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į plainly appeares from hence that God (who is never de
fective in neceffaries ) left his Church for three hundred years together wholly without them,and yet the Church since the dages of the Apostles never had more stability in the Faith, and a greater plenitude of every grace and good work chen in chose times,
5. That you may see how little reason there is that Protestants should be convinced by this place, take notice that diverse of the learned Papifts are unsatisfied with this Argument, among wbich are Ockam (a), Cameracenjis (b), Ferus (c), and Mr White in his Treatise Den fide & Theologia, where he chus Answers the Argument: Nor is it material that in that Apoftolicall Councill they afe those words. It seemed good to the Holy Ghost and to res For first, it was a Councell of Prophets in each of which Gods Spirit dwelt in a speciall manner, at least in the Apor files-And be addes-If they acted with reason, doublesse they acted by the instinct of Gods Spirit, although nat such as Divines feigne to be allist ant to Councels (d).
A fifth place they urge is Mat,28,verf.ihe last. I am with you alwaies to the end of the World.
Answ. 1. Whatsoever this promise containes, che Pan pists have no part in it, because it depends upon a condition which they have so grosely violated, Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you, and loe (in so doing) I am witb you : Christ commanded his Dilciples to search the Scriprures : Papılts teach the
(a) Par. 3. Dialog. liac.3.cap.9. (b) Quel.de Refumpt.1 tit, R. Contrary; Christ commanded all his Disciples that partook of the Bread to drink also of the Cup: Papists teach otherwise, and the like may be instanced in an hundred particulars.
(c) In locum. (d) Neq; interest quod in Concilio Apoftolico inftituie fisnt ex voces Vilim est Spiriuli Sancio & nobis. Inprimis enim crat Concilium Prophetarum in quorum fingulis habitabat Spirities Sanétus Speciali modo, falten in Apoftolis• El Paulo por: jî ex fatione agint indubiò ex instia&t! Spiritus Sanét, etfi non tali qualcm fingunt Thcologi affiliatem Conciliis. Trad.2, parag, 21. H4
2. Put chis Argument into form and it is this : They whom Christ promiseth to be with are infallible; But Christ promisech to be with his Church : Ergò, This Church is intallible: Here are three propositions, and every one of them faulov in one kind or other.
1. For the Major, it is most falle: For Christ hath promised to be with every single sincere believer. fub. 14. 23. If a man love me--wee will come to him and make our abode with him: So f1b. 17.20, 21, 22,23. And the Holy Ghos (by which it is that Christ is present ) is given to every such person: Ergo (it seems) they are intallible. 2. For the Minor,it is true bur impertinent: Christ hath promised to be with his Churh and with his Minifters to the worlds end, but not in the same manner and with the same degree of aflistance as he was with the Apostles to give them infallible direction: If otherwise, then as every single Apostle was,fo.every fing'e Minister must be infallible, which they themselves deny. 3. The conclufion if granted, reachech not to Rome : For there being severall Churches pretending to this promise, and the Text no more determining it self to one then to the 0. ther, it may as well be claimed by the Greek or English as by the Romith Church; Nay, which is more, Rome is excluded or rather hach excluded her selfe from it, as we have seen, and by ber disobedience to Christs commands, hath cut off her Title to his promise.
S. 20. There is one place more they use to plead; it is Mar, 18.20. Where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them. This i confele drives the Naile home : Idee they are resolved to. make sure work, For now it matters not what becomes
of the Infallibility of tbe Pope or generall Courcels, or the Universali Church; For wherever there are but two or three Jesuites met together, pretending Christs name, there is Infallibility: I think these Hereticks had better have held their Tongues, for then the Church of Rome would have been contented to affert the Infallibia licy of Pope or Councels, but now they will not abate ebem an Ace, but will make it good in spight of Scriprure, Fatbers, and Councels, and all the World, that every leath of Popish Priests is infallible.
But I need say nothing more in answer to this ridiculous Argument, because the Anfwers to the last Argu. ment will serve for this also: and their own great Doctors confesse che impertinency of this allegation, and amongst them two great names, Stapleton (a ) and Gregory de V alentiâ (b): And these are the Scriptures upon which they ground cheir Monstrous conceit ofche Infallibility of Councels : what a fandy Foundation they have for it in Tradition we shewed before. And how little countenance they bave from Scripture , and how absurdly they wrest that to their own deftru&ion hath been now disco vered : And therefore I may conclude this Doctrine hath no fooring in Scripture,nor Tradition, which was the first branch of the Proposition to be proved.
S. 20. And here I might set up my rest: For having pulled down the two Pillars upon which the building of infallibility stands, I know no remedy but it must fall to che ground : But for the more abundant demonftration of the luton2 réxitis of the Romish Doctors, and vanity of their Religion, I shall adde a second confideration and shew, that however when they discourse with Protestants, they make a great noise about the Infallibi.
(a) ton.6.qu. 3.art.4. (b) Tom. 3. Difp.1.94, 1.punct.7.
licy of councels, yet when they debate the point among themselves, none deny it with greater seriousnesse , nor dispute against it with more earnestnefse then diverse of themselves. I speak not now of the private opinions of fome obscure Doctors among them, but of the publick doctrines of their Church, the opinion of the Popes, Cardinals
, and all the Jesuices and stoutest champions of the Romish Church, and the generality of Icalian, Spanish, and Germane Papists, and almost all (some of the French Faction excepted) do exprefly deny the infallibilicy of councels, and, which is more, they dispuce against it : particularly Caietan, and Bellarmine, andGregory de Valentiâ some of whose Arguments are there. Infallibility is not in the beadlefle body, therefore a comucell in it self is not, infallible. That from which there is appeal, is not infallible, but there lyes an appeal from a councel to the Pope, Ergo, The Church is cemmitted to Peter, not to a councell, Ergo. Thus Caietan (a). The Pope can either approve or rejeet the decrees of a conicel, Ergo the councel is not infallible. The Councel harh its infallibility from its conjunition with her head the Pope, Ergo. Many Councels have erred şa decrees of faith, Ergo. Thus Bellarmine (b). By che way remember, this is the Gentleman that even now urged7oh. 16. to prove, chac councels could not erre, and now he proves they have erred : it were well if the Rou. manists had either better consciences,or better memories. God dorb nothing in vain, but the gift of infallibility would be given to Councels in vain secing the Pope hath it, Ergo. That which is repugnant to our most assured faith concere sing the Pope's primacy is not to be admitted, But the fpreme and infallible anthoritic of Councels is repugnant to the
(de Dc Authoritate Papæ et Concilii tra&.1.cap, 6.et 8, et 11. (6) De Authoritate Concilii cap. II!
Pope's primacy, Ergo: Thus Gregory de Valentia (a). So you see, by their own argument, elther the Popes. prix macy or the councels infallibility is loft: &z'as the Jesuites on the one side thus ftrenuonsly dispute down the infalli. bility and fupremacy of councels, so cheir Adversaries on the other side do as stoutly overthrow the supremacy and infallibility of the Pope, wherein besides the politive testimonies of diverse of the most learned and antieut Pa. pists, they have the fuffrage of two late famous Popith councels Constance and Basil, such a spirit of giddinelle and division hath God put amongst these Builders of Babel: And yet this is the Jerusalem,a City united in it self. These are the men that reproach the Protestant Churches with their divisions in some petite controversies , whilst they themselves are so irreconcileably divided in that, upon which the decifion of all other controversies depends, viz. in the rule and judg of controversies. I think I need not say much more: For the more ancient Papists, he that shall look into that excellent discourse of Robert Baronius against Turnbull,called Apologia pro difputatione de formali objecto fidei, will find the infallibility of Coun. Cels expresly denied by Ockam, Cameracenfis, Waldensis, Pamur mit anus, Antonius, Cufanm , (all venerable names in the Romish Church)wbose words are there reciced(c) And for the modern Papists it may fuffice to name three authors of principall account, whom the relt of the Herd do follow. Melchior Canus laies down their doctrine in two Propositions. I. A general Councel, whech ü not cala led and confirmed by the Pope, may erre in the faith. 2. Provincial Councels, which are confirmed by the Pope, cannot erre; the rest may crre (c). And Bellarmine faith the same
(a Anal. fidei, lib. 8. cap.7. (b) Tract. s. Cap, 19.
(C) 1. Concilium generale, quod non congregatum e confirmatum est awzboritate Pontificis, poteft in fide.