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nature only dressed by art; he judg- the antithesis of strength and graned of beauty by fashion ; he sought deur : its power was the power of infor truth in the opinions of the world; difference. He had none of the inhe judged of the feelings of others by spired raptures of poetry: he was in
The capacious soul of poetry what the sceptic is in religion. Shakespeare had an intuitive and it cannot be denied that his chiet mighty sympathy with whatever could cellence lay more in diminishing than enter into the lieart of man in all pos- in aggrandizing objects,-in checking sible circumstances; Pope had an ex- than in encouraging our enthusiasm, act knowledge of all that he himself -in sneering at the extravagancies of loved or hated, wished or wanted. fancy or passion, instead of giving a Milton has winged his daring flight loose to them,-in describing a row of from heaven to earth through chaos pins and needles rather than the emand old night. Pope's muse never battled spears of Greeks and Trojans, wandered with safety but from his -in penning a lampoon or a comlibrary. to his grotto, or from his pliment,-and in praising Martha grotto into his library back again. Blount ! Kis mind dwelt with greater pleasure Shakespeare says, – on his own garden, than on the garden of Eden; he could describe the
" In fortune's ray and brightness faultless whole-length mirror that re
The herd hath more annoyance by the
brize flected his own person better than the Than by the tyger : But when the splitting smooth surface of the lake that reflects
wind the face of heaven; a piece of cut-glass, Makes flexible the knees of knotted oaks, or a pair of paste buckles with more And flies fled under shade, why then brilliance and effect than a thousand The thing of courage, dew-drops glittering in the sun. He As roused with rage, with rage doth
sym: would be more delighted with a pa- pathize, tent lamp than with “ the pale reflex And with an accent tuned i’ th' self-same of Cynthia's brow,” that fills the skies key, with its soft silent lustre, trembles Replies to chiding fortune." through the cottage casement, and cheers the watchful mariner on the work in Pope. His niuse was on a
There is hardly any of this rough lonely wave. In short, he was the poet of personality and of polished what effeminate by long case and in
peace establishment, and grew somelife.
That which was him was the greatest : the fashion dulgence. He lived in the smiles of of the day bóre sway in his mind fortune, and basked in the favour of over the immutable laws of nature.
the great. In his smooth and polish
ed verse we meet with no prodigies of He preferred the artificial to the natural in external objects, because nature, but with miracles of wit ; the he had a stronger fellow-feeling Aatteries ; his forked lightnings play
thunders of his pen are whispered with the self-love of the maker or
ful sarcasms; for the "gparled oak” he proprietor of a gew-gaw than admiration of that which was interesting to gives us “ the soft myrtle ;" for rocks, all mankind alike. He preferred the
and seas, and mountains, artificial artificial to the natural in passion, be- Srass-plats, gravel-walks, and tinkling cause the involuntary and uncalculat- riis; for earthquahes and tempests,
the breaking of a flower-pot, or the ing impulses of the one hurried hiin away with a force and vehemence fall of a china-jar; for the tug and with which he could not grapple, strife of the passions, we have
war of the elements, or the deadly while he could trifle with the conventional and superficial modifications of “Calm contemplation and poetic ease." mere sentiment at will, laugh at or admire, put them on or off like a mas- Yet within this retired and narrow querade dress, make much or little of circle, how much, and that how exthem, indulge them for a longer or a quisite, was contained! What discrishorter time as he pleased, and be mination, what wit, what delicacy, cause, while they ainused his fancy what fancy, what lurking spleen, what and exercised his ingenuity, they ne- elegance of thought, what refinement ver once disturbed his vanity, his le- of sentiment ! It is like looking at the vity, or indifference. His mind was world through a microscope, where
every thing assumes a new character more disturbed provinces. But, in the and a new consequence,—where things extensive viceroyalty of Buenos Ayres, are seen in their minutest circum- the revolution has taken a decided stances and slightest shades of differ- course; and this vast country, accordence, —where the little becomes gi- ing to all appearances, seems for ever gantic, the deformed beautiful, and detached from the dominion of the the beautiful deformed. The wrong mother-country. Not only has the end of the magnifier is, to be sure, independent party succeeded in estaheld to every thing; but still the ex- blishing their authority in this prohibition is highly curious, and we vince, but they have been enabled to know not whether to be most pleased send troops against the royal forces in ar surprised.
W. H. Chili and Peru, which, according to
the last accounts, had been routed and dispersed, and the whole country delivered from the bondage with which
it was threatened. ( Concluded from page 8.) The viceroyalty of Buenos Ayres,
over the principal part of which the The insurrection of the Spanish co- independent jurisdiction of the new lonists against the mother country government now extends, stretches in has been general in other parts of a direct line from Cape Lobos, which South America, as well as in the Ca- may be taken as its southern bounraccas. To the westward, in the king- dary, to the farthest northern settledom of New Grenada, all attempts to ments in Paraguay, upwards of 1600 control the popular spirit proved com- miles, and from Cape St Anthony at pietely unsuccessful. A massacre, at the mouth of the Plata, to the ridge Quito, of many of the principal Creoles, of mountains that separate it from by the troops in the service of the vice- Chili, nearly 1000 miles in breadth. roy of Lima, excited one universal By the union to it of the provinces of sentiment of indignation among all Charcas and Chiquito, it forms an exclasses, and was the signal for a gene- tensive country, extending through ral conspiracy against the established all the variety of climates to be found authorities. The viceroy of Santa Fé, in 26 degrees of latitude. Its general though he endeavoured to temporize boundaries are Amazonia, or the with the insurgents, was deprived of country of those independent Indians all authority; and, in 1811,
a general who wander near the river of Amazons, congress was held at Santa Fé de Bo- and its tributary streams, on the gota, which, although they acknow. north ; on the east Brazil, and the ledged Ferdinand VII., abjured all Atlantic Ocean ; Patagonia on the the provisional governments which south; and Chili and Peru on the had been established in Spain. The west. assembling of this congress, however, The provinces of which this vicealthough they issued a formal acknow- royalty is composed are, 1. Buenos ledgment of Ferdinand VII., was evi- Ayres, or Rio de la Plata, of which dently a step to the abolition of his the chief towns are, Buenos Ayres, dominion over the country; for it was the capital, situated in lat. 34° 35' S. not to be imagined that the colonists, and long. 57° 24' W. and containing having succeeded in establishing a re- 40,000 inhabitants, Santa Fé, Monte presentative body on the ruins of the Video, and Maldonado, on the opold authorities, would any longer sub- posite shores of the river; 2. Paramit to the government of the royal guay, the chief town of which is Asagents. The power, being once secur-sumption, situated in lat. 24° 47' S. end of regulating their own affairs, the and long. 59° 35' W. ; 3. Tucuman, inclination would soon arise to exer- of which the chief town is San Jago cise this important privilege.
del Estero, situated in lat. 27° 40', and Of the proceedings which have taken long. 65, and Cordova ; 4. Los Charplace in Peru, we are but imperfectly cas or Potosi, formerly belonging to informed. In that kingdom, as far as Peru, comprehending the towns of we can learn, the royal authority does La Plata, situated in lat. 19° 33' S. not appear to have been shaken, and and long. 95° 30' W.; 5. Chiquito, or troops have even been occasionally de- Cuyo, formerly part of Chili. - tached by the viceroy, to quell the This vast country forms a compact body of land, nearly square, and ge- merica, and whose hides and tallow 2nerally level, of which the two great lone are occasionally sought after by chains of mountains, called Cordille- the Spanish hunters, and form a prinras, the one on the side of Brazil, and cipal article of the trade of Buenos the other on that of Peru, form the Ayres. Wild horses, the progeny of eastern and western boundaries. To- those imported by the Spaniards, likewards the north a considerable tract wise abound in these natural meads. of mountainous country, branching They wander from place to place afrom both those ranges, gives rise to gainst the current of the winds; and the numerous streains that flow in a traveller has stated, that they are in every direction, to join the great bo- such numbers, that, being in those dies of water which pour through the plains for the space of three weeks, he country from regions yet impertectly was continually surrounded by them. known; whilst descending by gradual Sometimes they passed by, in thick slopes, the western and southern parts troops, on full speed, for two or three run into extensive, and, in some places, hours together, during which time, marshy plains, to the foot of the he says, it was with great difficulty Cordillera of Chili
. The Plata is the that the party preserved themselves great river by which this country is from being run over and trampled to chiefly drained of its waters. This pieces. At other times, however, the river runs through the centre of the same country has been passed over, continent, in a direction nearly from and no horses have been seen. N. to S., and receives trom the E. the. These plains are called Pampas by two great rivers, the Parana and the the Spaniards, and they are haunted Uruguay, which are formed by the by tribes of Indians, who frequently conjunction of numerous tributary rush upon the unwary traveller. There streams; and from the west, it receives is a route from Buenos Ayres to Chili the Pilcomayo, the Vermeio, and the across these desert plains, on which Salado, which flow down the eastern no stations have been established for declivity of the Andes. The greater the accommodation or protection of part of the viceroyalty of Buenos travellers. Across this pathless exs Ayres forms one vast plain, of which panse, the road is frequently pursued the uniformity is scarcely ever inter- by means of the compass, as there exrupted by the most inconsiderable ist no traces by which it can be diseminence, -and it has been calculated covered. The mode of travelling is by barometrical observation, that the thus described by Wilcocke. “ They great river Paraguay, in its progress travel in covered carts or caravans, southward, does not fall above one made almost as commodious as a house, foot in perpendicular height during with doors to shut, and windows on a space of between 300 and 400 miles. each side. Matrasses are laid out on The plains of Tucuman and the Gran the floor, on which the passengers Chaco, to the west of the Paraguay, sleep for the greatest part of the jourare in general elevated and dry; ney. The caravans are drawn by though they are traversed by nume- oxen, and are accompanied by bagrous rivers, and incommoded by gage-horses and mules. They set out marshes near the Paraguay. They in the afternoon, two hours before are skirted by forests of a grandeur sunset, travelling all night and till an and antiquity seldom equalled, and hour after sunrise in the morning; these abound in all the wild animals they then rest, and partake of the proof the country. From the banks of visions brought with them, or taken the Plata to Chili, also immense plains in hunting whilst on the journey; extend, which claim particular atten- for those who are disposed for the tion. They present,” (says Wil- chase take horses and dogs with them cocke in his interesting account of this for the purpose. Travelling in this country,)“ a sea of waving grass, ex- manner, and at so easy a rate, may
ending for nine hundred miles, with perhaps be considered as making the very few interruptions of wood or e- expedition a pleasant journey ; but minence. The succulent and nutri- several inconveniences are enumerated, tive herbage of this tract affords pas- that abate the pleasure, and sometimes ture to those innumerable herds of convert it into pain. Besides the ap; cattle that rove unowned and unva- prehension of a surprise from the wild lued over a great portion of South A- Indians, the excessive beats that
vail during the middle of the day, is among the ridges of the Andes. An when they have no other shelter from action took place in this country, in the sun than what the caravan affords, which the royalists were defeated ; are the most complained of. Want of and it was calculated, that the posseswater is another evil ; none is some sion of the mining country would be times to be met with for several days' among the fruits of this victory. It journey; travellers, therefore, are ob- seems impossible, however, that any liged to carry a supply of water with body of men can ever hope to penethem, both for themselves and for trate by this dreadful country into their cattle ; and when this happens Peru ; but, as the independent troops, to be spent, they must suffer great who have taken possession of Chili
, distress, unless they are fortunately are already across the Andes, they relieved by a shower of rain. Again, may march northward along the plains when it does rain, it falls generally in to the west of those mountains, and excessive quantities, against which the by this means gain access to Peru, caravans are seldom a sufficient shel- provided they have a force sufficient ter. The westerly winds, too, that to withstand the royal armies which prevail in the Pampas, and descend the viceroy would assemble for the defrom the high mountains of the Cor- fence of this important country. Of dillera, not meeting with any thing to the means, resources, and plans of the check their impetuosity, acquire an in- different parties in this remote quarconceivable degree of fury, and are, of ter, we are, however, but very impera course, a source of inconvenience and fectly informed, and it is, therefore, of danger to travellers, as well as on useless to speculate farther, when all their arrival at the opening of the Pla- the necessary data are wanting for ta, of dismay to navigators, and of forming any correct judgment. terror to the inhabitants of its shores."
A road has been established from Buenos Ayres to Lima in Peru, which EXTRACTS FROM AN OLD CHURCH is much more frequented than the other, being more commodious, and free from danger, as there are no
The following is a sample of some wild or unsubdued tribes of In- curious extracts from old parish redians that now inhabit its track. In cords, which have been sent us by se 1748, regular stages were fixed all the veral respectable correspondents, and way, and post-houses were erected,
which we propose, as occasion serves, at which relays of carriages and horses to communicate to our readers. The are provided. This road from Buenos pitiable delusion of Janet Fraser may Ayres to Potosi is 1617 miles, and be easily matched in our own days; from Potosi to Lima it is 1215 miles shewing the spirit of those times. The
but her examination is curious, as A complete itinerary of this long jour- superstition of the Dow Loch is more ney has been published by Helms, the remarkable, particularly in what reGerman mineralogist, by whom it was
lates to the enchanted cattle, suppose travelled, and who describes the hard ed to inhabit it, as mentioned in the ships which he suffered in travel-note. A similar superstition is connectling it as extreme. The road pas- land, and would seem to have been
ed with several remote lakes in Scot, ses over the highest ridges of the derived from our German or Norwen Andes, and the traveller not only suffers fatigue and danger from the gian ancestors; at least a very rom rugged and impracticable nature of the mantic legend, of this description, country, but he is exposed to the ut- which we have seen in an Icelandic termost extremes of opposite climates Saga, translated by Mr Walter Scott, during his tedious journey ; at one and published in the " Illustrations of time sinking under the scorching heats Northern Antiquities," appears to fa of the unsheltered plains, and at other
vour such a supposition. times shivering amid the everlasting “ July 22, 1691.-Janet Fraser in ice and snow of the highest Andes, C-, one who, as the Presbytery is On this road, according to the last ac- surely informed, pretended to a spirit counts, the government of Buenos of prophesie and the revelation of Ayres had pushed their military posts things to come, and of whom it is reas far as the district of Potosi, which ported that she is a person who has a
compact with the devil, being cited by Presbytery resolves to frame an act as the kirk-officer to the Presbytery, gainst all such, to be publicly read in called, and compearing, was examined their respective congregations, but, anent her prophesing, and having a upon several reasons, they delay the compact with the devil, &c. whereup- updrawing of it as yet. on she confesses that she pretended to “ May 15, 1696.-The moderator prophesing and seeing of visions, and is appointed to draw up the formula that she had sinned greatly in being of an act against the superstitiously deluded by Satan causing her prophe- going to the Dow Loch, to be given sie and see things future.
in to the next Presbytery, that, being “A written book, containing her approven of, it may be publickly read pretended prophesies, being given up in each church within the Presbytery, to the Presbytery, they appoint two in regard the Presbytery understands of their number to revise and examine that many are now thronging to it. the same."
“ June 10, 1696.-The formula of Sep. 9.-Janet Fraser this day an act against superstitiously going to called, being still cited apud acta, and the Dow Loch being given in by the again examined anent several things, moderator, according to appointment, and, in fine, she confesses lier being was read and approven of, whereof ali possessed with some evil spirit, desire the brethren are to take copies, and ing the ministers and all others would read them publickly from their pulcommiserate her miserable and delud- pits, against the next presbytery ed condition, and would intreat God, day.” by earnest prayer, that she might see the evil of her ways, and may obtain repentance unto life. Whereupon the Tradition reports, that beautiful black Presbytery delays her and the witnes- cattle were occasionally seen, by some highses until there be a fixed minister in ly-favoured individuals, grazing on a parthe parish, remitting the whole affair to ticular spot adjoining to the Dow (or that session, that they may find out Black) Loch, but as soon as observed by more of the bruta anent her, and may watery element, and were supposed to be.
human eyes, they plunged again into the give the Presbytery more light there- long to the Fairies, or “ Good neighbours," anent."
of the invisible world. This loch is now “ October 9, 1695.- The Presby- altogether grown up, except a very deep tery being informed there is a loch pool of about thirty yards diameter, in the within Penpont parish, called the Dow middle of a morass. Loch, to which people, according to an Mr Hogg, in his Mountain Bard, p. 94, old custom, superstitiously resort, after mentioning the prevalence of a superbringing thither and leaving, if upon stitious belief among the Highlanders in a the account of some sick person, some
spectre called The Water Hor se; adds, that, piece of money from them, or some of in former times, an imaginary being, of a their body cloths, and, if upon the ac
similar description, known by the name of count of some disease upon beasts, Mary's Loch at the head of the Yarrow.
the Water Cow, was supposed to haunt St something wherewith they used to be This spectre, though somewhat less terrible tied; which being done, they carried and malevolent than the Water Horse, yet, them some quantitie of the water, like him, possessed the rare slight of turnwithout speaking a word, or setting it ing herself into whatever shape she pleased, down all the way as they go, judging, and was likewise fond of inveigling people if they unluckily speak or set it down, into the lake to drown them. The followthat it has lost its virtue, and that, ing is a specimen of the many fabulous being safely carried home, as said is, stories related of her. 16 A farmer of it is an effectual and present remedy Bourhope once got a breed of her, for the health and recovery of what- which he kept for many years, until they somever disease in either man multiplied exceedingly ; and he never beast; do refer the same to the en
had any cattle throve so well, until once,
some outrage or disrespect on the suing Synod for advice.
farmer's part towards them, the old dam “°November 6.-The Presbytery came out of the lake one pleasant March having consulted the Synod anent the evening, and gave such a roar, that all the Dow Loch, was advised to proceed a- surrounding hills shook again; upon which gainst those that so superstitiously tra- her progeny, nineteen in number, followed velled thither as charmers. In order her all quietly into the loch, and were to the following of which advice, the never more seen.”.