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will easily appear by the Numbers in the Margin; so in fact we may observe that almost all the things contain'd in this Prophes

are directed to,and fulfillid on the Western or Latin part of the Roman Empire : which by those who liv'd where St.John wrote has been still stild the Empire of the Latines, (especially after it was divided into ten Kingdoms in the fifth Century;) and was fo esteem'd by Ireneus himself. Take this notion from Mr. 9 20 Mede and Peter Du Moulin in their own words as follows. Sum 666.

Eft vero Bestia nomen, quod jam tum cum Apocalypsis adhuc recens fcripta esset nonnulli fufpicati sunt, decantatum illud AATEINDE. Hoc enim nomine poft imperii divifionem, & decem reges in provinciis ejus exortos, neque prius, Pseudopropheta Romanus cum reliquis Occidentis Incolis, discriminis ergo, appellatus est; idque ab illis ipfis, quibus Apocalyplis fcripta eft, Jeptem Asia Ecclefiis. Namque Greci do reliqui Orientales, penes

, quos in dilaceratione illa Imperii nomen manferat, feipfos folos Row manos dici voluere; nos cum pontifice nostro, & fub eo Episcopis, Regibus, Dynaftis, fatali quodam instinctu LATINOS 'dixere. Med. Comment. Apoc. p. 634.

Ireneus obfervavit in literis vocabuli AATEINOE computatis See also Dr. effici precise 666. Non alio titulo apriori Imperium Papale po

Creffener's Deinit defignari. Nam Greci Ecclefiam Occidentalem, qua fub- monftration p. eft Pontifici Romano, vocant Latinam. Ipl vero fe Romanos dicunt ; unde & Thracia, in qua fita eft Conftantinopolis, Roma. n'a apellatur. In Synodo Florentina constante Episcopos Græcis et Epifcopis Occidentalibus subjectis Episcopo Romano, Græci Epis. copos Occidentales non aliter appellant quam Latinos; eo ipsa Synodus femper eos fic nuncupat. Calci Synodi fubje&ta funt subfcriptiones Patrum Latinorum distincta a subscriptionibus Greco

Ac projecto Ecclefia Romana merito Latina appellatur, in qua omnia scribuntur dicuntur Latine. Misa, Preces, Hymni, Litania, Canones, Decreta, Bulle, Latine concepte sunt. Concilia Papalia Latine loquuntur. Ipfe Muliercula precantur Latine. Nec alio Sermone Scriptura legitur fub Papismo quam Latino. Quapropter Concilium Tridentinum jussit folam verfionem vulgatam Latinam elle anıhenticam. Nec dubitant Doétores eam praferre ipsi textui Hebraico á Greco, ab ipsis Apoftolis & Prophetis exarato. Denique sunt omnia Latina ; Nempe Papa Kk

275. &c.

populis

rum.

populis a se subaĉtis dedit suam linguam, ut sai Imperii notam & characterem. Eft ergo fælix Irenæi conjectura, qui nnmerum

nomen Bestie dixit effe vocabulum saTEINOS : qui quidem etsi de Romano Epifcopo non cogitavit, nec putavit hæc ad eum pertinere ; nondum enim corruptela Romanam Ecclefiam invaserat; ejus tamen interpretationem fequentium feculorum experientia comprobavit. Pet. Molinci Vates p: soo. sor.

Scholium, (2) But if it be here wondred at, that the first Beaft or Roman Empire should be noted by sceltūv@ the Latin or Western Empire only, whereas the Roman Empire it self, in its full extent, included much more ; to take off this admiration, and to give light to several things in this Prophecy, I shall propose the remarkable Observation of a very great Man, and One not a little conversant in these Studies, viz. That all the four Monarchies are suppos'd in the Prophecies to be as well diftin&t from each other, Geographically as Chronologically: i.e. That the same Tract of Land which the Babylonian Empire possess’d, was peculiar to that first Monarchy; and tho Conquer'd by, yet never reckon'd a part of the second : and that the same Traet of Land which the Medo-Persian Empire posless’d, not accompting therein, what before belong'd to the Babylonian, was peculiar to the second Monarchy; and never reckon'd as a part of the third. And that in the like man. ner the fame Tract of Land which the Grecian Empire poffes. fed, not accompting therein what had belong'd to the two former, was peculiar to that third Monarchy, and never esteem'd as part of the fourth or Roman Monarchy. Which thing being rightly observ’d, we shall not at all wonder that by the Empire of the Latines is meant only so much of the Roman Empire as was never a part of the three former ; that being almost all properly so: and we shall withal observe, that when the Eastern or Greek Branch of the Roman Empire,is at any time mention'd in the Prophecy, or refer'd to in our interpretation, no other parts are to be understood thereof; than such as adjoin to the Western Empire ; and were never any part of the Old Grecian Monarchy, to which the Romans succeeded. And truly according to this excellent observation, many particulars in Daniel and St. John seem to be understood ; and particu

larly

larly, which the same great Man instanc'd in, where it is said
of the three former Monarchies, upon the setting up of the
Roman, that Asconcerning the rest of the beasts they had their do- Dan. vij. 12,
minion taken away, yet their lives were prolong'd for a season,
and a time; plainly implying that the conqueit of those Ém-
pires by the Roman, was esteemid only as the taking away of
their Dominion, but not of their lives: fo that the Beasts or
Empires were made tributary to the Romans, but so as
they themselves were understood to continue, distinct and
living Beasts or Empires still notwithstanding. And if I
may be allow'd to add another instance, it shall be that in
Daniel, where the whole Image representing the four Monar-
chies, is suppos’d to be standing intire, till the stone cut out
of the mountain without hands fmote it upon its feet, and brake
it to pieces ; so that the iron, the clay, the brass, the filver and the

gold were broken to pieces together. And in the interpretation 44.
the Kingdom of Christ brake to pieces and confum'd all these
Kingdoms. Which is no other way dire@ly accountable but
by the present Hypothesis, that each of the Monarchies are
separate and intire, and so esteem'd in the Prophecies from their
beginning, till the utter destruction of them all together, at the
last setting up of Christ's Kingdom. And this Oblervation is all
along to be regarded and born in mind, through the whole
Prophecies relating to those Monarchies; and will frequently
afford great assistance to the right understanding of them.

Dan. ij. 34

it

35.

VI S I O N VI.

The Image of the Beast.

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the means of those miracles which he had power to do in the bac. fight of the beast, saying to them that dwell on the earth that they hould make an image to the beast which had the wound by a word and did live.

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15. And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast ; that the image of the beast should both speak and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed. In this fixth Vision, or rather part of the former Vision, we have a plain account of the Rise of the New Empire of CharLemain A. D. 800. (Which is now become the Empire of Germany) and of its subordinate Magistrates. This is here callid an Image of that beast which had the wound by a sword and did

live : which wound is elsewhere said to be in the head of the Apoc. xiij. 3. Beast. i. e. It is a resemblance or picture of the Roman Em

pire when it was under the Old Roman Casars, which had receiv'd the mortal wound by the Barbarous Nations; and yet the Empire, the Sacred Roman Empire did afterwards continue in being; and on the Rise of this imitation of the Casarean Head, this Empire became a perfect Image or Likeness of the Old Roman Empire, before it had receiv'd that mortal wound: which hereby, as it were, reviv'd again, and appear'd afresh in the World. And that this Image of the Beast is the Empire of Germany, with its Subordinate Magistrates, feems to me probable for the following Reasons. (1.) The German Emperor is the most proper Image or Likeness of that Cafarean Head, wich receiv'd a mortal wound by the Barbarians, that eyer was. Nay he takes himself, and many others take him to be a Continuation of the same. And accordingly he is stil?d to this very day Cafar, His Casarean Majesty, and the Sacred Roman Emperor. (2.) He was created by the second Bealt or

the Pope of Rome, according to the exact purport of this ProAnno 800 & phecy.' Hear Sigonius. His actis Leo (III Papa] cogitare inde

exemplo Hadriani de referenda Carolo gratia cæpit. Quem ad liberandam maximo periculo ac turpi in amia Ecclefiam ex Francia venire non piguiset.- His igitur fic se babentibus, quod Hadrianus facere prætermiserat, Leo, arrepta ex novis Romanorum turbis occasione, fibi explendum existimavit ; ut Catholicum enndem ac potentifimum Regem firmum fimul ac fidum Christianis, atque ipfâ Romanæ Ecclefiæ tutorem ac Patronum pararet, ipfumque Imperatorio titulo infignirer: Diemque huic Solenni proxima Domini Natalicia deftinavit. - Res autem in hunc modum administrata eft. Vbi dies Nataliciorum advenit, Carolus summo

801.

mane

mane Vaticanam Bafilicam adiit; atque ad confessionem progressus folennem Deo obfecrationem inivit. Qua perfecta, Pontijex, qui ex compofito aderat, Chlamydem Anguftalem, Coronam Auream pretiofillimam, quam de industria comparaverat ei imposuit. - Quo facto Populus universus ter voce clarissima letissimus acclamavit, Carolo Augusto a Deo Coronato, Magno e Piissimo Imperatori Romanorum, vita etjo victoria. Deo inde Divisque rite in auxilium invocatis, Imperatorius illi titulus a populo confirmatus est. Populari inde acclamatione sedata Pontifex parrem [Carolum] & filium [ Pipinum ] aftantes, illum Imperatorem Romanorum, hunc Regem Italiæ oleo sancto perunxit ; ac deinde sacris conficiendis se tradidit. Videfis etiam eundem Sigonium ad A. D. 960 962.

This History is so plain a paraphrase of the Text, that the second Beast said to them that dwell on the Earth that they mould make an Image to the Beast that had the wound by a svord and did live, that nothing can be more so. (3) The time of the erecting this New Empire, was, agreeably to the Text, a considerable space after the Pope was risen,and after by his pretences to miracles and other arts, he had gain'd power to seduce and manage the Christian World. For we have already seen that the Popes rise is to be dated from A. D. 606. whereas this Coronation of Charles the Great was not till Christmas day in the end of the year 800. as we have just now seen. (4) This appears by the Emperors particular Power, and Authority, and Business, viz. to unite several Princes in the upholding the remains of the Roman Empire, and in executing its severe and fanguinary Laws on those who dissent from it, and will not submit to the Papal and Imperatorial Tyranny and Idolatry; to cause that as many as will not worship the Image of the Beast fall be killed. Hear the Oath of the Emperor in Siganius, compard with the past History of the Church fince A.D. 8pa and then judge how well this Character does agree. Ceterum, inquit Sigonius, hunc dignitatis Imperatoria titulum in Ad annum. Occidente Pontifex renovavit, ut haberet Ecclesia Romana adver-801. Sus infideles, hereticos ac seditiosos, tutorem. Indicat hoc ipfius Jurisjurandi formula quo Pontifex Imperatorem coronam im. pofiturus obftrinxit ; que in antiquifsimo commentario, qui Or

do

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