Page images

cause men fought with burnt stakes and firebrands before arms were invented

To breathe, P. L. ii. 244. to smell, to throw out

the smell, to exhale, to send out as breath

To braid, to plait, to weave, to twist. Braided
train, P.L. iv. 349. plaited or twisted tail
To bray, P. L. vi. 209. (probably from the Greek
Bpaxw, strepo), to make an offensive or dis
agreeable noise. It signifies to make any kind
of noise, though now it be commonly appropria-
ted to a certain animal

Brigandine, S. A. 1120. a coat of mail
To brim, P. L. iv. 336. P. to fill to the top
Brinded, P. L. vii. 466. P. streaked, tabby, marked
with branches

To bristle, P. L. vi. 82, to erect in bristles. The
Latins express this by the word horrere, taken
from the bristling on a wild boar's or other ani-
mal's back. Milton has the expression of hor-
rent arms, P. L. ii. 513. See Horrent
Budge, P. furred, surly, stiff, formal

Bullion, P. L. i. 704. gold or silver in the lump, unwrought, uncoined. Bullion dross, the dross which arose from the metal in refining it But, P. L. iii. 377. except, unless

Buxome, is vulgarly understood for wanton, jolly; but it properly signifies flexible, yielding, obedient, obsequious, as P. L. ii. 842. v. 270; and also gay, lively, brisk, as P. xiii. 24.


Cacias, P. L. x. 699. the north-west wind Callow, P. L. vii, 420. unfledged, naked, without feathers

To calve, P. L. vii. 463. to bring forth, from the Belgic word calven, to bring forth

Caparison, P. L. ix. 35. a horse-cloth, or sort of

cover for a horse, a which is spread over his fur


Caravan, P. L. vii. 428. P. R. i. 323. a great convoy of merchants, which meet at certain times and places, to put themselves into a condition of defence from thieves, who ride in troops in several desert places upon the road in Persia and Turkey. It is like an army, consisting ordinarily of five or six hundred camels, and near as many horses, and sometimes more Carbuncle, a jewel that shines in the dark like a lighted coal or candle

To career, P. L. vi. 756. to run with swift motion. Careering fires, are lightnings darted out by fits; a metaphor taken from the running in tilts, says Dr. Newton

Carol. P. L. xii. 367. a song of devotion

To carol, P. to praise, to celebrate

To cast, P. L. iii. 634. to consider, to contrive, to turn the thoughts

Cataphracts, S. A. 1619. men or horses completely armed; from xaraQpáσow, armis munio

Cataract, P. L. ii. 176. xi. 824. a fall of water from on high, a shoot of water, a cascade Catarrh, P. L, xi. 483. a defluction of sharp se

rum from the glands about the head and throat Cates P. R. ii. 348. viands, food, dish of meat; generally employed to signify nice and luxuri aus food

Cedarn, P. the same as cedrine, of or belonging to the cedar tree

Centaur, P. L. x. 328. the sign of Sagittarius, or the Archer, in the Zodiac

Centric, P.L. x. 671. placed in the center. Centric (or concentric) spheres, P. L. viii. 83. are such spheres whose center is the same with that of the earth

Cerastes, P. L. x. 525. a serpent having horns,

or supposed to have horns; from xipas, a horn Charity, P. L. iv. 756, tenderness, kindness, love. Charities is used in the Latin signification, and, like caritates, comprehends all the relations, all the endearments of consanguinity and affinity. The theological virtue of universal love, P. L. iii. 216. xii. 584

Chimera. P. L. ii. 628. a monster feigned to have

the head of a lion, the belly of a goat, and the tail of a dragon. Hence it signifies a vain and wild fancy, as remote from reality as the exist ence of this poetical chimera

Chivalry, P. L. i. 307. (from the French chevalerie), signifies knighthood, and also those who use

horses in fight, both such as ride on horses and such as ride in chariots drawn by them. In the sense of riding and fighting, the word is used ver. 765; and in the sense of riding and fighting in chariots drawn by horses, P. R. iii. 343. compared with ver 328

Chrysolite, P. L. iii. 596. a precious stone of a dusky green, with a cast of yellow

Cieling, P. L. xi. 743. the inner roof. It may be thought (says Mr. Richardson) too mean a word in poetry; but Milton had a view to its derivation from the Latin cælum, and the Italian cielo, heaven.

Cimmerian, P. which sees no sun, obscure, dark.

The Cimmerians were a poeple who lived in caves under ground, and never saw the light of the sun; whence comes the phrase Cimmerian darkness, i. e. great obscurity

Clang, a sharp, shrill noise

Clarion, P. L. i. 532. a small shrill treble trumpet ; a claro quem edit sono

To cluster, P. L. iv. 303. vii. 320. to grow in bunches, to gather into bunches, to congregate Collateral, running parallel, diffused on either side, P. L. viii. 426; side by side, a sense agreeable to the etymology of the word, P. L. x. 86 Colures, P. L. ix. 66. two great circles supposed

to pass through the poles of the world, intersecting each other at right angles, and encompassing

the earth from north to south, and from south to north again

Combustion, conflagration, burning in a dreadful

manner, P. L. i. 46; tumult, hurry, hubbub,
bustle, hurly burly, P. L. vi. 225.

To commerce, P. to hold intercourse with
Compeer, P. L. i. 127. equal, companion, colleague,


Cone, P. L. iv. 776. a figure round at bottom, and lessening all the way ends in a point

To conglobe, to gather into a round mass, to consolidate in a ball, to assemble and associate together, P. L. vii. 239; to coalesce in a round mass, P. L. vii. 292 To conjure, P. L. ii. 693, to conspire, to band and league together, to bind many by an oath to some common design; from the Latin conjurare, to bind one another by an oath to be true and faithful in a design undertaken Convex, bending down on all sides round, rising in

a circular form. Convex is spoken properly of the exterior surface of a globe, and concave of the interior surface, which is a hollow

Cormorant, P. L. iv. 196. a bird that lives upon fish, eminently greedy and rapacious.

Cornice, P. L. i. 716. the uppermost member of the entablature of a column; the highest projection of a wall or column

Corny, P. L. vii. 321. strong or hard like horn, horny; of the Latin corneus, horny

« PreviousContinue »