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and govern'd by the mere Will of a single person, it is plain the Fourth Monarchy was not to be so. And how well this Character agrees with the Roman Empire, and the various Forms of its Government, I need not say. But then the Kingdom of the Seleucide was certainly a Monarchy, like that of the three foregoing; and in no remarkable things, that I know of, at all differing froni them; and therefore not in the least answering to this Character of the Fourth Kingdom in Daniel. . 4. Not one of the Distinguishing Characters of the Fourth Kingdom does intirely agree with that of the Seleucide. And certainly 'tis strange, if the Prophet should describe a Kingdom by a great many particular Characters, and not one of them appear in History to agree to it. The Kingdom of the Seleucida was far from being as strong as Iron, and from breaking 10 pieces and subduing all things. Its feet, or lowest Ages, were no way made up part of Iron, and part of Clay; i. e, of two different constituent Branches, the one strong and hardy, and the other weak and brittle : It had not at its conclusión ten Toes, or ten Horns, i.e. Ten distinct Kingdoms : Nor is it possible therefore that it should have such a little Horn as arose among them, or after them, and which should depress three of them, and should have eyes and a mouth to speak very great things. Nor did any remarkable Duration of Antiochus's Profanation, include a time, times, and a division, or part, of time, i, e. just three Chaldean Years and a Month, or in 10 Days. All which, from the two foregoing Prophecies of Daniei, appear to be the certain Characteristicks of this Fourth Kingdom, and, as we shall see hereafter, do exactly agree with the Roman Empire. So that in truth, to speak freely, that extravagant Liberty of Fancy, and of Interpretation, which can suit these Characters to the Kingdom of the Seleucida, might almost as well suit them to that of England or France, or in. deed to any Kingdom in the World. : 5. The Kingdom or Church of our Saviour Christ was to be first set up, during the Continuance of these Four Kingdoms : But it was not set up, till long after the Conclusion of the Kingdom of the Seleucida : 'Tis therefore impossible that that Kingdom should be the Fourth Kingdom in Daniel. In the Days of these Kints, says the Prophet, Mall the God of Dan.ij. 44. Heaven set up a Kingdom which shall never be destroy'de And again, the Stone which was cut out without hands, that is, our Ver. 45. Saviour and his Kingdom, brake in pieces and destroy'd all those Four Kingdoms. Now sure 'tis not possible that the Stone Thould break the Kingdoms to picces, unless it was cut out of the Mountain, and in being, during their continuance. And yet 'tis certain from History, that the Kingdom of the Se. leucide was at an end a long time before our Sayiour was born. Nay, Antiochus Epiphanes is by this Prophet, on another occasion, said to be in the latter time of that Kingdom ; who yet Dap. vij. 23. dy'd about 190 Years before the beginning of our Saviour's Ministry; and so about 160 Years before his Birth. The least of which Spaces of Time is yet greater than the whole Duration of that Kingdom of the Seleucide, at the time of his Profanation of the Temple; as the very Dates thereof in the Books of the Maccabees do abundantly testify, so that 'tis perfectly vain, and wholly inconsistent with this most eminent Characters that our Saviour's Kingdom was to be set up in the days of these Four Kingdoms,] to make the Kingdom of the Seleucida, which ended so long before, the Fourth of those Kingdoms.
6. As the Fourth Kingdom was to be in being before the first setting up of our Saviour's Kingdom, so was it also to continue in being until his second coming to set up his own Kingdom, which can no way agree to the Kingdom of the Seleucida, nor indeed to any but the Roman Empire. The Words are express; I beheld, and the Little Horn (which grew Dan.vij.21,22. up among the Ten Horns of the Fourth Kingdom) made War with the Saints, and prevailed against them, until the Ancient of days came, and Judgment was given to the Saints of the most High; and the time came that the Saints possessid the Kingdom. And more clearly elsewhere: I beheld then, because of the voice of the great Ver. 11. words which the Horn fpake, I beheld even till the beast was liain, and his body destroy'd, and given to the burning flame. And if we would know when this was that the Fourth Beast or King. dom, with its Little Horn, was to be utterly destroy'd, the Ver., la words foregoing will put it past doubt, that it was to be at the
Day of Judgment. Nay, this Argument is so decretory, that if we should allow the Coming of Christ to be his first Coming in the Flesh, or his Coming to destroy Jerusalem by Titus, yet
is it absolutely impossible to belong to Antiochus Epiphanes, as de, p.8952 others would have it. For this Little Horn continued till the 881.& p.919. Coming of the Ancient of Days in the express words of Daniel : 925. Dr. More Whereas Antiochus had been dead long before either of thofe Appendix to times, as we have already seen: and so he cannot possibly be that Dar. p. 245, Lit doc. & Synops.
bór. Little Horn of the 4th Kingdom there spoken of. If this be nat Prophet. 1. 2. Demonstration, I know not what is to be so esteem'd in these c.13. Creffener matters. They who desire to see this Proposition more largely Demonft. 1. 2: insisted on, and prov'd to be not only true in it felf, but alc.8. & Append."
in de most universally own'd to be so both by the Jewish and ChriDuplici Melliz stian Church in all Ages, need only consult the Authors quoAdventu, P.5, ted in the Margin, and they will find abundantly enough for Opf. McSte their satisfaction; and those who will not take so much pains phens of the Number of the as to consult them, may receive some content by the short AtBeaft, chap. s. testations * transcrib'd from some of them, and hereunto anat large. Vid. nexed ; it being a Point which the Papists, tho' sorely against & Petri Moli- their interest, are forc'd to consent to as much, if not more axi Vatem.l.4 chane C, 19, doc.
•4e than the Protestants themselves.
* The Roman Empire to be the fourth Kingdom of Daniel, was believed by the Church of Israel, both before and in our Saviour's time; received by the Difciples of the Apostles, and the whole Christian Church for the first 400 years, witbout any known contradiction. And, I confess, having so good ground in Scripture, it is with me tantum non Articulus Fidei, Listle less than an Article of Faith. Mede p. 899, 9.00.
Hæc tria Vos Judæi fatemini (1.) Deum Nebuchadnezari eam feriem regnorum exhibuific cum quibus Judæis aliquid negotii intercefsit: Scilicet Chal. dæorum, Medo-Persarum, Græcorum, & Romanorum. Id vestri Scriptores à 1600 annis uno ore fatentur : ncc, præter unum aut alium inter Christianos Interpretes scripturæ novi qui id in dubium revocet. dc. Allix De duplici Messiz Adventu. P.5.
All agree that the fourth Kingdom, is the Kingdom of the Romans; as well the Ancients, and the Jewish Church, both before and after Christ, and the Christian Church, for the firjt 400 years; as the Moderns. Calovius in 6. 9. Daniel.
That the fourth Beast, is the Roman Empire is certain, and agreed upon by All that profess the name of Chriß. Malvenda, Ibid.
The Beast out of the Sea, in the Apocalypse, does evidently allude to the fourth
Beaft Beast in the 7th Chapter of Daniel; and 'tis most clear and evident, that that fourth Beast of Daniel is ihe Figure of the Roman Empire in an Idolatrous State. Alcalar. in Apocalyps. Se&t. 3. v. 1. Chap. 13.
The fourth Kingdom is the Kingdom of the Romans ; and so all take it to be. Maldonate in c. 7. Daniel.
This fourth Beast, according as all interpret it to be, and as the matter it Self does Mew it, did represent the figure of the Roman Empire. Pererius in 6.7. Daniel.
'Some would have the fourth Kingdom to be the Rule of Alexander's Success fors: But they should have remembred that the Golden Head was the Babylo. nians, and the Second Kingdom was the Persians, the Third then must be the Grecians, and the Fourib the Romans. But at present I cannot buc admire, that there should be some pious Men, who mould iake the fourth Beast to be the Macedonian Kingdom. For they should have confiderd, that she third Beast has four Heads, which does openly few the fourfold Division of the Greek Empire after Alexander's Death.
And then that the fourth Beaf has Ten Horns. And that they were but Four, and not Ten that continued she Reign of the Greek Monarchy after Alexander. Theodoret. in c.7. Daniel.
Ergo dicamus quod omnes Ecclesiastici Scriptores tradiderunt, in consummatione Mundi, quando regnum destruendum eft Romanum, decem futuros Reges qui orbem Romanum inter se dividant; & undecimum surrecturum esse Regem Parvulum, qui tres Reges de decem Regibus fuperaturus ft. conc. Hieron. in Daniel 7.
Scholium 1. It may not be here improper to take notice of that almost unobserv d, but most eminent Prophecy of the Four Monarchies, particularly of the last, or the Roman Em. pire, which we find in the first half of the Book of Foel. Where under the notion of four small Beasts, or Animals, as in Daniel and the Revelation, under that of four Great ones, the four famous Monarchies are to be understood ; and by the Fourth, (which here, as well as in Daniel and the Revelation is most largely insisted on,) we are to understand the Roman Empire. And I cannot but think any other Interpretation to be groundless, and without any Foundation in History. Hear some of the Words of that remarkable Book. The Word of Joel i. & ij. the Lord that came to Joel, the Son of Pethuel. Hear this, ye Old Men, and give ear all ye inhabitants of the Earth. Hath this been in your days, or even in the days of your Fathers? Tell ge your children of it, and let your children tell their children, and their children another generation. That which the Palmera worm hath left, bath the Locust eaten; and that which the Locust
hath left, hath the Canker-worm eaten; and that which the Canker-worm hath left, hath the Carter-pillar eaten.-- For a Nation is come up upon my land strong, and without number; whose teeth are the teeth of a Lion, and he hath the cheek-teeth of a great Lion. He hath laid my Vine waste, and barked my Fig-tree; he bath made it clean bare, and cast it away; the branches thereof are made white. Blow ye the Trumpet in Zion, and found an alarm in my holy Mountain: Let all the inhabitants of the Land rremble ; for the day of the Lord cometh, for it is nigh at band. A day of darkness, and of gloominess; a day of clonds and of thick darkness ; as the morning Spread upon the Mountrins; a great people and a strong ; there hall not been ever the like, neither shall be any more afrer it, even to the years of generation and generation
A fire devoureth before them, and behind them a flame burneth: the land is as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a defolate Wilderness, yea, and nothing fball escape them. The appearance of them is as the appearance of horses, and as horfemen, so mall they run. Like the noise of chariots on the tops of mountains pall they leap, like the noise of a flame of fire that devoureth the stubblé, as a strong people fét ir barrel aray. Before their face the people fall be much pained, all faces shall gather blackness. They fall run like mighty men, they fall climb the wall like men of war, they fall march every one on his ways, and they Mall not break their ranks.-- The earth ball quake before them, the heavens Mall tremble, the fun and the moon Mall be dark, and the ftarsmall withdraw their mining; and the Lord shall utter his voice before his army, for his camp is very great: for he is stronie that executeth his word: for the day of the Lord is great, and very terrible, and who can abide it? Therefore also now, faith the Lord, turn ye even to me with all your heart, and with fafting, And with weeping, and with mourning : and rent your heart, and not yoxr garments, and turn unto the Lord your God: for be is gracious and merciful, sow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil. Who knoweth if he will return and repent, and leave a blessing behind him, even a meat-offering and a drink-offering unto the Lord your God? Blow the Trumpet in Zion, fan&tify a Fast, call a folemn Affembly. Gather the people,