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us, Ifa. Ixiii. 15. to the end, and in chap. Ixiv. The Jews, after this, march up to Judea ; and it does not appear, from any passage that has occurred to me, that their enemies attempt to resist them till they arrive at Jerusa. lem. There the beast and his allies make their stand. Their numbers and eagerness are reprefented by Joel, chap. iii. 9. 11. 14. “ Prepare “ war, wake up the mighty men, let all the « men of war draw near, let them come up. ct Beat your plow-shares into swords, and your ct pruning-hooks into spears; let the weak fay, o lam strong. Assemble yourselves, and come, "all ye heathen, and gather yourselves together ct round about.-Let the heathen be wakened, ce and come up to the valley of Jeho haphat.-65 Put ye in the fickle, for the harvest is ripe; o come, get you down, for the press is full, the 6 fat's overflow; for their wickedness is great ; «Multitudes, multitudes, in the valley of deci. os fion.'' On the other hand, the folemn and inajestic movement of the Jewish armies, ad. vancing to certain victory under the conduct of the Messiah, is represented to the Apostle John. 6 I saw heaven opened, and behold a white 6 horfe ; and he that fat upon him was called «s faithful and true; and in righteousness he “ doth judge and make war. His eyes were as ( a flame of fire, and on his head were many k crowns, and he had a name written that no

6 man

« man knew but he himself. And he was “ clothed with a vesture dipt in blood; and his " name is called, The Word of God. And the “ armies which were in heaven followed him ¢ upon white horses, cloathed in fine linen, 66 white and clean. And out of his mouth goeth “ a sharp sword, that with it he should smite 66 the nations, and he shall rule them with a 56 rod of iron: And he treadech the wine-press 66 of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. « And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh " a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD 66 OF LORDS.--And I saw the beast and the kings 66 of the earth, and their armies gathered toge( ther, to make war against him that fat on the 6 horse, and against his army.” Rev. xix. 11.-16..19.

Before they join battle, the seventh angel pours out his vial into the air, Rev. xvi. 17. The effect of this is, to dispel the delusion occasioned by the “ prince of the power of the air,” which collected such numerous forces together. The motley crew who assist the beast, set free from the delusion which gathered them, give place to the animofities naturally arising from their various forms of government and systems of religion, as well as from their 'ancient feuds and quarrels. They now turn their swords with eagerness against each other, as formerly the


children of Moab, Ammon, and Mount Seir in the days of Jehofhaphat, 2 Chron. xx. 23. This is clearly asserted by the prophet Zechariah, chap. xiv. 13. “ it shall come to pass in that “ day, that a great tumult from the Lord shall “ be among them, and they shall lay hold every “ one on the hand of his neighbour, and his “ hand shall rise up against the hand of his “ neighbour.” So God says by Haggai, chap. ii. 21.–24. “I will shake the heavens and the " earth, and I will overthrow the throne of “ kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of " the kingdoms of the heathen, and I will to overthrow the chariots and those that ride in " them, and the horses and their riders shall " come down, every one by the sword of his bro

ther.Their eagerness to destroy each other is compared to that of a drunkard for guzzling the wine most agreeable to his palate, “I will “ feed them that oppress thee with their own “ flesh,' and they shall be drunken with their 66 own blood as with sweet wine.” Isa. xlix. 26.

Together with their own swords, God shall set the elements in battle array against them, so as to render his interposition obvious in their destruction. “Behold the Name of the Lord

cometh from far, burning with his anger, and “ the burden thereof is heavy: His lips are full 6 of indignation, and his tongue as a devouring

« fire; “ fire; and his breath as an overflowing stream, « shall reach to the midst of the neck. And “ the Lord shall cause his glorious voice (thun« der) to be heard, and shall fhew the lighting “ down of his arm, with the indignation of his “ anger, and with the fame of a devouring fire, “ (lightning), with scattering, and tempest, and 6 hail-stones.-For Tophet is ordained of old ; " yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made “ it deep and large; the pile thereof is fire and 66 much wood; the breath of the Lord, like a 66 stream of brimstone doth kindle it.” Isa. xxx. 27, 28. 30. 33. “ For behold, the Lord will - come with fire, and with his chariots like a “ whirlwind, to render his anger with fury, and “ his rebuke with flames of fire. For by fire, 66 and by his sword, will the Lord plead with all 66 flesh; and the Rain of the Lord shall be many,” chap. Ixvi. 15, 16. “God came from Teman, " and the holy One from mount Paran. His “ glory covered the heavens, and the earth was “ full of his praise, and his brightness was as 66 the light, he had horns coming out of his 6 hand, and there was the hiding of his power. " Before him went the peftilence, and burn“ing coals went forth at his feet.—Thou didst “ march through the land in indignation, thou “ didst thresh the heathen in anger. Thou wentest forch for the salvation of thy people, “ even for falvation with thine anointed;" Habak. iii. 3, 4, 5. 12, 13'.

the valley of Jehoshaphat, to complete the victory which the swords of their enemies, and the fire of the elements had already obtained for them. “And Judah also shall fight at Jerusa“ lem;" Zech. xiv. 14 ?.

The remains of those forces once fo formidable, now scatter in various directions, and endeavour severally to gain their own coun (Ifa xiii. 14. Jer. 1. 16.); but the Jews pursue and make an immense slaughter all over the land of Palestine. This is that wine-press out of which came “ blood even unto the horfe. s bridles, by the space of a thousand and six “ hundred furlongs 3;" Rev. xiv. 20.


religion at Armageddon, is laid before us in various passages. Take the following as a specimen : “ And the destruction of the transgressors

o and

(1) See likewise Ifa. lxiii, 1.--5, 6. and Rev. xiv. 17.-20. to close.

(2) See the texts quoted, p. 348. and downwards.

(3) For the holy land, according to Jerom, measure's in length 200 Roman or 160 Grecian miles. The Romans computed eight furlongs to a mile, but the Greeks allowed ten, fo that by either computation the extent is just 1600 furlongs; see Mede's Clavis Apocalyptica.

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