Primitive Culture: Researches Into the Development of Mythology, Philosophy, Religion, Art, and Custom
Edward Burnett Tylor (1832-1917) was an English anthropologist who is widely considered the founder of anthropology as a scientific discipline. He was the first Professor of Anthropology at the University of Oxford from 1896 to 1909, and developed a broad definition of culture which is still used by scholars. First published in 1871, this classic work explains Tylor's idea of cultural evolution in relation to anthropology, a social theory which states that human cultures invariably change over time to become more complex. Unlike his contemporaries, Tylor did not link biological evolution to cultural evolution, asserting that all human minds are the same irrespective of a society's state of evolution. His book was extremely influential in popularising the study of anthropology and establishing cultural evolution as the main theoretical framework followed by anthropologists in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Volume 2 contains Tylor's interpretation of animism in society.
Journey of the Soul to the Land of the DeadVisits by the Living to
Spirits regarded as personal causes of Phenomena of the WorldPervading
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adoration Africa Amazulu Amer ancestors ancient animals animistic Archip Aryan Avesta barbaric Bastian beasts belief body Brahman Buddhist Castren ceremony Chinese Christian civilized conceptions connexion Creator dead death deity demons departed disease divine doctrine dwell earth evil feast fetish fire ghosts give gods Greek Grimm Hades Heaven Heaven-god higher Hindu human idea idol India Indians Iroquois island J. G. Miiller Khonds land legend living lower culture lower races lustration mankind Meiners mind modern Moon Myth nations native nature negro offerings Ojibwa original Parsi pass Peru philosophy Pinkerton Polynesia polytheism prayer priest primitive region religion religious rites rude sacred sacrifice savage Schoolcraft seems Sheol solar souls spirits stone Sun-worship Supreme Deity survival Tamoi Tatar temple theology theory thou thought tion tree tribes Turanian tribes Unkulunkulu Waitz West worship Zealand Zeus Zulu