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A time for all things. Chap. iii, iv. Before This alfo I faw, that it was from the Chrift hand of God.

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25 For who can eat, or who elfe can haften hereunto more than I?

26 For God giveth to a man that is good in his fight, widom, and knowledge, and joy: but to the finner he giveth travel, to gather and to heap up, that he may give to him that is good before God. This allo is vanity and vexation of spirit. CHAP. III.

1 By the neceffary change of times, vanity is added to buman travel. 16 But as for man, God fhall juage his works there, and here he ball be like a beast.

O every thing there is a feafon, and a time to every purpose


under the heaven:

2 A time † to be born, and a time to die a time to plant, and a time to pluck up that which is planted:

3 A time to kill, and a time to heal: a time to break down, and a time to build up:

4 A time to weep, and a time to laugh a time to mourn, and a time to dance:


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All die alike. from it: and God doeth it, that men Before fhould fear before him.

h Chap.

Christ 15 h That which hath been, is cir. 977 now; and that which is to be, hath 1.9. already been, and God requireth + that which is past.

that which


+ Heb. 16 And moreover, I faw under is driven the fun the place of judgment, that i chap. wickednets was there; and the place of righteousness, that iniquity was there.


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20 All go unto one place, m all are m Gen. 3. of the duft, and all turn to duft again. 21 Who knoweth the spirit † of man that goeth upward, and the spirit of the beast that goeth downward to the earth?

22 Wherefore I perceive that there is nothing better, than that a man fhould rejoice in his own works; for that is his portion: for who fhall bring him to fee what fhall be after him?


Vanity is increased unto men by oppreffion, 4 by envy, 5 by idleness, 7 by covetousness, &c.



of the fons



+ Heb. is afcending.

over. 12. 24. & 5. 9.

Chap. 2.

18. & II.

8, Sec.

OI returned, and confidered all the a oppreflions that are done a Chap. 5. under the fun: and behold, the tears of juch as avere oppretted, and they had no comforter; and on the † fide + Heb. of their oppreffors there was power, but they had no comforter.


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2b Wherefore I praifed the dead bo which are already dead, more than Chap.6.3. the living which are yet alive.

11, 16,21.

3 Yea, better is he than both Toh 3. they, which hath not yet been, who hath not feen the evil work that is done under the fun.

+ Neb.


4¶Again I confidered all travel, alle and every right work, that t† for this a man is envied of his neighbour. This is alfo vanity, and vexation of fpirit.

5 & The

work. Heb., envy of a

this is the

man fran bis neigbbeur.

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7¶ Then I returned, and I faw vanity under the fun.

8 There is one alone, and there is not a fecond; yea, he hath neither child nor brother: yet is there no end of all his labour, neither is his eyes Pfal. 39. fatisfied with riches, f neither faith be, For whom do I labour, and bereave my foul of good? This is alfo vanity, yea, it is a fore travel.

† Neb. 3.boknowete not to be admo


a See *xod 3.5. Ita: 1.12, dc.

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9 Two are better than one; because they have a good reward for their labour.

10 For if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow: but wo to him that is alone when he falleth; for he hath not another to help him up.

11 Again, if two lie together, then they have heat: but how can one be warm alone?

12 And if one prevail against him, two fhall withitand him; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken.

13 ¶ Better is a poor and a wife child, than an old and foolish king, † who will no more be admonished.

14 For out of prifon he cometh to reign, whereas alfo he that is born in his kingdom becometh poor.

15 I confidered all the living which walk under the fun, with the fecond child that shall stand up in his stead. 16 There is no end of all the people, even of all that have been before them they alfo that come after, fhall not rejoice in him. Surely, this alfo is vanity, and vexation of fpirit.



■ Vanities in divine fervice, 8 in murmuring against oppreffion, 9 and in riches. 18 Joy in riches is the gift of God.

Klepathy foot when thou goeft

to the house of God, and be br Sam. more ready to hear, than to give the facrifice of fools: for they confider not that they do evil.


Pfal. 50. 8.

Prov. 15.

8. & 21.




2 Be not rafh with thy mouth, Hor. 6.6. and let not thine heart be hafty to utter anything before God: for God is in heaven, and thou upon earth: therefore let thy words few.

€ Prav.

BC. 12. Matth. 6.



10. 19.


3. For a dream cometh through the multitude of businets, and a foois voice is known by multitude of words.

Vanities in divine ferrvice.

• When thou voweft a vow unto Before 4 God, defer not to pay it: for he hath Chrift no pleasure in fools; f pay that which dr. 977 thou haft vowed.

5 & Better is it that thou shoulde not vow, than that thou shouldest vow and not pay.

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ACT 5.4

6 Suffer not thy mouth to cause 13,14 thy fleth to fin, h neither say thou before the angel, that it was an error: LICE. wherefore thould God be angry at 11. thy voice, and deftroy the work of thine hands?

For in the multitude of dreams and many words, there are alfo divers vanities: but fear thou God.

8 ¶ If thou feeft the oppreffion of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and juftice in a province, marvel not at the matter: for i bete. that is higher than the highest, re- tili, sr, gardeth, and there be higher than they.

9¶ Moreover, the profit of the earth is for all: the king himfelj is ferved by the field.

10 He that loveth filver, fhall not be fatisfied with filver; nor he that loveth abundance, with increase: this is alio vanity.

11 When goods increase, they are increated that eat them: and what good is there to the owners thereof, laving the beholding of them with their eyes?

12 The sleep of a labouring man is fweet, whether he eat little or much: but the abundance of the rich will not fuffer him to sleep.

13 There is a fore evil which I have feen under the fun, namely, riches kept for the owners thereof to their hurt.

14 But thofe riches perish by evil travel: and he begetteth a ton, and there is nothing in his hand.

15 kAs he came forth of his mothers womb, naked fhall he return to go as he came, and fhall take nothing of his labour, which he may carry away in his hand.

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a Job 21. Pal. 17. 14.73



1 The vanity of riches without use, 3 of children, 6 and old age without riches. 9 The vanity of fight and wandering defires.


Here is an evil which I have feen under the fun, and it is common among men :

2 A man to whom God hath given riches, wealth, and honour, a fo that he wanteth nothing for his foul of all that he defireth, yet God giveth him not power to eat thereof,but a stranger eateth it: this is vanity, and it is an evil difeafe.

3¶If a man begat an hundred children, and live many years, fo that the days of his years be many, and his foul be not filled with good, and Ifal. 14. b alfo that he have no burial, I fay, Jerem.22. that an untimely birth is better than c Job 3. he.

19, 20.


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d Prov. 15. 26.

+ Heb.

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Remedies againf vanity.

12 For who knoweth what is good Before for man in this life, tall the days of Chrift his vain life which he fpendeth as cir. 977fa fhadow? for 8 who can tell a man number of what shall be after him under the wife of fun?

Heb. tbe

the days of

bisvanity. fPfal.102.

11. & 109. 23. & 144. 4. Jam. 4. 14. & Chap. 8.7. CHAP. VII.

1 Remedies against vanity, are a good name, 2 mortification, 7 patience, 11 wisdom. 23 The difficulty of wifiom. a Good name is better than pre- 30.22.

a Prov. 15.

Acious ointment; and the day of 1.

death, than the day of ones birth.

2 It is better to go to the house of mourning, than to go to the house of feafting for that is the end of all men, and the living will lay it to his


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e Prov. 14.


8 Better is the end of a thing, than 19. the beginning thereof: and the patient in fpirit is better than the proud in fpirit. f Be not hafty in thy fpirit to be fProv. 14. angry for anger refteth in the botom 32. of fools.

10 Say not thou, What is the cause that the former days were better than these? for thou doft not enquire twifely concerning this.

17. & 16.

+ Heb. out of


11 Wisdom is good with an wisdom. inheritance and by it there is profit as good as g to them that fee the fun.

an berifance, yea

g Chap

12 For wildom is a † defence, and better bo money is a defence: but the excel-147 lency of knowledge is, that wildoin fbade 200 giveth life to them that have it.

13 Confider the work of God: for who can make that straight which he ob

he hath made crooked?

12. 14. Chap. 1.



14 In the day of profperity be joyful, but in the day of adversity confider: God alfo hath + fet the one He over against the other, to the end that man fhould find nothing after him.

15 All things have I feen in the

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21 Alfo take no heed unto all words that are spoken; lest thou hear ive not thy fervant curie thee.

↑ Heb.

thine peart.

P Job 23. 12, 20.

+ Heb. I and my

22 For oftentimes alfo thine own heart knoweth, that thou thyself likewife haft curfed others.

23¶All this have I proved by wifdom: I faid I will be wife, but it was far from me.

24 P That which is far off, and exceeding deep, who can find it out?

25+ I applied mine heart to know, beart com- and to fearch, and to feek out wifpalled. a Chap. dom, and the reafon of things, and 1.17.& to know the wickedness of folly, even of foolishness and madness:

2. 12.

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Divine providence to be observed. HO is as the wife man? and Before W who knoweth the interpre- Chri

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tation of a thing?a a mans witdom 97 maketh his face to fhine, and the so. boldness of his face fhall be changed. 9.& 2 I counfel thee to keep the kings se A commandment, b and that in regard is of the oath of God.


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3 Be not hafty to go out of his 29. 24 fight: ftand not in an evil thing, for he doeth whatfoever pleafeth him.

4 Where the word of a king is, there is power and who may fay un to him, What doest thou?


5 Whofo keepeth the commandment fhall feel no evil thing: and a wife mans heart difcerneth both time and judgment.




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6¶ Becaufed to every purpose there Chap is time, and judgment; therefore the mifery of man is great upon him. 7 For he knoweth not that which fhall be for who can tell him | when th it fhall be?


8 f There is no man that hath power 8 over the spirit to retain the fpirit; neither bath be power in the day of death and there is no difcharge in that war, neither thall wickedness deliver those that are given to it.

9 All this have I feen, and applied my heart unto every work that is done under the fun : there is a time wherein one man ruleth over another to his own hurt.

10 And fo I faw the wicked buried, who had come and gone from the place of the holy, and they were forgotten in the city where they had so done this is alfo vanity.


e Prov.14



12.210 14

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11 h Because fentence against an evil work is not executed fpeedily; 21 therefore the heart of the fons of men is fully fet in them to do evil. 12「iThough a finner do evil an hundred times, and his days be prolonged, yet furely I know that it 1,19 fhall be well with them that fear Prov. God, which fear before him :

13 But it thall not be well with the wicked, neither fhall he prolong his days which are as a fhadow; because he feareth not before God.

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Chap. ix, x.

The necefity of death. Before 15 m Then I commended mirth, Chrift becaufe a man hath no better thing cir. 977 under the fun, than to eat, and to 2.24.& drink, and to be merry for that 5. 18. fhall abide with him of his labour, the days of his life, which God giveth him under the fun.

m Chap.

3. 12, 22.


n Job 5.9.

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Rom. II. 33.

16 When I applied mine heart to know wildom, and to fee the bufinefs that is done upon the earth: (for allo there is that neither day nor night feeth fleep with his eyes. )

17 Then I beheld all the work of Chap. 3. God, that n a man cannot find out the work that is done under the fun: becaufe though a man labour to seek it out, yet he shall not find it; yea, further, though a wife man think to know it, yet ihall he not be able to find it.

o Pfal. 73.16.

+ Heb. Igave,or, Jet to my beart.

a Chap. 8. 14.

bra!. 73. 3, 12, 13.



1 Like things happen to good and bad. 4 There is a neceffity of death unto men. 7 Comfort is all their portion in this life. 11 Gods providence ruleth over all. 13 Wisdom is better than frength.


OR all this f I confidered in my heart even to declare all this, a that the righteous, and the wife, and their works are in the hand of God: no man knoweth either love, or hatred, by all that is before them. 2 b All things come alike to all, Mal.3.15. there is one event to the righteous, and to the wicked; to the good, and to the clean, and to the unclean; to him that facrificeth, and to him that facrificeth not as is the good, fo is the finner; and he that fweareth, as be that feareth an oath.


3 This is an evil among all things that are done under the fun, that there is one event unto all yea, allo the heart of the fons of men is full of evil, and madnels is in their heart while they live, and after that they go to the dead.

4¶ For to him that is joined to all the living, there is hope for a living dog is better than a dead lion.

For the living know that they e Job 14. fhall die: but the dead know not Itai. 63. any thing, neither have they any djob 7.8, more a reward, for the memory of Ifai. 26. them is forgotten.



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e Chap. 8.15.

6 Alfo their love, and their hatred, and their envy is now perithed: neither have they any more a portion for ever in any thing that is done under the fun.

7¶ Go thy way, eat thy bread


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