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it is in vain at present to support the and the management of the fuc- . improbabilities and absurdities in a ceeding part of the scheme to liis confeffion, taken in a clandestine friends Verton and Lethington, who, way, nobody knows how; and pro- by their rebellion and imprisonment duced after Paris's death, by nobo. of the queen, secured for him the dy knows whm: an.l from every regacy of the kingdom. app-arance defiitute of every forma. It must fill, however, be aclity requisite and common to fuch knowled sed, that all this amount fort of evidenre : for these reasons, to no direct proof of Murray's be-, I am under no fort of he'liation to ing an afior in the murder of lord give fentence a rainst Nicholas llu. Darnley : but when the whole of bert's confeffion, as a gross inpf- his condut, which we have traced, ture and forgery.

and dete 'ted, is considered, there The fifth chanter is a well-drawn appears the strongest presumptive summary of the arguments on both evidence, of his being acceffarr to, fides, and the sixth is taken up in and in the knowledge of, the whole tracing out the views, designs, and affair. The clofe, fubtile, and deep connexions of Murray, Morton, and part which he way to play in the Lethington. That the two last catastrophe, was to place him elf named were the tools and infiru- conceale 1 behind the curtain, while ments of Nurray's ambition, is ap- the biondy work was a doing, to parent. That they were both of lool through his fingers thairto, and them at least privy to the murder, is 10lehold the diings saying nothing not to be doubted; and as they were, to the same. * Hlow iaithully he fo it is not easy to fuppofe Murray kept to this plan, we have already their principal could be ignorant of fewn. Wtcever then thall consider it. But that Bothwell waiguilty, is the whole of Murray's conduct, his not a quition. Whether the queen rebellions, plots, and conspiracies, wa: altogether innocent, every man and that by a csrfeunt andinvariable will after all julre for himself. Polution of this pian, he at lerrth That her marriage with Bothwell obtained t.e full completion of his was impru.kat, no one can doubt. fchme, by dethroning his sovereign, Our author, in what we think a poflestins himself of the reins of mafierly manner, brings the leveral gvernment, and by that means facinora «f Viurray, Voron, and having it in his power to imotber Lethington, into one point of view, and put out of the way all preo: or and makes thus his conclufion. evilence that might tend to discover

"Such is ths complici1 evi- his own guilt, with the remarkable dinc.'s that areas as.inithorit caution obferved by him, in taking centederates, Murray, lloron and care to withdraw limtelf from the Letharton, precerling lord Darr. scene, at the procife time always ley's murder, in which the cirl of when the decifive events were ready Murray is plainly pointed out to to fall out, mult, for these reasons, have baca at the lod, and in the plainly fee that th» foregoing predirection of the livie copilari fupplive proof a gainst Murrat,front until the very prind on the linir's circunstances, is the only one isich, murder, that he with whim;?, from the nature of things, can at and foon aftur luft this linda, this day be expected. To this, • Wide p. 139. of this coqu ry,

however,

however, we may add a direct proof That as it is proved, that the of his using false evidence against confederates, for taking away the the queen, in the case of Nicholas king's life, were Morton and LeHubert, or French Paris's confef- thington, the very persons who affion*, which we have demonstrated terwards brought an accusation to be false, and that the fame came against queen Mary for that very directly from the hand of Murray, crime; therefore she herself could

The evidence is much stronger, not have been in that confederacy, however, with regard to his two nor guilty of that crime. associates, Morton and Lethington: 2dly. As it is proved that Murthe same presumptive proof as against ray, Morton, and Lethington, had Murray not only appears against been, from the queen's coming to them, but we have likewise a posi- Scotland, joint confederates in 2 tive proof joined to it, against each series of plots, conspiracies, and reof these associates, viz. The mu- bellions, against her and her hustual retorted accusation of each of band, unto the very eve of the them against the other, joined to the king's murder: as they had with act of forfeiture againit Lethington, one voice publickly accused the by the regent Lennox, and the in- queen, of that very crime, of which dictment, verdi&t, and fentence, påst it is proved, that, at leaft, Mortca by the peers of the kingdom against and Lethington were themselves acMorton, as an accomplice in the complices: and, as in support of king's murder, together with his their accusation, this triumvirate own confeffion (as given us by his had produced fpurious and forged particular friends in the manner they writings; and by all these means chose themselves) that he was in the had dethroned their sovereign, and knowledge of the murder. So full possessed themselves of the governand dire&t is the proof of their guilt. ment: for these reafons, therefore,

From all which, it is submitted the three confederates, Murray, to the judgment of the reader, Morton, and Lethington, mut be whethei the conclusions in the two held, one and all of them, as sua propofitions, mentioned in the be- criminis, guiltyof the crime ofwhich ginning of this chapter, do not na- tbey had injuftly accused queen turally follow, viz.

Mary.

* We have already seen that Murray was at St. Andrew's at Paris's condemnation and execution ; and that the only copy of this spurious confeffionis fubtribed by Hay, clerk of Murray's council; and we have ftill tant the tiltruktions by Murray himfeli to the abbot of Dunfermline, his envoy to the Ligh court, 15th of October 1569, in these words: “ And if further proof be required, we have fent with you the depofitious of Nicholas Hubert, alias Paris, a Frenchinan, one who was present at the coinmitting of the tuid murder, and or late execute to the death for the same.” Good. v. 2. p. 58.

We may now judge with what justice Mr. Ilume has given fentence in the cale of Murray. “That there is not the least presumptiou to lead us to fufpeét him as an acconiplice in the murder." We need not wonder, therefore, that shis lame judge, who has accquitted Murray of evvy prefumption of guilt, thould give as pofitive a fentence against the queen.

CON

THE

:CO N T E N T S.

you to
HISTORY OF EUROPE.

CH A P. I. PReliminary remarks. Treaty proposed and entered into ly the bellige

rent powers. Mr. Stanley sent to Paris, and Mr. Bussy to London. French machinations in Spain. Difficulties in the negotiation. Design of the campaign in Hesse, and of the ti pedition to Belleisle [1

CHA P. II. Prince Ferdinand's plan. Allies enter into Hesse and Thuringi. French

retire. Hereditary prince repulsed at Fritzlar. Fritzlar takon. Sereral magazines taken. Blockade of Marpurg and Ziertenhugn. Siege of Cassel. Battle of Langensaltze. Broglio reinforced from the Louer Rhine. Hereditary Prince defeated at Stangerode. Sirge of Cassel, &c. ruised. Allies retire behind the Dynul.

17 CHA P. III. The negotiation continued. Proposition of uti possidetis. Belate concern

ing the periods. Belleisle described. English repulsed at Lochmaria lay. They make good their landing. Puluis lesieged. Tuin ulandoned. Citadel capitulates.

113 CHA P. IV. England and France agree to treat of a separate peace. Epochas proposed Ty England. Court of l'ienna agrees. Objects of the negotiation Proposals of France with regard to Europe, Asia, -1frica, and Anrica. French memorial concerning Spain. Indignation of the English mia nister. English answer to the French memorial.

(13 CH A P. V. slotions of the French and allied armies. General Sporken attacked

French pass the Dymel. Skirmishes. Position of prince Ferdinand.
Junction of Broglio and Soulist'. Battle of kirch Deukern. French de-
frated. French threuten Honorer. Prince Henry of Brunsu'ick killed.
Taking of Dorsten. Tarious monuments of the armies. Destruction of
Scharisfelt castle. Prince Harier y Sarony takes Iolfend uttle, and
invests Brunsuick Detailunent from Princ Soul ise take and alandon
Emden. Attempt in Bremen. S erings of Lower It stphalia. [24
VOL. IV.

| C H A P. : CH A P. VI. Condition of the king of Prussia. His inaction. Mutions of the Russians

and of Laudohn. Breslau Cannonaded. Totile in removed. Callergie sieged Russian magazines in Pulaue ut eroved. War transformed in Pomerania. King of Prussia q 'its his strong camp. Shuridnitz taken by a coup de main. General Piaten repulsed. General Knoblock made prisoner at Treptou. Prince Wurtenlurg reireats. Colberg taken. Russians winter in Pomerania.

[31 CHA P. VII. The negotiation resumed. French concessions. Difference concerning the

German alliance. Difference concerning the captures antecedent to the declaration of war. Treaty breaks off. Messieurs Stanley and Bussy recalled. .

[37 CHA P. VII. Conduct of Spain during the negotiation. Spanish minister's memorial.

Treaty letween France and Spain Difference in the English ministry. Mr. Pitt resigns. Mr. Pitt's letter. Disputes concerning the resignetion. Addresses. Parliament meets. The German war continued. (11

. CH A P. IX. Dispute with Spain. Representation of the earl of Bristol. Disposiiion of

the court of Madrid. Treaty betueen France and Spain. England dea sires a communication. Court of Spain refuses. The ministers-mutually withdraw. A rupture.

[19 - C H A P. A. Blockode of Pondicherry. Distress of the French. Fleet dispersed in a

storm. Fleri returns. Town surrenders. Mahie taken. Enterprises of Mr. Law. Mogul army defeated ly Major Carnac. Natol of Bengal deposed. Coast of Sumatra ravaged by the count d'Estaign. Duminica taken ly lord Rollo and Sir James Douglas. "

[54 The CHRONICLE. ,. On the late transit of Venus over the Sun King Henry the Seventh's instructions to his amlassadors at Naples (198 Claims at the Coronation of king James II. . - - 1201 A full account of their majesties nuptials

1205 of their majesties coronation Another account from a gentleman in London to his friend in the country,

1999 The lord mayor's show, and the entertainment at Guildhall.

S T A T E P A P E R S. His majesty's speech to both houses of parliament, March 3d, 1761 [243

March 19th, 1761 211 on opening the present parliament, Nov. 6,1761 (246 The address of the lords

1216 - commons The earl of Halifax's speech to the parliament of Ireland

1251 A short view of the cause and conduct of the war, &c.

1263 11. Vaudreuil's letter to the duke de Choiseul . -

Memorial

(192

[215

[295

(249

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[272

[268

Memorial presented to the States General, &'c.

[268 The declaration of the French king to the court of Sweden, &c. [269 Memorial presented by the French ambassador at Stockholm 1270 Declaration of the empress queen of Hungary and Bohemia Counter declaration

1273 Translation of M. de Boreel's speech to the king

ibid. The Hon. Gen. Yorke's speech to the States General

1274 Answer returned to the foregoing speech of Sir Joseph Yorke, by Baron Wassenaar de Catwick

[275 Declaration of the most Christian king to the diet of the empire €276 -- maishal Broglio, &c.

1277 Heads of the family, convention of the house of Bourlon - 1278 Translation of a note delivered to the earl of Egremont, ly the count de Fuentes

-
-

- [281 the answer delivered to the count de Fuentes, by the earl of Egremont

- - - [282 Copy of the king of Spain's orders to the gorernors of the sea-port towns of that kingdom, for the detention of the English ships

[285 His majesty's declaration of war ugainst the king of Spain ibid. The king of Spain's declaration of war Papers relating to the surrender of Pondicherry

Translation of M1. Lally's proposals for the delivery of the garrison (290 . Colonel Coote's answer to M. Lally's proposals - - 1291 Articles proposed to Colonel Coote by the chief of the Jesuits; to which

no answer que returned
no answer was returned

:

itid. Translation of the supreme order, from the Mogul's court at Delhi, to Sciddee Ilirahim, of Rajapore

- (292 Capitulation for the citadel of Belleisle

- 1293 The terms of peace to be granted to the Cherokee Indians

(296 Account of a late conspiracy against the king of Prussia .- (297 The humble address of the lord mayor, aldermen, and commons of the city of London to the king

-
-

- 5298 The humble address of the lord mayor, aldermen, &c. to her majesty ibid. people called quakers

- - 5299 A letter from a right hon. person, to a - in the city 1300 The answer of the hon. gentleman to whom the alove letter was addressed

-
-

- - ibid. The representation of the lord mayor, aldermen, and commons of the city

of London to their representatives in parliament - 801 Copy of the thanks to the right honourelle William Pitt, from the court of common council

- 1902 The king's most gracious speech to both houses of parliament, on the 19th of Jan. 1762, on occasion of his having declared uur, against Spain (303

:CH A R A C T E R S. Account of the Buccaneers of America, &c. Particulars relating to the Indians of the Peninsula within the Ganges 6 A general account on the Canadians, from Charleroir - 10 The epistle from the yearly meeting, held in London, by adjournment 12

Queen

Y 2

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