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„give us an insight into the true character of the second beast, styles him a false prophet*. Now, since a true prophet is ons, who professes himself a servant of God, and who either delivers true predictions, or who faithfully preaches the Gospel of Christt; a fulse prophet must be one, who'equally professes himself a servant of God, but who either delivers false predictions, or who garbles and corrupts the Gospel of Christ. It is evident therefore, that Infidelity cannot be the false prophet of the Apocalypse; because it answers to neither of these descriptions of a false prophet. Infidelity indeed zealously propagated the doctrines of a false philosophy, and is consequently a fulse teacher: but it certainly cannot be styled, with any propriety, a false prophet; because, so far from claim

ing a divine commission, like Popery and Mohammedism, it came as an absolutely independent teacher, ridiculing even the very existence of a Deity. Accordingly we find, that St. Peter, when foretelling the atheists of the last days, carefully preserves the distinction between false prophets and false teachers. He observes, that, as there were false prophets among the ancient people of God, who imposed upon them with pretended commissions from heaven; so there should be false teachers among

the Christians of the last days, who privily

* Compare Rev. xix. 20. with Rev. xiii. 13, 14.

+ This last is a signification of the word peculiar to the New Testament. I have already noticed it, and therefore it is superfluous to say any thing more upon the subject. 7


should bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them*. If then these teachers were to deny the Lord that bought them, it is plain that they could not come in his name like the false prophets of Israel. Hence St. Peter, with the strictest propriety, terms the ancient impostors false prophets; but describes the modern ones, as being only false teachers-In addition to these objections, I might inquire with what justice the French Republic can be denominated an image of the beast: but, since it has been shewn that Infidelity cannot be the second beast, it is superfluous to discuss that part of Mr. Kett's scheme which is only subordinate.

Mr. Galloway's system is nearly allied to that? of Mr. Kétt, though in some particulars it differs materially from it. He supposes, that the eartti, out of which the beast arose, is France; that the beast himself is the French Republic; that his head is the legislature; that his two horns are the two. committees of safety; that the fire, which he: brought down from heaven to earth, is the wrath of God; that the wonders, which he performed, are the victories of France ; that the image, which he set up, and to which he gave life and speech, is the prostitute goddess of reason and liberty ; that his mark is the cap of liberty and the tri-coloured cockade; and that the number 666, the number also of a man, must be sought for in the name of


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the last French monarch Louis, when Latinized, Ludovicus*.

The first objection to Mr. Galloway's interpretation is the same as one that has already been made to Mr. Kett's. It represents the second beast, as hostile, instead of friendly, to the first : for Mr. Galloway, like Mr. Kett, supposes the first beast to be the Papacy. This objection Mr. Galloway struggles, and (I think) ineffectually strug. gles, to remove: me at least all his arguments have only served to convince, that it riever can be removed either by himself or by Mr. Kett: and, be it again observed, the objection is equally forcible, whether the first beast be the Papacy, or the divided Roman Empire-The second objection is, that without the least authority he pronounces the earth in this particular part of the prophecy to mean France. The earth, as is sufficiently evident from the general context, means throughout the whole Apocalypse the Roman Empire. This appears 110

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where more clearly than in the present chapter, where all they that dwell upon the earth are described as worshipping, or devoting themselves to the apostate principles of, the ten-horned beast Yet does Mr. Galloway declare, that the earth, in a subsequent part of this very chapter, means France_The third objection is, that the French Republic cannot be denominated a false prophet. The second beast however is the false prophet of the Revelation. Therefore the French Republic cannot be the second beast-The fourth objection is, that, if the wonders performed by the second beast mean only the French victories, it does not appear how he could deceice them that dwell upon the earth with such wonders as these. The miracles, wrought by the beast, are immediately connected with his bringing down fire from heaven, and his giving life and utterance to an image, and by these miracles, thus performed, he is said to deceive the world. Such is the simple assertion of the prophet ; an assertion, which no critical art can torture to mean Gullic military exploits -The last objection, which I shall make, is to the notion, that we are to seek for the number of the beast in the name Ludovicus. This notion is untenable even according to Mr. Galloway's own scheme, He supposes, that the number 666 is the number of the second beast, of that beast in short which he conceives to be the French Republic. Let us for a moment allow

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that he is right in this supposition, and discuss the point accordingly. St. John informs us, that the second beast should permit no man either to buy or to sell, “ save he that had the mark, or " the name of the beast, or the number of his « name.” Hence it is evident, that the name of the beast (supposing with Mr, Galloway that the second beast is here intended), which comprehends. his mystic number, should be something so peculiarly dear to him, that he should compel all his votaries, in some manner or another, to bear it, under pain of a severe interdict. But has this been the case with the chaotic republic and the name Ludovicus ? Has she forbidden all to buy or sell, except those who bore, or (to admit the lowest sense) who reverenced, the name of her last unfortunate sovereign? Is it not notorious to the whole world, that her conduct has been exactly the reverse ? So far from none being permitied by her to exercise the common rights of society except the royalists, or, (to bestow upon them the name of their king) the Ludovicians, these of all others are the very persons whom she has formally proscribed We may reasonably then conclude, that, although the word Ludovicus happens to contain the number 666, it is not on that account alone the name of the beast, any more than various other words which may possibly contain the same number. Thus it appears, that, even upon Mr. Galloway's own principles, Ludovicus cannot be the name of the beast: much less therefore can it be that mys16



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