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43.* It may be added, that Heb. xiii. tuted by Pilate : but the fact is im8, Jesus Christ, the same yesterday, plied rather than declared in his bisto-day, and for ever," has been very tory; while he represents at large the improperly brought forward as a proof dialogne between the governor and his of the generally-received doctrine of prisoner in private. our Lord's eternity: such language is The deportment of Jesus Christ, in never used throughout the Scriptures his present as in every situation, was in relation to Him who is really "from marked by consuinmate wisdom and everlasting to everlasting,” and “who,” propriety, by meekness united with in the strictest and highest significa- fortitude, by dignity, yet gentleness tion, “only hath iinmortality.” of soul. When his calumniators stood

John xvii. 34. Jesus isvered together with him before Pilate, he him, Sayest thou,” &c. Matthew, answered nothing: he was conscious Mark and Luke agree in relating that of his innocence; # he knew their Jesus, when he was brought before falsehood and their malice, and was the Roman governor, ansupred not a perfectly sensible that it became them word : John, on the contrary, informs to produce credible witnesses against us that our Saviour was not altogether him, but that this was beyond their silent on the occasiou: he even re power. With such persons he could cords the inquiries and replies that not, and would not, enter into any alpassed between them. Huis is the tercation, in the presence of the govariation to be explaineil ?

On the other hand, when he Pilate had tuo interviews with Je was admitted to a private audience sus. Now, Matthew, Mark and Luke with Pilate, an audience too souglit speak only of the former of these for by the jndge himself ; the respect interviews, which was public, and in which he always shewed and inculthe presence of the Jewish rulers ; cated for the office of the civil magis'whereas John limits himself to the trate would not suffer him to be silent; latter interview, which was private, the less so, as the purpose which the and within the judgment-hall." When Roman procurator now had in view, the chief priests and elders of the peo- evidently was to ascertain, if possible, ple had bound our Lord, they delivered the nature of the accusation, the him to Pilate : and then, on his being ground on which it rested, and the accused' by these men, be answered pretensions of the individual accused. nothing. This scene happened aith- Jesus, accordingly, unfolded his claims out the Prætorium, which, as John with his characteristic firmness and tells us, (xviii. 28,) the Jews would wisdom. By this conduct he strengthnot enter, lest they should be defiled, ened the favourable impression which and prevented from cating the ap- had already been left on Pilate's mind. proaching passover. The governor, The difficulty, therefore, that has ocnevertheless, for a reason that will curred to some individuals + in respect hereafter be assigned, went into the of this part of the gospel history, is judgment-hall again, and called Jesus

only apparent. Indeed, Paul, when, 'thither. Here they were alone: and in one of his letters to Timothy, I he here they engaged together in conver- refers to our Saviour's confession at sation.

the bar of Pilate, attests the truth of John often coincides with the other John's account: nor did the early Evangelists undesignedly, and thus Christians or their adversaries, those confirms their narratives. We collect, who were most capable of deciding on for example, from what he says in the the point, and particularly interested 28th down to the 33d verse of this in the decision, see any dissonance, chapter, that something like a public certainly no fatal dissonance, in the exainination of our Saviour was insti- narratives of the last scenes of the life

of Jesus. • Bishop Law's Considerations, &c.

Acts i. 26. «

they gave App. Obj. xiv.; and see 1 Sam. xv. 27, 28.

+ Le Clerc's Harmony, (English,] &c., * Origen, cont. Cels, L. i. in loc ; Carpenter's Geng. &c. (3d ed.) + Evanson's Dissonance, &c, 2d ed. 49; and Secker's Sermons, Vol. IV, No. 286. ix,

I Tim. vi. 13.

forth their lots, and the lot fell upon was transferred, naturally enough, Matthias, and he was numbered with into the New Testament. To speak the eleven apostles.". The meaning of the name of a being, or of any class is, that he was added to them, and of beings, is not simply to use a form made the twelfth : nor can I doubt of of expression. On the principles of bis having been duly elected to that sound criticisin, it will appear, that office. What was the business of an there is no real difficulty, and still less apostle? What his essential qualifi- any mystery, in the term. They who cation? He was to proclaim and tes- have doubts concerning its sense, either Lify that Jesus, who died, had risen separately or in combination, may be from the grave : and he was to do this referred to Glassii Philolog. Sacr. p. on his personal knowledge of the fact, 100, ed Dathi , 10 lIammond on 1 Cor. on his individual acquaintance with the i. 2, and to Schleusner, in verb.* identity of his Master. Of these I Cor. xv. 24,“ – when he shall wen,” says Peter, (21, 22,) “who have delivered up the kingdon,” &c. have companied with us all the time Alexander t explains the clause in the that the Lord Jesus went in and out following inanner: then cometh the among us, beginning from the bap- end, when Christ shall deliver the tism of John unto that same day that kingdoin, which hath so long been he was taken up from us, must one possessed by others, to God, even the be ordained to be a witness with us of Father.” To me, I own, there seems his resurrection.” The event proved an incongruity in supposing that the that Matthias was rightly constituted phrase the kingdom, which elsewhere an apostle. It is true, he was not in the New Testament means the kingliterally appointed one by our Savi- dom of Christ, has here another and pur: but neither can it be shewn, that unusual signification, and that the such an appointment was indispensa- word kingdom in ver. 24, and the ble. Not more valid is the objection, word reign in the 25th, refer to two that we hear nothing afterwards of distinct and even opposite empires. Matthias ; since the same assertion The whole passage is evidently a de. may be made concerning most of the scription of the mediatorial power of apostles.

the Saviour, In the number of the twelve, Paul, Heb. ii. 16, he taketh not assuredly, was not comprehended. He hold of [helpeth not] angels," &c. himself 'distinguishes between their See the marginal reading in the Eng. situation and his own, 1 Cor. xv. 5, Bib. I consider this passage as a de7, 8, where it is evident, that by the cisive proof that the mission of Jesus twelve we are to understand the cula Christ, and all the benefits cnsuing lected body of the apostles ; though, from it, are limited to the human at the time referred to, a vacancy race, to the rational inhabitants of existed by the death of Judas of this part of God's creation. With K'erioth.

what propriety then has Dr. Paley 1 Acts üi. 16,“ his name, through said, Great and inestimably benefaith in his name, hath made this inan ficial effects may accrue from the misstrong." No judicious and candid sion of Christ, and especially from reader will suppose that any thing his death, which do not belong to like a charm is here intended. "We are Christianity as a revolution? not to take the word name literally.

N. In the phraseology of the Scriptures, the name is sometimes equivalent to the person: sometimes, as in this

* The divisions, howerer, in that vaverse, it denotes authority. From the luable Lexicon are too numerous aud Old (for it is a perfect Hebraism) it refined: the explanation of ovoja, No. 6,

falls properly under the precediug num

ber, • For the nature of Paul's appoint

† Paraphrase, &c., in loc. ment to the apostleship, see Gal. i. I, | Evidences of Christianity, &c. P. ii. Rom. i. 1,5; and a curious notc in Mo- Ch. ii., lote. sheim de Rebus Christianis ante Cou. stant., Sæcul. 1. & 6.

Birmingham, to others of your readers besides mySIR,

May 2, 1822. self, I shall be obliged to any of your I N consequence of the friendly and correspondents who will produce what

gratifying suggestions of your cor. ever evidence he may think either farespondent "Proselytus, (p. 151.) Ivourable to the translation commonly have given directions to Mr. David given by Unitarians, or in any way Eaton, (187, High Holborn, London,) illustrative of the constructiou and for a new edition of the “ Sequel to meaning of the phrase, deriving his my “ V'indication of Unitarianism.” remarks either from grammatical anaIt will therefore be ready for publica- logy, or from the actual use of this tion in a few months, at as low a and similar phrases in Greek authors. price as can be afforded without loss; I have seen no reason hitherto to and I shall be obliged if any Book retract the supposition, which many Societies, who wish to furnish them- have ridiculed, that this may, perhaps, selves with copies, will send notice be reckoned among “ the difficulties of their intention either to myself or left in revelation for the purpose of to Mr. Eaton.

inculcating humility and candour." I einbrace this opportunity of ad- To the observations of the British Reding a few lines in consequence of the viewer and Servetus upon this point, remarks which have lately appeared I beg to oppose the following remarks in your valuable work, upon my views of the able and learned Translators of the passages which, in the common of the Bible, in their Preface to the version of the New Testament, repre- Reader : sent Christians as calling upon the “ Though whatsoever things are nume of Jesus Christ.. Servetus, as necessary, are manifest,' as St. Chryquoted p. 106, thinks that the phrase sostom saith, and as St. Augustine, presents no difficulty whatever. Ne- ' In those things that are plainly set vertheless, it is not clear what his own down in the Scriptures, all such inatview of the construction of it is : for ters are found that concern faith, hope he gives no less than five different and charity ;' yet, for all that, it cantranslations; Ist. being called by not be dissembled, that partly to exthe name of the Lord:2dly. "taking ercise and whet our wits, partly to his name upon them :" 3dly. "calling wean the curious from loathing of on his name:" 4thly. calling his them for their every where plainness, name upon them :" 5thly. being partly also to stir up our devotion to named by his name." Before I can crave the assistance of God's spirit admit that any one of these is a cor- by prayer; and, lastly, that we might rect translation of the phrase, I must be forward to seek uid of our brethren see sufficient evidence of it. That by conference, and never scorn those the expression had the meaning now who be not in all respects so complete commonly attributed to it by Unita- as they should be, being to seek in rians, has been repeatedly asserted, many things ourselves, it bath pleasbut, as I think, never proved. Youred God, in his divine providence, here author cites the authority of Wake- and there to scatter words and senfield. I ask, Where are Wakefield's tences of that difficulty and doubtfulPROOFS ? Wakefield evidently sup- ness, not in doctrinal points that conposed etinahoruas to be in the middle cern salvation, (for in such it hath voice; Hammond, who deduces from been vouched, that the Scriptures are it the same general sense, asserts that plain,) but in matters of less moment, it is in the passive. See his Note on that fearfulness would better beseem I Cor. i. 2. This, as it appears to us than confidence, and, if we will me, is a most material difference, but resolve, to resolve upon modesty.scarcely regarded by those who have

JAMES YATES. written on the subject. The use of stingherapevos, in Acts xxii. 16, seems

Norfolk, to indicate, that in the disputed pas Sır,

May 10, 1822. sages the verb is in the middle voice. COUR Chichester correspondent, to express my doubts; and, as the (pp. 22–24,) desires to be informed, inquiry may probably be interesting how Unitarians can acquit themselves

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of duplicity when, in disseminating He thinks it highly probable that the our common version of the Bible, they latter may have corrected some erropretend that they circulate the Scrip-neous passages, but he dislikes the tures “ without note or comment.” strained and unnatural phraseology of "Duplicit" is a -strong terin, Sir, some of its texts. They appear to and when I call to mind the conduct him to act as a “note and comment of one with whose name, I will ven- upon the sacred penman, rather than ture to say, the charge of “dupli- to flow easily from the nature of the city" was never for an instant cou- subject. Encompassed with difficulpled; one who, excellent in many ties, he finds no better refuge than in ways, was perhaps most conspicuous the belief that the Scriptures, howin abborrence of every thing like de- ever varied in the hands of different eeit; (need I name the late venerated translators, are yet "profitable for Dr. Lindsay ?) I cannot suppress a doctrine, for reproof, for correction, rising emotion of keen regret at the for instruction in righteousness,” and rashuess of the judgment which would therefore, in the assurance that all who affis the stigma of “duplicity" on will, inay be by them “made wise those who tread where he has trod, unto salvation," he embraces every and fearlessly arowing in all compa- opportunity for promoting their cirnies, and on every proper occasion, culation among his fellow-creatures ; the grounds of the difference between believing, that were he to wait till he themselves and their Trinitarian bre- had secured a translation in which thren, esteem it their duty to join there should not be an unsuspected them in the circulation of a version of chapter, verse or word, he might tarry the Seriptures, imperfect it is true, till the day were far spent indeed. and liable to many objections, but To advert for a moment to the let. fully competent, according to the con- ter of your former correspondent, fession of the most eminent among “A Berean:" it strikes me that both Unitarian writers, to lead the diligent himself and the writer of the letter in inquirer to the knowledge of the true your last Number, would do real serGod, and Jesus Christ whom he has vice to the cause of truth, if at public sent. Instead of “duplicity,” your meetings of the kind described, they correspondent will have no objection, I would take occasion to declare their trust, to read “ forgetfulness;" for if dissent from the opinions expressed a Unitarian has been betrayed into a on controverted points, and endeavour momentary assent to the notion that to impress on the minds of those with he is employed in circulating the whom they associate, the duty and Seriptures entirely without note or policy of keeping these subjects out comment, he will,' I should think, be of sight on such occasions. I am far glad to correct himself the first op- from surprised that Trinitarians who portunity, and let his orthodox friends certainly began upon this plan, have know that such is not his deliberate now learned free language. No obopinion. Having made this point jection, as far as I have heard, has clear, fie will next be led to inquire, ever been made to it. Unitarians have whether he is therefore bound to silently withdrawn from these meetwithhold his support from the Bible ings; but have they ever taken occaSociety. And here, I should think, sion publicly to testify the reasons of a difficulty will occur. If our inquirer their dissent? These reasons may be a zealous Christian, he must feel a have been stated in print; but Unitalonging desire to dispense the word rian books are not very saleable among of life as far as lies in his power. Trinitarians, and I should be glad to Looking abroad, he sees but two ver- feel assured that those Unitarians who sions of the Scriptures which he can are connected with the Bible Society, disseminate in his own country. These were taking the better course of calm are the received text and the improved and immediate remonstrance whenVersion. To both of these, probably, ever the original rules of that Society be sees objections. He thinks there appear to them infringed. If such be inay be interpolations in the first; he not their conduct, no wonder that the suspects there may be suppressions, most active party considers itself as or alterations, which have nearly the free from the obligation to respect the effect of suppressions, in the last. private and unexpressed opinions of

the few, very few individuals of our from a conversation I had with Mr. sect who ever appeared among them. Owen in Leeds, some few weeks since,

Allow me, in conclusion, to express he gave me to understand that a great my hopes, that your Non Con cor- improvement has taken place in the respondent is not quite decided in his minds, learning and general deportopinion respecting the impropriety of ment of the children since my visit in uniting Dissenters and Churchmen 1819. in the good work of sending abroad Being deputed, along with Mr. the word of life. Many sterling prin- Oastler and Mr. Baines, by the Guar. ciples, inuch rectitude of heart, may dians of the Poor of the township of be lost and frittered away in those cir- Leeds, to visit the Establishment in cles of dissipation where the Dissen- New Lanark, we arrived there in the ter is daily shamed or invited into evening of the 28th of August, 1819. alliances which conscience forbids. On the next morning But I feel infinitely less suspicious of “ The three years old children's the human heart where it is under a school was our first object; and a religious influence, and can hardly be more pleasing sight to the philanthrolieve conformity to establishments is pist is not to be seen from Johnny the necessary result of an awakened Groat's House to the Land's End. An attention to the duty of disseminating innocent glow of health, pleasure and the Scriptures. It is fair, in general, unalased childish freedoin mantled on to conclude that the Christian who is their pretty countenances : this meltserious on one point is not careless ing sight gave me a pleasure which and conscienceless on any; he may, amply repaid the toils of the journey. doubtless, deceive us and himself too; « We then went into the upper but “to his own master he standeth school-a school, for cleanliness, utior falleth.” Meanwhile, though we lity and neatness, I should not supare forbidden to do “evil that good pose surpassed in the kingdom. This may come,” it is no where said that was Sunday ; they were just comwe are to abstain from doing visible mencing, which was by singing a good because there is the possibility psalm, then the master went to prayer, that evil may ensue.

NonCon cars and afterwards read a chapter. The ries his dislike to establishments far girls and boys, being placed on the indeed if he will not allow Churchmen opposite sides of the room, then read and Dissenters to join together in in the New Testament; a boy read giving a Bible.

three verses, then a girl three, then a Q. different boy other three, then a girl,

&c. alternately. In another part of

Leeds, the room a person was hearing the SIR,

May 7, 1822. boys and girls the Assembly's CateTOUR publication for Januarychísm. Old Lanark is improving in hands, and Dr. Morell's letter on Mr. walk down from the Old Town to the Owen's System of Education (pp. 6—8) New inay have instruction gratis." pointed out to my notice. Without entering into any discussion on the doctrine of hereditary depravity in Next morning, the human species, or any specula After calling upon Mr. Owen at tions upon divine revelation, I cheer- Braxfield-House, we walked down to fully communicate, through the me- the village, and entered the small dium of your Repository, the substance children's play-ground. God bless of what particularly struck me in that their little faces, I see them now ; branch of Mr. Owen’s Establishment, there were some bowling hoops, some which is employed in the education of drumming on two sticks, all engaged the children; and perhaps I cannot do in some infantine amusement or other; this in a better manner than by mak- not a tear, not a wrangle-innocent ing extracts from the letters which I peace ran through the group.

As transmitted from Lanark to Leeds, soon as they saw us, curtseys and when the scenes were fresh in my bows teemed about us. Mr. Owen sight. It will be recollected that seemed here to be among his own these observations were inade in 1819. imaginary improved state of society.

Y , any

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