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we should be saved by his life; That is, actually delivered from the Wrath of God, by the Power and Authority of a living Saviour, 5 Rom. 10. Upon the same account Christ is said to be delivered for sur Offences and to be raised again for our juftification ; That is, finally to Absolve and Juftifie us at the Day of judgment, 4 Rom. 25. For we must observe, That though Christ by his Death has made a general Atonement and Expiation for Sin, and those men are faid at present to be justified, who are in a justified State ; that is, who are within the Terms of the Covenant for Justification, who are such as Christ in his Gospel has promised to justifie; yet properly speaking, no man is finally juftified till he is finally acquitted and absolved at the Day of Judgment, till he is judicially delivered from the Wrath of God threatned aigainst Sin, and actually sentenced to Life and Glory : And if Christ cannot do this for us, whatever other Benefits we receive by his Ministry and Deach, he is not a compleat and perfect Saviour ; for he does not actually save us, unless he have Power and Authority to judge us ; that is, finally to absolve us from all our Sins, and to bestow Heaven on us. Which
Thews, that the Saviour of Sinners must be their -Judge, because we are not actually saved till we are finally judged : Moses was not a complete Saviour of Israel, because tho' he brought them out of Egypt, yet he left them in the Wilderness; but Foshua was their Saviour (and therein a Type of Christ) who gave them Poffeffion of the Promised Land,
2. But besides the nature of the thing, that our Saviour must be our Judge, that is, must actual ly save us; there is very great reason it should be so, because this gives Authority and Efficacy to all the Methods of Salvation: It will make Sinners afraid not to be saved by him, when they know that he must judge them.
As to Shew this particularly: It will give great : Authority to his Laws and Counsels, and great
Credit to his Promises and Threatnings.
1. It will give great Authority to his Laws and Counsels, to remember that our Law-giver will be our Judge; that he who came into the World in Humane Nature to declare the will of God to us, shall come again to judge us by that Gospel which he preached. When God sends his Prophets to us, there is great reason to reverence the Authority of God in them; but much more when our Judge i comes to preach to us himself, for we may be sure he will not preach in vain: the Laws he preached to us at his first coniing, shall be the Rule whereby he will judge us at his second 1. coming.
Efpecially when we consider, that both our Prophet and our Judge is the Sáviour of Mankind. We may possibly flatter our selves, that when God comes to Judgment, he may relax fomewhat of the Rigour and Severity of his Laws; that he has reserved to himself a liberty of dispensing with our Obedience to those' Laws, which by his Prophets he commanded us to obey; But we cannot think that
our Saviour would lay any unnecessary Burden on us, that he would require any thing of us under the pain of Damnation, but what he expeas we should do ; that he will dispense with the Terms of the Gospel, which are themselves a Dispensation with the Rigour of the Law; for there must be an end of dispensing fomewhere, unless Grace can dispense away all our Duty, and dispense unreformed and impenitent Sinners into Heaven: if this could be done there was no reason why the Saviour of the World fhould have preached at all, or have given any Laws to Mankind, if he would have no regard to them in judging the World ; but if the Judge of the World become a Preacher, it concerns us diligently to hearken to him ; for whether we will obey his Laws or no, we shall be judged by them. * 2. This gives great Credit to his Promises and
Threatnings, when they are made by our Judge himself who has Authority to execute them : Has Christ promised pardon of Sin to all true Penitents? Has he promised to raise our Dead Bodies out of the Grave immortal and glorious, to bestow a Crown and Kingdom on us? then we may depend on it, that he will do what he has promised; for be who has promised is able also- to perform : He has Authority to forgive Sins, to raise the Dead, to receive all his Disciples into Heaven, into the -immediate Prefence of God, there to live and to rejoyce for ever; and when he, who came to save us, and has promised this great Salvation to us, has Power to give it, when he who has made these Promises, has the dif
posal of Life and Glory, and Heaven in his own hands; this is a mighty Encouragement to us, to be stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as we know that our Labour shall not be in vain in the Lord.
And have not all impenitent Sinners as much reafon to expect, that Christ will certainly execute that Vengeance on them which he has threatned? That he will condemn them to eternal Night and Darkness, to Lakes of Fire and Brimfone, where there is weeping and wailing and gnalhing of Teeth for evermore? For he is the Judge of the World, who has Power and Authority to do it, and has declared that he will do it and then we have reason to take his word for it.
Men are apt to shelter themselves from the Terrors of the Law, by the Merits and Mediation, and Mercies of a Saviour: God indeed is very juft and severe, a consuming fire, and who can abide his coming! But the Blessed: Jesus is a merciful and compassionate Saviour: He is 1o ; infinitely merciful ; but yet this merciful Saviour has threatned everlasting Fire against incorrigible Sinners; and he is our Judge too, and if he will condemn us at the last Day, What hope is there for us? Where shall we find another Saviour to deliver us. It seems he is not all Mercy, as Sinners are apt to flatter themselves ; no! He is a Judge, and a terrible Judge: And if our Saviour will judge us, it is dangerous to neglect so great Salvation.
That God did not intend meerly to fright Sinners with his Threatnings, is evident from the Sufferings of our Saviour : He could not save us without making Atonement and Expiation for our Sins; and if he must undergo the Curse of the Law, if he must suffer Death to redeem Sinners, it is certain Sinners must have died, if Christ had not died for them; as St. Paul argues, If one died for all, then were all dead: For would God have laid the Punishment of our Sins on Christ, if he had not intended to execute the Curse of the Law against Sinners ? Would he have delivered up Christ to Death for us, if he had not intended that Sinners should die without a Sacrifice ?
And when the Saviour of the World, who came to lay down his Life for us, to redeem us from the Curse of the Law, threatens everlasting Destruction against impenitent and unbelieving Sinners, what reason have we to hope that he will not execute his Threatnings? Those who are not redeemed by his death, must die themselves; and it cannot be otherwise expected, but that he who died to save us, will execute the Sentence of Eternal Death on all those who will not be saved by him: When he comes to Judgment, he will remember the Shame and Agony, the Infamy and Torments of the Cross, which he underwent for Sinners; and this will make him revenge the Contempt of his dying and suffering Love. He suffered for Sin оnce, and, though he were the Son of God, he bowed, and sweat, and died under the weight of it, but all this is despised by Sinners, and goes for nothing: and now he will die no more for