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ly set up at his Resurrection and Ascension, was making great progrels; and after the destruction of his Enemies the Jews, was still more and more advancing it self in all quarters of the Roman Empire ; as is evident in the Histories of those Times. Monsieur Jurieu's Objection, that this can't be Christ, because the Equipage of this Horseman is not so magnificent, nor his Ar- P.45,460 mor jo terrible as Christ is usually dejirib'd withal, seems to me of no great weight here. Because this is only upon his first Essay, or Entrance on his Power and Conquests: and therefore all ought to be much less Stately and Magnificent than when he is qughina describ’d in great Triumphs, and the more full Exaltation of his Kingdom alterward.
'Tis true, that Mr. Jurieu and Others are of Opinion, that by the White Horse, and the Glorious Warrior upon him, pointed at by the first Animal, which stood on the East side of The Camp of Israel, and of the present Scene, is not meantChrist, but Vefpatian, or his Son Tirns, the Roman Emperors who were advanc'd to that Dignity in the Eastern parts of the Roman Empire. But I cannot be of this Opinion, not so much because the Reigns of those Emperors were over many years before John saw these Visions, as because the Contents of each Seal are intirely different from the Animal that calls out the Scene whereby 'tis represented. So that tho' the Time and Period of this Primordium Victoria Christi, be justly to be dated from the beginning of the Flavian Family in the Empire with Vesparian, which may therefore be signify'd by the first Animal on the East side of the Camp of Israel; yet I thinkChrist himself is signify'd by the Glorious Warrior, and the first Successes of his Kingdom, by the Contents of this Seal, as has been already explain'a.
SE AL II. A ND when he had opened the second seal, I heard the second Apoc. vj3,4.
animalsay, Come and fee. 4. And there went out another borse that was red, and power was given to him that far thereon to take peace from the earth; and
that they should kill one another: and there was given unto him a. great sivord.
The second great and signal Event is most dreadful Murders and Destructions in the Bowels of the Empire ; fignify'd both by a red Horse, of the colour of Blood: and by a great Sward; and by a particular Commission given to the Rider of the red Horse to see that Peace be utterly taken away from the earth, and that instead thereof, internal Wars, and mutual Slaughters, and Butcheries, do make fufficient Havock and Destručtion of the Jews and Heathens all over the Roman Empire ; i. e. all over that Empire and Nation which would not have Christ to Reign over them, but Perfecuted his Church, and Oppress'd his people. And this Seal is fitly introduc'd by the Second Animal, an Ox: whose Station was on the West side of the Camp of If. rael, and of the Prophetick Scene; denoting the Date or Epocha of this Seal to be the beginning of the Alian Family, or the Reign of Trajan A.D. 98. (who was born in the utmost parts of the + West, even in Spain, and was the first Roman Emperor who was not an Italian ;) and its continuance,during the Reigns of his immediate Succeslors of the same Family. And if we
look into the Histories of those times, we shall not need anyo.. Mede Com
ther Comment on this Seal than their own words. " Incrediment. Apocal.
“ bili inquit Orosius, motu sub uno tempore Indei, quasi rabie
+ "13 np • Tegelavós, ara s'x 'Itechos s'do Itendong pindhi's módt sy amor Irins ro tūv 'Pw waiwy megíros éxúxe. Trajanus Homo Hispanus; nec Italus crat, nec Italicus. -- Ante eum nemo alterius nationis Imperium Romanum obtinuerat. Dion.
Ulpius Trajanus Italica, Urbe Hispaniæ ortus. Aurel. Vitor.
Succellit Neryx Ulpius Trajanus Crinitus, natus Italia in Hispania; familia antiqua magis quam clara; nam pater ejus primum Consul fuit: Imperator autem apud Agrippinam in Galliis factus est. Eutropius.
"eduntque viscera ; tum oblinuntur corum fangnine, pellibus “ induuntur. Multos a ver!ice forris difcidere inedios ; mula estos objecere Bestiis; multos etiam certare inter fe coegerunt : ita " ut iniericrint hominum ad Ducenta Viginti Millia. Præterea “ in Ægypto confimilis cædes faéta eft. Et in Cypro, Arremione “ duce; ubi etiam perierunt Ducenta Quadragintu Millia. Sa“ laminem Urbem Cypri, interfeitis omnibus accolis, deleverunt. “(Oros. Eufeb.) in Alexandria autem commiso pralio victi ejo "attriti funt. (Oros.) Tandem * ab aliis, eo maxime a Lysio, " que Trajanus miserat, subacti sunt. In Mesopotamia quo“que rebellantibus jussu Imperatoris Bellum illatum et. (Orof. “ Euseb.) Atque ita multa millia eorum vastacæde deleta funt. And if we now descend to the Reign of Hadrian, who im. mediately succeeded Trajan, and was himself also a Spaniard, we shall find the same miserable Slaughter continue; and the bare words of Dio the Historian, will still fufficiently explain the purport of this Seal. “ Cum Hadrianus, inquit ille, in Ur- Mede ubi su. "bem Hierofolymam coloniam deduxisset; ac quo loco Dei Tem- pra. "plum fuerat, alterum Jovi Capitolino adificari curaviser, mapa "num á diuturnum Bellum inde moveri cæptum: toram 7nda. sam commoveri: Judæos omnes ubique Gentium i'umulinari : “ multa damna occulto aperteque Romanis inferre: cumque iis se complures alias gentes lucri cupiditate conjungi'; atque ea de re "omnem fere orbem Terrarum commotum effe. Hos Hadrianus, soptimis quibufque ducibus adversus eos missis, fed (multitudine scorum desperatione cognita) non nifi fingulatim eos adoriri “aufis, fero tandem oppresit, fregitque ; cæfis in excursionibus “praliisque non minus Ouingentis Octoginta inillibus. Eorum ss autem qui fame, morbo, e igne interiere, tanta fuit multitudo is ut numerus indagari non potuit. Tot etiam ex Romanis quoque “ in eo bello periere, ut Hadrianus, cum fcriberet ad Senatum, non est “ ufus illo exordio, quo utilmperatores confueverunt ; Si vos Libete rique Vestri valetis, bene est ; Ego quidem co exercitus valemus. And if we enquire of the Jews themselves, the Author of the Book Juchasin writes that In this War, Hadrian New twice as many Jews as came up out of Egypt, in e, above 1200000. And another Jewish Author, quoted by Drufius, says, That neither Præterit. p. Nebuchadnezzar, nor Titus, did their Nation so much mischief 126,
Ruthor, at Egypt, Par, Ha
as did this Hadrian the Emperor. And indeed, since this Seal exhibits the first great example of our Savior's Victories over his Enemies, begun under the former Seal, it could not but be most suitable to its deligns to describe these hcavy Deliruations, whereby not the Romans only, but the fews, his Crucifyers, principally were afficted; on whom most naturally he was to execute his Vengeance in the first place; as he accordingly appears to have sufficiently done by the foremention's terrible Slaughters and Desolations: and those under Hadrian are the more remarkable, as being occasion'd by their wofui pretended Mellias Barchochebas, fo infamous in their History.
SE A L II. Apoc. vi. s. 6. A ND when he had opened the third seal, I heard the third anio
mal say, Come and fee : And I beheld, and lo a black horses and he that sai on him had a pair of balances in his hand.
6. And I beard a voice in the midst of the four animals, say, Ameasure of wheat for a peny; and three measures of barly for a peny. And see that thou be not unjust in the oyland the wine.
The third great and lignal Event is Severe and Impartial Ju. stice: signify'd by the Black Horse, the pair of Balances, and the Proclamation of the exact and equal prices of the most common Cominodities; with a kind of Intimation therein what were the then common Commodities; and that there was great plenty of Corn, and Wine, and Oyl at the same time : and concluding with a fevere Caution against all Injustice in such matters, and an imply'd threatning of exemplary punishment if. they prov'd faulty therein. And this Seal is fitly introduc'd by the Third Animal, with the Face of a Man, whose Station was on the South side of the Camp of Israel, and of the Prophe. tick Scene: denoting the Date or Epocha of this Seal to be the beginning of the Reign of Septimius Severus A. D. 193. who was † Born in the South part of the Roman Empire, even in
+ Septimius Severus oriundus ex Africa, Provincia Tripolitana, Oppido Lepti. Solus omni memoria antea & poft ex Atrica Imperator. Eutropius..
Interfecto Didio Juliano Severus Africa oriundus Imperium obtinuit; cui
d by the Black Event is Severe land ehe wine.
on of the exact kind of Inuind that there was and
Africa it felf, and he and his Successors under this Seal, were the only Roman Emperors that ever were of that Extraction. And if we look into the Histories of this Septimius Severus himself, Xiphilin. Fand of Alexander Severus, Mammea's Son afterwards, we fall pit. Dion.ro find the Event exactly agreeable to the Prophecy. “ Severa 43 “(Septimio) inquit Aurelius, præclarior in Republica fuit nemo, Mede ubi iu6. Legum conditore longe aquabilium. Implacabılis deleétis, stre- pra. “nuum quemque præmiis extollebat. Nulli in dominata suo pere “ mifit honores venundari. Ne parva quidem latrocinia impuni“ ta patiebatur: in suos animadvertens magis, quod vitio Ducum“aut etiam Prajectorum fieri vix experiens intelligeret. And Sparrianus's account is exactly agreable. For in one place, he says, Accufatos a provincialibus Judices probatis rebus graviter punivit. In another place heaffirms him to have been « Impla. “cabilem deli&tis, & latronum ubique hoftem ; But if we descend a little lower to Alexander Severus, the Son of Mammea, we shall find a still more full, and intire Completion of this Prophecy. “Is, inquit Lampridius, Leges de jure populi do fifci mo-, “ideratas, & infinitas sanxir; neque ullam conftitutionem facravit "Joxe viginti Jurifpexitis. Severissimus Judex contra fures ; “ appellans eofdem quotidianorum fcelerum reos, ac damnans acer“ rime; ac folos Hostes Inimicosque Reipublicæ vocans, jussit (74. “ dices Fures) in civitatibus nunquam videri, o si essent vis, de-, “portari per Rectores Provinciarum. Referebat Encolpius, quo ille. « familiarisime ufus eft, illum, fo unquam furem Judicem vi« disset, paratum habuiffe digitum, ut illi occulum erueret. Ado “ dit Septimius, qui vitam ejus non mediocriter executus est, tan. “ ti Stomachi fuise Alexandrum in eos Judices qui furtorum fa6. ma laborassent, etiamfi damnati non effent, ut fi eos cafu aliquo “ videret, commotione animi stomachi choleram emoveret; toto. « vultu exardefcente ut nihil poffit logni, . Juflit imo per preco“ nem edici, ut nemo salutaret Principem qui se furem effe nollet, “ ne aliquando dete&tus capitali supplicio subderetur. Si quis mi“ litum de via in alicujus poresionem deflexiffet, pro qualitate lo.. “ci aut fuftibus subjiciebatur in confpectu ejus, ant virgis, aut: is condemnationi ; aut fi hæc omnia tranfiret dignitas hominis, “ gravissimis contumeliis; cum diceret, visne in agro tuo fieri quod. as alteri facis? Clamabatque. Sæpius, quod. A quibufdam five Jo.