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Who shall be our fudge, viz. The Max
our. Judge : That man whom he bath ordained, whereof ke baih given assurance unto all men, in that he bath railed bim from the dead; where there are two things to be considered: First, The Person who is to judge us. Secondly, What Assurance we have, that He shall be our Judge.
First, The Person who is to judge us: That man whom he hatb ordained ; that is, the Man CHRIST JESUS: for thus both Christ and his Apostles assure us, that God hath appointed him to be the Judge of the World: The Father judgeth no man; but . bath commit-. ted all judgment to the Son, John 22. Tbe Son of man fhall come in the glory of his Father, with bis Angels; and then shall be reward every man according to his works, 16 Matthew 27. · Thus St. Peter afsures Cornelius concerning Chrift, He commanded us to preach unto tbe people, and to testifie that it is be which was ordained by God to be the Judge of quick and dead, 10 Acts 42. But there is no need to multiply Texts in so plain a Case, it is of more. concernment to inquire , why Christ, who is the Eternal Son of God, and a God Incar
nate, when he is spoke of as Judge of the World, is most usually describ'd as a Man, or the Son of Man; thus, He is that man whom God bath ordained; and the Son of man; nay, Christ himself tells us, For this reason God hath given him authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of man, s John 27.
Now the reason why our Saviour is described as a Man, and the Son of Man, when he comes to Judgment, is, because he shall vifibly appear in Humane Nature to judge the World; and therefore will be, and will appear as much a Man as he did when he dwelt on Earth, though he will appear also more like a God: Thus the Prophet Daniel describes it : He saw in the night visions, and behold, one like the Son of man, came with the clouds of beaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. And there was given him Dominion and Glory, and a Kingdom, that all People, Nations, and Languages should serve bim: bis Dominion is an everlasting Dominion, which shall not pass away, and his Kingdom that which shall not be destroyed, 7 Dan. 13, 14. It is the Son of Man who has this Glory and Kingdom given him, and which he must administer as the Son of Man.
And this seems the true reason why our Saviour fo often calls himself the Son of Mari, not as some imagine with respect to the mean Circumstances of his Appearance in the World, for this Phrase, The Son of Man, no where in Scripture relates to such an external Meannels and Poverty as distinguishes one
49 Jer. 28. Man from another; but it either signifies no 25 906 6. more than a Man, or it respects the com8. Pfal.17. mon Weaknesses of Humane Nature; and 146Pal.3 when this Name is applied to any particular 2 Ezek. - Persons, it is never used of mean Men, but
always of Princes or Prophets : But by this Title of the Son of Man, our Saviour gives us to understand, that he is that Great and Extraordinary Person, known by the Name of The Son of Man in Daniel's Visions, whom God hath ordained to be the Lord and Judge of the World.
But I shall not pass over this Argument thus, but -fhall more particularly consider the great Wisdom of this ; how necessary, congruous and fitting it is, that the Son of Man should judge the World; which will suggest a great many useful Meditations to us. Now I shall reduce what I have to say to these two Heads : 1. That it is very fitting and necessary, that the Saviour of Mankind should be their Judge alfo. 2. And therefore that the Man Christ Jefus, who is the Saviour of the World, should judge it.
I. That it is very fitting and necessary that the Saviour of Mankind should be their Judge also ; and that upon two Accounts,
1. Because the Authority to judge is efsential to the Notion and Authority of a Saviour: To Save Sinners, fignifies to save them from their Sins ; which is the true Interpretation of the Name Jesus, I Matth. 20. to save thein from their Sins, 'is to deliver them
from the Punishment of Sin; that is, from the Wrath of God, from the Curse of the Law, from Death and Hell, to raise them from the Dead, and to bestow Immortal Life on them :. Now there are feveral Acts niuft concur to perfect this Salvation, but the last concluding and finishing Act is Judgment. And he only is a compleat and perfect Saviour, who has Authority to Judge, to Pardon, and to -Reward.
God is a Holy and Pure Being, and can never be reconciled to Sinners, till they are renewed and sanctified, which makes it necessary for the Saviour of the World, to instruct Mankind in their Duty, and by the Power of his Grace to change their Natures, and make them Holy as God is, since without boliness no man fhall see God; and therefore he must be a great Prophet and Preacher of Righteousness, to turn men froń darkness unto light, and from the power of Satan unto God.
God is a very Righteous Judge and has threatned Death against Sin
and therefore the Saviour of Sinners must make -Atonement and Expiation for Sin, must deliver us from the Curse of the Law, by being made a Curse for us ; that is, must be our Priest and our Sacrifice, muft dye for our Sins, and intercede for us with God: but all this while a Sinner is not saved till he is finally acquitted and absolved ; till he is actually delivered from the Curse of the Law and possessed of Eternal Life and Glory ; all things elfe are only Preparatory Acts, but the final Judgment perfects our Salvation
who finally pardons, and bestows Heaven on us, is our Saviour : Christ might have been our Prophet , our Priest, and our Sacrifice, without being our Judge, but he could noţ have been our Saviour without it ; and therefore after Christ's Resurrection from the Dead, after he had preach'd the Gospel, and died upon the Cross to expiate our Sins, he tells his Disciples, All
power is given unto me both in heaven and in earth, 28 Matth. And St. Peter tells the Sanhedrim , Him bath God exalted with his right band to be a Prince and a Savivur, to give repenpentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins, s. Ads
31. So that he saves by Power, he is our Saviour and our Prince; and this Power is the Reward of his Obedience and Sufferings : Therefore God bath bighly exalted him, "and given him a Name which is above every Name : That at the Name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth , and things under the earth ; and that every tongue should confess, that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the Glory of God, the Father Phil.
9, 10, II. His power to fave is attributed to his Intercession, or Mediatory Kingdom :
Kingdom: Wherefore he is able also to save them to the utter, moft", that come unto God by him, seeing be ever liveth to make intercession for them, Hebr. 25. And in like manier St. Paul attributes our Reconciliation to God, to the Death of Chrift, but our Salvation to his. Life; that is, to that Power he was invested with at his Resurrection from the Dead : For if when we were. Enemies, we were reconciled unto God by the death of bis Son : much more being reconciled,