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that we are destitute in the Pagan pared in the knowledge of languages, world of such persons, as in hard and fitted for the design, the churches and difficult cases might supply us of Christ planted in the East Indies with good and wholesome advice; may reap from thence a considerable so we shall the more gratefully ac- benefit for their daily increase*.” cept those sound instructions you “After all, we do, with a filial re. shall be pleased to impart to us, for verence, reconimend to your care the better discharge of our trust : whatever may serve to advance the the blessed effect whereof is like to propagation of the Gospel of Christ be, that the church planted in India in the eastern parts of the world; will, as it were, from the first shoot- that by your help and support, your ing of the blade, become truly Chris- councils aod prayers, the hearts of tian; and by the Divine grace, be the unbelievers, destitute of heavenly happily preserved from such spots life and spirit, be made the temples and deflements, as are apt to in- of the Lord, and become holy and trude joto the best constitution. living sacrifices, well pleasing to
“We congratulate you, most wor- God!'" thy gentlemen, on account of the About this time a college was translation of the New Testament formed at Copenhagen, by the king into the Damulian tongue, designed of Denmark, for the purpose of facifor the use of the Heathen world. litating and enlarging the work of We have finished at last the impres- the Mission in the East Indies. The sion of the four Evangelists, and of members of it immediately commythe Acts of the Apostles, and some nicated the circumstance to the Soci. copies are berewith sent to England: ety for promoting Christian Knowone whereof we present, with filial ledge. In the letter which they respect, to the most reverend Presi- transmitted they observe, “ We candent of the Society, Dr. Thomas not forget that it is the first part of Tenison, Archbishop of Canter- our office to publish this Royal InstiLory: another to the University of tution to the world, and most heartily Cambridge* ; and the rest to your- to invite all who have a hearty concern selses, and other benefactors to the for the salvation of the Heathen to join Vission."
with us in promoting the same t." An "Last year we gave you an account abstract of the Instructions of the of the number of the Christians in King of Denmark (Frederick IV.) vur Malabarick and Portuguese to the Missionary College is conchurches. God Almighty has added to them twenty-eight persons more,
It is much to be lamented that no that have been catechised this year; weans have yet been devised by our bishops though the opposition we have hi- for obviating the dificulties which stand in therio met with, has very much hin- the way of employing missionaries of the dered the increase both of our
Church of England. They refuse to grant churches and schools. The mighty ordination, except under regulations which hand of the Lord, we hope, will at may be very proper as they apply to Englength remove those obstacles, toge: be expedient in the case of persons who
gland; but surely a different rule would ther with our grief which is caused
engage in foreign missions. thereby.
+ It will be seen from this passage how “Our thoughts concerning a Se- strangely at variance were the views of the minary for Missionaries, to be made good Christians of that day, who gave this up of students seni from Europe, and letter to the world, with those now asserted of Indians educated in our schools, by certain advocates of tlie Society for proare every day growing to a greater moting Christian Knowledge ; who praise the inaturity. We hope that such young thought the first daty of such a Society to
Society for not doing that which it was then men, after they have been duly pre- do, vize to publish itself to the world, and
A considerable benefaction had been heartily to invite others to join in forwarding re! to the Missionaries from Cambridge. its objects
tained in the publication before me. inestimable blessing to these northern They are highly creditable to that countries, when the Gospel of Christ pious prince, as the following ex was received by our forefathers tract will shew.
about nine hundred years ago, and “ Every member is to think it his heathenism thereby in a great meaduty, after hearty prayers put up for sure abolished, and expelled from that purpose, to lay to heart a work of these parts of the world. so great a concera, and to employ “And it must be confessed, that what gifts Providence hath bestowed this blessing was again renewed to upon him for advancing so Christian us, under ihe happy reign of our a design, viz. That the Gospel of pious King Frederick I. when ChrisChrist be preached to the Gentiles, tianity, by means of Luther's Reforand thereby many souls be brought mation, recovered much of its anover to Jesus Christ ; and particu- cient lustre and glory. Jarly that the Mission designed by * Praised be God, who, of his inus for that purpose, be supported, finite mercy, has vouchsafed unto furthered, and facilitated.
us, 10 enjoy that benefit, for the “ You are to make it your particu- space of near two hundred years, lar care, to assist the Missionaries which many others stand deprived already employed in this work, viz. of to this day! to afford them useful instructions, to « Praised be likewise the same correct in them what is amiss, to most merciful God, who, of his abunencourage them in the pursuit of the dant goodness, hath' reserved this work, to contrive ways for their farther glory to our nation, that the timely supply, that they may cheer
same grace which was received by fully prosecute so good a design, and us (and that not altogether in vain), readily attend the function they are doth now again go forth from us, engaged in.
and spread itself in far distant coun“You ought seriously to consider 'tries, whereby Protestant Churches of procuring more labourers to be may at last see the possibility of sent on the same errand, after they that, which, by many, was deemed have been sufficiently tried, and altogether impracticable. found duly qualified for that work, “ It is now sufficiently known to and fit to succeed the Missionaries, the world, what pious care his Maif need be, in so weighty a station. jesty of Denmark, Frederick the
“ You ought to consider what me- Fourth, our most gracious king, has thods may be taken with the Hea- taken, ever since the year 1705, to then, even after they have embraced have the Gospel of Christ preached the Christian religion, thereby to to the Heathen in the East Indies, promote their spiritual and temporal and a church gathered there to the interest, viz. How they and their Author of our most holy religion.” children (besides the knowledge of “ Of what importance the instithe principles of Christianity), may tution of such a Mission is, and how be instructed in other useful arts and great advantage may be expected sciences, and how also they may be from it, will be best understood by employed, according to their re- those who have obtained grace to spective dispositions and capacities,” work out their own salvation, and
A few extracts from the Prospec- are endued with an ardent desire of tus published by the College on its rescuing also their fellow-creatures first formation, and dated Copenha- from a state of darkness and ignogen, Jan. 19, 1715, may not be unacceptable to your readers.
“ Nay, should this Mission be at“ It must be acknowledged by all, tended with no other effect, than wbo are sensible of the difference that the light of the Gospel, bas, by between a state of siu and wrath, this means, been happily put on a and a state of grace, to have been an candlestick, and shone for several
years among the Heathen; yet here- every thing relating to the right by is there abundant cause adminis- management of this important affair; tered 10 glorify God on that behalf.” and that with so much ardour and
“But any one that will seriously zeal, that we have reason to tremble consider the signal and blessed suc- at those important words wherewith cess with which God hath vouchsafed he concludes his royal Instructions: to crown the fervent zeal, and un • This is our most gracious will, wearied application of our Mission- which we expect you will observe aries, will be easily induced to be with all deference, and such an aplieve, that He seems to be pleased plication of mind, as you will alwith this work, as tending so much swer the same here and hereafter, to his glory, and the salvation of before the great Judge and Lord of souls." * The Missionaries have not us all. Do ye therefore, on your only translated the wbole New Tes- part, as becomes the faithful servants tament into Malabarick, but are of God, and of your king, that our now engaged in the translation of ardour and zeal may not be lost, nor the Old. It must be acknowledged your labour be in vain.” to be a very great blessing to the " It is therefore our hearty and Malabar Heathen, to have the Gospel humble request to all sincere lovers laid before them in their native of the salvation of men, that they tongue, whereby they have an op- would lay hold of this fair opportuportunity to learn and embrace the nity which now offers itself unto counsel of God, and the offers of them, in the happy beginning made his grace, for their eternal happi- in the East Indies, and in the chariness.
table design upon Finmark, and also "Any one who is engaged in the Northland; and by their advice, and great work of converting others, their contributions, effectually assist and has thereby experimentally us to rescue a mullitude of precious learnt how difficult a matter it and immortal souls from eternal ruin; is to gain souls to Christ, will easily especially when they see how wilbelieve it to be no small succese, that ling we are to receive such advice God has so far blessed the Missiona- as shall be communicated to us, and nies, as to enable them to gather a shall be always ready to make such congregation, and to erect a church, use of, as is most likely to obtain the where the Heathen publicly and con- end for which it is designed, and stantly may hear the word of God in which we have entirely at heart. their own language.”
And we humbly entreat, in a more “ The gracious providence of God particular manner, all ecclesiastical in a short time, vouchsafed unto this persons, Bishops, Superintendants, Mission such success, as gives us a Provosts
, and other Clergymen, as fair prospect of its further progress, well in the dominions subject to and a promising harvest to follow in our most gracious king, as in foreign due season, if it shall please Him to kingdoms and countries; that they continue to the Missionaries, as we would zealously apply themselves hope He will, bis divine support; to the advancement of so important noi suffering them to be frustrated a work as the conversion of the Heain their undertaking by any disas- then is; and in their conversation ters, or to be discouraged by any with other good Christians and pubhardships or obstacles which usually lic-spirited persons, consider of ways attend works of this nature: but all and means to promote it, and then difficulties will the sooner be over communicate by letters to our Socome, if the benefactors in Europe ciety, whatever they shall think shall continue to exert themselves proper for settling the said work on on their behalf.”
the most solid foundation." His Majesty, in his most gracious : " Private persons who make conJastruction, has intrusted us with science of daily addressing their
Heavenly Father in secret are entreat, am yet unwilling to appear defied to remember this work, as a pro- cient in attention to a writer whom per subject in their constant prayers. I so much respect. The same reand supplications. The more fer- mark applies to another anonymous vent they are in their addresses to opponent of mine, who has recently God, the more sball we be bound to published a second pamphlet by recommend them to bis divine fas way of answer to my reply to his vour and protection; and the greater first; which reply appeared in one also, we trust, will be the blessing of of your former numbers. He writes Almighty God upon the whole un- with the same excellent spirit that dertaking. Let us, therefore, with was manifest in his first production, one accord, and with united hearts but says little on the subject that is and hands, joyfully embrace the new. I shall, however, notice what opportunity which now offers itself I may deem to require notice in of doing what the good and gracious both these writers. will of God enjoins, and the misery
1. Talib wishes to compute the of so many nations requires. The 1260 years from an edict of Justiharvest is verygreat. Oh! let us do nian, and makes them expire A.D, good whilst we have time, that in 1792. He is, however, aware, that due season we may reap the fruit the number mentioned in Dan. viii. thereof to all eternity. May the 14, has a synchronical termination Lord himself, the eternal God, give with the 1260 years, and moreover the increase to our planting and that that nuinber plainly specifies watering, that the seed of his holy the whole duration of the vision of word, scattered among the Heathen, the ram and the he-goat. Counting may spring up and bring forth a back then 2300 years (the reading hundred-fold. Faithful is He that of the common Hebrew) from A. D, hath promised, who will also do it. 1792, he arrives at the year A. C. To Him be all praise, honour and 508; which, therefore, in order that glory, from this time forth and for his scheme may cohere, he has to evermore!”
prove to be the true chronological It is most melancholy to reflect how commencement of the vision. Now little during a whole century bas
the vision opens with a view of the been done in this great work, not ram standing on the bank of the withstanding such fair beginnings! river Ulai; and then Daniel says, How little especially has been done that he saw this ram in the act of by the Church of England, not- pushing. Concerning the import of withstanding her multiplied means this pushing, Talib and I are perand opportunities, and her peculiar fectly agreed: we likewise agree obligations to exertion.
that it commenced about the year Lord pardon our supineness and in- 508, though perhaps that is not quite activity in his service, and enable certain ; let it however pass. The us now to arise and shake ourselves point, wherein we disagree is, how from the dust, and take our proper far the vision can properly be said station in leading the battles of the to commence with the ram's pushing, militant Church.
and, consequently, with the year (To be continued.)
A. C. 508. To myself it appears, that Daniel beheld the ram in a
standing state anterior to his beginTo the Editor of the Christian Observer. ping to push : and, therefore, since
the vision opens before he began to Thouch I have expressed my wea- push, the number which specifies riness of controversy, and though the duration of the whole vision, must Talib, in his last leiter, says little of course also commence before he more than what he had already said, began to push ; tbat is to say, before and what I had already answered, I the year A. C. 508. If this point
be established, 'it is obvious that first saw the ram quietly standing Talib's system falls to the ground: still, and that afterwards he saw him hence he naturally employs all his beginning to push? Would not any ingenuity, of which he possesses no plain reader suppose this to be the small share, to prove that Daniel case? Would he ever imagine, that did not behold the ram in any state Daniel meant oddly to express himanterior to his pushing; but that the self, I saw a ram existing on the vision opens with his beginning to bank of the river. I saw him pushpush, and consequently with the ing? No: on the contrary he year 508. For this purpose he as would say, “ If Daniel meant what serts (and with much truth), that Talib ascribes to him, he would the word sy does not necessarily never tell us that he saw a ram signify to stand, but denotes like Pristing before a river; because, if wise to subsist or erist ; he adduces he saw him, he of course saw him various instances to prove the point; cristing. If the vision began with and he says, that I beg the question bis pushing, the Prophet would naby assuming that in Dan. viii. 3 the turally have said, I saw before the word ipports to stand still. He adds, river a two-horned ram pushing westthat, the next verse not beginning ward, 8c. On Talib's scheme, the with a 1, the Hebrew idiom re word Toy ought to have been quite quires, that it should not be succes- omitted, for it serves no other end site to the former verse, but synchro- but to mislead us." Let us put a nical with it.
parallel case. Suppose a man were 1. I reply, that, even were Talib's to tell his neighbour,
“ As I was instances more apposite than they taking a walk this morning, I saw are, they would just prove nothing a bull standing in a pasture. I saw in the matter before us. The He- the bull run at a person who was brew verby, like the English going through the pasture:" How verb to stand, has various cognate would his neighbour understand significations : what signification it him? Would he not suppose, that he bears in any particular passage must had first seen the animal standing in clearly be determined by the con- contradistinction to running or couchtext of that passage. To adduce, ing, and that afterwards he saw him therefore, instances of various usages quit his standing attitude and run at of the word from other passages is just the passenger? I doubt whether he about as reasonable as to prove, that would ever suppose, that his neigh& bull stood for an office, because an bour, by using the word standing, aattor, in two different sentences of was 'merely anxious to work a the same work, said a man stood thorough conviction in him, that the and a bull stood. The meaning of vicious bull was assuredly in a state the word mast plainly be determin- of existence previous to his runed by the context of its own pas- ning. sage, not by that of the other. The 2. But Talib says, that the Hequestion is not, how Daniel uses the brew idiom requires his gloss, beword 700 elsewhere, but how he cause ver. 4 does not commence uses it in one particular place. And with a 1. I must have some much I still thiok, as I heretofore thought, more decisive proof than I expect that in Dan, viii. 3, it can only de ever to see, before I subscribe to this note standing still. On this point, canon of criticism. In Dan. vii. I would readily submit the matter neither ver. 8 nor ver. 9 begins with in dispute to any plain reader, who a n; yet I presume Talib will had no system to support. The scarcely say, that verses 7, 8, 9 are Prophet says, I saw, and behold a synchronical and not successive. So Tan stood before the river. I saw the little does the conjunction and settle Tim pushing Now does not the the point of chronology either one context plainly shew, that Daniel way or another, that in Rev. xi. U,