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SECT. XVI.

The mystery of Faith and Works, and rewards of

Grace and Debt.

1. Of Faith and Works.

HE

E that in word offendeth not,

Is call'd a perfect man I wot a; Yet he whose thoughts and deeds are bad, The law.perfection never had b. I ain design'd a perfect soul, Ev'n though I never kept the whole, Nor any precept c; for 'tis known, He breaks them all, that breaks but one d.

s 1 Pet. i. 8. Whom, having not feen, ye love ; in whom, though now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy anspeakable, and full of glory. Rom. iv. 13,

, -21. Abraham against hope, believed in hope, that he might become the fa. ther of many nations ; according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed be. And being not weak in faith, he confie dered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither get the deadness of Sarah's womb. He staggered got at the promise God through unbelief ; bút was strong in faith, giving glory to God; and being fully per. suaded, that what he had promised, he was able also to perform.

Psalm lxxxix. 36,-39. His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me. It shall be established for e. per as the moon, and as a faithful witness in heaven. Selah. But thou hast cast off and abhorred, thou hast been wroth with thine anointed. Thou hast made void the covenant of thy fervant: thou halt profaned his crown, by casting it to the ground.

a James iii. 2. If any mao offend not in word, the fame is a perfect man, and able also to bridie the whole body.

6 James ii. 10. For whosoever hall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all,

c Rom. iv. 5, 6. To him that worketh not, but believeth

By faith I do perfection claim e,
By works I never grasp the name f:
Yet without works my faith is nought g,
And thereby no perfection brought.
Works without faith will never speed h,
Faith without works is wholly dead i :
Yet I am juftify'd by faith,

Which no law-works adjutant hath k. on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. Even as David also describeth the blessedness oi the man unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works. Job i. 1. There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job, and that man was perfect and upright, and one that feared God, and eschewed evil. Pfalm lxxi. 16. I will go in the strength of the Lord God; I will make mention of thy righteousness, even of thine only. Eccl. vii. 20. For there is not a just man upon earth, that doth good, and finaeth not. d James ii. 10. See letter b.

Phil. iii. 9. I count all things but dung, that I may win Christ, and be found in him, not having mine own righteous. Dess, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteoufness which is of God by faith.

f Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jefus Chrift: even we bave believed in Jesus Chrift; that we might be justified by the faith of Chrilt, and not by the works of the law : for bg the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.

& James ii. 14. What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man fay he hath faith, and have not works ? can faith fave him?

h Heb. xi. 6. Withoat faith it is impossible to please God; for he that cometh to God, must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him. Rom. xxiv. 23. Whatsoever is not of faith, is fin.

i James ii. 17. Even so faith if it hath not works, is dead being alone. v. 26. For as the body without the spirit is dead, fo faith without works is dead alfo.

* Rom iii. 21, 22. But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets ; even the righteousnels of God which is by faithe

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Yea, gospel-works no help can lend I,
Though still they do my faith attend m:
Yet faith by works is perfect made,

And by their presence justify'd n. Jesus Christ uoto all, and upon all them that believe ; for there is no difference. Chap. iv. 4, 5, 6. Now to him that worketh, is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. Even as David also describeth the blessednefs of the man unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works.

| Phil. iii. 4,-9. If any other man thinketh that he hath whereof he might trust in the flesh, I more :--touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless. But what things were gain to me, those I counted lofs for Christ. Yea doubt. Jess, and I count all things but loss, for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord, for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count thens but dung, that I may win Christ, and be found in him, not having mine owa righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith. Isa. Ixiv. 6. But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnelles are as filthy rags. Hof. xiii. 9. O Israel, thon haft destroyed thyself, but in me is thine help. 11. xlv. 24, 25. Surely, fhall one say, in the Lord have I righteousness and Arength : even to him thall men come, and all that are in. censed against him fhall be ashamed. In the Lord shall all the feed of Israel be justified, and shall glory.

m Tit. iii. 8. This is a faithful laying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they wbich have believed in God, might be careful to maintain good works : these things are good and profitable unto men. James ii. 18. Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works : Thew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works. im James ii. 21, 22. Was not Abraham our father justified by works, wher, he had offered Ifaac his son upon the altar? Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfe&? v. 24. Yę see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only.

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A&s x.

But works with faith could never vie,
And only faith can justify 0:
Yet still my juftifying faith
No justifying value hath p.
Lo, juftifying grace from heav'n
Is foreign ware, and freely giv'ng:
And saving faith is well content
To be a mere recipient r.

o Rom. iv. 16. Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by
grace ; to the end the promife might be fare to all the feed.
Titus iii. 4:—7. But after that the kindness and love of God
our Saviour toward man appeared, not by works of righteoul-
ness, which we have done, but according to his mercy he fav.
ed us by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Ho-
ly Ghost : which he shed on us abundantly, through Jesus
Christ our Saviour ; that being justified by his grace, we should
be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
43. To him gave all the prophets witness, that through his
name, whosoever believeth in him, shall receive remiffion of fins.

p Gal. iii. 21, 22. Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law. Bat the scripture hath concluded all under fin, that the promise by faith of Jefas Christ might be given to them that believe. Lúke xxii. 31, 32. And the Lord faid, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath defired to have you, that he may lift you as wheat: but I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not; and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren. 2 Cor. iii. s. Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves: but our fufficiency is of God. Chap. xii.

S. Of fuch an one will I glory; yet of myself I' will not glory, but in mine infirmities.

Rom. v. 16, 17.-The free gift is of many offences unto justification. — They which receive abundance of grace, and of the gift of righteousness, shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. Chap. iii. 24. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Jesus Chrift. r Rom. 5. II. And not only fo, but we also joy in God,

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Faith's active in my fan&tity :
But here its act it will deny s,
And frankly own it never went
Beyond a passive inftrument t.
I labour much like holy Paul;
And yet not I, but grace does all u;

through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement. 0. 17. See letter q.

Gal. v. 6. For in Jesus Christ, neither circumcision avail. eth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but faith which worketh by love. Acts xv. 9. God put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith. Chap. xxvi. 18. To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgive. ness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.

s Rom. iv. 16. Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace. Chap. xi. 6. And if by grace, then is it no more of works ; otherwise grace is no more grace.

* Eph. ii. 8, 9. For by grace are ye saved, through faith ; and that not of yourselves : it is the gift of God: not of works, left any man should boast. Cor. iv. 7. For who maketh tbee to differ from another? and what halt thou that thou didst not receive ? now if thou didit receive it, why dost thou glory as if thou hadît not received it? Heb. xi. 11. Through faith also Sarah herself received strength to conceive feed, and was delivered of a child when she was past'age, because she judged him faithful who had promised. v. 17. By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had receive ed the promises, offered up his only begotten fon : 0. 19. Ac. counting that God was able to raise him up, even fiom the dead: from whence also he received him in a figure. v. 35. Women received their dead raised to life again : and others were tortured, not accepting deliverence; that they might obtain a better resurrection.

u i Cor. xv. 10. But by the grace of God I am what I am : and his grace which was bestowed upon me, was not in yain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all : yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.

o Pfal. Ixxi. 16. I will go on in the strength of the Lord

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