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the remaining parts of the or from ambition and covetousLord's day in prayer, reading, ness. meditation, and the religious care He flatters the great and the of his family.

rich, be they ever so irreligious, He is diligent in his private in order to get preferment; and pastoral work. Sensible of the courts their patronage by soothworth of souls, he visits his par- ing them in their vices, by es. ish from house to house where pousing their political measures, he has any hopes of doing good or by mean compliances that are by such visits; inquiring into utterly inconsistent with the dig. their state, whether they sadfctify nity of his office. To shew him. the sabbath, teach their children, self approved unto God, a workand maintain family prayer. He man, is no part of his study. instructs the ignorant ; gives or Gain is his godliness. He serves Jends them good books ; endeav- not the Lord Christ, but his own ours, especially in sickness, tobelly ; and makes it his main care make and cherish good impres to get as much of this world's sions on their hearts; and watch- goods, and live as much at ease, as es for their souls, as one who he can. must give an account.

He may also be known by his His general temper and be. doctrine. haviour are not only blameless He dwells much on the digni. and inoffensive, but have an evi- ty and perfection of human na. dent tincture of piety and zeal. ture, nor will he allow that all He is grave in his apparel and men stand in need of conversion; language, self-denying, meek, and addresses himself to all his contented, and charitable to the hearers, excepting those who are poor. Religion appears in all notoriously wicked, as if they his converse ; he shuns vain were real Christians and heirs of company, and all the places of heaven. fashionable amusement; and He dwells much on the power makes it his governing aim to and will of man, denying, or seladorn the doctrine which he dom mentioning the aids of the preaches, and to shine as a light Holy Spirit. He extols the in the world.

merit of our own works, and He treats his clerical brethren thus leads men to expect salvawith respect and kindness. He tion as the reward of their own is peaceable and moderate, loves imperfect obedience. those of every denomination He seldom mentions Christ, who are peaceable and pious, and or only as a teacher of morality. wishes success to their labours. He recommends virtue from He rejoices that Christ Jesus the such motives as are found in the Lord is preached and souls are writings of Heathen philososaved, though by men of differ- phers, nor do bis sermons abound ent sentiments and persuasions in scripture quotations. The from himself.

faith which he preaches is an as

sent to the truth of Christianity, THE UNFAITHFOL MINISTER. without relying on the merits of

He enters into holy orders, its blessed Author, and deriving either from necessity or sloth, strength from his Holy Spirit.

He dwells on mere external He is careless about private forms and duties, such as coming inspection and instruction. to church, receiving the sacra- When he visits the sick, he hurment, being decent, honest, and ries through the form without occasionally charitable. But he any serious warm addresses to is very superficial in his views their conscience.

His converof the evil and danger of sin ; he sation with his parish savours of prophesies smooth things, and the world, and earthly things, avoids what would alarm and and he seeks not them but theirs. terrify.

He loves sports and amuseHe reduces the standard of ments, and is oftener seen in the religion to the inadequate con- assemblies of the vain than in ceptions of nominal Christians. the church. His dress too often He says little of inward religion, bespeaks the vanity and levity and those secret affections and of his mind. He loves the comexercises of which the divine pany of the sensual and gay ; or, persons of the glorious Godhead if his behaviour is regular and are the immediate objects. Self- decent, there appears little of a denial, the crucifixion of the devotional, zealous spirit in him, flesh, humility, and non-confor- and he spends that time in litmity to the world, are seldom erary amusement or idleness, urged by him, or at least in such which should be employed for vague and indefinite terms, as the service of his flock.

He neither to give offence nor create often censures in public, and uneasiness in the breasts of his sneers in private, at those of his hearers.

brethren who have more piety His chief solicitude, if he have and zeal than himself; calls any solicitude at all, is to dis- theni enthusiasts, however raplay his learning, or his elo- tional they may be, or Methodquence, or to amuse bis ists, however unconnected they hearers with something curious may be with persons of that and entertaining; but on the description, and does what he most important topics he is eith- can to injure their characters, er silent, or cold and lifeless; and lessen their esteem and use. in other words, he does not appear fulness.

[Ch. Obs. to be in earnest.

The unfaithful minister may also be known by the following

MISCELLANY. marks. He does as little as he can

For the Panoplist. without laying himself open to censure and punishment. He is ACCOUNT OF TAE BRITISH SET.

SOUTH short, slight, and superficial, in his public work, careless how it is done, soon weary of it, and The vices of mankind have, glad when it is finished, and in all ages, been the principal spends the rest of the Sunday causes of legislation. The charin vain company and conver- acters of different governments sation.

and people appear strongly mark.







ed, and their varying features with a supply of provisions were are easily distinguished in their furnished ; also a number of penal laws. Ignorance, bigotry neat cattle, horses, sheep, and and superstition are rendered swine. visible in lines of blood. Knowl- In May, 1787, the fleet sailed, edge, religion and real refine- having on board, exclusive of ment are exhibited in traits of sailors, 212 marines, with 28 mildness, united with a dignified wives and 17 children. Conregard to social order and hap- victs 828, viz. males 558, fepiness. Amelioration is evident- males 270. ly the great object of legislators, They arrived in Botany Bay under this influence, in prescrib- in January, 1788.

Governor ing correctives or penalties. Philip, not satisfied with the Cases, the most atrocious, will harbour, nor the adjacent lands, not divest them of the robe of sought a better situation. He humanity ; and their keenest soon discovered Port Jackson, a sensibilities will be exerted in capacious and commodious bar. giving sanction to a law, which bour, and the shore affording a may put a period to human life. more pleasing appearance. He

Various have been the meth- disembarked at Sidney-cove, east ods devised to correct or prevent long. 159, 19, 30, and south lat. the evils committed by the un- 32, 52, 30. principled and profligate. In The most vigorous exertions Great Britain it has been the were made to erect buildings to practice, for many years to sen- cover the people and secure the tence convicts to transportation. stores. The governor's comHer colonies, especially in mission, the act of parliament America, severely felt the bane- establishing courts of judicature, ful effects of such a system. and patents authorising persons The revolution put a stop to

named, to execute different this imposition. It became ex- offices, were read in the hearing pedient to seek a different situ- of all. So great a number of ation, to which persons of this persons, whose vitiated princi. description might be sent. The ples and habits had rendered eastern part of New Holland, them outcasts from their native called New South Wales, in the country, required an efficient Southern Ocean, was fixed on : government in all its branches, A country thinly peopled by sav- to prevent the worst evils inciages, possessing, however, many dent to their new situation. natural advantages, and capable They had been sentenced to serof great improvements by indus- vice for different periods, protry. Arrangements were portioned to their respective cordingly made for executing crimes. They were assured, not the design. Wisdom, prudence only of freedom, but of the and caution marked the plan. possession of lands and other Civil and military establishinents gratuitiès, in case their conduct, were prominent parts. Medical while under the operation of le. and clerical characters were not gal penalties, should justify such omiited. Implements of hus. indulgence, at the termination of bandry and for other purposes those periods. Notwithstanding




these motives and prospects, eign supplies continually dimintheir propensities appeared in ished. divers instances unconquerable. It is deeply to be regretted, The government were soon that they have not been induced, compelled to inflict new punish- to pay equal attention to their ments, and in some cases to moral and religious interests. make them capital.

Habituated, in general, to vicious This situation, at an immense courses, they appear uninfluencdistance from countries capable ed by the efforts of successive of affording regular supplies clergymen. There is too much of provisions, rendered the emi- reason to fear, that those who grants liable to peculiar wants might aid clerical endeavours, and distresses. To provide treat them with indifference, if against such evils, and for other not with contempt. From the purposes, detachment

patronage of government, the exsent to Norfolk Island, more ertions of missionaries, and in: than three hundred leagues N. E. creased number of settlers, who from Port Jackson, destitute of voluntarily leave their native inhabitants, having a convenient country with principles and habharbour. Its soil, however, was its friendly to order and virtue, a found very fertile, and


more favourable aspect is to be produce was afterwards found to hoped. be of great importance.

The following statement, colHaving for years struggled lected from an account of the with a variety of difficulties, and English colony in New South suffered many distresses, the Wales, by Lieut. Col. Collins, colonists gradually experienced several years judge advocate of a pleasing change in their cir- the colony, and afterwards Lieut. cumstances. By cultivating Governor of Port Philip, will their lands and increasing their give a succinct view of the progcattle, their dependence on for- ress of the colony.

About 120 ships had arrived at Port Jackson, the former part of 1800.

There were at Sidney and its vicinity,

acres of land

mares & Cows, oxen in cultivation. horses. & bulls. Sept. 1800, 6677 203 1044 June, 1801, 9188

243 1293 May, 1803, about 16000 344 2296

sheep. goats. hogs. 6124

2182 4017 6757 1259 4766 10157 1375 6278

In June, 1801, the number of European inhabitants in New South Wales was

5547 In Norfolk Island



In May, 1803, the former amounted to 7097 ; of whom 4193 supported themselves without receiving provisions from the govcrnment.



For the Panoplist. I.

V. Tell me, ye servants of the Lord, No beams of mercy from the skies, Ye heirs of glory's bright reward, Shall greet our soul's admiring eyes, Of crowns beyond the skies :

Unless you pray them down. How can you see us glide along But if our spirits, sav'd from death, The stream of life, a giddy throng, Shall praise you, with celestial breath, Without unceasing cries?

'Twill happify your own.


And when the trump of God shall Our cries are scatter'd in the air:

sound, The gracious God hears not our pray’r, And call the slumb'rers from the Nor heeds whate'er we say ;

ground But your's ascends to meet his ear To hear their final doom ; And draw the dear Redeemer near, Should you behold us chain'd in fire, To listen while you pray.

Subject to God's eternal ire,

In hell's devouring tomb;

Fearless, we trarel tow'rds the tomb, And hear our souls, despairing, cry,
Defy the pow'r of wrath to come, “Oh, had you warn'd us not to die,
And waste our golden years.

“ We then bad been forgiv'n :" You know the terrors of the Lord ; Could grief in paradise appear, You see the splendor of his sword, These words would start à mournful And should excite our fears.


And damp your joy in hear'n.

On us, immortal wrath shall pour, Ye saints, in ardent pray'r, unite
In bursting floods, an endless show'r To plead for sinners day and night,
Of unconsuming fire.

Before your Father's throne. Seraphs shall wake your souls with joy, Then, drawn by God's resistless grace, While they thieir tongues in praise em- You'll see us flock, for life and peace. ploy,

To God, th' anointed Son. And strike the sounding lyre.

S. T. H.

Review of New Publications.

Scrmone on Important Subjects. By the late Rev. David TAPPAN, D.D. Ellis Professor of Divinity in the University at Cambridge. To which is prefixed a biographical sketch of the author ; and a sermon preached at his funeral by Dr. Holmes. W. Hilliard, and Lincoln & Edmands.

The interests of religion and tion peculiarly congenial with his the community have rarely sus- talents. From his pious labours, tained so severe a loss, as in the much important benefit had aldeath of Dr. TAPPAN. His abil. ready resulted to the university, ities, which were confessedly of and the world ; and more seema superior order, were ardently ed yet in prospect. But in the devoted to the service of God full career of exertion and useand his generation. Providence fulness, he was summoned from had assigned him a sphere of ac- this earthly scene.

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