptations to becomes the redeemed of the which we are daily exposed. Lord and the candidates for a hap- Make us duly sensible of our py immortality. Put thy fear own weakness, that our hearts into our hearts that we may nev- inay be raised to thee in humble er more depart from thee. May and fervent supplications for the thy blessed will set bounds to needful supplies of grace and our desires, and regulate all our strength. When we are in compassions. May our affections be pany, may it be our care to do fixed, not on present objects, but and to receive as much good as on these which are unseen and possible. When we are alone, eternal. Convince us more ef- may we remember that our heavfectually of the vanity of this enly Father is with us; and world and its utter insufficiency may this thought excite in us an to make us happy ; of the vile- . earnest desire to act as in thy ness of sin and its tendency to sight. make us forever miserable ; of Bless, we pray thee, the Presi. the value of our souls, and the dent of these United States, and awfulness of that everlasting state all other officers of the Federal on the borders of which we Government, and all rulers and are standing and may we be magistrates in the several States in the Union. Save us from the such devotion lives; it is an haevil designs of all our enemies, bitual sentiment, which diffuses forgive our national sins, and pre- itself through the whole life, puserve to us the blessings of peace. rifying, exalting, and tranquiliz- . May all mankind be visited with ing every part of it; smoothing the light of the gospel ; and may the most rugged paths, making its influence be more widely dif- the yoke of duty easy, and the fused in this land. In tender mer burden of care light. It is as a cy regard all who are in affliction perennial spring in the very cenof whatever kind. Grant unto our tre of the heart, to which the dear friends and relations every wearied spirit betakes itself for blessing which thou knowest to refreshment and repose. be needful for them. May they

Mrs, H. More. and we experience thy favour in this life, and in the world to come,

ANECDOTE. life eterlasting

We offer up these our imper- Who that reads the following fect prayers, in the name of our anecdote of the late celebrated only Mediator and Advocate Je- king of Prussia, can envy his sus Christ. -Our Father, &c. greatness ? Nay, who does not

abhor the hardness and barbarity of his heart? Who does not see

the malignant moral effects, FRAGMENT.

which result from infidel philos


“ Intending to make, in the When the mind is not only night, an important movement in conscientiously but affectionately his camp, which was in sightof the religious ; when it not only fears enemy, he gave orders, that by God as the Almighty Sovereign, eight o'clock all the lights in the but loves and confides in him as camp should be put out, on pain the all gracious Father ; not on- of death. The moment that the ly inferred to be such from the time was past, he walked out beauty and benignity apparent in himself to see whether all were the works of nature, but ration- dark. He found a light in the ally understood to be such, from tent of Capt. Zietern, which he the discoveries of divine grace in entered just as the officer was the word of God; and let us add, folding up a letter.

Zietern no less rationally felt to be such, knew him, and instantly fell on from the transforming influence his knees to entreat his mercy, of that word on the heart ; then The king asked, to whom he had acts of devotion are no longer a been writing. He said it was a penance, but a resource and re- letter to his wife, which he had freshment, insomuch that the vo- retained the candle these few luptuary would as soon relin- minutes beyond the time in order quish those gratifications for to finish. The king coolly or which he lives, as the devout dered him to rise, and write one Christian would give up his daily line more, which he should dice intercourse with his Maker. But tate. This line was to inform it is not in stated acts merely that his wife, without any explana.

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