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sas campaign, when wounded so severely that both his legs had to be amputated, delivered the oration at the General Robinson statue. Corporal Tanner is widely known for his spirited addresses, reminiscent and topical, at veteran reunions, and he fully sustained his reputation as an effective speaker on this occasion, when he had only to consult his memory for facts, while adıniration for his old commander furnished inspiration in abundance. The oratorical honors at the Springs Road fell to General H. S. Huidekoper, of Philadelphia. General Huidekoper lost an arm leading a gallant bayonet charge made by the 150th Pennsylvania Regiment, of General Doubleday's own division, in the first day's fight at Gettysburg. As the undoubted hero of Seminary Ridge, and for that matter the hero of the opening conflict, on the Union side, General Huidekoper did ample justice to General Doubleday's commanding ability. Following him. soon after, Colonel Merdith L. Jones, of General Doubleday's staff, was no less enthusiastic in pronouncing his honored commander second to no other general in the field where southern aggression reached its high-water mark.

Among the other speakers at the General Robinson statue was a Southern veteran, Colonel Hilary A. Herbert (former Secretary of the Navy under President Cleveland), of the 8th Alabama, who served in General A. P. Hill's Corps in the battle. His brief and impromptu address was in the finest taste, eliciting all-round applause, which could not be warmer if he were speaking to his own Alabama Confederate comrades.

All the addresses were by veterans but one, that of Francis M. Hugo, Secretary of State, who appeared as the representative, for the occasion, of the Empire State, which, as he pointed out, won that title from Virginia a hundred years ago, the year, singularly enough, when General Robinson was born, and that New York has ever since maintained that pride of place goes without saying. At Gettysburg, in the Federal army, New York had the most troops and Virginia among the Southern States, so that they were both rivals and to the front again in 1863, with New York once more pre-eminent. Mr. Hugo then drew attention to the fact that it was exactly a century ago as well since the first sod was dug for the construction of the Erie canal; and another item in the history of

that year, 1817, of which this State had additional reason to be proud was the enactment, during the administration of Governor Daniel D. Tompkins, of the law ordering the abolition of slavery in all its counties after Independence Day, 1827. Mr. Hugo paid a glowing tribute to the memory of General Doubleday, at whose statue he spoke, for his distinguished services at Gettysburg and many other scenes of strife during that prolonged herculean struggle of the early sixties, the outcome of which has been to make this nation the greatest democracy in the world; and for anything and everything required to keep it so henceforth there was not the slightest doubt in his mind that the Empire State will be always available and advancing to an exemplary and effective degree.

'One of the most popular contributions to the literature of the Spanish-American war is a battle ballad by a New York man, and another poem by the same author, Joseph I. C. Clarke, recited by him at the General Doubleday dedicatory exercises, should also find room in anthologies to be compiled hereafter. Partly on Gettysburg, partly on the Civil War in general and its heroes- on both sides and brought down to date by happy and appropriate allusion to the new national and international, crisis, "Guns of the Old and the New" is a masterpiece.


The official party for the Gettysburg celebrations joined the members of the 104th New York (Wadsworth Guards) Regimental Association at Antietam, Md., on September 27th, when the monument erected to their regiment was dedicated. The principal address was delivered by United States Senator James W. Wadsworth, Jr., and State Senator John Knight also spoke at considerable length. As well as reciting interesting resumes of the battle fought at Antietam, September 17, 1862, the severest one-day conflict of the Civil War, both speakers expressed themselves freely and vehemently on the present crisis, at home and abroad, declaring that while this country for a long time, perhaps too long, followed Shakespeare's advice, "Beware of entrance to a quarrel," patience at last ceased to be a virtue or good policy, and now that the United States has been dragged

into the struggle, the bard of Avon's second advice, "But being in bear it that the opposer may beware of thee," must be the one to follow; and until the end comes the end of intolerable autoc

racy and predatory and destructive militarism — and until the banner of democracy waives triumphant once more at home and abroad the United States will not withdraw from the fight that has been forced on it. H. W. Burlingame, of Warsaw, secretary for the regiment, presided at the ceremonies.

The 104th Regiment took an active part in the memorable morning engagement at the place known as the Cornfield, where the monument stands. The appropriations for erecting and dedicating the monument were secured by the regimental association, through their senators and assemblymen. It was constructed and dedicated under the auspices of this Commission, in co-operation with Mr. Burlingame and his comrades of the 104th. The monument is eleven feet five inches in height, surmounted by a ball. The stone is dark Barre granite, from the quarries of the National Granite Co., of Montpelier, Vt., and the bronze work for it was furnished by Jno. Williams, Inc., of New York. This regiment suffered casualties at Antietam numbering eighty-two, eighteen of whom did not survive their wounds. It belonged to the First Brigade (Duryee's) of the Second Division (Rickett's), First Corps (Hooker's).


The appropriations granted by the Legislature of 1917, chapter 181, for the use of this Commission, are as follows:

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For completion of statue to General Doubleday
For completion of statue to General Robinson
For dedication of statues to General Doubleday and
General Robinson and illustrated report on the
monuments and dedications, with biographical

For transportation to Vicksburg, Miss., for survivors of
the four New York organizations engaged in the
siege there, to enable them to participate in the
National Memorial Reunion and Peace Jubilee....
For dedication of monument to the 104th New York
Regiment at Antietam









Personal services: Appropriation (chapter 646, 1916)
$5.853.44, expended to June 30, 1917, $5,173.10,
balance ..
Maintenance and operation: Appropriation (chapter
646, 1916) $1,646.56, expended to June 30, 1917,
$1,518.15, balance

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General Doubleday monument: Appropriations (chap-
ter 646, 1916, and 181, 1917) $8,000, expended
$7,495.18, balance
General Robinson monument: Appropriations (chap-
ter 646, 1916, and 181, 1917) $8,000, expended
$7,377.06, balance
Dedication of General Doubleday and General Robin-
son monuments at Gettysburg: Appropriation,
$8,000, (chapter 181, 1917), expended $6,997.16,
104th New York monument, Antietam : Appropriation
(chapter 646, 1916) $1,500, expended $1,392.70,

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104th monument dedication: Appropriation (chapter 181, 1917) $1,000, expended $808 83, balance.... Veteran transportation, Vicksburg: Appropriation (chapter 181, 1917) $1,750, expended $1,178.59, balance.

Cement-concrete fence, with gates, for New York reservation, Antietam: Appropriation (chapter 646, 1916) $5,000, expended $4,514.81, balance

$680 34

128 41

504 82

622 94

1,002 84

107 30

191 17

571 41

485 19

Application has been made to the Legislature of 1918, to have the following sums appropriated:

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For erection of a suitable monument in the New
York reservation in the battlefied of Antietam, Md.,
to the memory of the New York troops who took part
in that engagement, September 17, 1862
One-half of the amount estimated to be required there-
for $30,000-requested of the Legislature of
1918; the balance, $15,000, to be requested of the
Legislature of 1919.




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