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mercy; but of how much sorer punish- sometmies is roused to the apprement, suppose ye, shall he be thought hension that something is required. worthy who hath trodden under foot Such are by turns Necessarians and the Son of God, and counted the blood Pelagians; and hence their progress of the covenant an unholy thing ? Let (if any is made) must be greatly imus not then receive the grace of God peded. in vain; but may the God of all grace, These observations may serve to who hath called us unto his elernal explain my assertion that, " many glory through Jesus Christ, perfect, persons use a Gospel ministry as the stablis!, strengthen, settle us, in his means of quieting themselves in a faith, fear, and love: to whom be worldly course of life.”. The perglory and dominion for ever and sons I allude to are far from rejectever, Amen.

ing the word of exhortation (for those who do so seek a ministry

which discards it). On the contrary, To the Editor of the Christian Observer. their approval of it gives themselves Thougu I have to thank you for im- and others the chief hope of their proving the style of my letter (admit- state; they will admire those ser. ted into your number for October), mons which are most severe, and yet I must beg leave to remonstrate a. which are usually termed searching, gainst an alteration made (perhaps not notwithstanding their consciousness intentionally) in its spirit and design. that at present they fall short of the

Allow me to state my meaning characters prescribed, and withhold more perspicuously.

the sacrifices insisted

upon.

The When persons are so far affected truth is, they have a shield which reby a faithful ministry as to become turns every arrow. They have learnt, doubtful of their present safety, and that when God,converts the heart disposed to receive instructions for the bias of the affections is changed; their future conduct; if then they that things before delighted in beare led to suppose that salvation is come insipid, because new objects unconditionally a free gift, and that, and new pleasures occupy the soul : therefore, no works of their own hence they justly conclude, the sawill be of any avail in procuring it, crifies called for will then be easily · neither is any power previous to made. But since they feel their conversion given to that end; though own unrenewed efforts as they term these intimations should be “accom- them), to be not only painful, but panied by the most pointed and im- also apprehend them to be useless, pressive exhortations to labour, to they are well content to omit them run, to strive, &c.;"'— they will and to wait for the fulness of power certainly, sooner or later, weaken, if which is contained in the grace they not destroy, the force of such exhor- bave been taught to consider as un tations. It is impossible that two conditional, and efficacious of itself contradictory propositions can be Now, Sir, such persons need to b equally believed at the same time, told, that though God can, and some by the same person. The mind in- times does in the beginning, giv deed has a power of so dividing its the delectation of love with the lig attention in this case, as to receive of conviction, yet his more ordinar only a confused idea from each; and method is, to bestow the former then both may be admitted, because the reward of faithful obedience neither is understood. But the con the latter: and that if we will mal clusions arising from premises so un

the munificence of his Sovereign connected, must necessarily be weak the standard of our expectations, i and inefficacious, because indistinct. stead of submitting to the terms a With some they remain so during discipline of his covenant, we life ; with others they vary, as the fall under the rod of justice, wh mind inclines sometimes to the be we are waiting to touch the scep lief that nothing can be done, or

of mercy.

To conclude: I would observe-- Ought we not carefully to examine If we seek to build the word of ex. into this matter? Is it not worthy hortation on the sands of Pelagian of the most serious investigation ? sell-safficiency, we may rationally With this view I submit the above expect its effect to fail when most statement to the candour and imparDeeded. But because sand is a bad tiality of the Christian Observer, foundation, must we therefore at, and remain, &c. tempt to build castles in the air?

SOPATER,

MISCELLANEOUS.

credit (whatever it be) of their proTo the Editor of the Christian Observer. session, as soon as they have turned Tak sentiments advanced in this their backs upon what their new aspaper will, in all likelihood, be un- sociates term the manners of the favourably interpreted, or misunder- world. Among converts thus formstood, by the individuals they chiefly ed, a circumstance occasionally takes concern. If they are canvassed and place, which surely must startle a corrected, all parties will gain in the near observer of mankind; namely, end. The writer's wish is to glance an apparent forwardness to get themat some current notions on the sub- selves marked by the world as beject of religious persecution. longing to a set, so that they seem

I set out with the settled convice to woo and coax the people of the tion of the impossibility of finding town, village, or hamlet, where they any neutral ground between the king- live, to brand them with a distinca doin of Jesus Christ, and this world. tive nickname ; of which, and simi. We are all under the absolute ne- lar indications of popular mislike, cessity of choosing a side ; and when they talk with the same length of the choice is once deliberately made, insignificant detail, and shew of selfthe quicksightedness of our own importance, as a recruit, who has party will soon discover and claim seen from an eminence an affair of our services.

outposts, swells the skirmish into As matters actually stand, in re a general engagement, long and spect to the religious public, many bloody, and seizes the occasion to persons seem to be hurrying from the display the powers of military peranks of the world to join those whom dantry. the world surveys with surprise or

Could the Christians of the aposscorn, as no longer belonging to tolic age appear among us, and rethem. I say, hurrying; because the quire a formal description of the perdesertion of the proselytes in ques- secutions of the nineteenth century, tion, looks more like a hasty and im- might not they be referred to a sarprovident effort to get rid of some casnı, a calamny, a contemptuous inconvenience, than the thoughtful paragraph in a newspaper, an article and steady pursuit of an advantage in a magazine, an occasional rewell inquired into, and seriously proach in a sermon, and (oh," teil weighed against the difficulty incur- it not in Gath, publish it not in the red in reaching it. To disentangle streets of Askelon!") a series of the subject from this half metapho accusations in a charge ? However, ric representation :-some men are resolve these persecutions into what 2.00 eager to be called professors you please, let their effect be astero of religion, and wish to have the iained. Is their effect then so fear

ful, as to deter either a pusillanimous lio cared for none of these things.' or a resolute character from ven A large majority of such as give the turing to join the injured party? languid attention of the times, whenI know indeed, that in distinct in ever moral objects pass before them, stances, much, and very much, has cannot, of course, awaken in thembeen lost by a steady devotion to the selves even that degree of inquiry, service of Jesus Christ. Influence, which would enable them to see, credit, wealth, personal attachment, that of two religious parties, each domestic affection, local importance, grounding its tenets on the common popularity,- all these favourite ob- basis of the Scriptures, yet each arjects of human esteem, have been for- riving at opposite conclusions, one feited by individuals whom I could must be mistaken. These sleepy name, and with whose private his. lookers-on will indeed vouchsafe a tory I am familiar. These sufferers forced smile at the fact of this conhave literally been compelled "10 trariety, and then retire to their own forsake brethren, sisters, father, mo- stations, adopting the intelligible ther;" or rather, these relations have decision of the Roman officer.-" If forsaken them; and, as I most se- it be a question of words and names, riously believe, " for his name's sake and of your law, look ye to it: for and the Gospel's.” But in the exam. I will be no judge of such matters.". ples alluded to, the loss has not ob Had indeed the objects of Gallio's viously been discerned to be formally indifference (the Apostles) converted the consequence of the individual's their doctrine into an instrument of entrance upon a religious life, so as sedition, or had they directly chargthat every one who knew the party ed him with some specified guilt ; could affirm," This man has lost a in either case his jealousy would not certain estate, or a certain piece of have slumbered. The Gospel would preferment, or is estranged from his have been called personally injúrifamily, because he is gone over to ous, insulting, insufferable. And if the Christian side:"-and I state this the Gallios of this day could see, by way of obviating an idea enter- what is undeniably the fact, that tained by some persons, that in these every serinon of a pious clergyman, times, a man who professes religion and every effect of such sermon in must, in a worldly sense, be a loser. the life of a pious layman, tend, That the Christians above whatever be the degree, to overturn tioned, and many others too, are their systems of sensual and intelJosers, is a fact; but it is not a fact, lectual depravity, soine of them that they are all known to be losers. might awake as giants refreshed with I believe that many guesses upon wine. At present they are secure, this subject are entirely erroneous, because the danger is not discerned;

My position is, that the effect ge- or, if dimly seen, it is too obscure nerally to be expected from what is and too distant to create apprehencalled persecution, is not by any sion. means so serious as to alarm a person Do you, Sic, or does any thinking who has sufficient independence of man imagine, that a votary of pleamind to think for bimself on any dis- sure, or a devotee to science, or even puted point whatever ; such, for ex an abstracted metaphysician, would ample, as the character and political refuse professedly to hold the docmeasures of a statesman, or a theory trines of Luther or Leo the Tenth, in physical science. Various rea of Bishop Horsley or Dr. Priestsons might be advanced tending to ley, on a formal condition, that the explain the absence of a more formi- libertine should retain every atom of dable effect. One of these is that his pleasures, the philosopher con characteristic of an indolent and in- tinue to be immersed in theories and different age, which permits every apparatus, and the metaphysician man to think what be pleases. “ Gal- enjoy his ontology? I suppose not.

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Each of these hunters after happi- tempted, were slain with the sword: ness would hastily dismiss you with, they wandered about, destitute, af-"So long as you will let us do as flicted, tormented (of whom the we please, we leare the rest to you. world was not worthy): they wanBe satisfied, and depart."

dered in deserts, and in mountains, The irritation discovered by men and in dens and caves of the earth." of the world, when pressed to em Compare now, with these vivid brace the genuine doctrines of the pictures of the primitive martyrs, Gospel, arises, either from their re- the actual state of Christians in the senting the interference of another eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; person, such interference indirectly and let living confessors contrast their implying their error, ignorance, par. actual freedom from personal viotiality, or want of inquiry; or, se- lence, with the varied and accumucondly and chiefly, from their per- lated wrongs of the first ages. When ceising, that if they embrace those did they hunger and thirst, when doctrines, they will be required to were they deprived of raiment, bealter their lives; they are calculat- cause they belonged to Christ? Have jog upon the amputation of the right they literally been scourged, and hand, the excision of the right eye, driven from their habitations? What and shrink from the idea of Heaven individual can affirm, “ I bear in my itself

, if they are to enter it “ halt body the marks of the Lord Jesus?” and maimed." Like certain cha- Who has been imprisoned, stoned, racters on record, they exclaim, sawn asunder, or delivered over "This is a hard saying, who can to the pains of an ignominious hear it!"

death? 'In what solitudes have any I pass on, from this digression, to persons been compelled to wander? the descriptions given by the early To what caverns and fastnesses have Christians of the positive sufferings, they fled from the the pursuit of the of persecutions, endured by them sword?-On the contrary, have not for their practical conformity to Je- professors of Christianity had full sus Christ. “I think," says St. liberty, if they so pleased, to eat, Paul," that God hath set forth us drink, and be merry? Might they the Apostles last, as it were appoint- not have said to their souls, “ Take ed to death. For we are made a your ease?” Could their enemies. spectacle to the world, and to an have prevented them from being gels, and men.

We are fools for “ clothed in fine linen, and faring Christ's sake: weak, despised. Even sumptuously?" If their persons were uato this present hour we both hun- insulted, if their houses were at. ger and thirst, and are naked, and tacked, the magistrate was their proare buffered, and have no certain tection. Who dared to thrust them dwelling place; and labour, working into prison? Who could have ven. with our own hands; reviled, perse- tured even to meditate their death? cuted, defamed, made as the filth of In the case of the Apostles, the the world, and are the off-scouring language of inspiration itself, when of all things goto this day. We are describing their sufferings, seems to troubled on every side; perplexed, contend with the greatness of the persecuted, cast down; always bear. subject. Hear St. Paul asserting, ing about in the body the dying of “ If

' in this life only we have hope in the Lord Jesus, always delivered Christ, then we are of all men most uuto death for Jesus's sake. In miserable !" His details of sorrow, a stripes above measure, in prisons considerable part of which were exmore frequent, in deaths oft. Others

This extract from the Epistle to the lehad trial of cruel mockings, and brews, particularly refers to the martyrs and Scoargings; yea, moreover, of bonds confessors of the ancient church ; but it may and imprisonment. They were ston- with perfect propriety be transferred to the ed, they were sawo asunder, were Christians of the early centuries.

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(ul, as to deter either a pusillanimous lio cared for none of these things." or a resolute character from ven A large majority of such as give the turing to join the injured party? languid attention of the times, whenI know indeed, that in distinct in ever moral objects pass before them, stances, much, and very much, has cannot, of course, awaken in thembeen lost by a steady devotion to the selves even that degree of inquiry, service of Jesus Christ. Influence, which would enable them to see, credit, wealth, personal attachment, that of two religious parties, each domestic affection, local importance, grounding its tenets on the common popolarity,-- all these favourite ob- basis of the Scriptures, yet each arjects of human esteem, have been for. riving at opposite conclusions, one feited by individuals whom I could must be mistaken. These sleepy name, and with whose private his lookers-on will indeed vouchsafe a tory I am familiar. These sufferers forced smile at the fact of this conhave literally been compelled “10 trariety, and then retire to their own forsake brethren, sisters, father, mo- stations, adopting the intelligible ther;" or rather, these relations have decision of the Roman officer.--" If forsaken them; and, as I most se- it be a question of words and names, riously believe, “ for his name's sake and of your law, look ye to it: for and the Gospel's.” But in the exam. I will be no judge of such matters.". ples alluded to, the loss has not oh Had indeed the objects of Gallio's viously been discerned to be formally indifference (the Apostles) converted the consequence of the individuat's their doctrine into an instrument of entrance upon a religious life, so as sedition, or had they directly charge that every one who knew the party ed him with some specified guilt ; could affirm, -" This man has lost a in either case his jealousy would not certain estate, or a certain piece of have slumbered. The Gospel would preferment, or is estranged from his have been called personally injorifamily, because he is gone over to ous, insulting, insufferable. And if the Christian side:"-and I state this the Gallios of this day could see, by way of obviating an idea enter- what is undeniably the fact, that tained by some persons, that in these every serinon of a pious clergyman, times, a man who professes religion and every effect of such sermon in must, in a worldly sense, be a loser. the life of a pious layman, tend, That the Christians above men- whatever be the degree, to overturn tioned, and many others too, are their systems of sensual and intellosers, is a fact; but it is not a fact, lectual depravity, soine of them that they are all known to be losers. might awake as giants refreshed with I believe that many guesses upon wine. At present they are secure, this subject are entirely erroneous. because the da fer is not discerned;

My position is, that the effect ge- or, if dimly seen, it is too obscure nerally to be expected from what is and too distant to create apprehencalled persecution, is not by any sion. means so serious as to alarm a person Do you, Sic, or does any tbipking who has sufficient independence of man imagine, that a votary of pleamind to think for himself on any dis- sure, or a devotee to science, or even puted point whatever ; such, for ex an abstracted metaphysician, would ample, as the character and political refuse professedly to hold the docmeasures of a statesman, or a theory trines of Luther or Leo the Tenth, in physical science. Various rea of Bishop Horsley or Dr. Priestsons might be advanced tending to ley, on a formal condition, that the explain the absence of a more formi- libertine should retain every atom of dable effect. One of these is that his pleasures, the philosopher con. characteristic of an indolent and in- tinue to be immersed in theories and different age, which permits every apparatus, and the metaphysician man to think what he pleases. “ Gal- enjoy his ontology? I suppose not.

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