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forbearance of that most interesting them devote to this uninviting branch personage. Like Caleb Williams he of the anatomy of mind. is unhappy, but his sufferings are in- It is of less importance, however, flicted by his own hand, and not by to inquire into the views with which the inveterate and unprovoked hostili- Mr Godwin has exhibited such a chaty of others. Fleetwood, as well as racter as Mandeville, as to consider Mandeville, is a lover of silence, and with what success he has executed the solitude, and reverie, and ingenious arduous task of attracting the notice enough in tormenting himself and of the public towards a personage apothers with fancied evils, and he is parently so revolting and unnatural. also for a time the dupe of imposture: Yet that he actually has succeeded, Yet this general resemblance almost in no ordinary degree, is put beentirely disappears when we compare yond all doubt by the favourable rethe individual features of these por- ception which his work has already traits. The fate, both of Caleb Wil- experienced. It is now too late, perliams and St Leon, is decided by their haps, to disturb the settled opinion of becoming the depositaries of secrets, the public about its beauties or defects which the former was urged to seek by any thing we could offer ; and we by a very natural, though not a very shall therefore confine ourselves to an laudable curiosity, and the latter by outline of the story,-interposing only motives which he would have been
a very few passages as a specimen of more than human to have withstood; Mr Godwin's vigour and richness of but the causes to which Mandeville conception, and the uncommon energy ascribes his sufferings, are clearly such of his language. as common prudence would have easi. Mandeville was born of English ly escaped. There are indeed through- parents, in the north of Ireland, in out the whole of Godwin's writings the year 1638 ; and his father, a some kindred features by which a younger brother, and an officer under skilful eye may perhaps trace them to the command of Lord Caulfield, was a common origin; but these are to be massacred along with his mother, in found, not so much in his principal the Irish Rebellion of 1641. He is characters as in the texture of his rescued himself by Judith, an Irishfables,-the mode and style of his nar- woman, who, after encountering many ratives—writing always in the person perils, brings him in safety to a town of his hero, and blending somewhat in possession of the English. Here profusely, the secret workings of the she is recognized by the Reverend mind with the actions to which they Hilkiah Bradford, chaplain to the garled, or by means of which they were rison in which he was born, deprived put in motion; and, above all, in the of her charge, and treated with the representations of vice and misery, utmost contumely. Hilkiah carries which fill by far the greater portion of our hero to England to his uncle Audhis pages. Whenever we submit to ley Mandeville, the head of the famitake Mr Godwin for our guide, we ly, where, with this Hilkiah as his are sure to be led into the company of preceptor, he resides for the next eight beings, who, whether innocent or or nine years. The residence of his guilty, are almost all of them either uncle, an old, spacious, and ruinous wretched themselves, or the cause of mansion, surrounded by the sea and wretchedness in others. Yet it is not an insalubrious desert, seems to have because he is unable to conceive or been excellently adapted to its possesdescribe all that is amiable and virtu- sor, a feeble, sensitive, melancholy ous, and dignified in the human cha- being, who had formerly contrived to racter-for the characters of the wife fall in love, and been crossed by a stern of St Leon and their son Charles, and father, and had now, for many years, of Henrietta and Clifford in the pre- vegetated in total seclusion. Mandesent tale, forbid such a supposition, ville and his tutor are admitted to the that he delights to explore the dark presence of this automaton for two recesses of the heart. Still it is by minutes, onceamonth,--and they were this strange predilection that Godwin his only visitors. The domestics of in prose, and Byron in poetry, are course are all well-trained, grave, som distinguished from all other writers lemn, silent personages. In this dise of the present age, not less than by mal abode, Mandeville's mind selthe eminent talents which both of dom received any cheerful imprese sions, and he early felt delighted Mandeville himself, are rather extra" in listening to the pattering of the ordinary beings for their time of life, rain, the roaring of the waves, and politicians and philosophers, not by the pelting of the storm.” In the rote, but on principle, and pretty well meantime, he makes astonishing pro- skilled in all the controversies of the gress for his years in Latin and Greek, period. At the head of these hopeful --in the main topics of controversy be youths, in splendid talents, and fasa tween the Church of England and the cinating manners, and benevolent affecChurch of Rome,-and in gloomy me- tions, stands Clifford,—who makes very ditations, and unsocial feelings, and fine speeches in praise of poverty, and lofty notions of his own powers and actually converts all the school to his destinies ;-yet Mandeville loved not mode of thinking to such a degree, that his able instructor, who seems, how- those young gentlemen who had any ever, to have treated him with great pretensions to wealth and rank were gentleness. Hilkiah dies at the time seriously ashamed of them. Mandewhen Mandeville must have been a- ville is for a moment carried along bout twelve years of age, and our hero with the stream in the admiration of soon after exchanges the gloom and Clifford, but he soon reasons himself silence of Mandeville-House, for the into a very cordial abhorrence both of more congenial society of boys of his Clifford and his admirers, that is, of own age in the public school of Win- nearly all his school-tellows, and takes chester.
up with a cowardly selfish urchin, of We may take leave to pause a mo- the nameof Waller, for no better reason ment at this important stage in our than that, as he imagined, he could manprogress, for the purpose of observing, age this person as he pleased. In this that hitherto there has been nothing point, however, he is speedily undeceive so romantic in the narrative, so far, at ed; acompound of cowardice and knaveleast, as it relates to Mandeville him- ry required a more skilful hand than self, as to prepare us for what is to Mandeville's to manage ; he soon befollow. On the contrary, with the comes himself the victim of his hum. exception, perhaps, of his singular ble and inoffensive associate's talents, precocity, his feelings, his habits, and and is saved from public infamy only his propensities, may be all traced to by the kind-hearted ingenuity and dethe peculiar circumstances in which cision of Clifford. It is now that the he is placed. Even his dislike to the real character of Mandeville begins to person of his preceptor, at the very be developed-his overweening pride time when be regards him with the and self-conceit, his fiend-like envy utmost reverence and gratitude, is and malignity; and all his bad pasa not, we suspect, an unnatural senti- sions have for their object a being to ment in a boy of that age. The hap- whose talents and merits he always piness which he enjoys in the com- does ample justice, and from whom he pany of his sister Henrietta, imme- had never received the slightest injury. diately before he proceeds to Win- His, indeed, are the sentiments in chester, and the tone of kindly feel- miniature which have been ascribed to ing in which he speaks of the lady Satan when he beheld the happiness with whom she lived and of her hus- of our first parents, and the beauties band, lead us to hope that his habits of Paradise fresh from the hands of of reverie and gloomy abstraction, their Creator. When we part with would soon give way to mirth and our hero on his leaving Winchester, gladness among his new associates. the hopes which we were willing to This part of the work we know has indulge of him at his entering it are been thought less interesting than considerably abated. The seeds that sotne of the stormy scenes which fol- were sown in his mind while he relow; to us it appears very differently. sided in the gloom and desolation of We do not know where so ingenious Mandeville-House, are clearly per. and apparently, so faithful a view of ceived to have taken deep root, and the feelings and aspirations of a young pushed out vigorous stems in this conmind will be found; nor by whom genial soil. His case, however, does the influence of early impressions has not yet appear desperate. been so ably delineated. But to re- From Winchester Mandeville pro
ceeds to Oxford, where he makes acThe boys of Winchester school, like quaintance with a relation of the cele
brated Lord Shaftesbury, then Sir sion. I am truly sorry for my appointAnthony Ashley Cooper. The only ment, since it is a source of mortification recommendation of this poor youth to you. Believe me, I would gladly withwas a confirmed consumption, and he draw from it, if my retirement would se.
cure its being bestowed on you. I set no soon after expired in Mandeville's
value on the treasures of ambition. My My pride was gratified while
temper is careless and gay; and you, with I played towards him the part of a
a sensibility all trembling and alive, will guardian genius.”. He is then invited find it hard to bear disappointment. But to the seat of Sir Anthony, whose Sir Joseph, I plainly see, is resolute against character, we think, is ably drawn, and your pretensions. Bear with me then, my recommended by this gentleman to friend, and let us be friends still. This rithe situation of secretary to the com- valship is as momentary, as it is accidenmander-in-chief of an enterprise about tal; and glad I shall be to march by your to be undertaken in behalf of the ex- side, in still increasing harmony, through iled monarch in the west of England. the journey of life. Charles, your hand ?
" Was not this internal malice? I know At this period he is only seventeen
not. To me it appeared so. He triumphyears of age, and does not appear to have made any great progress in the your honours modestly! What needed all
ed over me every way. Oh, Clifford, wear study of military affairs, or the mys- this strut and ostentation, this pomp, teries of diplomacy; and truly if the pride, and circumstance' of boastful sucadierents of the Stuarts were chiefly cess? This was the very root and kernel of such men as Mandeville, there is no- the mischief of which I complained. 1 thing very surprising in the fortune was to be eclipsed, after every fashion in of Cromwell. "Sir Joseph Wagstatt, which inferiority and contempt could be the commander of this ill-fated enter- thrown upon me.” prise, rejects the recommendation of Alardeville flies from the scene of Sir Anthony, though supported by the his disappointment, without taking friendly officiousness of Colonel Pen- leave of Sir Joseph Wagstaff, or even ruddock, and bestows this difficult of his friend Colonel Penruddock, and and important office on a person about returns to Oxford, where at last he the same age,—who turns out to be no finds a young man “of' a cast of mind other than Clifford. The demoniaeal similar to his own." They spend malice of Mandeville, and the good- whole evenings together in silence, ness of heart and polished manners of interrupted occasionally by a trial of Clifford, are well contrasted in the fol- skill in cursing Cromwell and the relowing passage:
gicides, and the Pope, and the Cardi. “ It was my fortune, that I no soonernals, and the Jesuits, in a very deentered the hall, than 1 perceived Clifford. liberate and systematical manner. Sir Joseph was by his side ; and I saw
“ Come, now,"
say these worthies, had just been presenting him to the officers when the passion for change moved and gentlemen-volunteers of his battalion, them, “ Come, now let us curse a in his new character of secretary to the little !" But these exercises, from commander-in-chief. I looked upon him: which they derived the most salutary he was a head taller than when we last met; gratification, were soon terminated by and was radiant with youthful beauty. I withdrew my eyes in confusion : all the
a report, not very creditable to our demons of hatred took their seat in my bo hero, about his Wiltshire adventure ; som. I looked again : a spell had passed and of this, of course, his evil demon over him, and every feature appeared ag- Clifford, must bear all the blame, gravated, distorted and horrible."0, yes' though he acknowledges him to be cried I to myself, - I see the sneer of infer- entirely innocent. He now leaves nal malice upon his countenance. How Oxford with as little ceremony as he odious is the vice of hypocrisy! How much had left Sir Joseph Wagstaff's, and inore honourable the honest defiance of un- becoming mad in good earnest, is carmitigable nate! Yes, Clifford, yes ! let us ried to a receptacle for lunatics, where shake hands in detestation, and pronounce he is attended by his sister ; and, upon a vow of eternal war. Tell me fairly at his recovery, they proceed together to - Wherever I meet you, I will hunt
Beaulieu, the residence of Mrs Wilyou ; I will do you every mischief in my power ; I will ride over you in triumph, lis, the lady with whom Henrietta and tread you down to the pit of hell!'
lived. Here, Henrietta, who, though * Clifford came up to me. • My dear younger than himself, is nevertheless Charles,' he said, I should have been not a whit behind Clifford in wiselom glad rather to meet you oa any other occa- and eloquence, reads him many a pro
found lecture; and great pains are
to the Romans. If, from this time fortaken by the family of Lord Monta- ward, any creature that lived addressed to gu, who had a seat in the neighbour- me one syllable in favour of Clifford, that hood, to reconcile him to the world creature, be his claims upon me in other and to himself. At last he consents respects whatever they might, entered into to meet Clifford at the house of this cluded in the savage sentence of his exter
the fief of my abhorrence, and became innobleman, and poor Henrietta rejoices mination. On other subjects I might have in this appearance of success. But
a heart of flesh, I might be accessible to the prospect is soon overcast. Clif- tender and humane feelings ; but on this I ford, one day, at the particular desire was the iron man, with ribs of steel, deof the company, and even of Mande- scribed by Spenser : no compunction, no Fille himself, narrates the sequel of relenting, no intreaty, no supplication the Wiltshire transactions, in which could approach me: I was deaf as the upthe escape of Sir Joseph Wagstaff, roar of conflicting elements, and unmelting ehit fly by means of Clifford himself,
as the eternal snows that crown the sumis told with great dramatic beauty;
mit of Caucasus.'' and forth with Mandeville, in spite of In this state of mind Mandeville the reluctance with which Clifford en- receives a letter from his uncle's stewtered upon the story, and the modes- ard, apprising him of the illness of ty with which he seeks to conceal his that remarkable person, and, for the own merit, feels all his wonted hatred re- first time it would appear, of the alvive towards this accomplished youth. most unlimited power which a rascalPride, envy, and all uncharitableness ly attorney of the name of Holloway again resume possession of his soul, had obtained over him. Holloway's and he runs away as usual, with a re- object was too little disguised to desolution to meet Clifford no more. ceive any body but Audley MandeSome time after, a French Marquis ville, and his operations are altogether visits at Lord Montagu's, whither very clumsy and inartificial. He Mandeville is invited, and in the makes an attack on the castle by sea, course of conversation, brings forward at such a distance from it that the the story of the secretaryship, and of noise could only reach the auditory a young man of one of the first fami
nerves of so sensitive a creature as its lies of Great Britain, who wished for owner,—who speedily surrenders at the office, that he inight serve Crom- discretion, both his person and his well as a spy. The matter is instante property, and the guardianship of his ly explained to the satisfaction of the nephew and niece, with a legacy of Alarquis, who engages to lose no time ten thousand pounds, to a person of in representing the transaction in its whom he knew nothing, and did not true light to the exiled sovereign. But take the trouble to inquire about. this last infliction renders the wound When Mandeville arrives at hisuncle's, which had so long festered in his he finds the attorney in the full exheart utterly incurable; the poisoned ercise of a power which he is by no arrow is thrust into its very core, means disposed to relinquish. So the where it remains ever after fixed im- old gentleman dies, and the nephew moveably. The rest of the work is quietly takes his place as the puppet chietly occupied with pictures of ex- and slave of Holloway, and continues travagant imbecility and malignity. to enjoy that comfortable situation to We shall only glance at a few of the the end of the work; and yet he susmost striking, --irst transcribing the pects from the first what he is atterfinal resolution of Mandeville in re- wards convinced of, that Holloway gard to Clifford, after the unhappy is one of the worst characters imagistory of the Frenchman.
nable. It is necdless to advert to the
manæuvres employed by that person “ Hatred, bitter and implacable hatred, to rivet the chains in which he held became now more than ever the inmate of Mandeville, and to raise a family on iniy bosom. I lived but for one purpose, the ruins of his sister, as well as of the extinction of Clifford. This was the
himself. first object of my existence, the prelimi- to be paralleled by the bitterness of
Their grossness is only nary, the sine qua non, of all my other pursuits. I devoted myself to this end, as heart, and imbecility of inind, of their Hannibal, by the instigation of his father, unhappy victim. The story of the at nine years of age, swore upon the altar loves of Clifford and Henrietta is more of his country, deadly and eternal enmity natural, and intinitely more attrac
< Go on,'
tive, Their second interview takes views. Give them your sanction! When place on the grounds of Lord Mon. I go forth, do you invoke the blessing of tagu, to whom Clifford had just been heaven upon my purposes ? I ask no introduced, and near the cottage of more.” Mrs Willis and Henrietta. It is
“ Henrietta's conceptions of honour and quite delightful, after listening so long right conduct were more lively and ani. to the gloomy and incoherent ravings
mated, than those of any other person I
ever knew. It has been seen how she talk. of a fiend, to arrive at a scene of pure ed to me of the sentiments I ought to enaffection, of ambition unalloyed with tertain, and the conduct it became me to pride or selfishness, and to see the ge- pursue ; nor was the clearness of her soul nerous confidence of a young heart re- less conspicuous in this interview with posing on the worthy object of its love. Clifford. Her eyes sparkled, while he
“ Clifford set out, with Henrietta's spoke of the ambition that pervaded him, power of delineation, and the inspiration of and the projects he had formed. love, for his guides. He did not miss the she said. Just such resolutions as you true path. He turned to the right at the now express, I expected from you. The corner of the park, and to the left at the times have need of young men, so gallant end of the wood, just as he ought to have and high of soul as you are. England done. But the God was not this day a
shall again be restored ; and other Raleighs niggard of his bounty. By some wonder and other Falklands shall refresh her anful chance, before Clifford 'was well within nals. Clifford, I will not forget you. My sight of the cottage, he perceived Henrietta thoughts shall follow you ; my enquiries in the foot-path, advancing in the opposite shall collect your memorials. and in the direction. Her eyes were on the ground, end, or the intervals of your achievements, and she seemed deep in meditation. Clif remember to come to me again. The ford withdrew a few steps under cover of
means of our meeting will easily be found ; the wood, that she might not observe him I know not how, but my prophetic soul tells from a distance. As she proceeded, a little me, we shall see each other hereafter. dog that attended her steps, barked at him. Clifford, I have considered you with an Clifford advanced, and saluted my sister. observing eye, and I approve you.' And, Her first emotions were simply those of sur saying this, she drew a ring from her finprise, trepidation and joy ; and, as she was ger, and placed it on his, with the motto, in the habit of giving utterance to her sen
Je n'oublierai pas.' sations, she expressed both her surprise and “ Much more passed in this accidental her joy in no equivocal terms.
conversation. Clifford thanked her in a “ Presently, however, she recollected more expressive way than herself, and wore a look of displeasure. would convey, for her approbation. He She asked him gravely, to what she owed
smiled a thoughtful and heart-beaming the seeing him, and what purpose he had smile, while he said, in the language of in view ? This was easily explained. He elder times, that he would be her kniglit. told of the introduction that had been of. He looked with transported thoughts on fered him to Lord Montagu, and that af. the ring he had received from her hand, ter dinner he had strolled out in the do
and kissed it." main. He ingenuously owned, however, that a desire to see Henrietta once more, The distress of Henrietta, when & had joined with other motives, to induce false report reached her of Clifford's him to accept the proposal. He told her of his altered views of life, and of his deter being drowned, is exquisitely describmination never to rest, till he had obtained; and her arduous struggles, and ed for himself honours and distinction. He the self-devotion of both the lovers spoke frankly of the forlorn and unprovid. when they become acquainted with ed way in which he entered the career of the invincible prejudices of Mandelife, and with sanguine assurance, that he ville against Clifford, display a power would tread all obstacles under his feet. of conception, and a felicity in pourHe added, “ Henrietta, you are my friend ; traying deep and painful emotion, in I am sure you are. You have listened
which Godwin is almost unrivalled. with complacency to the little detail of my Lord Montagu, however, and their boyish sentiments. The approbation of other friends, find no great difficulty sary to sustain ours in arduous undertake in prevailing with thein to abandon
ings. You are the only one of the guard. this romantic design. In the meanjan inspirers of manly virtue, te whom I while, as Mandeville's case seemed have ever ventured to pour out my thoughts. now to be quite hopeless, of which, I could not therefore set out upon this indeed, he had given too many proofs voyage, without obtaining from you the in. in so far as concerned Clifford, and dulgence of a few moments to unfold my particularly in an interview with the