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agency agent agriculture annuities Arapahoes Article bands ceded Cherokees chiefs Chivington Christian citizens civilized claim Cloth Colorado Commissioner Congress consent corn council courts cultivate Dakota Delawares Department dians dollars faith farms fifty Fort Lyon friendly friends give Governor horses hostile hundred hunting Indian Affairs Indian Bureau Indian Territory Indian tribes Interior Kansas killed labor live located massacre ment miles Minnesota missionaries Mississippi Missouri Missouri River murder nation Nebraska never Nez Perces Niobrara River North occupied Omaha Oregon party peace peaceable person Poncas possession present President promised protection punish received remain removal reservation River Sand Creek Sand Creek massacre says Secretary sent settlement severalty Shoshones Sioux Sitting Bull soil soldiers soon Standing Bear stipulations subsistence suffered thousand tion tract treaty United States Government Wallowa Valley white settlers Winnebagoes women Yankton Sioux
Page 16 - In the establishment of these relations the rights of the original inhabitants were, in no instance, entirely disregarded, but were necessarily, to a considerable extent, impaired. They were admitted to be the rightful occupants of the soil, with a legal as well as just claim to retain possession of it, and to use it according to their own discretion...
Page 13 - The title by conquest is acquired and maintained by force. The conqueror prescribes its limits. Humanity, however, acting on public opinion, has established, as a general rule, that the conquered shall not be wantonly oppressed, and that their condition shall remain as eligible as is compatible with the objects of the conquest.
Page 42 - We desire you to consider, brothers, that our only demand is the peaceable possession of a small part of our once great country. Look back, and review the lands from whence we have been driven to this spot. We can retreat no farther, because the country behind hardly affords food for its present inhabitants; and we have, therefore, resolved to leave our bones in this small space to which we are now confined.
Page 20 - A dwarf is as much a man as a giant; a small republic is no less a sovereign state than the most powerful kingdom.
Page 14 - nation,' so generally applied to them, means ' a people distinct from others.' The Constitution, by declaring treaties already made, as well as those to be made, to be the supreme law of the land, has adopted and sanctioned the previous treaties with the Indian nations, and consequently admits their rank among those powers who are capable of making treaties. The words 'treaty
Page 13 - When the conquest is complete, and the conquered inhabitants can be blended with the conquerors, or safely governed as a distinct people, public opinion, which not even the conqueror can disregard, imposes these restraints upon him; and he cannot neglect them without injury to his fame and hazard to his power.
Page 280 - States whereby the difficulties they have experienced by a residence within the settled parts of the United States under the jurisdiction and laws of the State Governments may be terminated and adjusted ; and with a view to reuniting their people in one body and securing a permanent home for themselves and their posterity in the country selected by their forefathers without the territorial limits of the State sovereignties, and where they can establish and enjoy a government of their choice and perpetuate...