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03 borders of Canaan subject to him;" but upon

Abraham's defeating his army, he lost them, codi and never recovered them again. But I

would observe, that even whilst he had the

dominion of these cities, in the full stretch boys of his empire, it did not reach to the king

doms of Israel, or which then were the kingdoms of Canaan; for he never came any farther, than to the five cities; neither was he master of Philistia, for that was farther

westward; nor does he appear to have come is near to Sidon. As to the other kingdoms

mentioned by our learned author, namely,

the kingdoms of Moab, Ammon, Edom, Tits Damascus, and Hamath, they were not in ATE being in those times. Moab and Ammon maith were the sons of Lot, and were not born until teiks after the destruction of Sodom and Gomorerillist rah:' and the countries which were planted hati by them and their descendants could not be

planted by them until many years after this time. The Emims dwelt in these countries in those days, andChedorlaomer subdued them ; but as he lost all these countries upon Abra

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i Gen. xix. 37, 38. ! Gen. xiv. 5.

ham's routing his forces, so I apprehend that he never recovered them again. The Emims after this lived unmolested, until in after-times the children of Lot conquered them, and got the possession of their country;" at which time the Assyrians had nothing to do in these parts. The same is to be said of Edom; the Horites were the ancient inhabitants of this land," and Chedorlaomer smote them in their mount Seir;. but as he lost his dominion over these nations, so the Horites or Horims grew strong again, until the children of Esau conquered them;p and the Assyrians were not masters of this country until later ages. As to Damascus, the heathen writers thought that Abraham first made a plantation there;' probably it was planted in his times. The Sya rians had grown up to two nations in David's time, and were conquered by him. In the decline of Solomon's reign, Rezon made

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1. XL

Deut.. ii. 9. Gen. xix. 37, 38. * Deuť. ii. 12.

Gen. xiv. 6. Deut. ii. 12. · Damascenus apud Joseph. Antiq. lib. 1. c. 8. 52 Samuel viii.

Syria an independent kingdom again,' and
Damascus became its capital city;' and in
Ahab's time it was grown so powerful, that
Benhadad the king of it had thirty and two
kings in his army;" yet all this time Syria and
all its dependants were not subject to the
kings of Assyria. In the time of Ahaz, when
Rezon was king, Tiglath-Pileser conquered
him,took Damascus, captivated its inhabitants,
and put an end to the kingdom of Syria;“ but
before this, neither he nor his predecessors
appear to have had any command in these
countries. God gave by promise to the seed
of Abraham all the land from the river of
Egypt to the river Euphrates,y and Solomon
came into the full possession of it;? but
neither he nor his fathers had any wars with
the kings of Assyria ; so that we must conclude
that the king of Assyria's dominions reached
no further than to that river. When Che-
dorlaomer invaded Canaan, the world was
thin' of people, and the nations planted in

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*1 Kings xi. 23, 24, 25.
'Ibid. Isaiah. vii, 8. .
* 2 Kings xvi. Gen. xy.

* 1 Kings xx.
z 2 Chron. ix. 26.


it were comparatively speaking, few, and all that large tract between the nations which he came to conquer, and the Euphrates, was not inhabited; for we find that his auxiliaries who came with him, lived all in and near the land of Shinaar. There were no intermediate nations; for if there had been any, he would have brought their united strength with him. Now this agrees with the description of the land between the river of Egypt and Euphrates in the promise to Abraham; wherein the nations inhabiting in and near Canaan are enumerated; but except these there were no other. Agreeably to this when Jacob travelled from Canaan to the land of Haran, and afterwards returned with a large family from Laban into Canaan,' we do not read that he passed through many nations, but rather over uninhabited countries; so that the kingdoms near Canaan which served Chedorlaomer were in his time the next to the kingdoms, on or near the Euphrates. Therefore when he

2 1.

Gen. xxviii. xxix,

* Gen. xv. 18 Gen. xxxi.

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lost the service of these nations, his empire
extended no farther than that river; and his
successors not enlarging their empire, all the
country between Palestine and Euphrates,
though after these days many nations were
planted in it, was not a part of the Assyrian
empire, until in after-times the Assyrian,
and after them the Babylonian kings by new
conquests extended their empire farther than
erer their predecessors had done. When
the ancient Assyrian empire was dissolved,
on the death of Sardanapalus, the dominions
belonging to it were divided between the
two commanders, who subverted it; Arbaces
the governor of Media, and Belesis gover
nor of Babylon. Belesis had Babylon and
Chaldea, and Arbaces had all the rest.«
Arbaces is in Scripture called Tiglath-Pileser,
and the nations of which he became master
were Assyria and the eastern provinces, the
kingdoms of Elam and Media; for hither
hé sent his captives when he conquered
Syria;' therefore these countries thus di-

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