Primitive Culture: Researches Into the Development of Mythology, Philosophy, Religion, Art, and Custom

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Cambridge University Press, Dec 2, 2010 - Social Science - 440 pages
Edward Burnett Tylor (1832-1917) was an English anthropologist who is widely considered the founder of anthropology as a scientific discipline. He was the first Professor of Anthropology at the University of Oxford from 1896 to 1909, and developed a broad definition of culture which is still used by scholars. First published in 1871, this classic work explains Tylor's idea of cultural evolution in relation to anthropology, a social theory which states that human cultures invariably change over time to become more complex. Unlike his contemporaries, Tylor did not link biological evolution to cultural evolution, asserting that all human minds are the same irrespective of a society's state of evolution. His book was extremely influential in popularising the study of anthropology and establishing cultural evolution as the main theoretical framework followed by anthropologists in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Volume 2 contains Tylor's interpretation of animism in society.
 

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Contents

Journey of the Soul to the Land of the DeadVisits by the Living to
40
ANIMISM continued
99
Spirits regarded as personal causes of Phenomena of the WorldPervading
168
CHAPTER XVI
224
ANIMISM continued
276
CHAPTER XVIII
328
CONCLUSION
401
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