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to do, which renders our Obedience pofsible and easy; but the Motives of Obedience from the Rewards of Virtue, and Punishment of Wickedness, must be fetch'd from a Future Judgment; for these unseen and abfent Rewards and Punish ments are the only Object of Faith, which is the substance of things hoped for, and the evidence of things not seen, 11. Heb. 1. And Faith is the only true Principle of Gospel-Obedience: Present Rewards and Punishments were the Motives of the Mosaical Covenant, and this is a legal Spirit to serve God in expectation of a present Reward,or, for fear of some Temporal Punishment; but Future Rewards and Punishments are the Motives of the Gospel, the Exercise of Faith, and the true Spirit of Sons; the not observing which was the occasion of that foolish Mistake, That to serve God for a Reward, is a legal and servile Spirit; which is true, if we speak of present and Temporal Rewards, but not of those which are Spiritual and Eternal. And if we will be true and sincere Christians, here we must fix our eye, and with Moses have respect to a future Recompence of Reward; for no other Motives will fit all times, nor conquer all Temptations, nor extend to all Acts of Religion.
Those who serve God for a present Reward, to make their Fortunes in this World, must quic his Service when Religion exposes them to Sufferings in Persecutions, and to the loss of all things for Christ's fake : Those who abstain from Sin for fear of some Temporal Punishmust commit such Sins
when they shall suffer more by not committing them; when Men serve God for Temporal Hopes or
Fears, whenever the World promises greater Prosperity, or threatens more terrible things, they mult necessarily change their Mafter, for they must take that ride on which the present Advantage lies.
Good Men sometimes meet with a Reward in this World; Virtue may in some Junctures make Men Rich and Honourable ; but whoever courts Virtue" for Riches and Honours, will never court a poor and despised Virtue; that is, he does not indeed court Virtue, but Riches and Honours; and will rather take as much Virtue with them as is necessary to that purpose, than go without them; but Riches and Honours, with or without Virtue, are always welcome: Whoever makes the Advantages of this Life his Reasons and Motives to Virtue, will do no more good than will advance his present Interest, and will be good no longer; and this is a very sorry Virtue, it had need have some Reward in this World, for it will have none in the
Those Temporal Promises which are contained in the Gospel, were never intended by our Saviour as the Rewards or Motives of our Obedience, but only to encourage and support us in our Pilgrimage in this world, that if we seek forf the Kingdom of God, and his Righteousness, if we give up oun felves to the Obedience of the Gospel, and live upon the Hopes of unseen things, and lay up Treasures in Heaven, all other things hall be added unto us; God will provide what is needful for our passage through this world, whatever Difficulties and Discouragements we may meet with from Men.
The design of the Gospel is to take our Hearts from thisWorld, to teach us not to lay up for our felves Treasures on Earth, but in Heaven; not to love this World, nor the things that are in the World; and therefore it is impoflible that Temporal Blessings should be a Gospel Motive ; rothing in this world can be a Motive, unless we love theWorld, and therefore this can be no Motive of the Christian Religion, which teaches us not to love the World; unless the love of the
World can be a proper Motive and Argument to make us despise it, and live above it.
And therefore I confess I have sometimes wished that there had been less stress laid upon the Temporal Rewards and Advantages of Virtue, to persuade men to Religion; and upon the Temporal Evils and Miseries of Sin, to discourage men from it ; for this is not always true ; and if it were, it is an Argument which will persuade no man ; and if it did, it cannot advance them to the heights and perfe&ions of a ChristianVirtue, and therefore is no Gospel Motive. As for Instance :
Some Virtues are very healthful, prolong our Lives, and prevent a great many painful and mortal Diseases, which the contrary Vices expofe men to; such asTemperance and Chastity; other Virtues are very proper methods of thriving in the World, such as Diligence, Prudence, Justice; others give us Reputation and Honour, advance us to Rule, and Empire, and Publick Trusts : Now this is sometimes true, and sometimes not, as the State of the World now is, as I shewed you before, that whatever natural efficacy Virtue may have to make men happy, or Vice to
makes them miserable, this may be in a great measure defeated by the external Circumstances of our Condition in thisWorld; and therefore this can never be a Motive, that is, it cannot be a reason why we should chuse Virtue, because it is not always a reason; nay, it is as often a reason for Vice as for Virtue ; and if it be a good reason for one, I cannot see why it should not be a good reason for the other; for if it be a reason at all, it is a reason for that side on which at present it is, whether thatbe Virtue or Vice: Indeed these Temporal Advantages of Virtue are not so much Reasons for Virtue, as againstVice, and that too only against suchVices, or such Degrees and Instances of Vice, as are destructive to Mens Health, or Fortunes, or Reputation: However, this reason, be it what it will, will reach no farther than to such a degree of Virtue as will contribute to a happy and prosperous life in this World, and therefore will not raise us above this World, will not teach us to despise Riches and Honours, and Bodily Pleasures, nay, is not consistent with a mean value, and great indifferency to present things, and therefore it cannot make us Christians; and is a very improper Argument to persuade men to be Chriftians; it never made a Christian yet, and never will do.
And therefore let us not think to conquer the Deceits and Flatteries of theWorld and the Flesh, with such Arguments as these, which have no strength in them, which are more apt to make Men fond of this World, than to conquer it: But this is our Victory which overcomes the World, even cur Faitb; the hope and fear of unseen Things, or a Future Judgment, when
God will eternally reward good men, and punish the wicked. This is an Argument in all Times, and in all Conditions: it will make us despise the World when it smiles and flatters, and scorn its Frowns : Here are hopes too big for thisWorld, and fears too great and powerful for its fears
i such hopes as can support us under the greatest Sufferings ; such fears as can imbitter all the sweets of Sin ; and therefore let us keep the Future Judgment always in our eye; let us fetch our Supports and Comforts from thence; let us oppose these Hopes and Fears against all Temptations, for here is ourstrength; all other Arguments are easily baffled, but nothing can answer the Argument of Eternal Life and Death.
Third Inference : To refer all Judgment to GOD. III. I
F GOD will certainly judge the World,
let us refer all Judgment to God; or as St. Paul speaks , Therefore judge nothing before the time , until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things.of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the heart; and then shall every man bave praise of God, 1 Cor. 4. 5. Nothing is more indecent nor more dangerous, than for men who mult be Judged themselves, to take God's Work out of his hands, and to assume a Prætorian Power to Judge, Acquit, and Condemn whom they please, without expe&ing the Judgment of God: To Judge is God's Prerogative, and he will Judge the World: And what
bast thou to do to judge another man's servant? to his own master he shall stand