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after a general pillage, set it on fire. who might escape in that direction The house, together with the whole from the conflagration of Schweinproperty, of Gruntler and Olympia, furt. Here they were detained capfell a prey to the conflagration, and tives in anxious suspense between they themselves narrowly escaped hope and fear, until an answer arrived with their lives. Wliilst flying through to a letter which they had addressed the streets, amidst the burning houses, to the Bishop, when they were left to in search of an asylum, and intending pursue their journey. They now proto throw themselves for shelter into ceeded, without further molestation, some church, a soldier, to whom they to Heidelberg, where they were very were unknown, recommended_them honourably received by some of the instantly to quit the place. Fortu- Protestant nobility, who for some nately they followed his advice : for time hospitably entertained them at many of those who had retired to the their mansions, and liberally adminischurches were suffocated by the smoke, tered to their various wants. As soon which entered in volumes from the as the necessary arrangements could surrounding ruins. Scarcely, how- be made, they fixed their residence at ever, had they reached the gates, when Heidelberg, Gruntler having obtained, they were seized by soine soldiers who' through the Elector Palatine, Fredewere in pursuit of plunder, who strip- ric the Second, the appointment of ped them of their clothes, and left Professor of Medicine in the UniverOlympia no other covering besides her sity of that city. under linen. Gruntler was taken pri- The severe bodily fatigues and soner, but soou obtained his libera- the acute mental sufferings which tion. In the forlorn and destitute Olympia had endured from the condition to which they were now re- commencement of the troubles at daced, without money and without Schweinfurt, gradually undermined clothes, they felt it difficult to deter- her constitution, and wasted her mine what course to pursue. They strength. The fever which she had resolved at length to attempt to reach caught during her flight, when she Hamelburg, a small town distant was exposed without covering to the from Schweinfurt about three Ger- inclemency of the weather, retained man miles. Olympia gives a very its hold upon her frame, notwithstandaffecting description of herself when ing the medical skill of her husband, she arrived at this place. “I appear- and the kind attentions of the friends ed,” she says, “ to be the queen of whom she had found at Heidelberg; beggars. I entered the town with my and, within a year, brought her to a feet naked, my hair loose and dishevel- premature grave. In her last very led, and my clothes in rags ; and even affecting letter to her friend Cælius these I should not have had, if a wo- Secundus Curio, whom she seems man had not lent them to me." The always to have regarded with the feel. fatigues of this journey, added to the ings of a daughter, she thus expresses distress and anxiety attending it, herself: “As for me, my Cælius, be brought on a fever, from which she assured that all hope of longer life is never afterwards wholly recovered. vanished; for as to medicine, of which
As the inhabitants of Hamelburg I have taken a great deal, there is had been forbidden to afford shelter to none that brings me relief. Every any of the fugitives from Schweinfurt, day, nay, alınost every hour, those they were only allowed a short time about me expect nothing but my deto 'recruit themselves and procure parture; and, indeed, I know not necessaries : · at the end of four whether this may not be the last_letdays, notwithstanding Olympia's in- ter you will receive from me. Fare. disposition, they were compelled to well, most excellent Cælius, and if depart. At the next small town they my death be announced to you, do not reached, which was in the territory of grieve; for I know that I shall then be one of the bishops, they were made living : I desire to die and be with prisoners by the commanding officer, Christ.” As she had anticipated, the who informed them that his orders account of her death immediately folfrom his Christian and merciful mas- lowed her own letter. The intelliter were, to put to death all persons gence was communicated to Cælius
of her age.'
by her husband, in a letter which is be reckoned her master-piece. * When written with the feeling of a man over- it was first privately circulated by her whelmed by his affliction. “She de- friends, it excited universal adiniraparted,” he states, “ with great eager- tion. Xystus Betuleius, after perusing ness, and, so to speak, with a certain it, could not believe it to be the propleasure in dying ; since she felt as- duction of a female, and wrote to Cusured that she was called from conti- rio to satisfy himself upon the subnual sufferings and from a mnost un- ject. He afterwards composed a Latin happy existence, to perpetual felicity. version of it in the same metre, which She lived with me not quite five years, is published with the original. † The and never have I seen a mind more first edition of her works was printed candid and sincere, or a demeanour at Basle, in 1558. The second apmore virtuous and exemplary. She peared in 1562. Prefixed to this edidied on the 26th day of October, tion, is a complimentary dedication by (1555,) before she had completed the Curio to Queen Elizabeth of England. 29th year
They were afterwards reprinted in The high estimation in which Olym- 1570 and 1580. 1 pia was held by the learned among her contemporaries, may be seen from the letters of eminent persons, and
• As some of your learned readers might the testimonies to her merits after her be gratified by the perusal of this poem, death, which are printed with her scribe it for the Repository.
I shall take an early opportunity to tranworks, and from incidental notices in
+ Xystus Betuleius was a native of the publications of that period. The Germany. After receiving the elements early age at which she was cut off,
of his education, he removed to the Uniand the unsettled state in which she versity of Basle, in Switzerland, where passed her last years, precluded the he soon distiuguished himself by his acpossibility of her composing much for quirements, especially in the languages the press, and the few things which and polite literature. The magistrates of she had written, perished in the confla- the city first appointed him master of the gration of Schweinfurt. All that re- public school, and afterwards one of the mained of the fruits of her study and ing this situation for some years, he re
professors at the University. After holderudition, were some small pieces
turued to his native country, and there which she recomposed from memory,
Conducted an academical institution with or were preserved in the hands of her high reputation. The learned Wolfganfriends. These were, after her death, gus Musculus was one of his scholars. collected and published by Cælius Se- He was esteemed a good Latin poet, and cundus Curio, whom she had requeste composed several religious dramas in that ed to act as her Aristarchus, to pre- language on the stories of Susanyah, Jupare and revise them for the printer. dith, Joseph, &c., which were represented The volume contains some of her early in public. He wrote also, among other exercises, consisting of a Commentary works, Symphonia in Norum Testamenon Cicero's Paradoxes; an Oration tum Græcum; and Annotationes et Col. in Greek in praise of Q. Mutius Scæ lectiones in Carmiua Sibyllina. - Mel. vola, with a Latin translation;
Adam, iu Vit. Germ. Philos., p. 160. translation into Latin of some of Boc- moir are taken from the edition of Olym
The materials of the preceding mecacio’s Tales; also her Letters, of pia's works, printed at Basle in 1580. which some are in Greek, and some Melchior Adam has inserted a short ac. in Latin and Italian; some Devotional count of her, extracted from the same Poems in Greek and Latin ; besides a documents, among his Lives of German few other pieces. Among the Poems, Philosophers, p. 162. There is also a her Greek version, in Sapphic mea brief notice of her history and character sure, of the Forty-sixth Psalm, may written by Thuanus (Historia S. T. Tom.
I. 562, Lond. 1733), who concludes his
account in these words : Hujus (Olym* Her husband and her brother died piæ) miscellanea coegit et publicavit Cævery shortly after her, and they were bu. lius Secundus Curio, ob religionem et ried in the same grave in the Church of ipse Italia profugus, quæ fæminæ omni St. Peter's at Heidelberg. Melch. Adanı laude dignissimæ mores et raram erudiin Vita Andr. Gruntleri (Vit. Germ. Me- tionem exprimunt, et quid a tam exceldicor. p. 81).
lonti ingenio espectari potuisset, nisi
Ne mortua quidem est Olympia from oblivion, and to preclude the posnostra, sed vivit cum Christo beata et sibility of two most amiable persons immortalis, ac post tot ærumnas et being removed without notice and unlabores in dulcem atque optatam quie- honoured from the world. I must adid
! tam recepta est. Vivit, vivit, inquam, too, that I sincerely hope nothing that Olympia, etiam in hoc mundo, vivet. I shall state will preclude more finished que dum erunt homines in mundo, in pictures being presented to the public viva immortalique suorum operum di- eye from those who are competent to vinorumque monumentorum, atque furnish such traits of excellence as omnium excellentissimorum ingenio- fell not within my observation. “The rum memoria.
memory of the just,” says the sacred R. S. writer, is blessed." But this bles.
sing would not rise to its just dimenGloucester,
sions, if the living preserve a profound Sır, Oct. 15, 1822.
silence as to the
merits of those who (F you will be so indulgent as to
have preceded them, and withhold the
meed of commendation. of your distinguished literary and reli- in the county of Wilts, shall take the
Mrs. Ann WANSEY, of Warminster, gious temple, I feel a pleasing conviction that I can fill them with the effi. first rank, because it pleased an overgies of iwo persons richly meriting to from this earthly stage
. She was of
ruling Providence to remove her first be ranked amongst the excellent of the earth. The first of these I had
a mild, gentle, placid temper, kind the honour to be acquainted with for and courteous to her friends, respeeta period of seven years ; with the se- her inferiors, and inoffensive to all.
ful to her superiors, condescending to cond, about twice as many months. They both became objects of my high lived with her youngest brother, the
After the decease of her parents, she consideration and respect from the first day of my knowledge of them, generous and liberal-minded Mr. Geo. and time, as it passed along, enhanced Wansey, performing towards him the my esteem.
The impression which I part of a inost affectionate sister. She received at the commencement of my
was pleased whenever she could give acquaintance, became more lively in pleasure, and made the happiness of its progress, and the nearer it ap. dient of her own.
those around her one principal ingreproached to intimacy, the basis of my mentioned, to her very great honour,
It deserves to be regard was enlarged. I must not, that in the early part of life she rehowever, proceed to develope as far as I am able the respective characters
of nial overtures,
for the sole cause of
fused several highly eligible matrimothese ladies without requesting forgiveness, if need be, of their surviving being at liberty to attend an honoured respectable relatives, for volunteering lation in her declining years.
mother, and administer to her consomy services in this undertaking. may fairly suppose they have been In regard to the most momentous prevented by adequate causes from of all human concerns, she did not honourable notice to their memory, for granted that as they were right, paying a public tribute of posthumous content herself with professing the re
ligious faith of her family, taking it and possibly they might have been she could not be wrong, which is but preparing this tribute, but deferred it from the best of motives. Since,
too common a circumstance : on the however, several months have been contrary, she read, thought and judgsuffered to elapse, and nothing has ed for herself, and though the arguyet appeared in your valuable work, which self-called orthodoxy decries, I have stepped forward to redeem, to the best of my ability, their memories vered no sufficient reason in after life
were early proposed to her, she disco
to doubt or suspect their truth. She prematurè adeo in vivis esse descisset, could see nothing either just or vener. clarè ostendunt.
able in what have been denominated *Curio: from his letter to Olympia's the sublime mysteries of the Christian mother, apnouncing her death.
faith. They appeared to ber in the light of appendages unwarrantably life was spent in the most useful and added to a most simple, intelligible honourable employment of superinand heavenly system. Her attention tending the education of young ladies, to the duties of public worship and and fitting them to appear with advanreligious improvement was regular tage in the world, and to fill, with creand almost undeviating. She was to dit to themselves and advantage to be seen in her place whenever the ser- others, the various situations of life vice of the sanctuary invited her pre- to which they might be called. Many sence, and indisposition or inclement ladies who survive their honoured and weather did not prevent_not deening beloved governess, can bear testimony it an act of supererogation, as but too to the anxious as well as attractive and many now do, to repair to the seat of judicious mode in which she instructed devotion twice on the Lord's-Day. them in such branches of knowledge, Nor did she on the first Sunday of the whether substantial or ornamental, as month, when the celebration of the were requisite to qualify them to shine Lord's Supper succeeded the usual in whatever department they might be service, desert her post, as is too fre- destined to act. On religious subjects quently done, but staid, and with reve- she was accustomed to think without rential, cheerful gratitude joined in allowing herself to be under the influthe observance of it with her consist. ence of such restraints and obstacles ent fellow-christians. Her behaviour as custom, fear or interest in too many in the chapel was serious, devout and cases impose, with a single eye to the attentive. “She aimed not so much to attainment of the truth as it is in be thought pious as to be so. She Christ Jesus our Lord. She acted was more solicitous to deserve the re- upon the principle, in this instance, putation of excellence than to acquire of calling no one but him her
Master, it. For years she attended with more and none Father but God. Firm was or less constancy the school that was her conviction that she was amenable kept twice a week in the vestry to to no human tribunal for the sentiteach girls the arts of sewing and knit- ments she entertained of the gospel, ting, and these, together with a num- and she exerted her best powers, unher of boys, reading, writing and arith- embarrassed and unbiassed, to discover metic. To this school, as well as to its real nature and design. She was the Sunday school and other charita- not, however, more distinguished for ble institutions, she was a generous, her upright and impartial investigawithout being an ostentatious contri- tion of the truth of religious doctrines, butor. The whole tenor of her life than for the candour and charity which demonstrated that the governing, pre- she manifested to those who differed siding object of her wishes was to be from her in sentiment. Though she and to do all that she believed to be might be denominated a Sectarian, as consistent with the true genuine Chris- every thinking person must be in the tian character.
proper but innocent sense of the word, Mrs. SWANWICK, of Chester, for by adopting opinions entertained by many years the surviving parent of a one or other class of Christians; yet numerous and very worthy family, was she possessed not the slightest tincture distinguished by a peculiar combina- of what has been styled, in a bad sense, tion of a most engaging, suavity of a sectarian spirit. "She believed in the manners, with a highly cultivated un- personal as well as essential unity of derstanding and a truly benevolent the Creator, but she cherished no heart. None could approach her other feeling towards those who mainwithout being charmed with the polite tained a plurality of divine persons, and graceful reception she gave them. than what resolved itself into a conIf time admitted, she entered into con- viction of their being in error. She versation in the most unaffected and worshiped only Him who is one, and affable manner; and was never at a whose name is One, but interfered not loss to make such kind and appropri- with those, even in the way of comate inquiries, as evinced at once an plaint, who addicted themselves to a extensive knowledge of society, and triune adoration. She cherished the the lively interest she took in the hap- firmest conviction of the Divine placapiness of others. Great part of her bility, uninfluenced by any thing but his own intrinsic benevolence, but stantial with it; and when the accicalmly left others to doubt of his es. dental and adscititious impediments sential mercy, and to confide for their which have obscured or eclipsed their salvation on purchased favour and for- lustre in this world shall be removed, giveness. Though she differed to ever the whole human family will become so great an extent from others, yet assimilated to those who have been she was most willing to act with them pre-eminently distinguished amongst as far as they could agree, not esteem- them. ing a diversity of opinion in other re
THEOS. BROWNE. spects as affording any sufficient reason for declining
meet and co-ope- Sir, rate with them on cominon ground. It is, unhappily, the way of many reli
MEELING confident that the ques. F
tion “ whether the register of gious persons to confine their attention births kept at Dr. Williams's Library, to a feiv points of doctrine, and having Red-Cross Street, is evidence in our these most in their thoughts, to let their courts of law and equity,” will be conversation turu upon them almost considered of great importance by exclusively; but this lady loved to most of your readers, and particularly converse upon subjects which the far those who have the misfortune of begreatest part of Christians concur in, ing involved in the labyrinths of a such as the existence, superintending Chancery suit, I trouble you with the providence, perfections and righteous note of a case which occurred before retributive government of God; the the Master of the Rolls on the 26th of probationary condition of man; the in- June, 1820, vid. Jacob and Walker's dispensable necessity of a virtuous, Reports, Vol. I. p. 483. It was a petiupright, unblemished life; the noble
tion, ex parte Taylor, for payment of elevation of character which a consci, a legacy that had been invested in the entious conformity to the will of God funds in the name of the Accountantproduces, and the consolatory hopes General, the legatee having attained which may be reasonably cherished by 21. To prove his age, an examined those who have regulated their lives
copy of an entry in the register of the agreeably to such principles as, in births of Dissenters children, kept at their belief, bear the stamp of Divine Dr. Williams's Library, was produced :' approbation.
Whatever I have ob- “the Master of the Rólls thought it was served of Mrs. A. W.'s exemplary at- not evidence that the court could act tention to the public duties of religion, on." What the person was, who was might be said with equal truth of this thus unexpectedly barred from obtainlady. All the members of her family, ing wliat he was as a matter of course more nearly or remotely allied to her, entitled to by the decision of an equi. not only held her in the highest es- table judge, I know not, nor am ! teem, but looked upon her with senti-. aware of any case which has occurred ments of exalted veneration, deeming since, in which this question has arisen. it an honour to address her by the I write in the expectation, that if term which designated the relation in the law is now as it was laid down by which she stood to them. It is a sub- Sir Thomas Plumer only in 1820, ject, Mr. Editor, of lively joy to a something may be done to remedy well-disposed and well-directed mind, such a great and crying evil which that truly worthy, amiable and ration- affects a large body of his Majesty's ally religious persons have at any time subjects. appeared upon the earth; it tends to
A. B. produce a satisfaction combined with devout gratitude to the Creator, that we belong to the human race. It also
Free Press in India. lays a foundation on which to form (We have received the following one of the most delightful views which additional letter on the subject of the can be presented to the mind of man, India Press from the same quarter as that since the most excellent and gods that which we printed in pp. 415– like qualities have been known to re- 418. This letter appears to have side in the human breast, these may been addressed to some friends of li. be said to be congenial and consub- berty at Goa.]