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Trebia, Trebia, a river in Cisalpine Gaul.
Tricastini ; see note 21, 31.
Tricorii, a tribe in Gaul, east of the Vocontii, in the neighborhood of the

modern Briançon. Turdetani, a tribe in Spain, in the western part of Bætica. They after

wards extended westward along the coast, beyond the Anas (Guadiana) to the farthest limits of Spain.

U. Umbria, a country in Central Italy, bounded on the north by the Rubico,

west by the Tiber, northeast by the sea, south by the Nar. Utens, a river in Cisalpine Gaul.

V. Vaccæi, a Spanish tribe, who occupied the greatest part of the modern

Valladolid, the northern extremity of Salamanca, the southeast extremity of Leon, southern Palencia, and the largest part of Toro.

Chief town Palantia, now Palencia. Vecilius, (mons). See note, B. 3, 50. Veii, an Etrurian town, twelve miles north west of Rome. Velia. See note, B. 2, 7, and Plan of Rome. Venusia, a town on the borders of Apulia and Lucania, but belonging to

the former; now Venosa. Vibonensis Ager, district of the city Vibo Valentia, on the western coast

of Bruttium. Victumviæ, in Cisalpine Gaul, not far from Placentia. Viminalis, Collis, one of the seven hills of Rome.-See Plan. Vocontii, a tribe in southeastern Gaul, whose territory embraced a part of

the modern Provence, and the southeastern part of Dauphiné. Volcæ, a Celtic tribe in southern Gaul, on the west side of the Rhone,

who were divided into two branches: 1. Volcæ Arecomici, whose country extended from the river Orbis, (Orbe,) or, ccording to Mannert, the river Arauris, (Herault,) to the Rhone; 2. Volcæ Tectosă ges, who lived westward of the former, towards the Pyrenees. The chief town of the Arecomici was Nimausus, Nimes; of the

Tectosăges, Tolosa, Toulouse. Volciani, tribe in Spain, near the Bargusii. Volsci. From the Anio to the sea at Tarracina extends a line of high

lands interrupted by a break, to the south of Præneste, and thereby divided into two parts of unequal length, the shorter one extending from Tibur to Præneste, the longer from Præneste to Tarracina and the sea. Of this mountain wall, the longer part was occupied by the Volscians, the shorter by the Æquians.-See Arnold's Hist.

1, p. 120. Vulcani Insula, the most southerly of the Liparæan islands ; also called

Hiéra ; now Volcano.
Vulturnus, now Volturno, river in Campania.


Zacynthus, an island in the Ionian sea; now Zante



A or ab,

= a parte, apud, i. 12; ib. 33 ; xxi. 5; expressing a cause, v. 47;

xxi. 36; post, xxii. 18; ib. 40.
Ablative, without cum, xxi. 48; of the gerund, instead of a conditional

clause, xxi. 5 ; of instrument with persons, xxii. 46; absolute, ox-
pressing the circumstances under which something takes place,

xxi. 5.
Abstinere, with the dative, i. 1.
Ac, explicative, xxi. 4; xxii. 41 ; “than," after antidea, xxii. 10.
Acies, meaning, i. 23.
Ad, “ in the vicinity of,” i. 33; after it, the accusative omitted, ib. ; v. 47;

in consequence of," " by,” iii. 48; "according to,” xxi. 21;
“ about,” xxi. 22; “in comparison with,” xxii. 22; --id locorum,
xxii. 38; -mille, for a substantive, xxii. 31; -tempus, xxi. 25;
Ara maxima, i. 7.
Archaisms, in Livy, i. 49.
Argentum ad vescendum factum, xxii. 52.
Argiletum, position of, i. 19.
Arma and Tela, i. 25; xxii. 57.
Asserere in servitutem, -in libertatem, iii. 44.
Assuescere, xxi. 33 ; xxii. 18.
At, with the force of saltem, i. 41 ; ii. 56; at enim, xxi. 18; ib. 40.
Atque, = et ita, “ and so,” xxii. 6.
Auspicato, v. 38.
Auspicia ementiri, xxi. 62.
Auspicio addicere, xxii. 42.

-unum omnes, xxi. 42; -vivum, xxii. 17.
Adeo, its meaning, at the end of the Preface.
Admodum, xxi. 36.
Adversi montes, xxii. 17; adverso flumine, adversa ripa, xxi. 27; adver-

sum femur, xxi. 7.
Ædes, not expressed, i. 33; v. 47; xxi. 62.
Ædificium, atrium, domus, ædes, v. 41.
Ægro animi, ii. 36.
Æquare frontem, v. 38; xxii. 47; aqua fronte, ib.
Æqui atque iniqui, v. 45; xxii. 26.
Affertur, used absolutely, xxii. 14.
Affinitas, propinquitas, and necessitudo, iv. 4.
Affligi, xxi. 35.
Ager Tarquiniorum, ii. 4.
Alius, for reliquus, ii. 38; xxi. 26; alium-alius, for alterum-alter

i. 25.
Ambustus, xxii. 35.
Anacoluthon, i. 40; ii. 12; xxi. 3; ib. 10.
Anceps, i. 25.
Anchoralia, xxii. 19.
Annona, ii. 34.
Antidea, xxii. 10.
Appia via, xxii. 1.
Apposition, proper name in apposition with dative, rather than with

nomen, i. 1.

Calida consilia, xxii. 24.
Carmen, i. 26.
Carptim, xxij. 16.
Castra, for a “day's march,” xxi. 31; -movere, ib. 33.
Cedere, “ to give up,” usually with ablative, iv. 6.
Celeres, i. 15.
Celerius spe, xxi. 6.
Centuriare, xxii. 38.
Ceterum, xxi. 5; ib. 6; ib. 18.
Cetrati, xxi. 21.
Claudere, “to be lame,” xxii. 39
Clepere, xxii. 10; clepset, ib.
Cloaca maxima, i. 56.
Cælius Antipater, xxi. 38.
Comitium, xxij. 7; comitiis centuriatis, ablative of time, ii. 2.
Committere cur, v. 46; -bellum, xxi. 40.
Concionabundus, iji. 47.
Conclamare, i. 58.
Conditio, iji. 45; conditionibus, or sub conditionibus, xxi. 12.
Conficere bellum, xxi. 40.
Connubium, iv. 1.
Consalutare, salutare, and appellarc, xxii. 29.
Conserere artes belli, xxi. 1.
Construction, changes of, frequent in Livy, xxi. 5; ib. 18; change from

oratio obliqua to oratio recta, i. 47; xxi. 10; an independent
clause, instead of an accusative with infinitive dependent upon a
verbum dicendi, xxi. 18; change from passive voice to active,

xxii. 6.
Consualia, i. 9.
Corpora curare, v. 45; xxi. 31.
Creare, xxi. 15.
Cum-tum, force of, i. 8; the mood with cum in cum-tum, ib. 21
Curia xxii. 7.
Custodie and stationes, v. 44; xxi. 14.


Dative, dativus ethicus, Preface; -commodi, xxi. 33; ib. 54; translated

4/ by the English possessive, i. 5; ib 25 ; v. 41; xxi. 53 ; instead of

ablative with a or ab, i. 23 ; iii. 54; xxi. 34; ib. 39; with part. in

dus, denoting purpose, i. 35; iv. 4; xxii. 35; ib. 52.
Decernere, xxi. 6.
Decuriare, xxii. 38.
Degeneratum, used substantively, i. 53.
Demum, v. 41.
Destinatum, used substantively, xxi. 54.
Dicere diem, ii. 35.
Dies, gender, xxii. 8;-joined with tempus, xxii. 39; diem de die, v, 48.
Dignitates, xxii. 40.
Dignus, without a noun, xxi. 48.
Dirimere and dividere, xxij. 15.
Discerneres, xxi. 4.
Dispar and dissimilis, xxii. 46.
Ditionis, fieri, facere, i. 25; xxi. 53.
Donec, temporal, with the imperfect and pluperfect subjunctive, i. 39;

xxi. 28; _" as long as,” with the subjunctive, ib.
Dubitare, construction, xxii. 55.
Ducere, used absolutely, i. 23 ; xxi. 22; ib. 56; xxii. 12; "to take with,"

xxi. 1 ;-tutele, xxi. 41; -ordinem, iii. 44.
Duim, xxii. 10.
Dum, in the sense of ut, iii. 46; -“ so long as, ”with the subjunctive, ii. 6.

E republica, xxii. 11.
Ecquis, i. 9.
Educere, used absolutely, i. 23 ; xxi. 39.
Egredi urbem, iii. 57 ; xxii. 55.
Ellipsis, in questions expressing indignation, iv. 2
Ementiri auspicia, xxi. 63.
Emerita stipendia, xxi. 43.
Enim, expressing strong asseveration, xxii. 25.
Error, i. 23 ; xxii. 1.
Esse, with the gen. meaning to whom or what any thing belongs, i. 25;

iii. 48 ; ib. 59; iv. 2; xxi. 11; ib. 30; xxii. 22 ; ib. 50.
Et," and that too,” i. 17; explicativo, xxii. 2; et-et-tum, i. 40; "and

therefore,” xxi. 24.
Et ipse, where the antithesis is not expressed, xxi. 23.
Evadere, with the acc., xxi. 32.
Evehi in anchoras, xxii. 19.
Excedere urbem, ii. 37.
Excipere hospitio, i. 22.
Ex comparatione, xxii. 8;-vano, xxii. 7; -mei animi sententia, xxii. 53 ;

-magna parte, xxi. 5; -fædere, i. 23.
Expertus, used passively, i. 17; xxi. 1.
Expetere, intransitive, i. 22 ; transitivo, i. 23 ;-in aliquem, ib.

Facere, fieri, with genitive, i. 25; xxi. 44; ib. 53.
Facere, “ to sacrifice,” xxii. 10.
Fallere, “ to escape notice of,” v. 47; xxi. 48; “ to deceive," xxi. 45.
Fama and rumor, xxii. 39.
Fando audire, iv. 3.

Feretrius, Juppiter, i. 10.
Ferre, tacitum feras, iii. 45; ab Turno tulissetacitum, ib.
Ferro igni, ii. 10.
Fetialis, i. 24.
Firmus and stabilis, xxii. 37.
Flaminia via, xxii. 11.
Fortis and strenuus, iv. 3; ib. 4 ; xxi. 4.
Forum and toga, xxii. 26.
Frigus and gelu, xxi. 32.
Funesta familia, ii. 8.
Furca, i. 26.
Furere and insanire, xxii. 39.

Genitive, with esse and fieri, i. 25; xxi. 44; of quality with a proper

name, xxi. 1; with nout. plural of an adjective, xxi. 31 ; of a de-
monstr. pron. dependent upon a rel. pron., xxi. 26; of is dependent

upon another gen., xxii. 22; singular of gerund with vestri, xxi. 41.
Genius, xxi. 62.
Gravis, meaning, i. 16.

Hærere vestigio, xxi. 35.
Haud ita multo post, i. 33 ; haud parum, xxii. 26.
Hauddum, xxii. 12.
Haurire ex vano, xxii. 7.
Hendiadys, xxi. 63.
Hexameters in prose, Preface ; xxi. 50.


Idem," and also,” xxi. 25; ib. 43.
Impellere, with infinitive, xxii. 6.
Imperfect, after postquam, i. 23 ; iii. 46; xxi./12; ib. 28.

subj. in oratio obliqua, after a past tense, where the future in
oratio recta, i. 23; -in timerem, discerneres, etc., ii. 7; xxi. 4 ;

xxii. 7; ib. 46 ; -for the pluperf. xxi. 5; ib. 19.
Implere, with the genitive, i. 46.
In, in id, denoting purpose, xxi. 42 ; -custodiam habere, xxii. 25;

jus ferre, xxi. 32 ; —orbem pugnare, xxi. 56;- -eo esseut, xxii. 1;

-rem esse, xxii. 3.
Indicative, in oratio obl. xxi. 1; ib. 3; in the apodosis of conditional

clauses, xxi. 5.
Indignus, followed by ut and the subj. xxii. 59.
Indignatio and ira, xxi. 41.
Infestus and infensus, i. 7.
Infinitive, historical in the apodosis, v. 46; infin. perf. for the infin. pres.,

iï. 48; xxii. 59.
Inquit, with a dative, xxii. 6.
Insula Tiberina, ii.
Invidere, with the abl., ii. 40.
Ita, its restrictive force, xxii. 61 ; ita-ne tamen, ib. ; ita-si, moaning

of, i. 8; xxi. 13.

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