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THE

GEOGRAPHY OF THE GLOBE,

CONTAINING

A DESCRIPTION OF ITS SEVERAL DIVISIONS

OF LAND AND WATER;

TO WHICH ARE ADDED,

PROBLEMS

ON THE TERRESTRIAL AND CELESTIAL GLOBES,

AND A SERIES OF

QUESTIONS FOR EXAMINATION:

DESIGNED FOR THE USE OF SCHOOLS AND PRIVATE FAMILIES.

BY

JOHN OLDING BUTLER,

AUTHOR OF QUESTIONS IN ROMAN HISTORY, &c.

WITH ALTERATIONS AND ADDITIONS,

BY

J. ROWBOTHAM, F.R.A.S.

Eighth Edition,

CORRECTED TO THE PRESENT TIME.

LONDON:

SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, AND CO.; WHITTAKER AND CO.;
R. Y. CLARKE AND CO.; AND L. E. WITTENOOM.

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PREFACE.

IN preparing a New Edition of "BUTLER'S GEOGRAPHY of the Globe" for the press, it has been the endeavour of the present Editor to adhere as closely as possible to the plan of the Author, as described in his "Preface to the second edition" of the work.

"The observations on those grand features of the earth, its mountains and rivers, have been considerably enlarged by the introduction of many interesting facts, connected with their utility and importance, as well as with their geographical character.

"While much additional miscellaneous information is given, that portion of the work which is more immediately geographical has been increased. To this end several new notices of places, of the direction of mountain ranges, and of rivers and their tributaries, are introduced.

"The interest excited by the Questions for Examination, which were affixed to the former edition, has induced the Author to insert more than one hundred and fifty new questions. The greater part of these relate to the matter contained in the smaller type, and they have been so constructed as to leave few important facts wholly unnoticed.

"It is necessary, however, to state, that some part of

the SUMMARY of each of the four quarters of the globe has been omitted; and though their leading geographical features have been sketched, the different rivers, bays, and other component parts, are not enumerated under that head. Two reasons have led to this curtailment. First, that it seems to be useless to repeat that which may more properly be introduced under the respective countries to which those geographical features belong; and, secondly, because it is supposed that every learner, who uses this work, has previously become acquainted with the chief component parts of the world, by the use of the OUTLINE MAPS, with the accompanying GEOGRAPHICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL EXERCISES of the Author's Father, the late Mr. WILLIAM BUTLER; a work now almost universally used as initiatory exercises in geography for the junior classes*."

It need only be added, that great pains have been taken to verify the facts contained in the work, and to make such alterations and additions as the course of recent events has rendered necessary.

Abingdon, October, 1849.

H. J. R.

* As a work which may properly succeed the use of these Maps and their Explanations, see Butler's Introduction to Geography, in a Series of Lessons for Youth.

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