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03 borders of Canaan subject to him;" but upon
Abraham's defeating his army, he lost them, codi and never recovered them again. But I
would observe, that even whilst he had the
dominion of these cities, in the full stretch boys of his empire, it did not reach to the king
doms of Israel, or which then were the kingdoms of Canaan; for he never came any farther, than to the five cities; neither was he master of Philistia, for that was farther
westward; nor does he appear to have come is near to Sidon. As to the other kingdoms
mentioned by our learned author, namely,
the kingdoms of Moab, Ammon, Edom, Tits Damascus, and Hamath, they were not in ATE being in those times. Moab and Ammon maith were the sons of Lot, and were not born until teiks after the destruction of Sodom and Gomorerillist rah:' and the countries which were planted hati by them and their descendants could not be
planted by them until many years after this time. The Emims dwelt in these countries in those days, andChedorlaomer subdued them ; but as he lost all these countries upon Abra
i Gen. xix. 37, 38. ! Gen. xiv. 5.
ham's routing his forces, so I apprehend that he never recovered them again. The Emims after this lived unmolested, until in after-times the children of Lot conquered them, and got the possession of their country;" at which time the Assyrians had nothing to do in these parts. The same is to be said of Edom; the Horites were the ancient inhabitants of this land," and Chedorlaomer smote them in their mount Seir;. but as he lost his dominion over these nations, so the Horites or Horims grew strong again, until the children of Esau conquered them;p and the Assyrians were not masters of this country until later ages. As to Damascus, the heathen writers thought that Abraham first made a plantation there;' probably it was planted in his times. The Sya rians had grown up to two nations in David's time, and were conquered by him. In the decline of Solomon's reign, Rezon made
Deut.. ii. 9. Gen. xix. 37, 38. * Deuť. ii. 12.
Gen. xiv. 6. Deut. ii. 12. · Damascenus apud Joseph. Antiq. lib. 1. c. 8. 52 Samuel viii.
Syria an independent kingdom again,' and
*1 Kings xi. 23, 24, 25.
* 1 Kings xx.
it were comparatively speaking, few, and all that large tract between the nations which he came to conquer, and the Euphrates, was not inhabited; for we find that his auxiliaries who came with him, lived all in and near the land of Shinaar. There were no intermediate nations; for if there had been any, he would have brought their united strength with him. Now this agrees with the description of the land between the river of Egypt and Euphrates in the promise to Abraham; wherein the nations inhabiting in and near Canaan are enumerated; but except these there were no other. Agreeably to this when Jacob travelled from Canaan to the land of Haran, and afterwards returned with a large family from Laban into Canaan,' we do not read that he passed through many nations, but rather over uninhabited countries; so that the kingdoms near Canaan which served Chedorlaomer were in his time the next to the kingdoms, on or near the Euphrates. Therefore when he
Gen. xxviii. xxix,
* Gen. xv. 18 Gen. xxxi.
lost the service of these nations, his empire