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or “ ravishing." Every day is “de- can pretty well judge how far the licious" or " intolerable." -As for strength of the expression is suited to sermons, Sir, the fiery controversia-' the subject; and water down as I see lists of the 17th century did not coin occasion.-But, Sir, it is on their acFords strong enough to give utter. count I write to you; upon them the ance to the judgments of these impe- effects of all this are very severe. In tuous damsels. And if it were not the first place, when any really great that my ears are regaled pretty often occasions arise, they are sore diswith the mild epithet " dull,” I tressed indeed. Having used up all sbould be led to conclude, that all the strong words of the language. their preachers were either Gabriels upon weaker topics, as they cannot or Molochs. I ought to observe, swear, they are obliged to be silent; however, that there is no epithet of and having expended their strong a more emphatic import in their emotions in the same prodigal whole vocabulary than the quiet manner, they have no resource but monosyllable I have just mentioned. an hysteric.
One limit and correcIn their auto da fes, heresy would tive indeed I perceive to this, is, that not more certainly conduct a man to sensibility exercised upon small * the stake than dullness.
things seems to exhaust itself upon Now, Sir, as to the effect of this theni, and to find no strength for excess in language and sentiment great ones ; so tbat these poor girls, upon myself, I have little to say. who scream when a moth singes his As the shepherd's boy in the fable, wing, saw the footman actually who cried “ the wolf, the wolf,” for break his leg last week with truly bis own amusement, and to cheat his stoical, composure. They feel it, neighbours, at last could not rouze however, a real grievance to want them to his help even when the wolf words commensurate to their occareally came; so I am learning to be sions ; for that does not look senti. wonderfully composed, even when mental. Although they account you the quivering couple are almost in " horribly dull," yet you would convalsions. I have taken a new greatly rise in their estimation if measure of their conversation. I you would either supply them direct know that scarlet with them means with some Patagonian phrases, or pink; swans, sparrows; infinite, not recommend the formation of a new small; delicious, not unpleasant; dull, dictionary to some of your learned sensible ; quakerish, respectable; correspondents : but in this last case, odious, quiet; methodistical, decent, Sir, your lesicographer must be a &c. &c. &c; so that, Sir, I can now sort of literary perfumer, and have listen even to an intensitive that all his words in “ essences.' might almost break the drum of an Another of their misfortunes is ordinary ear, with no more emotion' this. Though I, by dint of habit, than a gunner hears a pistol. I can have come to understand them, and, watch the progress of an hysteric through brotherly love, cannot fail with as little sensation as a stranger to feel for them; yet the world are would hear a sigh; and epithets, not all so knowing and so affecwhicb, in untutored ears, would un- tionate as myself. The fact is then, canonize a saint, leave the uninjured that one half of their acquaintance subject of them in full possession of believe them, and the other half do my good opinion. Strong sayings not. The first take them at their are now to me, like French snuff to word; and accordingly are tossed in men accostomed to "blackguard;” or all the “ hurly burly," and whirlFreach wines to the drinkers of winds of passion, which these young brandy. Thus, as I said, I am not witches excite. The half of their likely, except indeed by my past mis- acquaintance who do not believe apprehensions, to suffer from the em- them are a good deal tempted to phases of my sisters. From babit I despise them, which, as they are
really worth loving but for this feel, in about the same proportions single fault, grieves them and me not with the rest of the world. Preach a little. Now, Sir, as I conceive, to them a short sermon upon that short this case one or two remedies must be but important text, “' be sober."applied : you must either reach the Keep their pulse, if possible, by world a new language, or teach my prescribing a cooling diet and resisters that of their own country gimen, below fever heat. And beg and common sense. Teach them the ihem, among other things, no longer accurate use of their five senses, so to call me the little stiff Quaker, that they may see, hear, taste, smell,
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
History of Dissenters, from the Re- .which in fact contains the best ac
volution in 1688, to the Year 1808. count we have ever seen of the esta In four Volumes, By David blished church during the reigos of Bogue and JAMES BENNETT. Lon. William III. and Anne, we are wil. don; Williams and Smith, &c. 8vo. ling to award all the praise of geneVol. 1. pp. xliv. 435; Vol. II. ral candour and restrained partiality,
which has just been expressed ; and
chad the present historians, in the unWHATEVER may be our opinion of disturbed enjoyment of a liberty and the personal character of Dissenters security which they both acknow . from the ecclesiastical establishment ledge and celebrate, exhibited the in this country, or of the cause which same fidelity and moderation which they have espoused, we are ready to characterize the performance of their admit, that they have the best right predecessor and exemplar, while uno -to give their own account both of der the visitation of injuries, as be themselves and of their principles. must bave esteemed them, of no We are as little disposed to deny, trifling severity, they would have that such an account, whether grate- given to the public a work crediful or not to a churchman's feelings, iable to themselves, and not unacwould be instructive and interesting ceptable to us, or, we apprehend, to in a high degree. Nor would it de- the generality of our readers. Even tract very considerably from the then, there would doubtless have judgment here expressed, were the been many points, on which we work, although generally just and should have differed from the authors, candid, blemished by some undue and on which we should perhaps have partialities to the subject. We felt it our duty, although, we rrost, should consider, that it was the work with Christian arms, to contend with of men, and that we might ourselves them. But it is with real regret we be overtaken with the same fault. are obliged to declare our opinion, The history, which we nuw.under that the present history does by no take to review, is professedly a con means equal that just mentioned, tinuation of the celebrated history of either in candour or a Christian the Puritans, by Neale; and it is spirit; and that, in both these quareally a parallel of the less known lities, it is often, and very crimiAbridgment of Baxier's Life and nally, deficient. The points of dif
. Times, by Calamy, for about the ference between these writers and period now given to the public in ourselves must therefore, of course, the History of Mests. Bogue and be prodigiously multiplied. This Bennett. To the work of Calamy, çircumstance, although it may seem
to increase our labour in one re- to forestall the judgment of the spect
, diminishes it in another; and, reader in favour of the hilarity and wbether it be from indolence, or ironical style which they have ocfrom a regard to the superior recti- casionally, and indeed pretty plentade of the course, we shall adopt tifully, adopted. Nor indeed should that method which will give us the we be disposed to deny them the least trouble. The title of these indulgence of their taste, did not volumes does not appear to have simple history, much more religious been selected with the strictest pro- history, seem to forbid at least an priety, nor indeed with the most excess in that way of writing; and scrupulous fairness, as it professes did we not find it uniformly and exnothing more than a History of Dis. clusively indulged at the expense of senters; and yet the authors evi- the principles or feelings of their opdently intended to include in their ponents. Bui we shall find it ne. work a general bistory of the state cessary to revert to this subject. of religion in these dominions. They In the Introduction, which is inprofess as much in their -Preface, tended to give a succinct history of where they observe,
Christianity in Britain up to the "Our volumes will form a com- period which the bistory before us pendious bistory of religion in Bri- professedly undertakes to record, we tain, as we have devoted, under each find, of course, some representations, of the periods into which our work accompanied with such reflections as is divided, a distinct chapter to the pleased the writers, of the conduct state of religion in the British Em- of the first reformers in this nation; pire at large." p. xxiii.
and we are sorry likewise to find, As, we hope, it will be perceived, that our dissenting historians, in too that we have been actuated by no much of the spirit of dissent, beunfair principles of hostility in our tray a manifest reluctance to admit general remarks on the work before the merits, and as manifest an incliUF, we will omit some sentiments of nation to expose and aggravate the censore wbich were roused in pure faults, of those illustrious individuals; suing our course through the Pre- men, who were martyrs, not in face, to produce a passage honour- profession or spirit only, but in deed able to the candour, which we wish and in truth; inartyrs 100, not in the were more uniform, of the writers. slighter sufferings implied by the
Yet we are far from thinking, either term, by taking joyfully the spoiling that every member of the established re of their goods and the imprisonment ligion was transported with the furious lust of their persons, but by resisting of domination, which her rulers have, in unto blood, and not counting their fermer times, displayed; or that none of her life dear to them, so that they might setgy bare, since then, received any im- finish their own course with joy, provement from the lapse of time, and the and transmit the truib, unimpaired, Ciscipline of events. On the contrary, we and confirmed by their testimony, have the happiness to be acquainted with to the posterities which shall be clergymnen wiose enlightened minds, liberal blessed ihrough them. They were Hers, would do honour to any communion men, we may likewise asfirm, to of Christians which now exists, and would whose exertions and sacrifices Dis#ae reflected no disgrace on the first and senters themselves owe half their przest churches of Christ on earth. There light and half their privileges. The ere those who minister in the church from first and principal agent in the Reformlich we dissent, whose generous hearts marion, Archbishop Cranmer, “my estao to the severest sentence we could pro- Lord of Canterbury,” whose dignity perance on the arbitrary measures which drove does not appear to be the least of his le Puritans from the established pale.” faults in the eyes of our historians, Ep. mit, au.v.
js dismissed with the following reThe authors, in p. xliii. endeavour tection, which we will not attempt
to characterizė : “ If any part of his of the time and subject can, with history decisively proves the reality safe credit, overlook it. The work 22 of his religion, it is his death." p. 53. was provoked by the first edition of We are at a loss to account for this Calamy's Abridgment of Baxter's 21 treatment of persons, who, we ap- Life, &c. and the short accounts prehended, were placed beyond the which was appended of the suffered reach of party-feeling, in times and ings of the non-conformists. Great under circumstances, where all real preparations were made for its ap. Christians have the same friends and pearance. Calamy considered himthe same enemies, till, in our pro- self and his caụse sufficiently congressive perusal of this history, it cerned to reply in a tract, which ap- es was involuntarily suggested to us, pears at the end of the last volume za that there existed a sentiment of of his Continuation of the Account the jealousy on the subject ; and that, of the Ejected Ministers, under the as the ejected ministers were ob- title, “ The Church and the Disviously the heroes of the present senters compared, as to Persecution, writers, and accounted by them the in some Remarks on Dr. Walker's great parents of the modern body of Attempt,” &c. Except with respect Dissenters, they stood in direct ri. to the instances; in which we freely valry with those whom we esteem give up the Churchman, bis opthe fathers of the English church. ponent, we think, has defended him
The account of the times of what self but feebly; and we were not is called the Great Rebellion, and sorry, either for his sake or ours, to 13 of the Interregnum or Common- read in his work the following conwealth, is, in our view, singularly cession : partial. The tyranny of the pres “ I readily acknowledge many of his saf- : byterian and independent party, ferers mentioned here, to have been men of both in their progress towards the great worth and eminence. I am sincerely supreme power, and during their sorry they met with such usage; and can a enjoyment of it, with respect to the heartily as any man lament the rigorous episcopalians, and more especially
treatment of such excellent persons, as the clergy, is acknowledged in a Bishop Morton, Bishop Hall, Bishop Pridegree very far below the truth.
deaux, Bishop Brownrigg, &c. Ihave not the
least word to say in vindication of it. The authors do not appear at all Bishop Hall's Hard Measure, written by ambitious of the praise of impare himself, added to his account of the Specitiality in this part of their history. alties of his Life, and dated May 29, 1647, They must ceriainly have heard of a would make any man's heart bleed that work entitled," An Attempt towards reads it." p. 65. recovering an Account of the Num In p. 88, our authors, after af. bers and Sufferings of the Clergy firming, that a part of the money, of the Church of England,” &c. by raised by the sale of the cathedral John Walker. And yet there is no Jands was appropriated to the supreference whatever io the perfor- port of the deprived clergy,-a very mance, that we can remember. Our small part, if any; for, if our recolhistorians need not alarm themselves lection bè correct, the money was or others with the notion, that we applied to the use of the state, – adopt, or would defeod, the entire observe, that“ a fifth of the income contents, or the reigning spirit, of of livings was afterwards devoted to the “ Attempt." It is an illiberal the relief of the ejected incumbents." work, breathing out the bitterness We believe this assersion to be maand secularity of the Sacheverellian terially incorrect, inasmuch as, not phrensy, and depraved with large the ejected incumbents, but their mixtures of puerile scandal. And wives and families, were the objects yet there is so great a mass of real of this partial clemency in the inand important information hidden tention of the parliament. But alunder the rubbish, that no historian though the parliament should have
full credit for sincerity, it does by apparently thought it as much their no means follow, that their intention duty to suppress, as to produce those was put in execution. A slight con- of an opposite description. There cesion to this effect is supplied by certainly is some plausibility in the the page before us, which addš, argument, that the puritan ministers,
that the political ferment of the who occupied the livings at the Retimes influenced the decisions of this storation, were usurpers; and that, committee" (the Triers,) " is more therefore, it was no more than dethan probable." The evasions of priving them of what was not their the parliamentary ordinance were so own, and of which they had eieasy, and the opportunities of ap- joyed the unjust profit for a long plying them so numerous and com course of years, to eject them from prehensive, that very few of the fa- their benefices. We confess, that milies intended to be relieved, re- the measure would have pleased us ceived any benefit: some, by the better, although then but little, had rexations and expense of fruitless it been executed on the honest, applications, were really injured. avowed, principle of secular restiThe injustice of both kinds, it de- tution ; than, by prescribing terms of fertes to be recollected, was in- continued communion, with which it ficted, not by the government and was impossible for the Puritans with secular power, but by the very per- a safe conscience to comply, to. sons, and those of the sacred order, usurp the false appearance of justice. who sacceeded to the patrimony The Act of Uniformity is an act
, the of the church. Fuller*, and even credit of which we would much Walker
, deserve to be consulted on more willingly give to the state than this subject. The latter is very to the church. The expulsion, and copious, and his antagonist, Calamy, more especially the silencing, of such has
, on this point; made but an in ministers as ihose who refused to nficient reply. Our authors pro- conform, was a serious injury both ceed with a remark, which affords a to the church and to the nation. fair specimen of the reigning spirit Much, however, as we are disposed and manner of the whole work. to honour the personal character and " It is, however, indisputable, that the labours of the ejected non-conforepiscopal party paid the highest compliinent mists, we must say, that the language to the moderation and liberality, which re. of our historians appears rather stred to the former incumbents a portion extravagant, when they observeof their incomes, by shewing, at the Restorá- « Ecclesiastical history furnishes no tieth
, that the conduct of the Puritans was too such instance of a noble army of derated and generous for them to imitate." confessors at one time: it is an ho. We are happy, that it does not
nour peculiar to the English Dislie opon us, or upon the church of senteis. Never has the world seen which we are members, to vindicate such a sacrifice to principle.” p. 99. the conduct of the government and What these eminent and conscienthe elergy, in their treatment of the tious men surrendered at the shrine Don-conformists. The church of of principle, they had enjoyed, for a Esgland is no more implicated in this set of her ruling members, and
greater or less term, with question
able right. Their sacrifices were those who influenced her proceed far short of life. They acted, in the ings at the time, than the civil present instance, not in the face of part of the constitution is account. general prejudice existing and opeable for the conduct of such a judge rating against them, but with the
Jeffries. There were, however, some extenuating circumstances in
applause, encouragement, and supthe affair, which our historians have port of large numbers of persons,
most intimately connected with Feller, in his way, says, the fifths were
them, and most affectionately depaid a sises and sevens.
voted to them. They acted, like