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Sectaments in various places. They come gentlemen comment with much feeling on ing to their Christian engagements. The verts on the subject of Cast. Messrs. Crai Christiats, it appears, have been often preFented, by the heathen civil servants of the of March 1805, soon after they had arrived Company, from attending public worship on in India, observe,
1907 be bad baptized four children, and A strict order had been given, by a late extaree adults - the communicants were ninety. cellent collector, that no Christian should be eight La 1808 he had baptized fourteen obliged to work on Sundays; but this order, children and fine converts: the cominuni. it seems, is not enforced. cants were 102. He had dispersed books Buddaloor was the very place where the od tracts in great numbers.
late Mr. Swartz was robbed of his gold stockThe Rer. Mt. Pohle writes from Trichina- buckle. At that time there was not a single pely, expressing his great satisfaction in Christian there, but now there is a great the appointment of Mr. Horst one of the number, as may be seen by the account of Society's missionaries. He observes, that in this mission for 1794. ccanequence of the age and informities of the The increase of the Tanjore congregation coultry priest, Sattianaden, and of the state is stated to be 35, viz. 2 Hindoos of high cast, of the southern congregation, ideas were en- 4 persons of the Kalla cast, 5 of the Palla tertained af ordaining, according to the rites cast, 15 Pariars, and 9 Papists. The comof the Lutheran church, two or three of the municants were 253. fttest catechists, that tbey may administer to The Danish Missionaries at 'Tranquebat the Tanjore and southern congregations. had been put to great inconvenience by the
The Rev. Messrs. Kolhoff and Horst, the interraption of their usual supplies from misionaries at Tanjore, speak of a Brahmin Copenhagen, and had applied to the gnof those conversion to Christianity they had vernment of Mactras for protection and good hopes. This Brabrain was willing to support, their pecuniary ditficulties baving be employed in any situation in the mission, obliged them to lessen the number of their but the income of the Tanjore mission being children and to postpone many urgent ore already inadequate to their most necessary jects. Their congregation, however, in the disbartements, the missionaries were under midst of these disadvantages, tad enjoyed the painful necessity of directing him to the means of grace, and had had an increase look out for assistance from the suissions on of sixty-four children, born of Christian pathe coast. A great part of the revenues of rents, and fourteen adults, who had quitted the country were formerly allotted, by the heathenism, and accepted the saving Gospel Hitsoo kings
, to the support of healben of Christ; among these was a Mahrattian temples and Brahmins ; and this appropria- Brahmin, who spoke the Telinga language, tion is continued by the British government, and who had become, not only a theoretical, When a Brahmin, therefore, resolves to en- but a real and practical Christian, in which brace Christianity, he not only draws on character he continued to persevere. Their kimself the indignation of his order, and of conmunicants were 1048. Mr. John, the
other Hindoos, but furreits all the privi- missionary, had lost his sight so as to be Homes and emoluments he formerly enjoyed. unable to read and write ; as liad the assisOf course he has none to look up to, for assistant, Mr Schreyfoget
. In this state of affictance in obtaining a livelihood, but to Chris- tion, the faithful senior catechist Saroiragen,
and the other catechists in the Tranquebar The native fellow-abourers had continued district, had afforded them much comfort to assist Nesrs
. Kolhof' and Horst in preach. and assistance. The government of Madras ing the word of God to Christians and hea had advanced, for the use of the mission, 200 en und hat visited the country congrega pagodas a month, which was, however
, much less than its necessities required.
From the letters of Messrs. Kolhoff and See had been employed in dispensing the Horst is given a long extract, in which these des and Testaments in all the congregations; the transaciions of tie London Missionary
Society, which they understand to reflect on
their conduct and that of their predecessors ile the zeal stewn by several members of made an unwarrantable compromise of prins
ciple, in the judulgence slewn io their con. and Desgranges, in their Journal of the 5th
“ Our two lads" (Chris. tian lads, we presume) are sick, but they
tists in a variety of places, exburting them to live as became Christians.
ad they state that great pains had been taken to inure the children under their care to babits of profitable industry. They menthe congregation at Buddeloor to act accord
Sunday, being called to work on that day.
will eat nothing which our cook dresses, as unscriptural surrender of their birthrighthe is of the Pariar cast. Is it not the duty which no nobleman or gendeman in our of Missionaries to adopt some plan for abo country, would ever sabmit. lishing the cast among their converts? If " As we presume that the equity of suci we were to tolerate it, we should soon have demand cannot be proved by any precept wonderful accounts to transmit to our friends the sacred oracles, nor from the practice in Europe of our success: but the Scriptures the apostles and primitive Christians, and must be our guide.” The defence of Messrs. besides such a demand might be producii Kolhoff and Horst, to the charge which they of fatal consequences, we have taken care conceive to be insinuated in this passage, is follow the same mode of acting as our pred as follows.
cessors have done, with regard to this Bralı “ From the commencement of the mission min. We were, however, much pleased on this coast, it has been the uniform prac- learning that he had made no objection tice of all the Missionaries to instruct the against vegetable food, prepared at his se converts from heathenism in the truths of quest by a Wellaler, who, though of a big Christianity, to insist upon their leading an cast, are inferior to that of the Bramins." holy life, and shewing that they are Chris Messrs. Kolboff and Horst likewise advert tians, by loving God above all things, by to two other passages in the same number of considering all men of whatever denomina- the Missionary Transactions, which they coistion, religion, or cast, as their neighbours ; sider as levelled both at them and at the to entertain a hearty good will towards them, chaplains of the East India Company. "We and to do them all the good in their power ; have reason to believe," say Messrs. Cran but, never did they insist on any person who and Desgranges, “ that there are many wished to embrace Christianity, to renounce friends in this place who will gladly assist his cast.
and protect missionaries who are truly devot“ To desire a man to renounce his casted to the work." “ May God incline the signifies, to require (for example) a man of heart of one of our directors,” they say in the high Seyva, or Wellaler cast, who is ac another place, " or of sone experienced micustomed from his infancy to live only upon nister" (we copy their Italics) “ to come and vegetables, to eat meat, to enter into a close preach in English, and erect the Gospel connection, or to level himself, with the lower standard here." classes, and to intermarry with one another Now we tbiuk that the first and the last (e. g.) with the Pariars, a cast, who, from of these remarks (we see nothing objectiontime immemorial, have made themselves dis- able in the second) are very silly, and, pergustful to all other classes of the natives, by haps, a little “ conceited;" but they might their inattention to, and disregard of cleanli- have passed in a private communication. ness, and particularly by feeding upon car We think it much more inexcusable in rion. And although our Protestant Pariars the Directors of the Missionary Society are not allowed to use such detestable food; to have published them to the world. At yet as their heathen and Romish relations the same time we think that no one who are not debarred the use of it in like man reuds them will think that they deserved a ner, the aversion of well-bred persons to en
grave and scrious refutation from Messrs. ter into the closest connections with such a Kolhotf' and Horst, or that it was consistent class of people, (at least until every vestige with the accustomed reserve and dignity of of such filthy propensities shall have been
the Society for promoting Christian Knoweffaced) is founded upon reason and de- ledge to make them selves a party in the discency; and we do not feel ourselves war
pule. ranted to require of the higher ranks such an
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. No action has as yet taken place in Por
tugal. The hostile armies occupy the same Our limits impose upon us the necessity of position which they did at the close of the being very concise in our view of public last month. Massena is said to have reaffairs. We can do no inore than hastilyceived reinforcements to the amount of 16 glance at the occurrences of the month. or 17 thousand men, which proves his couie
munication with Spain to be open at least and the proclamation which the President ** large bodies of troops. Lord Wellington had issued in consequence, and of which we bas also received some additional troops bave already spoken. The message notices frun this country.
the growing prosperity of the United States, la Spain the French are evidently gain- and recommends the revisal of their laws rejag ground. It is said to be the intention of lative to trade and navigation. It recom. Bonaparte to annex that country to France. mends also the institution of a national uni
The Hanse Towns have at length been versity. We were particularly pleased to fatally andered to France. We may ex- observe that the President strongly depect shortly to bear of some change in Den nounces the African slave trade still carried Darł. The confiscation of skips and car. on by American citizens, and recommends ic gles from this country, and
to Congress to take farther steps for repressdoce and manufactures, proceeds with great ing the evil. tiguar
The papers laid before Congress, as well Bonaparte, in addition to his demands on as some documents from France of a later the Hanse Towns, and on Sweden and Nor- date, prove that America has been far too way, for seamen to man his fleets, has issued precipitate in supposing that Bonaparte had * decree for organizing a marine conscrip- any serious intention of altering his com tion to be raised in the maritime depart. mercial poliey. He seems still determined
ents, wrich are therefore to be exempted to retain all the American property he has from the military conscription. The number already seized, and to seize as much more to be raised is 40,000, and they are to con- as he can, without any regard to the remonsist of youths from 13 to 16 years of age. A strances of America. America now demands farther military conscription is likewise or of England not only the revocation of the dered.
Orders in Council of Nov. 1807 and April Another decree announces Bonaparte's 1809, but also those of May 1806, blockpurpose of joining the Balie to France by ading the coast from the Elbe to Brest, and Deans of inland canals
. The thing is with of January 1807, prohibiting neutral vessels sul doubt practicable, the greatest part of from carrying on trade between hostile ports. the distance being already navigable by This shews that their complaints are directed szans either of rivers or canals.
full as much against Lord Grenville's admiA dreadful insurrection of the Janissaries nistration as the present, take place lately at Constantinople; but
Mr. Pinckney, the American Ambassador, they appear 10 have been subdued, after has been ordered to suspend his functions at committing great excesses, by thư troops of our court, and to commit the management
of any affairs which may require the interThe message of the American President vention of a minister, to a Chargé d'Affaires. # the opening of Congress, gives that This is done avowedly because we have at view of the foreign relations of the United present in America "no minister of Mr. States which might be expected; complains Pinckney's rank; no step having yet been ef all the belligerents
, but announces the taken to replace Mr. Jackson. Procation of the Milan and Berlin decrees,
the Grand Seignior.
GREAT BRITAIN. The present state of political affairs, though Oppositionists generally become more calm on the whole peculiarly cloudy and por- and measured in their language when they tenilors, is not altogether without its brighter approach the threshold of office. They naparts
. The illness of our beloved Monarch rurally reflect, that conciliation will soon behas called forth the affectionate sympathy come their leading interest; und that they, both of his immediate servants and of the like the King or Regent whom they serve, people ; and the yet untried political cha must lay aside the colours of a party, if they vådter of his Royal Highness the Prince of biope successfully to govern a great nation. Wales
, has led persons of very different Mr. Perceval is generally allowed to have parties to entertain favourable hopes re risen in general credit by the very able and speeting him; hopes in which we cordially manly manner in which he has contended participate, and which are much encou in favour of his own views on the subject of Faged by the dignified silence, as to the the regency; and if he has erred on this Pestion who shall be his ministers, which point, he has erred by following the example de tas maintained up to the present period. of Mr. Pitt ; and he has also erred iu comTos vidence of party has a little abated. mon with Lord Grenville. His lordslrip has
maintained his consistency on the great con Houses waited on the Prince of Wales, am stitutional ductrive at issue, and this unques- read to him these joint resolutions. The an tionably bas been the chief matter. He swer of the Prince signifies his acceptance o has evidently magnified in an undue degree the Regency under the limitations proposed the smaller points of difference between him- but feelingly regrets that, by the imposition self and Mr. Perceval
of such limitations, he was prevented frons Kuniour says that Earl Grey is to be the manifesting towards his father that affections Premier under the Regent, and that his and reverential delicacy which he should lordship’s party, and that of Lord Grenville, have rejoiced to have shown him. The without any addition, are to constitate the Queen likewise accepted the trust reposed new ministry. In the mean time, the com in her, with the aid of a council, of tlie care mercial difficulties of the country are great; and custody of the royal person.
A Bill and our inanufacturing interests more and having been brought in, fonnded on the bamore declining. The burning deerees of sis of the Resolations, it has passed throngh Bonaparte appear effectual for the present. the House of Commons and also through the America is returning tu her former ill-huin House of Lords, without undergoing any mour will,
0$, and France is urging her to very material alterations, though by very direct hostility. Affairs in Spain and Porr small majorities. tugal are in a very doubtful state. A vast French navy is preparing; and the coasts of Europe are almost all under the power of Farther accounts from the East Indies anour enemy. How important is it, in these nounce the re-capture of the Isle de Passe, circumstances, to be at peace at least amoug by the French. The Iphigenia frigate feli ourselves: and if we cannot now unite the into tbeir hands at the same time. Another discordant parties in the state, let us hope frigate, the Africaine, Captain Corbet, has at least that the more respectable members since been taken by the sanie squadron, but of each body way in some degree approx. was afterwards abandoned by the French, inrate, and tbat the difficulties which they and has been retaken. severally experience may prepare for some Severe losses have been experienced at future and truly patriotic anion.
sea, in consequence of the severity of the The whole of this month has been con weather. A British seventy-four, the Mi. suined in Parliament in debating the dif notaur, was wrecked on the coast of Holferent stages of the proceedings respecting land, and of her crew, consisting of 590 the appointivent of a Regency. Resolutions men, only 110 were saved. The Elizabeth having passed both Houses relative to the Indianan was also wrecked on the French restrictions under which a Regeut should coast, near Dunkirk. The crew consisted be appointed, differing little in their import, of 100, besides 250 Lascars, and 30 passenexcept in what regarded the royal house- gers. The whole perished, except the caphold, from the outline given in our last tain and bis lvo mates, three passengers, number (p. 794), a deputation from both and 16 Lascars.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
K. S.'s lymn contains lines of good promise ; but we recommend it to him to read and
write much more before he ventures before the public. We are much obliged to CLERICUs for his manuscript of the Consecration Service. We should think it right for E. W. to read the book to which he relers before he publicy
discusses the subject of it. W.; Monialis; Hano; PHILEMON ; have been received, J. A. B. has told us to return his paper, but he has not stated to whom it is to be returned. T. Y.; Theologus; A BAXTERIAN; will appcar, We agree
with Duo Befros, but think the discussion which he proposes inexpedient. We are much obliged to E. S. for the correction of a mistake into which we were led in
our review of Bishop Horsley's Sermans, by not consulting original authorities on the point.
We shall take an opportunity of publishing his letter.
EXTRACTS FROM THE CORRESPOND- naging the whole so far as to keep ENCE OF THE FIRST PROTESTANT up things, not only in the state MISSIONARIES TO INDIA.
wherein they are at present, but (Contiqued from p. 6.)
also, through his unwearied applica
tion and care, under Divine Provi. TOA TOWARDS the close of the dence, more and more to advance
year 1714, Ziegenbalgh left them. And that particularly, our lodia in order to visit Europe. A printing press might not be unembetter from him to the Society for ployed with books of the Malabar promoting Christian Kaowledge, character, I committed into the dated at the Cape of Good Hope, hands of my fellow-labourer one January 15, 1715, explains the rea. part of the New Testament, revised: sons for this step to have been, the likewise a book of hymns, and one hindrances they had hitherto met treating on doctrinal divinity, with with in carrying on their work, and several others, composed for the use their desire to see such obstacles of our schools; and I do not quesremoved as bad hitherto Jain in tion, but he will take all possible their way, and obstructed the con care to see them exactly printed, persion of the Gentiles, so happily since he very much applies himself begun."
to the study of the Malabar tongue. My departure from India" (he His assistant has also solemnly prosays) " was, for divers reasons, not mised, faithfully to discbarge all caly uneasy to myself
, but also to such things as relate to the books many others, both Christians and to be printed in the Portuguese beathens
. The members of our language. As to my labour on board church did particularly express a the ship, I beg leave to acquaint deep concern at this voyage: but you, that I have discharged hithernevertheless we judged it very ne
to my pastoral duty, with respect to cessary in respect of their future ad- those that travel with me. I have Tantage, which we hope will cer also begun to translate part of the tainly ensue, some fair prospect of. Old Testament into the Malabar fering itself to our view. Every one tongue. Besides this, I hope to of our young and old men have get time for composing a small Dahet even my hands and feet with mulian grammar, to be printed in their tears, and would not consent Germany, for the service of those Is my departure, till I had solemnly who desire to learn this language engaged my word, that, with God's in Europe *. But lest this tongue, leave
, I would most certainly re- during so long a voyage, should be turn to ladia. I have undertaken this come less familiar to me, I have mevage with the greater confidence, brought with me a young man out and without which indeed it would of our Malabar school, in order to have been very grievous to me), converse with him in this tongue, that I know that my beloved fellow and constantly to hear it from his laborer, Mr. Grundler, is capable,
* This grauimar he completed, during the la my two years absence, of ma voyage, w the Latin tongue.
CARLST, OBSERV. No. 110.