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that be has not attained. He ob- the apostle's ardent pursuit after tains daily a more accurate know- higher degrees of holiness. ledge of his own heart and conduct. This ardour is expressed in the He sees more of the holiness of most striking manner; " I count God's law. He feels more deeply not myself to have apprehended ; the deflement and the guilt of sin. but this one thing I do, forgetting He sees more clearly the beauty those things wbich are behind, and and excellency of obedience. His reaching forth unto those things Fiews of the glory and perfection which are before, I press
towards of the divine character are enlarged. the mark for the prize of my high He contemplates with growing ad- calling of God in Christ Jesus.” miration and gratitude, the stupend It is very important to enter into ous plan of redemption. He dwells the full force of this language. The ea the person and work of Christ. image is taken from the racer in He breathes after the blessed influ- certain games called the Olympic ence of the Holy Spirit. His affec- games, which have filled the world tions are raised and purified by with their fame; and which were communion with God.' The pro- held at Elis, in Greece, after every mises of the Gospel swell on his fourth year. An entire city and "JEW. The special mercies he has district were consecrated to them; received present themselves to his and a general truce was proclaimed mind. He considers at the same during their celebration. Multitudes time his talents, and opportunities. thronged to them by land and sea, And the more he can bring these from every part of Greece, and from points together, the niore does he distant countries: éven ambassadors perceive his obligations to oniversal and sovereigns were in the babit of boliness, and his guilt and ingrati- meeting there. Ten months' prepatude when he commits sin. Thus, ration was required of every one who atbilst he is really improving in all took part in these games, and kings goodness, be seems still to remain were often among the number. - a vast distance from the perfect Eight judges of the games were soholiness to whicb he is called. His lemnly appointed. The name and quickness in observing his own
country of the person who obtained heart and conduct is such, that, like the victory was proclaimed aloud mbjects seen through a microscope, by the heralds; and while thunders evils or defects, before invisible, be- of applause resounded, poets stood come manifest, while those which ready to celebrate his exploits, and before appeared of small moment “ The Conqueror at Olympia” was are magnified.
added to his name. The language of Pope on another Conceive, then, all the persons subject is so applicable to this, that about to engage in the foot-race 1 stall be excused for introducing (the most ancient and honourable A.
of all, the games), drawn up at the So pleas'd at first the tow’ring Alps we try,
line, waiting the signal. The name Want o'er the vales, and seem to tread the of each is distinctly pronounced by
the herald; the unnumbered multiTH' etersal snows appear already past,
tudes animate them to exertion; And the first clouds and mountains seem the judges at the end of the course the last.
are watching to distinguish the Bet those attain'd, we tremble to survey
conqueror; and the prize itself is The growing labours of the lengtbeu'd way, placed full in view. The trumpet Il'increasing prospect tires our wabu'ring sounds. In an instant they dart
eyes, His prep der hills, and Alps on Alps the goal. Imagine the feelings of
forth from the line, and soon reach wise. III. We come now to consider test.
the racer during the moment of con
He is swallowed up in the CROIST, Observ, No. 110.
object before him. He forgets the Such is the animating examp ground he has passed over. He the apostle Paul. The applica reaches forth, with the utmost ea of this to ourselves I shall res gerness, to seize the prize which for another occasion. is to reward his toil.
In the mean time, let us ask This striking image the apostle selves these plain questions. Is employs to describe the ardour with religion like that of St. Paul which he pursued after higher de my state before God like grees of holiness. It is impossible Have I repented and turned for me to convey the full strength God? Have I been renewed by of his language; but his main de Holy Ghost? Have I believe sign is evident. He had been " ap- Jesus Christ unto righteousne prehended of Christ." He had re Are my attainments, though no nounced his own righteousness, to great, yet of the same kind win Christ and be found in him. those of the apostle ? And wbil But is he satisfied with this? No am aiming at further progress such thing. His heart is fixed on my sense of imperfection as being conformed to his Saviour's feigned and humiliating as image. This is his habitual state Above all, am I pressing towa of mind. And in this pursuit, his heaven as my great mark?
Is growing sense of imperfection stirs my one object? Do I count p him up to redoubled diligence. sent attainments as nothing,
This one thing he did, his whole comparison of the immense fi soul was engrossed by it
. To know which is yet untrodden? And more of Christ and the power of I eagerly seeking to know more his resurrection, occupied all his Christ, and the power of his res care. Every thing else was unin- rection, and the fellowship of leresting to him in comparison of sufferings, resolving never to slack this. He forgot the things that were my exertions till death brings behind. Like the racer, the advances
eternal crown! Amen! he had already made were as 10thing. The love, and faith, and obedience to which he had already To the Editor of the Christian Observ attained, were but as a drop in the I was somewhat surprised to read, ocean. The immense prospect be- your admirable review of Bishe fore him filled his soul. He saw Horsley's Sermons, as follows: “T there was so much more to be reference of the Psalm" (viz. xl known, and felt, and performed, “to Christ, is warranted by the co that he could not look back with current judgment of antiquity; an satisfaction on his present attain- though REJECTED, probably upon 1 ments. He did not regard them at authority of Calvin, in the title pre all. They were forgotten in his fixed to the Psalm in Queen Elizabet! eager reaching forth unto those things version of the Bible, was adopted which were before. Thus he pressed the days of James the First by the forward towards the mark of the framers of our present authorize prize of his high calling of God in version.”—It appeared to me strang
Christ Jesus. He had the prize in that, so contrary to the genera view. On this his eye was fixed; strain of interpretation which the even on that perfect holiness and prevailed, either of those authoritie happiness in a glorious resurrection, should explain the Psalm in a sens which should be the crown of the which excluded its reference tconqueror. This was his mark; Christ. I therefore had recours and in pursuing it, every faculty of first to the authorized version of th body and soul was exerted 10 attain Bible in the time of Queen Lliza increasing knowledge, fervour, spi- beth. The edition which I com rituality, and obedience.
sulted was printed by the depulit
of Christopher Barker, Printer to as to the opinion of Calvin on the the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty, subject, and I consulted his InstiAnno Dom. 1592, cum privilegio; tules. I there found that be was so and quite different, I apprehend, to far from adopting the restrained the saggestion above, I found the sense suggested above, that he is title prefixed to the 45th Psalm to very explicit indeed in his applica
• The majesty of So- tion of the 45th Psalm to the person lomon-his honour—are praised and kingdom of Christ. In book i. and also his marriage with the cap. 13, sect. 9, I read as follows: Egyptian blessed- Under the which « Quia tamen sine controversia inter figure, the wonderful majesty and in- omnes constare debet, Christum esse crease of the kingdom of Christ, and illum Sermonem carne indutum, buc of the Church his Spouse, now taken optime convenient quæcunque deiof the Gentiles, is described.” On tatem Christo asserunt testimonia. ver. 6, the marginal note is, “ Under Quum dicitur Psalmo 45. Solium this figure of this kingdom of justice tuum Deus in seculum et usque, is set forth the everlasting kingdom of tergiversantur Judæi, nomen Elohim Christ :” and, after several remarks competere etiam in angelos et sumto the same effect, the note on the mas potestates. Atqui nusquam exlast verse is, “ This must only be re- tat similis in Scriptura locus, qui ferred to Christ, and not to Solomon.” thronum æternum creaturæ erigat; Whatever therefore might be the neque enim simpliciter Deus vocatur, opinion of Calvin, the editors of sed æternus quoque Dominator." Queen Elizabeth's Bible did not in. Again, in book ii. cap. 15, sect. 5, terpret the 45th Psalm in a sense the author, referring to the 45th different from that which you justly Psalm, thus writes, " Hoc oleum est assert is warranted by the concur lætitiæ quo Psalmus prædicat eum Tent judgment of antiquity *, (Christum) fuisse unctum præ con
But I was willing to be satisfied sortibus suis." My copy of the In"E. S. is mistaken in supposing the Bible stitutes was printed at Leyden, 1654. from which he quotes to leave been the au
But I examined also Calvin's thorized Bible of Queen Elizabeth's reign: Commentary on the Epistle to the i is the Geneva Bible
. A copy of it is now Hebrews: in the first chapter of before us, printed also by Barker. The art- which, ver. 8 and 9, the 45th Psalm kterised Bible of Queen Elizabeth was what is quoted by the apostle. Here the is called the Bishops' Bible, although the author observes, that the Psalm, in Geneva Bible was in common use. In the its primary and literal sense, refers fest folio edition of the Bishops' Bible, which to Solomon; but he very expressly is now on our table, the title of the 45th applies it to Christ in its spiritual Pealn runs thus: “ The Prophet, describing and prophetic sense. here the beauty, eloquence, &c. of King Solomon, his wife and children, settetl: forth ergo composito animo et citra rix. Jesus Christ, and his Espouse the Church, andi studium hunc versum leget non wiose eternal kingdom against sin, death, inficiabitur Messiam vocari Deum.” ad bell, is notably figured here in this And again : « Hoc in Christum Psalm" E. S. does not seem to be aware magis proprie compelit qui nos sibi har Bishop Horsley, on whose authority we adoptavit consortes, tametsi jure rested, quotes the very same passages from proprio non eramus.
Unctus aute Geneva Bible, in confirmation of his iem fuit supra nos omnes," with Ensure of Calvin, which E. S. quotes in vin- much more to the same effect. So dization of him. The Bishop thought Calvin that I conceive there can be very altogether wrong in supposing the Psalm to little difference in the sense of the rese: in any manner or measure to Solomon, Psalm, as interpreted by Bishop brugb figuratively to Christ; his own view being that it refers primarily and exclusively Horsley, and that in which it was to Clarist. And it is this error, as he deems interpreted by Calvin. it (ttuagh we may not have been sufficiently
Now, Sir, it must be acknowledged dear in stating the point at issue) wlich the that your correspondents are geneBishop wiacke. ED.
rally much more ingenuous and ter
sures which they took to prevent its el On the Remarks on Ps. XLV. in Bishop Horsley's Review. (FES perate in their treatment of Calvin churches, as there were in England, than most of their contemporaries; with the tender of their services to but yet I have sometimes suspected assist and unite together. · Vide that some of them are little ac- Strype's Life of Abp. Cranmer, quainted with Calvin and his works. folio, 207*. This, surely, does not
The honourable mention repeal- seem like an endeavour to fashion edly made of Calvin by Bishop all the Protestant churches upon Jewell, in his Defence of his Apo- republican principles. logy, and the estimation in which You will, I fear, suspect that the he was holden by Bishop Hall *, writer is a vehement and incorrigiwho reckons him amongst the best ble Calvinist. But he admires Calexpositors of Scripture since the vio chiefly as a practical divine. apostles left the earth,” might surely As to those deep and mysterious create a suspicion that there is sone doctrines which respect the counmistake amongst the moderns, in sels of God, he thinks it becomes us estimating his character both as an φρονείν εις το σωφρονείν. .
With reauthor and a man. I much doubl
. spect to those metaphysical subtle, whether Bishop Horsley would have ties which arise out of them, and treated bin with so little ceremony too often minister questions and as he has shewn to certain modern strifes of words, rather than godly commentators of great celebrity. edifying, he is decidedly of opinion The Bishop had, indeed, the daring with the moderate and candid Le to defend the political character of Blanc -- " Forte, tamen consultius Calvin against the calumnies of Dr. esset questiones hujusmodi, quæ Heylin, revived by Mr. Plowden; nihil ad fructum pietatis faciunt, et and his defence must be satisfactory nibilominus gravissimas "lo every ingenuous mind t. But tiones excitant, nec movere nec deeven his Lordship seems to assert, terminare." somewhat too hastily, thai, in dis
Your Friend, and regard of an apostolic institution,
Constant Reader, E.S. and the example of the primitive ages,
“ he endeavoured to fashion We are much obliged to E. S. the government of all the Protestant for the above communication ; inchurches upon republican princi- deed, we are always glad to be ples.” It appears, from Beza's Life favoured with the fruit of his reof Calvin, that Calvin did not first searches into Christian antiquity. introduce the presbytery into Ge- with respect, however, to the main
It subsisted when he came point now under discussion, be will thither, Anno 1536. Farellus and perceive, from what we have alViretus constrained him to settle ready said, that he has misappre. there. Farellus threatened him hended the drift of Bishop Horsley's with the divine vengeance if he re
argument; an error into which we fused, as one that sought bis own, may have contributed to lead him. not the things of Jesus Christ. The Bishop does not affirm, as E. S. “ Hac terribili denuntiatione terri- supposes, that Calvin denies that tus Calvinus sese presbyterii et ma the 45th Psalm figures Christ under gistratus voluntati permisit," saith a description of Solomon; but he Beza. Moreover, in the year 1549,
censures Calvin, and those who bave thirteen years after Calvin first set followed bim, for representing the tled at Geneva, Bullinger, Calvin, Psalm as at all applicable to Soloand others, in a letter to King Ed. mon, but only to the Messiah, and ward, offered to make him their de- his spouse, the Church. Ev. fender, and to have bishops in their
* Mr. Strype also shews how much this • Vol. x. p. 88. Pratt's edition.
proposal alarıned the Papists, and the nica† Appendix to Sermon on the Martyrdom of King Charles the First, preached 1793. . fect.
Tothe Editor of the Christian Observer. is this valuable MS. from counte
hence we may conclude, that so far Is reply to a note of your corre. nancing any new and improved form spondent, sigoed Oroniensis, insert- of the Hebrew text, that its agreeed page 756 of your valuable mis. ment and uniformity with all other cellany for last November, I again the most perfect copies extant, remark, that the collation of the shews it to have bad, together with Indian roll there mentioned, with them, one and the same origin, and the printed text of Van. Hooght, to have been derived from the same affords not more than forty examples common fountain. of variation; and that not one of the Should this collation be published, said examples declares for any real which occupies thirty quarto pages, corruption of the Hebrew text of and comprehends a transcript of the Pentateuch, but concerns only nearly 600 lines, after the exact form such letters of difference as affect observed in the MS., a new and imDeither the reading nor interpreta- proved method will offer itself for tion of the sacred text. Out of this ihe more accurate and satisfactory number, which must be allowed to collation and investigation of Hebe indeed inconsiderable, twenty-five brew MSS. in general, to the great exactly agree with the edition of improvement of this branch of saAthias's Bible, printed at Amsterdam cred literature. 1661, and the remaining few are Yours, respectfully, mostly supported by other Hebrew
T. Y. and Samaritan MSS., whose read Cam. Jan. 1811. ings have been collected by the learned and laborious Dr. Kenni. cott. With respect to the chronology
The following letter from the wellof the patriarchal ages recorded in
known Dr. Knapp, of Hall, in the book of Genesis, your corre
Germany, to Mr. Yeates, will prospondent inquires, “ Whether the
bably interest our learned readnumbers in the Indian MS. are
ers; especially as it is connected quite the same as in Vander Hooght's
with the important objects of printed text.” To which ingenious
that gentleman's present pursuit. and important inquiry I answer, “ Viro Excellentissimo, Thomæ from the most careful inspection of eates, S. D. Georg. Christian. the MS. text in this part of the Knapp. sacred history, that the numbers “ Epistola Tua, quam d. xv Ocstand in the MS. eractly the same as tobris ad me perhumaniter scripsisti, in V. Hooght's text.
mibi longe gratissima fuit et accepPerhaps your correspondent, or tissima, non modo ideo, quia insome other learned reader, Sir, may signis eruditionis Tuæ eo in genere wish to know " whether the indian literaruin, cui nostra ælate pauci MS. affords any authority for the operam suam dicant, egregium spemention of Cainan, son of Arpharnd, cimen exhibet, sed propterea etiam, recorded Luke, chap. iii. ver. 36." quod ex ea laudabile studium Tuum Among numerous other points of in propaganda salutari cognitione critical inquiry, I have diligently Jesu Christi positum (in quo sane sought for this article respecting the hoc tempore Vestrates ecclesiae ilpost-tiluvian Cainan, but it is not justri nostratibus exemplo sunt), sapported by the Indian copy; and magna
cum voluptate intellexi.