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ĉion of Jerusalem ;-) are apply'd in the second Person plural in all the Gospels; Watch ye therefore, for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come, &c. But then our Saviour expresly adds, by way of distinction and of enlargement of this Exhortation, But what I say unto you, I say unto all, watch. Asif he would imply, that tho' the former part of his Discourse, which he had apply'd to them particularly was peculiar to them, and to that Age and Nation; yet it was not so in this last Exhortation; which being of equal concern to them, and to all others, he design'd that both they and all the world should think themselves equally concern'd in it. · VII. I obferve, that in all this Discourse our Saviour uses different numbers of the Nouns, when he speaks of the Desolation of Jerusalem, or Miferies of the Jews, either antecedent or consequent; and when he speaks ofthe day of Judgment: in the former case he always stiles them the days of vengeance, or the like in the plural; but in the latter he speaks only of one great day, and one great hour; which in the phrase of the Jews, as well as ours ever lince, has been confin'd to the end of the world, and the day of judgment. This Observation, I think, has been also hitherto neglected; but certainly deserves our consideration. The day; The great day ;That day, and That hour, are known Expressions in Scripture for the day of judgment; and have been thence transfer'd to other Languages. But the days, or days of vengeance,or those days, in the plural are never, that I know of, so confind in the Scripture, nor in the use of other Nations. Since therefore thisis the case, let us see if the present distinction be not carefully obsery'd in the present Discourse. And I venture to say it is done most accurately in all the Evangelists. Thus the plural is every where us'd when the discourse is about the miseries of the Jews: Wo unto them that are with child, and to them that pive fuck in those days, viz. When those which are in 7udæa are to free to the mountains : Except those days should be portened, there should ne files be saved : immediately after the Tribulation of those days, or the long Miseries of the Fews in their disperfion, as we shall see prelently : In those days shall be affliction, fuch as was not from the beginning of the creation, which God created unto this time, neither shall be : But in those days, after that
these days, in the pleuages. But the and have
miz. Whenmore days after the Their dispera.
tribulation, the fun fall be darkened, &c. As for the fe things whichye behold, the days will come in the which there pall not be left one stone upon another that fall not be thrown down. These be the days of vengeance; that all things which are written may be fulfilled. Thus also the fingular is every where us'd of the day of judgment. But of that day, and that hour knoweth no man, no not the angels of heaven, weither the fan, but the farber. Watch threfore, for ye know not what hour gour Lord doch come: Therefore be ye also ready, for in such an hour as you think not, she Son of Man comerb : Watch therefore, for ye know neieber the day, nor the hour wherein the fons of man cometh: Take loved to your selves least at any times your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting and drunkenness, and cares of shis like, and so thac day come upon you unawares; for as a fnare fall it come on all them that dwell on the face of the whole earth. The Lord of that servant fall come in a day when he lookerh not for him, and in an hour that he is not aware of. So that, upon the whole, we find the destruction of 76 rufalem, or miseries of the Jews distinguish'd from the Day of Judgment, as well by the namber of the Nouns, as the Perfon of the Verbs all along, the one being the days of vengeance, appropriate to that Age and Nation ; the other being that great day and bour in which all the world is equally concern'd.
'VIIT. I observe, That this day and bour in the fingularNum. ber, must belong to the Day of Judgment, because from the intire uncertainty of it is deriv'd an earnest Exhortation to Watchfulness against, and a long and famous Discourse of that great Day of Judgment. This is evident in the latter part of the 241h and the whole 2 5th Chapter of St. Matthew's Gospel : which is a continuation of the very fame Discourse; tho' by reason of its length it be divided by us for convenience into two Chapters. The Argumentisdirectly this in all the Evao. gelills, Becanje of that day, and that hour knows no creature whatsacver; Watch therefore, and be ever roady for the day of judgment. Which if that day, and that bour refer to the Dés struction of Jerusalem alone, has no visible Connexion at all; and therefore cannot refer to it; but must belong to the Day of Judgment: especially when we shall see presently that our Savi. our exprefly declares that they are not to be at the same timd;
but but that the Destruction of Jerusalem was to be succeeded by feveral great Events before the Day of Judgment. Now this Argument, tho' so strong in it self, on a general view of the Connexion of our Lord's Argument, may yet be still more confirm'd from these two Observations, first that this famous Discourse of the Day of Judgment in the 2 506 Chapter begins with an express Connexion with the former Discourse about the uncertainty of that eminent day and hour above-mention'd.
Then pall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, &c. which Note of Connexion is too clear to be deny' or evaded. Secondly, In the midst of that famous Discourse of the Day of Judgment in the 2 sth Chapter, there are the very fame words which we meet with in the 24th, and about which we are now difputing. The words before, are, Of that day, and that hour knoweth no man ; and here the words are, Watch therefore, forge know neither the day, vor the hour wherein the fon of man cometh: which being the fame Expression in the fame Discourse, and in the same period of the Discourse; nay, with the very fame Design and Connexion, muft needs be understood in the same senfe ; and unlefs we will be so wild as to Expound the whole 25th Chapter of the Destruction of Jeruha Salem, we must Expound part of the 24th, of the Day of Judgment also.
IX. I obferve, That our Saviour expresly diftinguishes between the Miseries of the Fews, and their Signs; and between the Day of Judgment, and its Signs; and assures us, that the former were to be intirely over ere the latter were to begin. This Observation depends on no less than our Saviour's clear and plain words in St. Luke, if they be compar'd with those in the other Evangelists. And 'tis somewhat hard that Commentators will fix their Opinions before they have patience to see what the latter, as well as the former Gospels fay of this matter. For at the Conclusion of St. Luke's Account relating to the destruction of Jerusalem, he sers down these as our Saviours words, And they mall fall by the edge of the word, and Mall be led away captive into all nations, and Jerusalem Mall be trodden down of tbe Gentiles, till the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled. Here we have four great and methodically digested Periods. Pp 2
First, First the miserable Naughter of the Jews in the fiege of 7e. rusalem, They Mall fall by the edge of the sword; Secondly the grand Disperlion of the Fews into all parts of the World afterward, They shall be led away captive into all Nations; Thirdly the Conculcation of Jerusalem by the Heathen after its destruction, during a certain Interval of time, Jerusalem Mall be trodden down of the Gentiles; Fourthly the character or term. of that Interval, till the fulness of the Gentiles be-come in, or rather till the times of the Gentiles and of Antichrist's trampling down the Holy City in Daniel and the A pacalypse be at an end, or till the Jews are to be restor'd to their Countrey, Till the Times of the Gentiles be fulfilled. And then after all these Occurrences and Miseries of the Jews are over, and not before, it follows And there all be signs in the Sun, and in the Moon, and in the Stars: &c. Or in St. Marthew's express words Immediately after the tribulation of those days and in St. Mark's, But in those days, after that tribulation : so that if we will becontent to let St. Luke inform us what is meant by the tria bulation of those days viz. not only the first Destruction of
Jerusalem, but its fucceeding Conculcation by the Heathen; and that grand Dispersion and Captivity of the Jews also which was to succeed it, little doubt can arise about the distinctness of the two Prophecies before us.
X. Lastly, therefore I Observe, that in our Saviour's words which have occasion'd most of this dispute, there is a visible distinction between the things relating to the Destruction of Jerusalem, and those which relate to the Day of Judg, ment; and this both in St. Marthew and in St. Mark's Gospels. Verily I say unto you, this generation shall not pass till all these thing's Taité návrae be fulfilled: heaven and earth shall pass away but my words fall not pass away. But of that day. azd hour knoweth no man, no not the angels of heaven, neither the fon but the father only. The plainest and most easy Paraphrase of which words is this. “I have most exactly inform'd you of the Signs «and Particulars and Time for the Desolation of Jerufalem, "and for the overturning all the great Buildings of the Temple; “ which was your first Question : and I do exprelly allure “you that heavy Destruction thall come within this present
Generation of Men, and the Age in wliich we now live : "and Heaven and Earth shall sooner pass away than this Pre. “ di&ion shall fail : for I am sure I am fully acquainted with "that part of the Divine Providence: but as to your other Que. « ftion of the Time and Signs of the great and General Judge "ment, do not think to confound them with the other: For ortho' I have told you the Signs which are to precede that cdreadful. Period, yet I can give you no farther satisfaction c.than I have already done as to the time when it will come, ror the distance we are now from it: for as to that great day " and hour which is to put a Period to the present State of the “ World, neither I nor any Creature whatsoever know it, be"cause 'tis still reserv'd as a Secret in the Divine Omniscience w of the Father. This appears to me the most easy and agree. able sense of these words; and such as has no Difficulties or Objections from the rest of the Discourse,or the other partsof the New-Teltament; but makes every thing clear and plain to us. And indeed, if these last words be understood otherwise, and apply'd to Jerusalem ; as if Christ had affirm'd that of the day and hour of its Destruction neither he nor any Creature knew, it must suppose that to have been one of the grand Secrets of Providence, which it is too inconsiderable to be made; and it will not agree with the rest of our Saviour's Discourses here and elsewhere; who foretold the time and circumstances of that Destruction more particularly than any other thing whatsoever; and had just asserted that it was to be in that very Age; which how it can so well agrce with that Expo. sition I can by no means understand.
Upon the whole it appears to me very plain, that as the Difciples asked two distinct Questions, the one about the end of the 7ewish Temple, the other about the end of the World; lo cur Lord answers to them diftin&tly also; and particularly that in St. Matthew He answers to the first Question from v. 4. to V. 28. and to the second from v. 29. to v. 31. And that after that He exhorts his Disciples to discern the Signs of the Destruction of Jerusalem, as being certainly to come in that very Age; but warns them and all the World to be always watchsul as to the Day of Judgment; because