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Page 210.-six verses in praise of music.-These verses were taken, with some small variations, from Select Ayres and Dialogues (already referred to), where they have the signature, W. D. Knight, which I take to signify that they were written by Sir William Davenant.-H.

Page 218.-the Rosicrucians.-A famous brotherhood of mystics and “occultists," as we now phrase it, supposed to have been founded at the end of the fifteenth century by one Christian Rosenkranz, and first known to the world by the publication of Fama Fraternitatis Laudabilis Ordinis Rosacrucis in 1614, and Confessio Fraternitatis, etc., 1617. The Rosicrucians figured largely in the skulland cross-bones romanticism fashionable at the beginning of the century, but Bulwer's famous novel Zanoni was their first serious treatment in imaginative literature. Of late years Madame Blavatsky, with her Indian theosophy, may be said to have completed their popularisation.

Page 218.-Mr. Margrave.-In the first edition Piscator says: "To that purpose I will go with you either to Charles Brandon's (near to the Swan in Golding Lane), or to Mr. Fletcher's in the Court, which did once belong to Dr. Nowel, the Dean of Paul's, that I told you was a good man, and a good Fisher; it is hard by the West end of Saint Paul's Church; they be both honest men and will fit an angler with what tackling hee wants. Viat. Then, good Master, let it be at Charles Brandon," &c. In the second edition, after speaking of Fletcher, our author adds: "But if you would have choice hooks, I will one day walk with you to Charles Kerbye's in Harp alley in Shoe Lane, who is the most exact and best hook-maker that the nation affords."

Why Walton left Kirby's name out of his last edition is beyond our conjecture, for he was not dead at the time; in the first edition of The Angler's Vade Mecum (Chetham's), 1681, there is an advertisement," The choicest hooks are made by Mr. Charles Kirby in Globe Court in Shoe Lane, London ;" and in the third edition of the same work there is another advertisement of Will. Browne at the sign of the Fish in Black Horse alley, near Fleet street, "who selleth all sorts of Fishing Tackle, also Charles Kirby's hooks, &c.," to which is added: "Note, That Kirby's hooks are known by the fineness of the wyer and strength, and many shops sells counterfeits of his, which proves prejudicial to the user. It is said that Kirby learnt the secret of tempering the steel for his hooks from the celebrated Prince Rupert. This is probable, as the prince was much given to practical science, among other evidences of which was his discovery of mezzotint engraving from seeing a soldier scraping a rusty musket barrel.-B.

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Page 226.-Matthiolus.-Peter Andrew Matthiolus, an eminent physician, born at Sienna, Tuscany, 1501. He is best known by his commentaries on the Materia Medica of Dioscorides, in which he displayed great talent, though, as Sprengel observes (in the preface to his edition of Dioscorides), he was not altogether free from the errors of his age. The work to which Walton refers is, probably, Epistolæ

Medicinales, Prag., 1561. He died of the plague at Trent, 1577. He must not be confounded with Matthiolus of Padua, 1490, who wrote Ars Numerativa.-B.

Page 228.-Dr. Heylin's Geography.-The title of Heylin's work is Cosmography, originally published as a small octavo, with the title of Microcosmos, or a Little Description of the Great World; enlarged to 4to, Oxford, 1622, 1633, and afterwards to a large folio-Cosmography in Four Books, containing the Chorographie and Historie of the whole World, and all the Principal Kingdoms, Provinces, Seas and Isles thereof, 1652-'64, '66, '82. Walton has copied verbatim, from the latter work, the whole passage beginning, "The chief is Thamisis," to the end of Michael Drayton's Sonnet.

Peter Heylin was born in 1600, and carly distinguished himself by his talents and learning, taking his degree of Master of Arts in his twentieth year, and of D.D. in 1633. Deprived of his church preferments, he lived some time in studious retirement, until at the Restoration he received his preferments again, but never rose higher than sub-Dean of Westminster, and died in 1662. He was a very voluminous writer and a keen controversialist. His learning was very great, and his talents remarkable, but, as Wood observes, "He was too much of a party man to be an historian, and equally an enemy to Popery and Puritanism." To what extent he carried his notions may be inferred from the high favour in which he stood with Laud, and the fact of his having determined in the negative the two questions, "Whether the Church is ever invisible?" and "Whether the Church can err?" From his Polemical histories of Episcopacy and Presbyterianism, he deserves the epithet not seldom applied to him of "uncandid.”—B.

Page 230.-a German Poet.-Who this German poet was, has not been discovered. Heylin gives three lines:

Tot campos, sylvas, tot regia tecta, tot hortos,
Artifici excultos dextra, tot vidimus arces

Ut nunc Ausonio Thamisis cum Tibride certet.-N.

Page 232.-Grotius (in his "Sophom").

Of Artificial meat, so many dishes,

The several kinds unknown to Nile of Fishes,

Strange beasts from Africk, which yet want a name,
And birds which from the Arabian desert came.—

Grotius. His Sophompaneas or Joseph, a tragedy, by Francis Goldsmith, Esq., 12mo, Lond., 1652.—N.

Page 233.-Doctor Lebault.-Walton refers to Maison Rustique; or, The Country Farmer, Compyled in the French Tongue by Charles Stevens and John Liebault, Doctors of Physicke, and Translated into English by Richard Surflet, Practitioner in Physicke, Lond., 1616, fol., from which this chapter is entirely derived.

Page 244.-Caussin.-Nicholas Caussin, a Jesuit, born at Troyes, 1583, who gained quite a reputation as a preacher and writer. He was Confessor to Louis XIII.,

and though a person of probity and courage, failed in address to keep his place at that tempestuous court. Taking the part of the Queen Mother against Richelieu, he was banished by that minister to Bretagne. After the Cardinal's death, he returned to Paris, where he died, 1651. He wrote several works in Latin and French, the most celebrated of which was, La Cour Sainte, en Cinq livres (the best and most complete edition, 1664); which was translated into English: The Holy Court, in Three Tomes, Written in French by Nicholas Caussin, S.I., Translated into English by Sr. T. H., 1634, föl. It is a book of morality written in an affected style, though not destitute of merit, and was accused of having more reference to French politics than religion. It had a great run, was often reprinted, and rendered into various languages. It ranks at present with Le Pedagogue Chrétien, and Les Sept Trompettes. I have not been able to find the sentence quoted by Walton in either the French or English versions, both of which are in my collection. Walton may have quoted incorrectly from memory; and, perhaps, himself deserves the merit of condensing Caussin's meaning into the excellent aphorism which he gives ; as there is a long, laboured passage to the same effect in the fifth section of The Statesman, entitled "Sage Precepts drawn out of the monuments of the divine Agathopolis."-B.

Page 245.-I have heard a grave divine say.-Dr. Donne, as a reverend and learned friend of mine informs me.-MOSES BROWNE.

His admired spiritual father, Dr. Donne, in his Sermons.—N.

Page 248.-some say written by Sir Harry Wotton. In the first and second editions Walton wrote, "some say written by Dr. D. (Donne): " "But let them be writ by whom they will, he that writ them had a brave soul, and must needs be possest with happie thoughts, at the time of their composure; and I hope he was an Angler' (second edition)." Hannah says: "With this account agrees the title of a copy in MS. Ashm., 38, Dr. Donne's Valediction to the Worlde.

Raleigh and Sir Kenelm Digby have been suggested as the authors, and tradition is strongly in support of Raleigh's authorship. Dr. Bethune thinks the evidence against its being as late as Wotton, and thinks it may be Raleigh's, though, as he says, the last verse does not bear out the story that he wrote it in the Tower shortly before his execution.

Page 249.-as St. Austin in his "Confessions."-Book 4, chap. 3. The passage to which Walton alludes will be found in a translation of the Life of St. Augustine, printed for John Crook, and sold at the sign of the Ship, in St. Paul's Churchyard, 1660, lib. 9, cap. 3.-N.

Page 251.-the blessing of St. Peter's Master be with mine.-A Protestant version of the blessing at the end of the Berners' Treatyse: "and all those that done after this rule, shall have the blessynge of god and Saynt Petyr, whyche he theyme graunte, that wyth his preycyous blood us bought."-B.


Page 263.-My most worthy father. The alchemists used to call their disciples 'sons," and Ben Jonson's adopted sons" are famous. It is likely that Cotton was thinking of Jonson.

Page 269.-Ashborn.—Ashbourne is thirteen miles west of Derby, situated on a tributary of the Dove, a tiny brook called Henmore. Dr. Johnson used to stop there, and Ilam Valley is supposed to be referred to in Rasselas.

Brelsford.-Brailsford is six miles S.E. of Ashbourne.

Page 272.-the brook before us.-This would be the brook that now flows through Osmaston Park. See map, page 268.

Page 277.-Spittle Hill.-The old road, now only a lane. The new road breaks off one and a half miles before Ashbourne, and meets the old road at the bottom of the hill.

Page 277.-Henmore.-At that time it was commonly called Henmore, because it flowed through Henmoor; but its proper name is Schoo-brook. See a singular contest for the right of fishing in this brook, as reported in Burrows, 2279: Richard Hayne, Esq., of Ashbourne vs. Uriah Cordon, Esq., of Clifton.-BAGSTER.

According to Shipley and Fitzgibbon, True Treatise on the Art of Fly-Fishing, Trolling, etc., as Practised in the Dove, etc., London, 1838, this "pretty little brook, now called Compton-brook, and formerly the Schoo or Henmore, and, in times gone by, celebrated for the excellent quality of its trout, runs irregularly on the south of the town."-B.

Page 278.-the Talbot.--The inn stood in the market-place, and till about sixty years since was the first inn at Ashbourne. About that time, a wing was divided off for a private dwelling, and the far-famed Talbot reduced to an inferior pot-house, and continued thus degraded until the year 1786, when it was totally demolished by Mr. Langdale, then a builder in that town, who erected a very handsome structure on that site.-N.

Page 280.-Bently Brook.-Bentley Brook is a narrow, swift stream, a mile beyond Ashbourne by the road.

Page 280.-the river Dove.-Sir Oswald Moseley says: "The Dove was so called from the British word 'dwfr' (water); and the Derwent, from 'dwfr' and 'gwin' (white), i.e., white water."

Drayton, in his Poly Olbion (Twelfth Song), makes the Dove the "darling" of Moreland

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Cotton celebrates his favourite river in his Wonders of the Peake, thus :

The silver Dove (how pleasant is that name!)
Runs through a vale high-crested cliffs o'ershade
(By her fair progress only pleasant made);
But with so swift a torrent in her course
As spurs the nymph, flies from her native source
To seek what's there deny'd, the sun's warm beams,
And to embrace Trent's prouder swelling streams.
In this so craggy ill contrived a nook,

Of this our little world, this pretty brook,
Alas! 'tis all the recompense I share
For all the intemperances of the air,
Perpetual winter, endless solitude,
Or the society of men so rude,

That it is ten times worse. Thy murmurs, Dove
Or humor of lovers: or men fall in love
With thy bright beauties, and thy fair blue eyes
Wound like the Parthian while the Shooter flies.
Of all fair Thetis' daughters none so bright,
So pleasant none to taste, none to the sight-
None yields the gentle angler such delight:
To which the bounty of her stream is such
As only with a swift and transient touch
T'enrich her sterile borders as she glides,
And force sweet flowers from their marble sides.

Cotton has this further praise of the Dove:

Oh! my beloved Nymph! fair Dove,
Princess of Rivers, how I love

Upon thy flowery banks to lie,

And view thy silver stream,

When gilded by a summer's beam,
And in it all thy wanton fry
Playing at liberty;

And with my Angle upon them,

The all of treachery

I ever learn'd to practise and to try!-B.

Page 282.-Know you whence this river Trent derives its name?-Drayton thus gives the reason of the name "Trent."

A more than usual power did in that name consist,
Which thirty doth import, by which she thus divined,
There should be found in her of fishes thirty kind;
And thirty abbeys great, in places fat and ranke,
Should in succeeding time be builded on her banke;
And thirty severale streams from many a sundry way,
Unto her greatness should their watery tribute pay.

It is probable that all these reasons for the name are wrong, and that it was given to the river before the Latin word was known in Britain.-B.

Page 286.-What's here the sign of a bridge?-The road from the "Dog and

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