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country of Wallace and Buchanan, « And oft amid their aromatic Groves, lest he should incur the imputation Touch'd by the Torch of Noon, the of a too fond nationality.

gummy Bark, In the paragraph now commencing $mouldering, begins to roll the dasky

Wreath. line 1579, the poet, in 1727, had im.

Instant, so swift the rnddy Ruin spreads, mediately joined to the

beauty" of

A Cloud of Incense shadows all the Land; “ Britannia's daughters,” the charms And, o'er a thousand, thundering Trees, of “ elegance and taste.” In 1730,

at once, and ever after, he also assigned to Riots, with lawless Rage, the running them those more valuable endow.

Blaze : ments,

But chiefly, if fomenting Winds assist, The feeling heart, simplicity of life," And, doubling, blend the circulating

Waves an imputation, the justice of which I Of Flame tempestuous, or, directly on, should regret, if any of your male Far-streaming, drives them thro' the readers were able to dispute.

Forest's Length. Instead of the paragraphs now found

" But other Views await-where Healines 6294897, these appeared in 1727

ven above, and 1730 immediately following the paragraph now ending line 1618. It Glows like an arch of Brass; and all is remarkable that only one of the The Earth a 'Mass of rusty Iron lies,

below, following lines, which s have distin- of Fruits, and Flowers, and every Ver. guished by italics, was preserved in dure spoilt, the later editions.

Barren, and bare, a joyless, weary Waste, “ Thus far, transported by my Coun. Thin-cottag'd, and, in Time of trying try's Love,

Need, Nobly digressive from my Theme, I've Abandon'd by the vanish'd Brook, like aim'd

One To sing her Praises, in ambitious Verse ; of fading Fortune by his treacherous While, slightly to recount, I simply

Friend. meant,

“ Such are thy horrid Deserts, Barca, The various Summer-Horrors, which infest

such, Kingdoms that scorch below severer

Zaara, thy hot, interminable Sands, Suns.

Continuous, rising often with the Blast,

Till the Sun sees no more: and unkvit “ Kingdoms, on which, direct, the Earth, Flood of Day,

Shook by the South into the darken'd Oppressive, falls, and gives the gloomy Air, Hue,

Falls, in new, hilly Kingdoms, o'er the And Feature gross; or worse, to ruthless

Waste. Deeds, Wan Jealousy, red Rage, and fell Re. “ 'Tis here, that Thirst has fixed his venge,

dry Domain, Their hasty Spirits prompts. IIl-fated And walks his wide, malignant Round, Race !

in search Although the Treasures of the Sun be Of Pilgrim lost ; or, on the • Merchant's theirs,

Tomb, Rocks rich in Gems, and Mountains big Triumphant, sits, who, for a single with Mines,

Cruise Whence, over Sands of Gold, the Niger Of unavailing Water paid so dear : rolls

Nor could the Gold his hard Associate His amber Wave ; while on his balmy

Or in the Spicy, Abyssinian Vales,

In the edition of the Seasons 1730, The Citron, Orange, and Pomegranate

drink Intolerable Day, yet, in their Coats, *:“ In the desart of Araoan, are two A cooling Juice contain, Peaceful, be- tombs with inscriptions on them, imueath,

porting that the persons there interred Leans the huge Elephant, and, in his were a rich merchant and a poor carrier, Shade,

who both died of thirst; and that the A Multitude of beauteous Creatures play; former had given to the latter ten thouAnd Birds, of bolder Note, rejoice sand ducats for one cruise of Water." around.



and, so far as I can discover, peculiar taking up the wondrous tale, in a to that edition, is the following pas- chapter of his Mundi Subterrunei, ensage, which immediately succeeds the titled, Variæ Rerum in Lupides conlast paragraph_but one, in the above versarum Observationes. There he quotation, on Barca and Zaara : introduces (Mund. Sub. 1665, 11. 50),

on the authority of a Vice-Chancellor Hence late expos’d (if distant fame of the Knights of Malta, his “ Admisays true)

rabilis Historia de Civitate Africæ in A smother'd city from the sandy wave Emergent rose; with olive-fields around,

Saxum, unà cum Incolis et AnimaFresh woods, reclining herds, and silentlibus conversa.” This history of a flocks,

petrified city is given to Kircher, on Amusing all, and incorrupted seen.

the authority of a captive Ethiopian, For by the nitrous penetrating salts, who, brought to Malta, in 1634, at Mix'd copious with the sand, pierc'd, and ten years of age, was baptized, and preserv'd,

at length became an Archdeacon. Each object hardens gradual into stone, Some of your readers may be amused Its posture fixes, and its colour keeps. by a sight of the Jesuit's introductory The statue-folk, within, unnumber'd

paragraph : crowd The streets, in various attitudes sur “ Addam tantummodo hîc coronidis priz'd

loco formidabilem historiam, quæ nosBy sudden fate, and live on every face tris temporibus accidit in pago quodain The passions caught, beyond the sculp- Africa Mediterraneæ, qui nostris tempotor's art.

ribus totus admiranda quadam metamorHere leaning soft, the marble lovers phosi in saxum, unà cum hominibus, ani. stand,

malibus, arboribus, supellectile domesDelighted eren in death ; and each for tica, frumentis et cibis, conversus fuisse each

narratur ; quoniam verd res gravissimoFeeling alone, with that expressive look, rum et fide dignorum hominum testimonio Which perfect NATURE only knows to vera comperta fuit, et quotquot ego istagive.

rum partium Arabes ea de re consului, And there the father agonizing bends ita rem sese habere, fassi sunt. Totius Fond o'er his weeping wife, and infant rei seriem prout Melità ad me eam detrain

scripsit Habelus Vice-Cancellarius, ordinis Aghast, and trembling, thoi they know equitum Hierosolymit : hic apponendam not why.

duxi.” The stiffen'd vulgar stretch their arms to beaven,

Thomson may have read Kircher, With horror staring; while in council or met with the Peregrinatio of deep

Baumgarten. Otherwise, I suppose, Assembled full, the hoary-headed sires

he was indebted for his petrifier city Sit sadly-thoughtful of the public fate. to the following attempt to ascertain As when old Rome, beneath the raging the extent of British credulity, as I GAUL,

find it preserved by Dr. Shaw, and in Sunk her proud turrets, resolute on Gent. Mag. (XVII. 436). It was prodeath,

bably first published early in the 17th Around the FORUM sat the grey divan

century, if not before. Of SENATORS, majectic, motionless, With ivory staves, and in their awful “Memorial of Cassem AGA, the Tripoli robes

Ambassador at the Court of Great Bri. Dress'd like the falling fathers of man- tain, concerning the petrified city in

Africa, two days' journey south from Amaz'd, and shivering, from the solemn Orguela, and seventeen days' journey from sight

T'ripoli, by caravan, to the south-east. The red barbarians shrunk, and deem'd “ As one of my friends desired me to them Gods."

give him, in writing, an account of what Dr. Shaw, in his Travels, (1757, 1. I knew touching the petrified city, I told Pt. iii. p. 163,) ascribes the first re

him what I had heard from different perport of a petrified city in Africa to the sons, and particularly from the mouth of Peregrinatio of Baumgarten, pub- spot ; that is to say,

one man of credit, who had been on the lished in 1597, but whose travels com

“ That it was a very spacious city, of menced in 1507. I find the learned, a round form, having great and small but according to a French biographer, streets therein, furnished with shops, the

very credulous Jesuit Kircher, with a vast castle magnificently built ; VOL. XVII.

kind ;


that he had seen there several sorts of Steals, full of rancour. Here the savage trees, the most part olives and palms,

Race all of stone, and of a blue or rather lead Roam, licens'd by the shading Hour of colour.

Blood, “ That he saw also figures of men in a And foul Misdeed, when the pure Day posture of exercising their different em

has shut ployments; some holding in their hands His sacred Eye. The rabid Tyger, then, staffs, others bread; every one doing The fiery Panther, and the whisker'd something, even women suckling their Pard, children, all of stone,

Bespeckl’d fair, the Beauty of the Waste, “ That he went into the castle by Indire Divan, surround their shaggy three different gates, tho' there were King, many more, where he saw a man lying Majestic, stalking o'er the burning Sand, upon a bed, all of stone.

With planted Step; wbile an obsequious “ That there were guards at the gates, Crowd, with pikes and javelins in their hands. Of grinning Forms, at humble Distance In short, that he saw in this wonderful

wait. city, many sorts of animals, as camels, These, all together join'd, from darksome oxen, horses, asses, sheep and birds, all Caves, of stone, and of the colour above-men- Where, o'er gnaw'd Bones, They slumtioned.”

ber'd out the Day,

By supreme Hunger smit, and Thirst in. This marvellous tale appears to tense, have excited no small portion of pub- At once, their mingling Voices raise to lic attention, since such a judicious

Heaven; traveller as Dr. Shaw considered it And, with imperious, and repeated Roars, deserving a serious investigation. For Demanding Food, the wilderness re

sounds, this purpose he applied to M. Le Maire, who, when Consul at Tripoli, From Allas eastward to the frighted

Nile." forty years before, had minutely examined the story" by order of the The parapraphs on storms, lines French Court.” As the result, Dr. 959—1051, are not in the editions Shaw declares, that “ the petrified 1727 and 1730. The paragraph decity, with its walls, castles, streets, scribing the plague, lines 1052—1091, shops, cattle, inhabitants and their is now much enlarged. The following utensils, were all of them at first appear, in 1727, instead of the present the mere fables and inventions of the lines 1070— 1086. Arabs, and afterwards propagated by

“ Empty the Streets, with uncouth such persons, who like the Tripoli Verdure clad, Ambassador and his friend,” (the And rang’d, at open Noon, by Beasts of above-mentioned man of credit,)“ were Prey, credulous enough to believe them.” And Birds of bloody Beak : while, all

Dr. Shaw returned to England in Night long, 1733, and first published his Travels In spotted Troops, the recent Ghosts in 1738. Thomson, probably on such

complain, sufficient authority, became dissatisfied Demanding but the covering Grave. Mean with this report of " distant fame,", Lock'd is the deaf Door to Distress; even

time, and sang no more of the petrified

Friends, city.

And Relatives, endear'd for many a Year, The paragraph which now appears, Savag'd by Woe, forget the social Tye, lines 898–938, will be seen to be an The blesť Engagement of the yearning enlargement, with considerable altera Heart; tions, of the following:

And sick, in Solitude, successive, die,

Untended, and unmourn'd." “ Here the green Serpent gathers up his Train,

In the edition, 1730, Thomson disIn Orbs immense, then darting out anew stituted after “ bloody beak,”

carded “the recent ghosts," and subProgressive, rattles thro' the wither'd

“ sullen And lolling, frightful, guards the scanty No visit knows, nor shears the Wailing Fount,

voice Jf Fount there be : or, of diminish'd Size, Offervent want. Even soul-attracted But inighty Mischief, on th' unguarded friends Swain

And relatives," &c.

The paragraph, lines 1092–1102, They wore alive, and ruminating still, was improved from the following, in la Fancy's Eye ; aud there, the frowning 1727 and 1730 :


And Ox half-rais'd. A little farther, “ Much of the Force of foreign Sum

burns mers still,

The guiltless Cottage ; and the haughty Of growling Hills, that shoot the pillar'd Dome Flame,

Stoops to the Base. Th' uprooted ForOf Earthquake, and pale Famine, could I

rest flies sing;

Aloft in Air, or, flaming out, displays But equal Sceues of Horror call Me The sarage Haunts by Day unpierc'd beHome."

fore. In 1727 and 1730, the lines 1108— Scard is the Mountain's Brow; and, 1116, were in the following form :

from the Cliff,

Tumbles the smitteu Rock. The Desart “ Thence Nitre, Sulphur, Vitriol, on

shakes, the Day

And gleams, and grumbles, through his Stream, and fermenting in yon baleful

deepest Dens. Cloud, Extensive o'er the World, a reddening

“ Now swells the Triumph of the Gloom !

Virtuous Man ; In dreadful Promptitude to spring, await And this outrageous, elemental Fray, The high Command.”

To Him, a dread Maguiricence appears,

The Glory of that Power He calls his The description of the thunder

Friend, storm, lines 1144-1168, was origi- Sole honourable Name !—But woe to nally in the following form, the last

Him, paragraph being omitted in 1730 : .

Who, of infuriate Malice, and confirm'd “ Down comes a Deluge of sonorous

In Vice long-practis'd, is a Foe to man Hail,

His Brother, and at Variance with his In the white, heavenly Magazines con

Gop. geal'd;

He thinks the Tempest weaves around And often fatal to th' upsheltered Head

his Head; of man, or rougher Beast. The sluicy Loudens the Roar to Him, and in his Rain,

Eye In one unbroken Flood, descends; and The bluest Vengeance glares. Th’ Opyet

pressor, who, Th’ unconquerable Lightning struggles Unpitying, heard the Wailings of Disthro',

tress, Ragged and fierce, or in red whirling Gallid by his Scourge, now shrinks at Balls,

other Sounds. And strikes the Shepherd, as He, shud- Hid are the Neroes of the Earth-in vain, dering, sits,

Like Children hid in Sport. Chief, in Presaging Ruin, in the rocky Clift.

the Breast His inmost Marrow feels the gliding Of solitary Atheist, Wildness reigns, Flaine ;

Licentious; vanish'd every quaint CouHe dies—and, like a Statue grim'd with

ceit, Age,

And impious Jest, with which he used to His live, dejected Posture still remains ;

pelt His Russet sing’d, and 'reat his hanging Superiour Reason; Anguish in his Look, Hat;

And Supplication lifts bis Hand. He'd Against his Crook his sooty Cheek re

pray, clin'd;

If his hard Heart would flow. At last While, whining at his Feet, his half

He runs, stun'd Dog,

Precipitant, and entering just the Cave, Importunately kind, and fearful, pats

The Messenger of Justice, glancing, comes, On his insensate Master, for Relief.

With swifter Sweep behind, and trips

his Heel. “ Black, from the Stroak, above, the Mountain-Pine,

The beautiful episode of Celadon A leaning, shatter'd Trunk, stands scathod and Amelia was originally very nearly to Heaven,

as at present. The few variations are The Talk of future Ages! and, below,

evident improvements. In 1727, imA lifeless Groupe the blasted Cattle lie. mediately after the episode, were the Here, the soft Flocks, with that same following paragraphs, since omitted, harmless Look,

except a very few words :

And now,

“ Heard indistinct, the far-off Thunder And chase a Change of Colours round peals,

the Sky. From suffering Earth, commission'd o'er "Tis all one Blush from East to West !

the Main, Where the black Tempest, pressing on Behind the dusky Earth, He dips his the Pool,

Orb, Heaves the dead Billows to the bursting Now half immers'd, and now a golden Clouds.

Curve Dire is the Fate of Those, who, reeling Gives one faint Glimmer, and then dishigh,

appears." From Ware to Wave, even at the very Source

The lines 1635–1642 were origiOf Lightning, feel th' undissipated Flame; nally thus : Or, should They in a wat’ry Vale escape, If, on their Heads, the forceful Spout

“A sight of Horror! to th' ungodly descends,

Wretch, And drives the dizzy Vessel down the The Hard, the Lewd, the Cruel, and the Deep,

False, Till in the oozy Bottom stuck, pro. Who, all Day long, have made the Widow found.


And snatch'd the Morsel from her Or“ As from the Face of Heaven, each

phan’s Mouth, shatter'd Cloud,

To give their Dogs: but to th' harmo

nious Mind, Tumultuous, roves, th' unfathomable blue,

Who makes the hopeless Heart to sing That constant Joy to every finer Eye,

for Joy, That Rapture! swells into the general Diffusing," &c.

Arch, Which copes the Nations.—On the lilly'd following paragraph appears only in

Instead of the lines 1657-1662 the Bank, Where a Brook quivers, often, careless, the edition 1727: thrown,

“ Wild-wafting o'er the Lawn, the Up the wide Scene I've gaz'd whole Hours

thistly Dowu away, With growing Wonder, while the Sun Plays in the fickle Air, now seems to declin'd,

And now, high-soaring over Head, an As now, forth-breaking from the blotting


Amusive, forms, then slanting down

eludes The lines 1238—1242, appear now The Grasp of idle Swain. But should much improved, from the following in

the West 1727 and 1730 :

A little swell the Breeze, the woolly

Shower, “ Shall He, so soon, forgetful of the Blown, in a white Confusion, thro' the past,

Dusk, After the Tempest, puff his transient Falls o'er the Face unfelt, and, settling Vows,

slow, And a new Dance of Vanity begin,

Mantles the Twilight Plain. And yet Scarce ere the Pant forsakes his feeble

even here, Heart !"

As thro' all Nature, in her lowest Forms, The lines 1268—1437 are not in A fine Contrivance lies, to wing the Seed, the edition 1727, nor except the . By this light Plumage, into distant

Vales." episode of Damon and Musidora, (af. terwards much enlarged,) in the edi In 1727, and with a slight variation, tion 1730. The paragraph, lines in 1730, instead of the lines 1675 1619—1628, was in both the early 1680, were the following: editions thus :

“ But far about They wander from “ Low walks the Sun, and broadens

the Grave by degrees,

Of Him, whom his ungentle Fortune Just o'er the Verge of Day. The rising forc'd, Clouds,

Against Himself, to lift the hated Hand That shift, perpetual, in his vivid Train, Of Violence; by Man cast out from Life, Their dewy Mirrors, inimberless, oppos'd, And, after Death, to which They drove Unfold the hidden Richies of his Ray,

his Hope



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