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day of his death, the tender so- himself on the ground, looking for licitude of a father who would the earth to open and swallow him often take him alone into the up. Thus the seed of truth, woods, and of a mother who no which had been planted by a less frequently would retire with father's care, and watered by a him to a private apartment, to mother's tears, was preparing to exhort him with tears, and to

shoot. entreat him by all the anguish of After spending two or three a parent's heart to be reconciled years in Carolina, he took leave to God. These faithful admoni- of his mother, to pursue bis edtions would often awaken him ucation under the direction of to temporary seriousness and his guardian. At first he was prayer; and though they did not entered in a private school in a at once produce an abiding effect, small hamlet in Delaware, which they were not lost.

has since grown to a village by In February, 1748, when he the name of Newark. Thence was in his 14th year, he was de- he was removed to a public prived of his excellent father, school at West-Nottingham, Cewho at his death left four child- cil county, Maryland, under the ren, all of whom were so many care of the Rev. Mr. Finley, afproofs of the happy effects of terwards President of the colparental faithfulness. The three lege of New-Jersey. Here the eldest being already settled in darkness, which had long involve North Carolina, their mother, in ed him, was dispersed ; and he the following autumn, removed was enabled for the first time to into that State, accompanied by rest his soul on Christ, to a deAlexander, who left his paternal gree that gave him confidence, estate, in Delaware, under the shortly after, to enter into care of a guardian. Here first communion with Mr. Finley's commenced his permanent re- church. ligious impressions, under a Having continued two years in sermon preached by Mr. John that school, in May, 1756, being Brown, ( one of those evangeli- in his 22d year, he joined the cal preachers who in that day junior class in the college which were called New Lights,) from was then in Newark. Thus he Ps. vii. 12. If he turn not, he began his public career in sciwill whet his sword ; he hath bent ence in the very place wbich was his bow and made it ready. An destined to be the scene of his arrow of a different nature reach- future usefulness. Thegroundon ed his heart. The horrors of which his youthful feet trod was guilt, and the terrors of eternal reserved to be the resting place judgment, from that moment as- of his weary limbs, after the lasailed him, and for near three bours of more than half a cenyears filled him with indescriba- tury. ble distress. He used daily to It was already determined to repair to a copse of pines, near remove the college to Princehis brother's house, where he re- ton ; on which account Presi. sided ; and there, to use his own dent Burr's pastoral relation to expressive words, would dash the church in Newark had the

year before been dissolved. In Mr. Macwhorter had been October of this year the college appointed by the synod of Newwas removed, and Mr. Mac- York and Philadelphia to a miswhorter belonged to the first sion among his friends in North class which graduated at Prince- Carolina ; and with that view he ton. He took his degree in the was ordained by his presbytery, autumn of 1757, a few days after at Cranberry, on the 4th day of the lamented death of Mr. Burr. July. But Providence had form

Having thus completed his ed other designs concerning academical studies, he was on

him. At that very meeting of the point of returning to North presbytery, commissioners from Carolina, to take his mother's Newark appeared, and by their counsel in regard to the future solicitations, seconded by the course of his life, when he re- influence of Mr. Tennent, obceived the afflicting news of her tained him for a supply. The death. This changed his pur- people were so well satisfied with pose, and he entered upon the his ministerial qualifications, that study of divinity, under the in- they harmoniously agreed to struction of the Rev. William present him a call, and he was

Tennent, the pious and justly installed the same summer, at celebrated minister of Freehold, the age of 25, within two years in New Jersey.

after he had graduated. In August following, (1758) In the course of his ministry, he was licensed to preach by the he bore an important part in all presbytery of New Brunswick, the leading measures, which for which sat at Princeton ; and in near half a century, have been October was married to Mary adopted, to promote the order Cumming, daughter of Robert and interest of the Presbyterian Cumming, Esq. of Freehold, a church in the United States. respectable merchant, and high He was among the first subsheriff of the county of Mon- scribers to the Widow's Fund, mouth. By this marriage he which was established in 1761 ; was introduced into a family con- and in later life was for many nexion with his revered instruct- years a director of that benevoor, Mr. Tennent.

lent institution. The congregation of Newark, In 1.764, the synod renewed after the dismission of Mr. Burr, his appointment to the mission fell into a state of unhappy di- into North Carolina ; which gave vision, which continued near him an opportunity to revisit four years. In the collision of his family friends, from whom interests and passions, too com- he had been separated more mon on such occasions, the peo- than 12 years, But this mission ple were long divided between came near costing him his life. different candidates, until Mr. While in Carolina, he was seizMacwhorter, on the 28th day of ed with the bilious fever incident June, 1759, preached his first to the climate, which left him sermon to them. At once they with a hectic, accompanied with fixed their eyes on him as the expectoration of blood, that for object of their united choice. two years threatened to put an early period to his usefulness. In 1772, he was elected a trus. Yet in this scene of affliction, it tee of the college of New Jersey, pleased God, in the winter of and continued a very important 1764, 5, to encourage him with a member of that board till a few revival of religion in his congree months before his death. gation. In the following sum- The same year commenced mer, he received a call from the the second revival of religion ununited congregations of Center der his ministry, which proved and Poplar Tent, in North Car- more extensive than the former, olina ; which, though it present- and continued about two years. ed him an opportunity to settle Mr. Macwhorter was an active among the children and descen- friend of his country, and pardants of his father, he thought it took with his afflicted congregahis duty to reject. In 1766, the tion in the hardships and perils state of his health became so of the revolution. This same critical, that he was induced to year, (1775) he was appointed try the experiment of a northern by Congress to visit that district journey; and a tour, which he of North Carolina in which he made to Boston in the autumn of had been before, to employ his this year, proved the means of influence to bring over the ene. his sudden and complete restora; mies of the revolution to the tion. From his first settlement American interest. But what. at Newark, he had been regu- ever zeal and abilities were exlarly subject to an attack of the erted in this enterprise, it issu. pleurisy once or twice a year ; ed, agreeably to his prediction to but after this return of health, he Doct. Franklin, with little sucexperienced no recurrence of the disorder, as long as he lived. In 1776, he was honoured Except a few short periods of with the degree of Doctor of illness, and a paralytic affection Divinity by the corporation of in his hands, which he inherited Yale College. from his father, and which grew In the summer of 1778, at the upon him as he advanced in solicitation of his friend General years, he enjoyed vigorous health Knox, he accepted the chaplain. even to old age.

ship of his brigade, which lay Soon after his return from then with the main army at Boston, the congregation in that White Plains. During the few town, which had three years beo months that he held this station, fore become vacant by the death Washington was frequently his of Mr. Cumming, his brother-in- auditor, and he was often Washļaw, proposed to him to take a ington's guest. dismission from his people, In the autumn of the same preparatory to receiving a call year, he received a call from the from them; as they had con- Congregational church in the scientious scruples about calling city of Charleston, in South a settled minister. This prelim- Carolina. On this occasion it inary step he refused to take, was suggested to him, that the and the business went no fur- friends of the college at Princether,

ton had fixed their eyes on him


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as the future successor of Presi- country, entered Charlotte. dent Witherspoon : but notwith- The Doctor with his family fled. standing this, his mind still in- Upon his return, he found that clined towards Charleston. he had lost his library and furniHe had the call under considera- ture, with almost every thing tion till February ; but found at that he possessed. He remainJast that the state of his family, ed in Charlotte about a month and the critical situation of after this calamity ; but appreCharleston, threatened at that hending new inroads from the time with an invasion, presented enemy, he quitted the place in difficulties which it was impossi- the autumn of 1780, and returnble to surmount.

ed to Abington, in Pennsylvania, In the following summer, where he engaged to preach for (1779) he received a call from the winter. The people of Newthe congregation of Charlotte, ark, hearing of his misfortunes, Mecklenburg county, North and influenced by the mingled Carolina, accompanied with an emotions of sympathy and reinvitation from the trustees of spect, invited him to make them Charlotte academy to accept the a visit. This he did in February, presidency of that institution. 1781. They soon after sent him

This was an infant seminary, a regular call; in consequence which promised, under the fost- of which he returned in April ering care of such a president, to with his family ; and though he become an important seat of was never reinstalled, he was learning. It was situated in the considered the pastor of the conmidst of his relatives, and in a gregation, and acted as such, till part of the country where he' his death. might hope to be removed from In the autumn of 1783, just at the alarms of war. His congre- the close of the war, the trustees gation too had become much de- of Washington academy, in ranged by the calamities of the Somerset county, Maryland, ig. revolution, and his salary was norant that Doct. Macwhorter deemed insufficient for his sup. was permanently settled, offered port. All these things consider him the presidency of that instia ed, he judged it to be his duty to tution, with a liberal salary, accept the call : and his friends But though the principal object in the congregation, under exist- of the institution was the educaing circumstances, did not op- tion of pious youth for the gospose his removal. His pastoral pel ministry, and though the relation to this church was ac. neighbouring country opened an cordingly dissolved ; and in Oc- extensive field for his ministerial tober he took his leave of New. labours, his attachment to a conark, furnished, by the liberality gregation, which had recently of his afficted people, with every given him such ingenuous proofs article needful for his journey. of affection, rendered it impossi

Scarcely was he settled in his ble for him to accept this invitanew abode, when the troubles of tion. the war found him there. The The termination of the war army of Cornwallis, scouring the was an event not less happy for

the pastor, than for the congrega- In 1796, he was blessed with tion. No where was the effect another revival of religion in the more sensible than in Newark, congregation, by means of which which from that time commenc- 30 or 40 new members were added its rapid growth from a few ed to the church. In 1802 the dispersed ranges of farm-houses, fifth and last revival under his to a large, beautiful, manufactur- ministry commenced. This ing town. The following year, continued two years ; and in (1784,) the long troubles of the that period, 140 new members, pastor and congregation were besides those received from othsucceeded by a glorious revival er churches, were added to that of religion, which continued for under his care ; of whom 113 two years. In no period of the were received in the course of Doctor's ministry was he ob- 12 months. served to be so deeply laden with In former years, Doct. Maca sense of everlasting things, and whorter had been employed by so ardent in his desire to win the trustees of New Jersey col. souls to Christ. Besides his la- lege to obtain subsciptions in bours on the Sabbath, he preach- Newark for the benefit of that ed several times in the week, and Seminary : and when by the late spent a part of almost every day disastrous conflagration the Col. in catechising, exhorting from lege edifice was consumed, they house to house, or attending re- appointed him, in the spring of ligious societies. In this pre- 1802, to solicit benefactions in cious season, more than a hun- New-England, to aid in the erecdred souls were added to the tion of a new college. Advanced church.

as he was in years, his public Doctor Macwhorter was one spirit would not suffer him to of those great and good men, shrink from the task; and in the who, in 1788, had principal in- issue he brought more than 7000 fluence in settling The Confession dollars into the college funds. of Faith, and framing the Consti- On very many less important turion of the Presbyterian church occasions, his singular skill and in the United States; and in public spirit were called forth in transferring the authority of the

a similar way. highest judicatory from the sy- On the evening of the 25th of nod to General Assembly, December last, he received an which met first in May, 1789. injury from a fall, from which he Ten years afterwards, when a never recovered. He went to board of trustees for the General the house of God no more. In Assembly was incorporated by the first stages of his illness, he the legislature of Pennsylvania, said little which discovered the at their session in the winter of state of his mind, except the of. 1798, 9, he was named in the ten repeated sentence, It is the charter as one of the board, and Lord, and he does that which is continued to hold this trust, un- perfectly right. In February, til the growing infirmities of age when the dissolution of his aged induced him, in 1803, to re- consort was manifestly approachsign it.

ing, and his own nature was


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