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in St. Mark, instead of the words feeft thox all these things? it is directly feeft thon these great buildings. So that since in the entrance to this Discourse the words Teile and Table nerlos in St. Matthew and St. Looke are by St. Mark callid Tables prodis pargadas óvodopecel's as the adequate importance of them, we shall have reason hereafter to explain the same words in the fame sense; and to fuppose that when our Saviour assures us that, that present Generation was not to pass away. titt mérle or Hava Teulee were fullfilled, he thereby particularly refer'd to those great Buildings of the Temple which were to be de.
stroy'd in that age; without any respect therein to the Day See Luc. xX). of Judgment, or the signs thereto belonging.
iv. I Observe, that the two words of the latter Question in St. Marthew, Darsda and Euríšeru aš sūros The folemn Apo pearance or Presence of Christ again, and the Confummation of the Age, do each of them, both by their Natural Importance, and Constant Use elsewhere in Scripture belong to that grand
Appearance to judge the world at the last day, and never to any other coming of his, either of Mercy or Judgment in the mean time. As to the former word flagsríaor the Appear. ance and Prefence of Christ, it has no relation to, or derivation from the Vero "Egmon, which so frequently belongs to any coming of Christ in Scripture) nor is it so properly rendred by us the coming of Christ ; on which rendring yet this mistake does in great part depend: for when 'tis grant. ed that the Destruction of Ferufalem in Scripture phrase is fometimes said to be a Coming of his, it passes of courfe that any other word which is by us rendred a Coming of his also, will refer naturally to the same time : whereas the Noun nagsria has no relation to the Verb "Egzones, nor ought to be rendred by the fame word; but denotes properly that glorious Presence or Appearance of his which will be conspicuous at the last day : and if the constant ufe of the word in the New Testament out of this Discourse, may be any guide as to its impor. tance in it, I am pretty confident that not one example can be given of its signifying any other Presence or Appearance of Christ but that of the last day, in the whole New-Testament besides. And why we should have recourse to a new
and unexampled sense here, when thereby we shall but more perplex the Discourse before us; and when the most Usual and Obvious Sense will much better assist us in the understanding of it, I cannot tell. It must indeed be own'd that in one place of this 24th of St. Marthew, if that is to be suppos'd the true place for the words where they now stand, there would be great probability of the application of this word Dagxoia to the Destruction of Jerusalem : the words are these, for as the lightning cometh out of the cast and shineth Ver. 29. even unto the west, so alfo all the coming nagsrics of the Son of Man be, for wherefocver the carcase is there will the eagles Ver. 28 be gathered together. But when we observe that even in St. Maribew these verses refer to their fellows afterwards v. 37. and so appear to belong to them; when we find that the Cón. nexion of the Discourse requires that they be plac'd there with their fellows, where they come in most properly, but in this place without any visible coherence at all; and that they are accordingly join'd in a parallel place in St. Luke" Chap. xvij. 22.-37. when we observe farther that St. Mark. and St. Luke both wholly omit them all in this Discourse; when also we note that both St. Mark and St. Luke make an Immediate Connexion of the Exhortation for Watchfulness Luk. xvij. 22. to the Declaration of the time for the Destruction of Fe---37. rufalem, and of the uncertainty of the Day of Judgment; and that the Nature of the Reasoning requires that Connexion. When I say we observe and consider all these things, we shall perhaps be rather enclin'd to believe these verses misplac'd in St. Matthew, than to put such a sense upon this word regeric, as can be justified by no other Authority; especially when we remember that tho' St. Matthew has commonly more particulars than the others, as being an Eye and Ear-witness himself; yet is his Gospel the only one which in our present Copies has many of its Sections misplac'd; and in which we are oblig'd to re
See Harmony, Eify them by the more methodical Accounts of the other E. Pre vangelists. And as to the latter phrase Eurrídese ti aiña, The Coxfummation of the Age, It still more plainly appears to be. long to the end of the world than the former ; both by the signi. fication of the words; the Conclusion or Confummation of that
Age, which was the last Age, and days of the Messiah, natu, rally inforcing us to understand by them the end of the World; and by the constant stile of the New Testament; in which elsewhere the phrase cannot with any probability be pretended to belong to any other time than that of the general Judgment. Nay I may, I belicve, appeal to all the Jewish Writers, or any who know their Ancient Customs and Phrases, whether they had the least notion of any Age and Period to be ended at the Destruction of their Temple and Polity, different from that of the end of the days of the Messias at the day of Judgment; and to make the Destruction of Jerufalem to be a great End of a Period, or the Consummation of an Aue in the Jewish Stile, without the least knowledge that ever there was such a Stile or Notion among the Jews, is to interpret Scripture by the arbi. trary sound of words in English, without any regard to their true and proper Importance in the Nation and Age wherein they were spoken; which lam sure is sufficiently absurd and unaccountable.
V. I observe, that those who make this pageria & ovrtárca të aião@, (and the many Prophecies following and depending on such an Interpretation,) to belong properly to the destruction of Jerusalem, do make a much greater thing of it, and of more general concern than the matter will at all bear. It was indeed an eminent and signal; I may add the Primary and: Original InIance of Christ's Sovereign Power over his Enemies the Fews, and of his heavy Vengeance on those who crucify'd him; on
which account he is then, as he is on much tless occasions else. + See Apoc. ij. where, said thereby to Come, and to come with Power, and 5,16, 25, & His Kingdom to comé; by phrases well suited to the Jewish Nacijo 3, 11.
tion, and agrecable to the Prophetick Phrases of the Old Testament. But then this did not much concern other Nations, nor affect the Body of the Christian Church of the Gentiles : Nay, indeed nor the Christian Fews neither in any great degree, excepting those few who were then in Judea, and in Jerusalem; who being warn'd by Christ's. Admonitions withdrew themselves in time to Pells, and to escap'd that Destruction. But to suppose that all the High and Noble Expressions in the Chapters before us, can belong to that Destruction, is quite to overvalue its magnitude, and to make it equivalent with
the the great day of Judgment it felf. Hear the Expressions "and then Judge. And first those of St. invatthew, The fun mall be darkned, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars fall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken ; and then shall appear the sign of the son of man in heaven ; and then mallall the tribes of the earth mourn; and they all see the son of man coming in the clouds of heaven, with power and great glory: and he shall send bis 'angels with a great Sound of a trumpet; and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other. Orin St. Luke's words; And there shall be figns in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring ; mens hearts failing them for fear,and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth; for the powers o, heaven shall be Jhaken: and then Jhall they see the son of man coming in a cloud, with power and great glory. These are the Predičtions which I interpret of the Day of Judgment : and whether the Expressions be not too high for the Destructi. on of the Capital City of one Nation only; especially since 'tis not in a mystical Prophecy where such Metaphors are not so unusual, but in a plain and familiar Discourse of our Saviour's to his Disciples, I fall leave it to the Reader to determin. à, VI. I observe, that our Saviour directly distinguishes be. *tween the different branches of this Prophecy, both by direct -Intimations, and by using different Perfons of the Verbs and Pronouns ;applying still the particulars relating to the Destructi. on of Jerusalem to the Persons then present, and that Age then in being, in the second Person plura!; and speaking of those things which relate to the day of Judgment without any such particular Application, and in the third Persons singular or plural; as being of general use to all the world.
This Observation, of so great consequence, and so evident in all the Evangelists, has not, that I know of, been hitherto made by any:but that it is certainly true, the Reader may calily satissie himself by the perusal of the several Chapters themselves. I shall here only instance in St. Matthew's Account, and leave the others to the Readers own Observation. ; In the 24th Chapter of St. Matthew then, and the first 25. Verses of our Savi.
our's discourse, from v. 4. to v. 28. Every Body will readily allow that all is to be Expounded of the Destruction of 7e. rusalem. Observe therefore how often in those Verses at is apply'd to his present Hearers, and to that Age, and Nation. Take ye heed that no mar deceive you : yefball hear of wars, and rumors of wars:-See ye sherefore that ye be not troubled:-Thea pall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and fall kill you, and ye mallbe bated of all nations for my names fake: And then spall many be offended, &c.-When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, Spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the haly place, Then let them which are in Judæa flee to the mountains, &c.
-But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the :sabbath-day: For then Wall be great tribulation, &c. – Then if any man fball say unto you, Lo here is Christ, or there, believe yeit not: for there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets; and Thall new great fors and wonders, &c. Bebold I have told you before : wherefore if they fall say unto you behold be is in the defert, so not ye forth; bebolá be is in the secret chambers, believe ye it not. And again after the account belong. ing to the day of Judgment is over and Christ returns to caution them about the observation of the signs before the destruction of Jerufalem. But learn ye a parable of the fig-treeu hen bis branch is get tender, and puttech forth leaves, ye know that summer is nigh: folikewise ye, when ye shall see all these things know ye that it is near, even at the doors : verily, I say unto you, This genera tson shall not pass till all these things be fulfilled.
But then in that part of the Discourse before-mention'd, which seems so directly to belong to the Day of Judgment, there the second Person plural is not once us'd, nor any words that give the least intimation of a particular application to that Nation or Age, or to those Auditors then present; but directe ly the contrary, as is obvious on the bare reading of them, as they are before quoted, and needs not be any farther demonItrated here. And the case will be found to be the same in all the three Gospels, 'Tis true, that the Exhortations to watchfulness, after the Declaration of the utter uncertainty of the time for the Day of Judgment; (which being grounded on thatuncertainty mult referto that day, and not to the Deftru