Al-Khwarizmi: The Inventor of Algebra
Al-Khwarizmi is arguably the most important mathematician of the Middle Ages. He developed two distinct branches of mathematics, both of which owe their name to him: algebra and algorithms. This carefully crafted biography shines a long-overdue light on these achievements, documents Khwarizmi's contributions to geography and astronomy, and paints a picture of life in the ninth-century Muslim Empire. Supports history-social science context standards mandating exploration of intellectual exchanges and contributions of Muslim scholars, and their influence on the science, geography, mathematics, philosophy, and medicine of later civilizations.
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Abbasid dynasty Adelard al-Biruni al-Farghani's Al-Jabr wal al-Khayyam al-Khwarizmi Al-Khwarizmi wrote Al-Khwarizmi's treatise al-Kindi al-Mamun al-Mutasim Al-Mutawakkil al-Wathiq Almagest ancient Arabia Arabic astrolabe astrology Babylonians Baghdad Banu Musa Banu Musa brothers began branch of mathematics calculations caliph celestial bodies computing cultures dirham Earth Egyptians Euclid Euclid's Elements Europe Geography geometry Georges Ifrah Greek astronomers Harun al-Rashid Hindi numerals historian History of Numbers House of Wisdom Indian Islamic Jewish calendar Khwarizm Khwarizmi's Kitab al-Jabr Kitab al-Jabr wal-Muqabala knowledge Latin translation legacy Library Lºº madrassas Mamun manuscript mathe mathematicians Mecca mihna Muqabala Muslim astronomers Muslim Contribution Muslim Empire Muslim scholars Muslim scientists ninth century º º º º ºf observatory ºº Persian philosopher place value system prophet Ptolemy Ptolemy's quadratic equations region reign religious scientific Sindhind stars studied system of numbers texts tions translated into Latin treatise on Hindi Umayyad writing Zoroastrian