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by her husband, in a letter which is be reckoned her master-piece. * When written with the feeling of a man over- it was first privately circulated by her whelmed by his affliction. “She de- friends, it excited universal adiniraparted,” he states, “ with great eager- tion. Xystus Betuleius, after perusing ness, and, so to speak, with a certain it, could not believe it to be the propleasure in dying ; since she felt as- duction of a female, and wrote to Cusured that she was called from conti- rio to satisfy himself upon the subnual sufferings and from a most un- ject. He afterwards composed a Latin happy existence, to perpetual felicity. version of it in the same metre, wbich She lived with me not quite five years, is published with the original. † The and never have I seen a mind more first edition of her works was printed candid and sincere, or a demeanour at Basle, in 1558. The second apmore virtuous and exemplary. She peared in 1562. Prefixed to this edidied on the 26th day of October, tion, is a complimentary dedication by (1555,) before she had completed the Curio to Queen Elizabeth of England. 29th year of her age." *
They were afterwards reprinted in The high estimation in which Olym- 1570 and 1580. I pia was held by the learned among her contemporaries, may be seen from the letters of eminent persons, and
• As some of your learned readers might the testimonies to her merits after her be gratified by the perusal of this poem, death, which are printed with her scribe it for the Repository.
I shall take an early opportunity to tranworks, and from incidental notices in
+ Xystus Betuleius was a native of the publications of that period. The Germany. After receiving the elements early age at which she was cut off, of his education, he removed to the Uniand the unsettled state in which she versity of Basle, in Switzerland, where passed her last years, precluded the he soon distiuguished himself by his acpossibility of her composing much for quirements, especially in the languages the press, and the few things which and polite literature. The magistrates of she had written, perished in the confla- the city first appointed him master of the gration of Schweinfurt. All that re- public school, and afterwards one of the mained of the fruits of her study and professors at the University. After holderudition, were some small pieces turued to his native country, and there
ing this situation for some years, he rewhich she recomposed from memory, conducted an academical institution with or were preserved in the hands of her high reputation. The learned Wolfganfriends. These were, after her death, gus Musculus was one of his scholars. collected and published by Cælius Se- He was esteemed a good Latin poet, and cundus Curio, whom she had request- composed several religious dramas in that ed to act as her Aristarchus, to pre- language on the stories of Susannah, Jupare and revise them for the printer. dith, Joseph, &c., which were represented The volume contains some of her early in public. He wrote also, among other exercises, consisting of a Commentary works, Symphonia in Norum Testamenon Cicero's Paradoxes; an Oration
tum Græcum; and Annotationes et Col.
lectiones Carmina Sibyllina. — Mel. in Greek in praise of Q. Mutius Scæ. vola, with a Latin translation; and a
Adam, iu Vit. Germ. Pbilos., p. 160. translation into Latin of some of Boc- moir are taken from the edition of Olym
| The materials of the preceding mecacio’s Tales ; also her Letters, of pia's works, printed at Basle in 1580. which some are in Greek, and some Melchior Adam has inserted a short acin Latin and Italian; some Devotional count of her, extracted from the same Poems in Greek and Latin; besides a documents, among his Lives of German few other pieces. Among the Poems, Philosophers, p. 162. There is also a her Greek version, in Sapphic mea brief notice of her history and character sure, of the Forty-sixth Psalm, may written by Thuanus (Historia S. T. Tom.
I. 562, Lond. 1733), who concludes his
account in these words : Hujus (Olym* Her husband and her brother died piæ) miscellanea coegit et publicavit Cævery shortly after her, and they were bu. lius Secundus Curio, ob religionem et ried in the same grave in the Church of ipse Italia profugus, quæ fæminæ omni St. Peter's at Heidelberg. Melch. Adam laude dignissimæ mores et raram erudiin Vita Andr. Gruntleri (Vit. Germ. Me- tionem exprimunt, et quid a tam exceldicor. p. 81).
lenti ingenio espectari potuisset, nisi
Ne mortua quidem est Olympia from oblivion, and to preclude the posnostra, sed vivit cum Christo beata et sibility of two most amiable persons immortalis, ac post tot ærumnas et being removed without notice and unlabores in dulcem atque optatain quie- honoured from the world. I must ade! tam recepta est. Vivit, vivit, inquam, too, that I sincerely hope nothing that Olympia, etiam in hoc mundo, vivet. I shall state will preclude more finished que dum erunt homines in mundo, in pictures being presented to the public viva immortalique suorum operum di- eye from those who are competent to vinorumque monumentorum, atque furnish such traits of excellence as omnium excellentissimorum ingenio- fell not within my observation. “The rum memoria. *
memory of the just,” says the sacred R. S. writer," is blessed.” But this bles.
sing would not rise to its just dimenGloucester,
sions, if the living preserve a profound SIR, Oct. 15, 1822.
silence as to the merits of those who Italyou will be so indulgent as to have preceded them, and withhold the of your distinguished literary and reli
Mrs. Ann WANSEY, of Warminster, gious temple, I feel a pleasing convic in the county of Wilts, shall take the tion that I can fill them with the effi. first rank, because it pleased an overgies of two persons richly meriting to ruling Providence to remove her first be ranked amongst the excellent of from this earthly stage. She was of the earth. The first of these I had a mild, gentle, placid temper, kind the honour to be acquainted with for and courteous to her friends, respecta period of seven years; with the ser her inferiors, and inoffensive to all
ful to her superiors, condescending to cond, about twice as many months. They both became objects of my high lived with her youngest brother, the
After the decease of her parents, she consideration and respect from the first day of my knowledge of them, generous and liberal-minded Mr. Geo. and time, as it passed along, enhanced Wansey, performing towards him the my esteem. The impression which I part of a inost affectionate sister. She received at the commencement of my
was pleased whenever she could give its progress, and the nearer it ap. dient of her own. acquaintance, became more lively in pleasure, and made the happiness of
those around her one principal ingreproached to intimacy, the basis of my mentioned, to her very great honour,
It deserves to be regard was enlarged. I must not, that in the early part of life she rehowever, proceed to develope as far as fused several highly eligible matrimo these ladies without requesting for: nial overtures, for the sole cause of giveness, if need be, of their surviving being at liberty to attend an honoured respectable relatives, for volunteering mother, and arminister to her consomy services in this undertaking. I lation in her declining years. may fairly suppose they have been In regard to the most momentous prevented by adequate causes from of all human concerns, she did not honourable notice to their memory, for granted that as they
were right; paying a public tribute of posthumous content herself with professing the re.
ligious faith of her family, taking it and possibly they might have been
, preparing this tribute, but deferred it she could not be wrong, which is but from the best of motives. Since,
too common a circumstance : on the however, several months have been contrary, she read, thought and judg. suffered to elapse, and nothing has ed for herself, and though the arguyet appeared in your valuable work, ments in support of those opinions I have stepped forward to redeem, to
which self-called orthodoxy decries, the best of my ability, their memories
were early proposed to her, she discovered no suficient reason in after life
to doubt or suspect their truth. She prematurè adeo in vivis esse descisset, could see nothing either just or yener, clarè ostendunt.
able in what have been denominated * CURIO: from his letter to Olympia's the sublime mysteries of the Christian mother, announcing her death.
faith. They appeared to her in the
light of appendages unwarrantably life was spent in the most useful and added to a most simple, intelligible honourable employment of superinand heavenly system. Her attention tending the education of young ladies, to the duties of public worship and and fitting them to appear with advanreligious improvement was regular tage in the world, and to fill, with creand almost undeviating. She was to dit to themselves and advantage to be seen in her place whenever the ser- others, the varions situations of life vice of the sanctuary invited her pre- to which they might be called. Many sence, and indisposition or inclement ladies who survive their honoured and weather did not prevent—not deeming beloved governess, can bear testimony it an act of supererogation, as but too to the anxious as well as attractive and many now do, to repair to the seat of judicious mode in which she instructed devotion twice on the Lord's-Day. them in such branches of knowledge, Nor did she on the first Sunday of the whether substantial or ornamental, as month, when the celebration of the were requisite to qualify them to shine Lord's Supper succeeded the usual in whatever department they might be service, desert her post, as is too fre- destined to act. On religious subjects quently done, but staid, and with reve- she was accustomed to think without rential, cheerful gratitude joined in allowing herself to be under the influthe observance of it with her consist. ence of such restraints and obstacles ent fellow-christians. Her behaviour as custom, fear or interest in too many in the chapel was serious, devout and cases impose, with a single eye to the attentive. She aimed not so much to attainment of the truth as it is in be thought pious as to be so. She Christ Jesus our Lord. She acted was more solicitous to deserve the re- upon the principle, in this instance, putation of excellence than to acquire of calling no one but him her Master, it. For years she attended with more and none Father but God. Firm was or less constancy the school that was her conviction that she was amenable kept twice a week in the vestry to to no human tribunal for the sentiteach girls the arts of sewing and knit- ments she entertained of the gospel, ting, and these, together with a num- and she exerted her best powers, un her of boys, reading, writing and arith- embarrassed and unbiassed, to discover metic. To this school, as well as to its real nature and design. She was the Sunday.school and other charita- not, however, more distinguished for ble institutions, she was a generous, her upright and impartial investigawithout being an ostentatious contri- tion of the truth of religious doctrines, butor. The whole tenor of her life than for the candour and charity which demonstrated that the governing, pre- she manifested to those who differed siding object of her wishes was to be from her in sentiment. Though she and to do all that she believed to be might be denominated a Sectarian, as consistent with the true genuine Chris- every thinking person must be in the tian character.
proper but innocent sense of the word, Mrs. SWANWICK, of Chester, for by adopting opinions entertained by many years the surviving parent of a one or other class of Christians; yet numerous and very worthy family, was she possessed not the slightest tincture distinguished by a peculiar combina- of what has been styled, in a bad sense, tion of a most engaging, suavity of a sectarian spirit. "She believed in the manners, with a highly cultivated un- personal as well as essential unity of derstanding and a truly benevolent the Creator, but she cherished no heart. None could approach her other feeling towards those who mainwithout being charmed with the polite tained a plurality of divine persons, and graceful reception she gave them. than what resolved itself into a conIf time admitted, she entered into con- viction of their being in error. She versation in the most unaffected and worshiped only Him who is one, and affable manner; and was never at a whose name is One, but interfered not loss to make such kind and appropri- with those, even in the way of comate inquiries, as evinced at once an plaint, who addicted themselves to a extensive knowledge of society, and triune adoration. She cherished the the lively interest she took in the hap- firmest conviction of the Divine placapiness of others. Great part of her bility, uninfluenced by any thing but
his own intrinsic benevolence, but stantial with it; and when the accicalmly left others to doubt of his es- dental and adscititious impediments sential mercy, and to confide for their which have obscured or eclipsed their salvation on purchased favour and for- lustre in this world shall be removed, giveness. Though she differed to ever the whole human family will become so great an extent from others, yet assimilated to those who have been she was most willing to act with them pre-eminently distinguished amongst as far as they could agree, not esteem- them. ing a diversity of opinion in other re
THEOS. BROWNE. spects as affording any sufficient reason for declining to meet and co-ope Sir, rate with them on cominon ground, , , : F
PEELING confident that the ques.
tion “ whether the register of gious persons to confine their attention births kept at Dr. Williams's Library, to a few points of doctrine, and having Red-Cross Street, is evidence in onr these most in their thoughts, to let their courts of law and equity," will be conversation turn upon them almost considered of great importance by exclusively; but this lady loved to most of your readers, and particularly converse upon subjects which the far those who have the misfortune of begreatest part of Christians concur in, ing involved in the labyrinths of a such as the existence, superintending Chancery suit, I trouble you with the providence, perfections and righteous note of a case which occurred before retributive government of God; the the Master of the Rolls on the 26th of probationary condition of man; the in- June, 1820, vid. Jacob and Walker's dispensable necessity of a virtuous, Reports, Vol. I. p. 483. It was a petiupright, unblemished life; the noble tion, ex parte Taylor, for payment of elevation of character which a consci- a legacy that had been invested in the entious conformity to the will of God funds in the name of the Accountantproduces, and the consolatory hopes General, the legatec having attained which may be reasonably cherished by 21. To prove his age, an examined those who have regulated their lives copy of an entry in the register of the agreeably to such principles as, in births of Dissenters' children, kept at their belief, bear the stamp of Divine Dr. Williains's Library, was produced :' approbation.
Whatever I have ob- “the Master of the Rolls thought it was served of Mrs. A. W.'s exemplary at- not evidence that the court could act tention to the public duties of religion, on." What the person was, who was might be said with equal truth of this, thus unexpectedly barred from obtainlady. All the members of her family, ing wliat he was as a matter of course more nearly or remotely allied to her, entitled to by the decision of an equi. not only held her in the highest es- table judge, I know not, nor am ! teem, but looked upon her with senti-. aware of any case which has occurred ments of exalted veneration, deeming since, in which this question has arisen. it an honour to address her by the I write in the expectation, that if term which designated the relation in the law is now as it was laid down by which she stood to them. It is a sub- Sir Thomas Plumer only in 1820, ject, Mr. Editor, of lively joy to a something may be done to remedy well-disposed and well-directed mind, such a great and crying evil which that truly worthy; amiable and ration- affects a large body of his Majesty's ally religious persons have at any time subjects. appeared upon the earth; it tends to
A. B. produce a satisfaction combined with devout gratitude to the Creator, that we belong to the human race. It also
Free Press in India, lays a foundation on which to form [We have received the following one of the most delightful views which additional letter on the subject of the can be presented to the mind of man, India Press from the same quarter as that since the most excellent and godt- that which we printed in pp. 415– like qualities have been known to re- 418. This letter appears to have side in the human breast, these may been addressed to some friends of libe said to be congenial and consub- berty at Goa.]
a contrary course of discipline, their GentleMEN, May 1, 1822. minds would have been enlightened
glorious Revolution lately accom- Free Press is, however, what is most plished at Goa. The prominent part wanted to accelerate their advancewhich you have acted on the interest- ment, because the grand instrument ing occasion, induces me to offer to for the improvement of the mind is your consideration some remarks on the publication of truth, and, for prothe advantages of establishing in that pagating truth, discussion. By the city a Free Press. I am aware that collision of prejudices, where mind enthere existed a Press at Goa soon after counters mind, truth must be elicited. the era of Printing, but it was free In this contest, Government should only to serve the purposes of despot. observe neutrality; for truth will most ism, and to issue the rigorous man- flourish where, like commerce, it is dates of a barbarous Inquisition. On left unrestrained. When the great this subject it must not be forgotten Colbert proposed to interfere with that the settlements of Portugal for. trade, even by protecting regulations, merly extended along the coast of the merchants wisely answered, “LaisAfrica and Asia nearly from the Cape sez nous faire." of Good Hope to the Sea of China, History teaches, that a reformation and also comprehended most of the in the religion of the Hindoos could islands in the Malayan Archipelago, not be effected by the intolerant Maand that in all these places the Portu- homedan; nor by the Inquisition, guese language is still spoken, and with its synods and censors, and their thus offers the most favourable medium impious decrees; nor even by the of communicating knowledge, which, preaching of pious Missionaries. It by the resistless aid of a Free Press, cannot fail, however, to be produced, may at length diffuse itself through as in Europe, by the influence of free the extensive regions of the East. discussion. No religion probably ever
It has been well said, that in the in. deviated more from just principles vention of Printing is contained the than that professed by Christians durembryo which, in its maturity, will ing the dark ages, till the era of the annihilate the slavery of the human Reformation. The vices of Popery,
Hence I shall endeavour to the restoration of learning, and the prove, that a Free Press, co-operating invention of Printing, by which learnwith a good system of general educa- ing was diffused, united to produce tion, must in the issue destroy bigotry that event. “ Man awoke from the and despotism in Indostan.
lethargy in which for ages he had slept, There are three principal sources to contemplate the beauties of truth, from whence the Hindoo society is and to exercise his reason.” Luther susceptible of improveinent: these was the first who opposed the profitaare, justice, education and discussion. ble traffic in indulgencies. The Pope The political, civil and criminal laws threatened his person, and condemned of the Hindoos and Mahomedans are his writings to the flames. Succeedinterwoven with their theology, and ing Popes went farther than Leo. the union of their divine and human They rightly judged that a Free Press codes has a direct tendency to intro- was incompatible with the support of duce and to perpetuate despotism. their superstition - their oblations, The introduction of a pure worship, penances, pilgrimages, mortifications, and a just and equitable code of laws, indulgencies, and other buffooneries. is therefore essential to their welfare. “We must put down the Press," said The great mass of the Hindoos have, Wolsey, “ or it will put us down." from time immemorial, received the All their efforts were therefore directrudiments of education. They have ed to this object, but the Press tribeen instructed in the fabulous tales of umphed. The Popes proscribed all their gods—their cruelties, their im- heretical works, and excommunicated moralities, and their abominations. all who read them. They caused the Thus a vicious education has effectu- ancient ecclesiastical writings to be ally tended to perpetuate the errors of mangled and interpolated; passages bigotry and oppression; whereas, by to be erased, and others inserted. An