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4. And they ball see his face; and his name shall be in their forebeads.
$. And there fball be no night there, and they need no candle, neither light of the fun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they fall reign for ever and ever.
6. And he said unto me, These sayings are faithful and true. And the Lord God of the holy prophets fent his angel to few unto his fervants the things which must fortly be done.
7. Behold, I come quickly : blessed is he that keepeth o be fagings of the prophecy of this book. .
8. And I John saw these things, and beard them. And when I had heard and feen, I fell down to worship before the feet of the ana gel, which showed me tbe fe things.
9. Then faith he unto me, See thou do it not : for I am the felo low-fervant, and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the fayings of this book: worship God.
10. And he faith unto me, Seal not the sayings of the prophecy of this book: for the time is at hand..
11. He that is unjust, let him be unjust fill : and he which is filthy, let him be filthy ftill: and be that is righteous, let him be righteous ftilt: and he that is holy, let him be holy still.
12. And behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give everyman According as his work foallbe.
13. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the firft and the last.
14. Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gaies into the city.
15. For without are dogs, and forcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh à lie. ..
16. 1 Jefus have fent mine angel to testifie unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning tar.
17. And the spirit and the bride fray, Come. And ter him that heareth, say, Come. And let him that is athirft, come : and who foever will, let him take the water of life freely. 18. Far I teftifie unto every man that beareth the words of the
prophecy of this book, If any man Mall add unto these things, God Jhall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book.
19. And if any man Jall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, Godfall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.
20. He which testifieth these things, faith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come Lord Jefus.
21. Thegrace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with yon all. Amer.
And thus, to conclude the whole, I have, by the Divine Alistance, finish'd my Esay on the Revelation of St. John: and at parting, I must here publickly own the assistance I have receiv'd from several Worthy and Learned Friends, some of whose Names I have already mention'd. But above all, I must acknowledge my self chiefly indebted to one Industrious and Learned Friend for the constant Alfistance, and great Improvements this work has all along receiv'd from him; I mean that Person to whom I formerly own'd my Obligations on account of his Review of my Chronology of the Old Testament, and of the Harmony of the four Evangelifts. And tho' I name him not here, all who either know me and my Studies, or have look'd into that Chronology and Harnsony, cannot fail of difcovering him by such a descripcion.
PROPOSITIO N. I.
ABIATH AR, and not AHIMELE CH vas
the High Priest of the Jews when DAVID eat the Shew-bread.
The ARGUMENTS follow. Mar. ij. 25.26.
I. THIS is exprefly asserted by St. Mark, or rather by
I our Saviour himself, whose words the Evangelift is there relating ; Have we never read what David did when he had need and was an hungred; be and they that were with him ; how be went into the house of God, in 'Also free of 'Aexogéas in the days of Abiathar the High-Priest, and did eat the new-bread > These words are so express, that unless the contrary reafons be exceeding cogent, the Proposition ought not to be dispu. ted. For as to that Evasion that ini may only denote in general about the cime of the High-Priesthood of Abiathar, or a little before it; 'tis fo disagreeable to the ordinary useof that Particle, and renders our Lords way of speaking fo strange and unaccountable, that nothing but full evidence ought to be allow'd for such a Singular Exposition. Our Lord is said both in the Apostles Creed, and by St. Paul himself also to have suffered in Morris Monats: . . moft unquestionably under or during Pontius Pilate's Government of Judaa. Neither if we should allow that the phrase might pollibly be capable of fo large an acceptation can any account be given why our Lord, when he was assigning the time of this action of Dan vid, should wholly pass over the then High Priest, and name him only who was afterwards to be so. It is very proper and usual in the dates of Events, to mention under whose Reign or Government whether Civil or Sacred they happened: But it can never be prov'd that the like was done to their Successors, who at the time of such Events, and perhaps a good while afterwards, had no concern with such Government or Administration. This is almof as if our Saviour should be faid to have suffer'd sti Magxéry about or before the Procuratorship of Mar. cellus; without the least mention of Pilare; whole Name and Actions were much better known, and in whose Procuratorship he really suffered. Surely if Abiathar the Son was to be mention'd because he aftırwards was the High-Priest ; Ahimetech the Father, who was actually so at that time; who also was alone mention'd in that History; and who continued High-Priest for some time afterward, was by no means to have been o.
II. This Affertion of our Saviour, in its most plain and obvious sence, is no where contradicted in the rest of the Scrip. turcs. Is Abimelech call'd the High-Priest any where in the Bible, or even his Son Abiarhar? By no means. “All that sa
1 Sam. xxi.
1. 2. 4. 5. 6. we meet with is Abimelech the Priest i and afterward Abiathar 9. &. 22. the Priest the Son of Abimelech. Are either of them mentio- Cap. xxiij. v. ned, (as Zadoc and another Abiathar oftcn are,) among the & 30. 7. chief Men of the Kingdom ? Not at all. Do either of them ap- 2 Sam. viij. pear to have officiated as High-Priest on the great day of expia, '7. & 20: 25. tion? So far from it, that, that day is not, I think, once mentio.' Kin ned during the times of their Histories. Do we find any of the Garments peculiar to the High-Priest ascrib'd to either of them? Not at all. They are only suppos'd in common with all the. Priests, and even Samuel while a Child, wearing a , Sam. xxii. lixonen Ephod. Or, lastly, do we find either of them enquiring 18. & 23. 6. of God by Urim or Thummim, those Sacred Oracles deliver'd 9. & 30. 7.& from the High-Priest's Breait-plate? So far from this, that 2. 18. we shall hereafter find that when Abiarhar was with David in his flight from Saul, the Urim was with Saul and noc with David: and He appears no otherwise to have enquired of God at all then by lending David his Ephod, as a Sacred Garment, in which not Abiathar but David himself enquird.
jo Sam. xxiij.
9.10. & 36. of God, and was answered by Him. The Father Abimelech. 8. indeed is suppos'd in general to have prayed or enquired of God for David: But no circumstances being mention'd, it docs not appear whether it was any more than the affording David a place in the publick Prayers at the Tabernacle: or the lending vid. 2 Sam. him the Sacred Garments, and giving him proper Opportu. vi. 14. nities, (becausc David was a Sacred Person, and a Prophet
himself;) for his own Enquiries of the Almighty. We find
indeed a very Ancient inltance of Enquiry of the Lord long Gea. xxv. 22. before the Urim was made by Rebekka : and’ris nor impolli
bic that some such method might still obtain on great occafions, where 'twas imposible to enquire by the High-Priest. But because all that the Son Abiarbar did of this Nature in the like calc, wastheaffording David a Sacred Garment, wherein not Abiarbar but David enquired of God, as we have seen above, it may justly be suspected that the Father's Enquiry was much of the same nature. However, if there was any other Enquiry, it not at all appearing to have been by Urim, which alone was peculiar to the High-Priest, can by no means prove that Abimelech was the High-Priest. We indeed find Abimelech the Head of Eighty five of the Family of Elior Ithamar: We find him having the charge of the Holy Things at Nob; as a kind of a Head of a Course of Priests who attended on the Tabernacle there. But was this the business of the HighPriells ? Not at all, but rather the contrary; if the Fews inform us right in their own Customs : for the Heads of those Courses, which were soon after setled, were always reckon'd distinct from the High-Priest.
III. It apppears plainly by the Series of the High-Priests in the Old Testament that Abiathar and not Abimelech was the High-Priest at che time we speak of: nay farther it appears particularly who this Abimelech was, even no other than che High-Priests Uncle; and therefore most certainly distinct from him: and yet most fit for the Superintendence of the Priests of that Family. 'Tis strange that so plain Observations as these should escape all our Commentators hitherto. But so it is, that several Obvious and Express Texts in the Books of Samnei, do distinctly determin who were the Fouwilbo High-Priests from Eli to the days of Solomon, during the whole Succession of the Family of Ithamar: and by a comparison with other as express Texts it appears that Ahiah the Father of the High-Priest Abiathar, was the Elder Brother of Abimelech the Priest of Nob. Hear the words themselves,
And Ahiah the Son of Ahitub, Icabods Brother, the Son of Phic neas, the Son of Eli, the Lords Priest in Shiloh was with Sant