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acres agency agent annuities asked bands become called camp carried Cherokees Cheyennes chiefs citizens civilized claim Cloth Commissioner condition Congress continued council Creek Delawares Department desire dians dollars fact faith farms five force four friendly friends give given Government Governor hands held horses hostile houses hundred hunting improvement Indian Territory Indians interest Kansas killed lands leave less letter live located marched massacre means ment miles move murder never North occupied officer paid party passed peace person Poncas portion possession present President promised protection raised reason received record remain removal reservation River says Secretary sent side Sioux soon suffered taken Territory thing thousand tion took treaty tribe United whole Winnebagoes women
Page 16 - In the establishment of these relations the rights of the original inhabitants were, in no instance, entirely disregarded, but were necessarily, to a considerable extent, impaired. They were admitted to be the rightful occupants of the soil, with a legal as well as just claim to retain possession of it, and to use it according to their own discretion...
Page 13 - The title by conquest is acquired and maintained by force. The conqueror prescribes its limits. Humanity, however, acting on public opinion, has established, as a general rule, that the conquered shall not be wantonly oppressed, and that their condition shall remain as eligible as is compatible with the objects of the conquest.
Page 42 - We desire you to consider, brothers, that our only demand is the peaceable possession of a small part of our once great country. Look back, and review the lands from whence we have been driven to this spot. We can retreat no farther, because the country behind hardly affords food for its present inhabitants; and we have, therefore, resolved to leave our bones in this small space to which we are now confined.
Page 20 - A dwarf is as much a man as a giant; a small republic is no less a sovereign state than the most powerful kingdom.
Page 14 - nation,' so generally applied to them, means ' a people distinct from others.' The Constitution, by declaring treaties already made, as well as those to be made, to be the supreme law of the land, has adopted and sanctioned the previous treaties with the Indian nations, and consequently admits their rank among those powers who are capable of making treaties. The words 'treaty
Page 13 - When the conquest is complete, and the conquered inhabitants can be blended with the conquerors, or safely governed as a distinct people, public opinion, which not even the conqueror can disregard, imposes these restraints upon him; and he cannot neglect them without injury to his fame and hazard to his power.
Page 280 - States whereby the difficulties they have experienced by a residence within the settled parts of the United States under the jurisdiction and laws of the State Governments may be terminated and adjusted ; and with a view to reuniting their people in one body and securing a permanent home for themselves and their posterity in the country selected by their forefathers without the territorial limits of the State sovereignties, and where they can establish and enjoy a government of their choice and perpetuate...