What Is Populism?

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University of Pennsylvania Press, Sep 19, 2016 - Political Science - 123 pages

Donald Trump, Silvio Berlusconi, Marine Le Pen, Hugo Chávez—populists are on the rise across the globe. But what exactly is populism? Should everyone who criticizes Wall Street or Washington be called a populist? What precisely is the difference between right-wing and left-wing populism? Does populism bring government closer to the people or is it a threat to democracy? Who are "the people" anyway and who can speak in their name? These questions have never been more pressing.

In this groundbreaking volume, Jan-Werner Müller argues that at populism's core is a rejection of pluralism. Populists will always claim that they and they alone represent the people and their true interests. Müller also shows that, contrary to conventional wisdom, populists can govern on the basis of their claim to exclusive moral representation of the people: if populists have enough power, they will end up creating an authoritarian state that excludes all those not considered part of the proper "people." The book proposes a number of concrete strategies for how liberal democrats should best deal with populists and, in particular, how to counter their claims to speak exclusively for "the silent majority" or "the real people."

Analytical, accessible, and provocative, What Is Populism? is grounded in history and draws on examples from Latin America, Europe, and the United States to define the characteristics of populism and the deeper causes of its electoral successes in our time.

 

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User Review  - thcson - LibraryThing

A wonderful book about this modern political phenomenon. The author argues that the core claim of populism is moralized antipluralism. A populist leader claims to be a spokesperson for the common ... Read full review

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User Review  - RajivC - LibraryThing

This may be called an excellent primer to populism. For many of us, who call leaders populist, in our daily speech, there has never been a clear definition, or guideline, to defining what it is. This ... Read full review

Contents

Is Everyone a Populist?
1
What Populists Say
7
What Populists Do or Populism in Power
41
How to Deal with Populists
75
Seven Theses on Populism
101
Acknowledgments
121
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About the author (2016)

Jan-Werner Muller is Professor of Politics at Princeton University. He is author of several books, most recently Contesting Democracy: Political Ideas in Twentieth Century Europe. He contributes regularly to London Review of Books, the Guardian, and the New York Review of Books.

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