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and in an unconverted state by the Antichristian faction ; and that for mere political purposes. Those consequently, who are thus brought back, must be such Jews as are scattered through the territories of the infidel king and his vassal allies.

Daniel bas given us a wonderfully minute account of the progress of the Antichristian confederacy to Palestine ; which, as might naturally be expected from the circumstance of the maritime power commanding at sea, is plainly by land. This expedition of the infidel king, which we must conclude both from local and chronological evidence to be the same as the expedition of the beast under his last head, the false prophet, and the kings of the Latin earth, will at its first setting out be opposed by two kings of the south and the north. Now, if the infidel king be France, he must, in his attempt to invade the holy land from his empire in the West, necessarily pass through Turkey. Here therefore most probably will be the first collision. The Ottoman power, as we learn from St. John, will have previously fallen under the sixth apocalyptic vial: but in whose hands Turkey and Asia minor will then þe, no one can at present with certainty determine. In spite however of all the opposition made by the


them, that the foreign alliance, which God prepares for them in the latter times, is not that of Egypt, which he teaches them at all times to renounce and to despise, but that of a country far remote: as every country must, that lies either West of the Nile, or East of the Tigris. - Bp. of St. Asaph's Letter on Isaiah xviii.

sea ;

two kings, Antichrist will enter into the countries, overflowing them like a resistless torrent; will pass over the narrow channel of the Constantinopolitan

and will force his way into Palestine. Such being his progress, he must unavoidably enter the holy land from the north: hence his invasion is so frequently spoken of as proceeding from that quarter*.

Successful in his first attempt, and having placed his allies the unconverted Jews in Jerusalem and its vicinity, he will next direct his steps towards Egypt. Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon, will nevertheless escape out of his hand. For this they have to thank, not his moderation and clemency, but merely their local situation. A map will best explain the reason of their security. The districts, which those nations formerly occupied, lie so far to the east, as to be entirely out of the way of any army which is passing from Judea into Egypt. But, over other countries more closely arljoining to Egypt, he will stretch forth his band: and, while Egypt is unable to escape his marauding rapacity, those, whom Daniel calls the Lubim and the Cushim, will be compelled to attend luis steps, and probably either augment

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* At this period, as I have already observed, I think it most probable, that the greut huil-storm of the seventh vial will descend upon the restern Poman empire. It is perhaps described as proceeding from heurèn or the Church, in the same gense as the witnesses are said to shut heaven ; that is to say aut cusually, but conseguenzally.

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In the midst of his African conquests, he will be troubled by tidings out of the east and the north. What these tidings are, Daniel does not positively determine: but the subsequent context plainly shews, that they must relate to the approach of some new enemy, and to some disagreeable intelligence respecting Jerusalem. From these data, and by the assistance of other parallel prophecies, we may form no improbable conjecture at least respecting those tidings out of the east and out of the north, which are described as so grievously troubling Antichrist. We left the great maritime power bringing by sea its allies, the converted Jezus, as a present to the Lord of hosts, to mount Zion. Now, in whatever part of the world this power may be situated, whether far beyond the eastern or the western Cushèan streams, it is plain that its navy can only approach Palestine by the way of the Mediterranean sea. Such then will indisputably he its course. The maritime expedition, which we may conceive to set sail at some indefinite period after the close of the 1260 years, in order that we may allow a sufficient space of time for the collecting together and converting such of the Jerus as are destined to be restored by the agency of the great naval power, at length reaches Palestine : but the believing Jews, and their protectors, find themselves opposed by the unbelieving Jews, and the troops which Antichrist had left behind him to


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garrison Jerusalem and other strong-holds. Apa parently after no trifling bloodshed, and (if I judge rightly from some prophecies) when the converted Jews had suffered very considerably, the eyes of their unconverted brethren will unexpectedly be opened; they will spiritually look upon him whom they have pierced; and, throwing off the base yoke of Antichrist, they will cordially join such of their nation as had embraced christianity, and had allied themselves to the faithful maritime poiver. Thus will the Lord bring to salvation the tents of Judali first; or that body of the Jews, who are attached to the army of the great marilime nation, and who have not yet acquired a permanent settlement in cities, and afterwards the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem-; or those Jews, who have been restored in an unconverted state, and have been placed in their ancient metropolis by Antichrist.

At the period when these events happen, andthat they will happen may be collected with sufficient clearness, we may suppose Antichrist to be in Egypt and Libya: for to what other time, in the course of his whole progress, can we with equal propriety ascribe them? Thus situated, he would plainly receive the intelligence from the north and from the east. From the north and the north-east he would léarı, by means of some light vessels, first that the navy of the maritime power was approaching, and afterwards that it had safely reached the coast of Palestine : from the east and 16


the north-east he would learn, by means of his own fugitive troops which had been stationed in Judèa, that the maritime power had completely succeeded in its first attempt, that it had brought back a large body of converted Jews, and that those who had been restored by Antichrist in an unconverted state had suddenly embraced the faith of protestant christianity, and had revolted from him to their already believing brethren. Unless we admit, that either this or something like it will be the case, we shall find it no casy inatter to account for the fury with which Antichrist is represented as returning into Judia which he had already subdued, and as besicging Jerusalem which he had already given to his allies the unconverted Jews. For,

For, that certain unbelieving Jews will be converted in Jerusalem, is plainly asserted by Zechariah: anı, that the city will afterwards be besieged and taken, is asserted both by Zechariah and Daniel. But all those Jers, who are restored by the maritime power, will return in a converted state, as is manifest from the language used by Isaiah *: bv whom then can the unconverted Jeres have been restored, except by Anticlorist, who will make himself master of the whole land of Palestine ; and why should he afterwards besiege them in Jerusalem, except on account of their conversion mentioned by Zechariah, and their revolt from


* See the preceding extract from Bp. Horsley.

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