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Sanctify the congregation, assemble the elders, gather the children,
and those that suck the breasts: let the bridegroom co forth of his
chamber, and the bride out of her clofet. Let the priests: he mini-
fters of the Lord weep between the porch and the altar, and let
them say, Spare thy people, O Lord, and give not thine heritage
to reproach, that the heathen mould rule over them: wherefore.
Jould they say among the people, Where is their. Gid?
• He that can believe that all this Solemnity and Majesty of the
description; all this Terror and Desolation to be brought on
the People of the Jews; even so far, that they, altho'God's
beritage, were to be given to reproach, and the heathen were to
rule over them, means no more than the eating up of the Fruits.
of the Earth, by a Company of Locusts and Catterpillars,
at some unknown time formerly in Judea, seems to me pre-
judic'd sufficiently to believe any thing of this kind, and
incapable of understanding the Prophetick Writings. In short,
the plain purport of this part of Joel is a Prediction, that God
would aflict his Church and People of the Fews, by the four
succeeding Monarchies, the Babylonian, the Medo-Perhian, the
Grecian, and the Roman : that the forest and most remark-
able Calamity, should arise from the last, and greatest of them;
that unless the Nation of the Jews did solemnly and seri-
ously repent of their Sins, to which the Prophét earnestly
invites them, they should be utterly, extirpated out of their
Land, and scatter'd in a grand Captivity over the World, as
a Reproach among all Nations; and their daily Sacrifice, with
all the rest of their Worship, Tould quite cease; and that
thenceforward, the Heathen pould Rule over them, accord-
ing as the other Predictions of their Prophets foretold, and ac-
cording as we have since seen the Completion of them.

Scholium 2. It may not also be improper here to take notice Zech.j. 18, 19; of a Prophecy in Zechariah, fince it may possibly relate to 20, 21. the same four Monarchies which were to have the Jews in Subjection, and to the 7ews. Restoration at the Conclusion of those Monarchies. The words of the Prophet, are these, Then lift I up mine eyes, and faw, and behold four horns. And I faid unto the angel that talked with me, What be there ? And be anwered me, There are the horns which have scattered Judah,

Ifrael,

Ifrael, and Jerufalem. And the Lord Mowed me four carpenters,
then said I, What come these to do? And be spake, saying, These
are the horns which have scattered Judah, so that no mandid lift up
his head: but these are come to fray them, to cast out the borns of the
Gentiles, which lift up their born over the land of Judab to scat-
ter it.

III.
The Visions of St. John contain'd in the Apoca.

lypfe, after that belonging to the seven Churches
of Asia, are all Predi&tions of Events, then fu-
ture, and not at all Historical Narrations of things

past.

This is also so reasonable a Postulatum in it felf, to any one who looks a little into the nature of this Book, that it scarce

needs any proof at all. Yet because some are willing to alGrotius.

low the contrary Supposition, as odd as it is, rather than ad. Dr.Hammond, mit the Consequences from its being intirely Prophetical, I Mr. Thorndike. shall in a few words demonftrate it, by the following Arguments.

1. This was evidently and confessedly the design of the parallel Book of Scripture; I mean the Prophetick part of Daniel: and as no Commentator, whether Few or Christian, imagins that Daniel Allegorizes things past, but foretells those to come: so ought it with the same unanimity to be dermined of St. John, in the Prophetick part of his Revelation also.

2. St. John himself does frequently assure us, that he does not relate the past, but foretell the future state of things : and this in express words, and so as to point out the exact time,

viz. that the Prophecies should begin to be fulfill'd immedia Apoc. i. s. ately. The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto

bim, to sew unto his servants things which must Jhortly come to Ver. 3. pass. Blessed' is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of

this Prophecy, and observe those things which are written therein : Apoc. xxij. 6. for the time is at hand. And he said unto me, There sayings are

faithful and true. And the Lord God of the holy prophets fent

his angel to mew unto his servants the things which must mortly be Ver. 10. done. And he saitl unto me, Seal not the sayings of the prophe

cy of this book, for the time is at band. All which plain and repeated Expressions in the Book it self, tho' they do by no

means,

means, as Dr. Hammond would have it, imply that the end of the Visions should be very soon, or that they should contain but a short space in the whole, (that Duration being to be fetch'd from the Series of the Visions themselves.) yet do they make its proper design abundantly evident, viz. That it was to be a Prophecy of the future State of the Church, and such a Series of Events then 10 come, as should begin immediately after the Visions themselves were seen by St. John, without the Interposition of any Ages between; contrary to some in Daniel, which were to be sealed up for a Dan. viij. 26 time, as relating to things a great while off, without taking and xij. 9. in the Events of the Interval before them.

3. But besides this clear and direct Evidence in general, there is another Argument more particular, and if possible, more convictive also; tho' it has not been so much considered and regarded, as it certainly deserves; and which not only confirms the present Propolition, but gives great light also in. to the several Divisions, or general Partitions of the whole Book; and which, as I mult own, was first observ'd to me by our great Chronologer, and most Accurate Enquirer into these Matters, the prefent Lord Bishop of Worcester. It is taken from a Comparison of the 19th. Verse of the ift. Chapter, with the beginning of the 4th. , The words in the former place are these rector del sides, sej o sio, seja el pasad zoroas posted Ta üto Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which mall be hereafter. Those in the latter place are thefe, Mique Tcütze sid, sej its régge huwapelán ci res ovegros, & και φωνή και πρώτη και ήκεσαι ας σαλπιγG- λαλέσης μετ' εμέ, λέγεσαι, 'Ανάβα δε, aj dite ons dit do garsas postai' ta üte. After this I looked, and behold a door was opened in Heaven ; and the first voice which I beard, was as it were of a trumpet talking with me, which said, Come up bither, and I will phew thee those things which must be hereafter. So that by the consideration of the former of these two verses, it is evident that St. John was commanded to write three different sorts of things, first, The Vision of the seven Stars, and seven Golden Candlesticks, which he had just reen, contain'd in the first Chapter ; the oil sides. secondly, A Book, or Collection of Epistles to the seven Churches of Afa, then.

in being, contain'd in the ad and 38 Chapters; the zeiti. thirdo ly, The future state of things afterwards to the end of the world, the di pésase pánsat me te Tacēla; those tirings that were to happen after the former, and which are contain'd in che remaining part of the Apocalypse. So that when we find in the second Text St. John, after the two former parts of his work were over, particularly callid to, by the same voice which he had heard before, and bidden distinctly to set about the third part of it. And when accordingly the Angel assures him, almost in the very words of the former Verse, that he would now İnew him e si gerbat pestee' Tüla; those things which were certainly to follow after the former, and succeed the then present State of the Church ; 'Tis most evident, not only that the

first and literal sense, at least, of the Epistles to the seven Apoc.ij. & iij. Churches of Afa, relate to the time then present only, and

were no part of the Prophecies of Futurities; but also, that
the rest of the Apocalypse concerns Events then to come, and
was to be a Prediction of the then future State of things in
the Roman Empire, or Christian Church, therein contain'd,
to the end of the World..

IV.
The Vifions contain'd in the Book of the Revela-

tion, were feen' by St. John in the Ife Patmos,
A. D. 96. six and twenty years after the Deftru-
&tion of Jerusalem.

That there Visions were seen in the isle Patmos, when St. Fohn was banish'd thither for his preaching the Gospel, is

his own express affirmation, and so cannot be question'd by Apoc. j. 9, 10.

any. IFöhr, who aifo am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Hesus Christ, was in the Ife that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ. I was in the spirit on the Lords day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a Trumpet, &c. And that his Banishment thither, was at the time here fpecifyd, excepting Epiphanius, is the unanimous Voice of Antiquity; and has the general Suffrage of Chronologers,

Papists, both Papists and Protestants. I shall only mention such Testimonies as are earlier than * Epiphanius, Irenans, and Eufebius, and Epiphanius's Contemporary St. Jerom; and I observe witlial, that the Assertion of Epiphanius supposes that Claudius Persecuted the Christians, and Banish'd them into remote Islands; which no Historian says a syllable of; and that he in a manner contradicts himself, by saying at the same time that St.

Fohn was 90 years of age when he return'd from Patmos, in the days of Claudius Cafar; whereas all the Ancients agree that he could not be so old till the days of Domitian, about 40 years afterward. So that Epiphanius's Testimony, in this case, is too weak to bear any weight at all. But that which makes this Proposition so near to a certainty, is the exprellness of Ireneus's Testimony, who liv'd in the next Age; who had been a frequent Auditor of those who had Convers'd with St. John himself; and who was so particularly Inquisitive about this Book of the Revelation, that he nicely examin'd into the different t Copies of it, and disputes very frequently from it in his famous Work still extant. This most Authentick Witness, I say, expresly informs us, as of a thing then commonly known, that the # Apocalypse was seen by St. John, a little before his time, at the end of the Reign of Dómitian. Now because Domitian did not dy till September A.D. 96. we may justly place the time of St. John's seeing these Visions the very fame year, just twenty six years after the Destruction of Jerusalem. And this Chronological

* Metain ivvovýxorba tūs jautã Gowns, festa til aútg a'r rñs neopis i travo doo Try in Kaavois go vopellény Kaciones. Epiphan. Hæref. 51. Sect. i 2. Aútsde προφηπύσαντG- εν χρόνοις Κλαυδία ΚαίσαρG- ανωτω όπ εις Πάτμον ήξεν. Hæref. 51. Se&. 33.

Sopesticiós reft Nigura dútre Xesturg's istošsv, saj 'lavevenn Osoráng, 'Arósaroy tv Tátumo tñ vuon meie errey, My Joe Min dooxdžerifor ju@guxiv, ais o cha Eignaia púor. Eusebii Chron. Edit. Scalig. p. 66.

Quarto decimo Anno, secundam, poft Neronem, Persequutionem movente Domitiano, in Patmon Insulam relegatus (Johannes] {cripfit Apocalysin: quam Interpretatur Juft. Martyr & Irenæus. Hieronym. Catal. script. Ecclef.c.g.

+ τέτων δε ούτως εχόντων, και ώ πάσι τοις σπεδαίοις και αρχαίοις αναγρίφους c'es@rýt8 xsqu'épais. Iren. Advers. Hæref. 1. 9. c. 3o. in init.

I ovde go weg woms regry iwego cinc quoddy ini tñs nu stieges garsūs, reg's ring Agjesniais dexñs. Ibid. paulo infra.

Cha

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