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His Majesty's most gracious speech Gentlemen of the house of commonša

to both houses of parliament, I must delire of you, in particular, March 3d, 1761, recommending that I may be enabled to grant, and a law for making the commission establish, upon the judges, falaries as of the judges perpetual, during I shall think proper, so as to be abfotheir good behaviour, notwith- lutely secured to them, during the standing any future demise of continuance of their conmiffions. the crown, &c.

My lords and gentlemen,

I have nothing to add, but my My lords and gentlemen, thanks for the great unanimity and ITPON granting new commif- application with which you have hi

fions to the judges, the pre- therto carried on the public busifent state of their offices fell natu- nes; and to defire you to prorally under consideration.

ceed with the same good difpofition, In consequence of the act passed and with such dispatch, that this in the reign of my late.glorious pre- session may soon be brought to a deceffor king William III. for set- happy conclusion. tling the succession of the crown in iny family, their commissions have To this speech the lords made the been made during their good be following address. haviour ; but, notwithstanding that most gracious sovereign, wise provision, their offices have de- UITE, your majesty's most dutermined upon the demise of the V t iful and loyal subjects, the crown, or at the expiration of fix lords spiritual and temporal, in months afterwards, in every in- parliament assembled, return your Itance of that nature, which has ma eity our humble thanks for your happened.

most gracious speech from the I look upon the independency throne. and uprightness of the judges of the The tender concern which your land, as effential to the impartial majesty is pleased to express for the administration of justice ; as one of rights and liberties of your pe ple, the best securities to the rights and and for the impartial administration liberties of my loving subjects ; and of justice, fill our minds with the as most conducive to the honour of fincerelt gratitude. We look upon the crown; and I come now to re- your wife and juft sentiments, concommend this interesting object to cerning the independency and upthe consideration of parliament, in rightness of the judges of the land, "order that such farther provision as the tirou proof of what your may be made for securing the judges majeity has formerly declared to us, in the enjoyment of their offices, in words the most affectionate that during their good behaviour, not ever came from the throne, that the withstanding any such demise, as civil and religious rights of your fhall be molt expedient.

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subjects subjects are equally dear to you with To express the grateful sense, the most valuable of your royal pre- which this house has of his majesty's togatives. At the same time, no- attention to an object fo interesting thing can be a noblér instance of to his people as the impartial admiyour true greatness of mind, than to nistration of justice, and the inteesteem these principles, as they truly grity and independency of the judges are, the most conducive to the hom of the land : and to assure his manour of the crown,

jesty, that his faithful commons see, We will not fail to take into our with joy and veneration, the warm consideration this important object regard and concern, which animate of the continuance of the judges, his royal breast, for the fecurity, notwithstanding any demise of the laws, liberties, and properties, of crown ; and to do every thing, on his subjects ; and that this house our part, to make your majesty's will iminediately proceed upon the public spirited intentions effećtual: important work, recommended by happy in having an opportunity to his majesty with such tender care of do this by your majesty's free and his people ; and will enable his mavoluntary recommendation; and jesty to establish the salaries of the forming the most ardent vows, that judges, in so permanent a manner, the event, wherein the effect of such that the same may be enjoyed, dur. a provision will be experienced, ing the continuance of their commay, by the goodness of Providence missions. to these kingdoms, be removed for To return his majesty the sincere a long course of years. - acknowledgments of this house,

Permit us, on this occasion, to re- for his gracious acceptance of the new to your majesty the most un- fervices of his faithful commons, feigned allurances of our inviolable and to assure his majesty, that they duty and affection; and to express will proceed with unanimity and our thankful acknowledgments for dispatch to finish the remaining your gracious approbation of our business of this feffion of parliament. proceedings hitherto. Nothing can On the 4th of March this adequal our zeal for your majesty's drefs was presented, to which his fupport ; nor fall any thing he majefty was pleased to give this most wanting, that depends upon is, to gracious answer: bring this festion to a speedy and Gentlemen of the house of commons, happy conclusion, ani'werable to . “I thank you for this dutiful your majesty's just expectations. and unanimous address. The sense His znajelty's moit gracious antwer. you express of my sincere intention My lords,

to do what is for the good of my 1 Thank you for this very dutiful, people, gives me the highest satis

grateful, and unanimous address. faction." I am very glad, that what I have .laid before you, gives you so much His majesty's most gracious speech šatisfactiol.

to both houses of parliament; The commons refolved likewise, March 19; 1701, on putting an nemine contradicente, .

end to the session. That an humble address be pre My lords and gentlemen,' fonted to his majesty, to return his T Cannot put an end to this sermajesty the most humble thanks of 1 fion, without declaring iny enthis house, for his most gracious tise fatisfaction in your proceedings (peech from the throne.


during the course of it. - The zeal civil government, and the honour you have shewn for the honour of and dignity of the crown; and I my crown, as well as for my true think inyfélf as much obliged to interest, and that of your country, you, for the prudent use, which, in which are ever the fame, is the clear. framing that provision, you have est demonstration of that duty and made of my consent to leave my 'affection to my person and govern- own hereditary revenues to such dirment, of which you so unanimously position of parliament as might assured me at your first meeting. best conduce to the utility and satisNothing could so much add to the faction of the public, as for what pleafure, which these confiderations more immediately concerns myself. afford me, as that I am now able to In making my acknowledgments acquaint you with the great progress for the large and extensive fupplies made of late by the combined army which you have granted me this in Germany, under the command fellion, I am at a loss whether moit of Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick to applaud your chearfulness in giv. I formerly told you, that the nature ing, or your wisdom in proportionof the war, in those parts, had kept ing them to the extraordinary oci the campaign there still depending; casions of the public, notwithstanding and it now appears, to the surprize those uncommon burthens, which I of my enemies, that the superior heartily regret. No care fhall be abilities, and indefatigable activity wanting on my part, to see them of my general, and the spirit and duly applied to the national ends ardour of my officers and troops, for which you intended them." have greatly profited of this perle. My lords and gentlemen, verance, notwithstanding all the The expiration of this parliament difficulties arising from the season. now drawing very near, I will forth

By your aslistance, I have taken with give the necessary orders for the belt care to recruit that army in calling a new one : hut I cannot take an effectual manner; and have my leave of you, without returning made such a disposition of my fleet my thanks for the many eminent for the next summer, as may most proofs you have given of your fidelity advantageously defend my king and affection to my family and godoms; protect the commerce of my vernment, and of your zeal for this lubjects ; maintain and extend our harpy and excellent constitution. poliesfions, and acquisitions; and During this parliament, the flame annoy the enemy.

of war was kindled by the injurious · As in all my measures I have no- encroachments and usurpations of thing in view but the security and our enemies; and therefore it befelicity of my dominions, the fup- came just and necessary on our part. port of my allies, and the refloring In the prosecution of it you have giof the public tranquillity, I trust in ven such support to my royal grandthe Divine Providence to give a hap- father and myself, and such aslittance py issue to our farther operations. to our allies, as have manifefied Gentlemen of the house of commons, your public spirited concern for

“I cannot sufficiently thank you the honour of the nation, and the for your unanimity and dispatch, in maintenance of its undoubteci rights providing for the expences of ray and poltellions, and been attended

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with glorious successes, and greated under my authority, I with pleaacquisitions, in various parts of the sure take notice of an event, which world ; particularly the entire re- has made me compleatly happy, and duction of Canada, a conquest of the given universal joy to my loving utmost importance to the security of subjecs. My marriage with a our colonies in North America, and princess, eminently diftinguished by to the extension of the commerce every virtue and amiable endowand navigation of my subjets. . ment, whilst it affords me all pol

May God Almighty grant con- fible domestick comfort, cannot but tinuance to these suocesses! The highly contribute to the happiness use which I propose to make of of my kingdoms; which has beeg, them is, to secure and promote the and always shall be, my first object welfare of my kingdoms, and to in every action of my life. carry on the war with vigour, in or- It has been my earneft;wifn, that der to procure to them the bleilings this first period of my reign might be of peace, on safe and honourable marked with another felicity ; the conditions for me and my allies ; to restoring of the blessings of peace to which I have been always ready to my, people, and putting an end to hearken.

the calamities of war, under which. Firm in these resolutions, I do, so great a part of Europe suffers. with entire confidence, rely on the But though overtures were made to good dispositions of my faithful sub- me, and my good brother and ally jects in the choice of their represen- the king of Prussia, by the several tatives ; and I make no doubt but belligerent powers, in order to a gethey will thereby demonstrate, the neral pacification, for which pur. fincerity of those affurances, which pose a congress was appointed: and have been so cordially and univer- propofitions were made to him by fally given me, in the loyal, affec- an actual negotiat. n; yet that contionate, and unanimous addresses of gress hath not hitherto token place, my people.

and that negotiation with Fiance is Then the lord chancellor, by his entireiy broken ofT.

ma;efty's command, laid, The sincerity of my disposition to My lords and gentlemen, effectuate this good work, has been It is his majesty's roval will and manifested in the progrets of it; and pleature, that this parliament be I have the consolation to refect, that prorogued to Tuesday the seventh the continuance of the war, and the day of April next, to be then here farther etrution of christian blood, to heid ; and this parliament is accord- which it was the desire of n.v heart ing'v prorogued to Tuesday the to put a stop, cannot with justice be feventh day of April next.

imputed to me.

Our military operations have His majesty's most gracious speech been in no degree fufpended or de

on otining the present paróid layed; and it has pleased God to ment, memler 6, 1701. grant us farther important successes, My lords and gentlemen,

by the conquests of the islands of A T the opening of the first par- Belleille and Dominica; and by the liament summoned and elect


reduction of Pondicherry, which fecution of the war, I do assure you hath in a manner annihilated the no consideration whatever shall French power in the East Indies. make me depart from the true inteIn other parts, where the enemy's rests of these my kingdoms, and numbers were greatly superior, their the honour and dignity of my principal designs and projects have crown. been generally disappointed, by Gentlemen of the house of commons; a conduct which does the higheit I am beartily forry, that the nehonour to the distinguished capacity cesity of large supplies appears to of my general prince Ferdinand of clearly from what has already been Brunswick, and by the valour of my mentioned. The proper estimates troops. The magnanimity and for the services of the ensuin ç year ability of the king of Prussia have shall be laid before you ; and I deeminently appeared, in refifting such fire you to grant me such supplies, numerous armies, and surmounting as may enable me to profecute the so great difficulties.

war with vigour, and as your own . In this situation, I am glad to welfare and security in the prefent have an opportunity of receiving the critical coniuncture require; that truest information of the sense of we may happily put the last hand my people, by a new choice of their to this great work. Whatsoever representatives. I am fully per- you giye, thallbe duly and faithfully fuaded you will agree with me in applied. opinion, that the steady exertion of I dare fay your affectionate reour most vigorous effort, in every gard for me and the queen, makes part where the enemy may still be you go before me in what I am next attacked with advantage, is the on- to mention ; the making an adely means that can be productive of quate and honourable provision for such a peace, as may with reason be her support, in case the should surexpected from our successes. It is vive ine. This is what not only therefore my fixt resolution, with her royal dignity, but her own me. your concurrence and fupport, to rit calis for; and I earnestly recomcarry on the war in the most effec- mend it to your confideration*. tual manner for the interest and advantage of my kingdoma ; and to My lords and gentlemen, maintain to the utmost of my pow. I have such a conhdence in the er, the good faith and honour of real and good affections of this parmy crown, by adhering firmly to liament, that I think it cuite suthe engagements entered into with periluous to use any exhortations to my allies. In this I will persevere, excite you to a right conduct. I until my enemies, moved by their will only add, that there never was own losses and diftresses, touched a situation in which unanimity, - with the miseries of so many na- firmness, and dispatch were more tions, shall yield to the equitable necessary for the safety, honour, . conditions of an honourable peace; and true interest of Great Briin which cafe, as well as in the pro- tain.

* The grant to the late queen, in cas3 she should surtire his m iestų, re'cis 100,0001. per annion, with Som rset-house, and the loilye, in Richmondi-purk. [R] 4


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