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The inward man. John iii. 5, 6. that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.' Rom. vii. 22. after the inward man.'
The old man being destroyed. Rom. vi. 6. knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed.' v. 11. likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.' 2 Cor. v. 17. old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.' Col. iii. 9-11. that ye have put off the old man with his deeds, and have put on the new man.'
In all the faculties of his mind; that is to say, in understanding and will. Psal. li. 10. create in me a clean heart, O God.' Ezek. xi. 19. “I will put a new spirit within you....and I will give them an heart of flesh. xxxvi. 26. (a new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you.' Rom. xii. 2. .be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good....will of God.' Eph. iv. 23. be renewed in the spirit of your mind.' Philipp. ii. 13. “it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.' This renewal of the will can mean nothing, but a restoration to its former liberty.
After his own image. Eph. iv. 24. put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness. Col. ii. 9–11. which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him.' 2 Pet. i. 4. that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust. If the choice were given us, we could ask nothing more of
God, than that, being delivered from the slavery of sin, and restored to the divine image, we might have it in our power to obtain salvation if willing. Willing we shall undoubtedly be, if truly free; and he who is not willing, has no one to accuse but himself. But if the will of the regenerate be not made free, then we are not rewarded, but compelled to embrace salvation in an unregenerate state.
A new creature. 2 Cor. 5. 17. if any man be in Cbrist, he is a new creature.' Gal. vi. 15. 'a new creature. Eph. iv. 24. the new man.' See also Col. iii. 10, 11. Hence some, less properly, divide regeneration into two parts, the mortification of the flesh, and the quickening of the spirit; whereas mortification cannot be a constituent part of regeneration, inasmuch as it partly precedes it, (that is to say, as corruption precedes generation) and partly follows it; in which latter capacity it belongs rather to repentance. On the other hand, the quickening of the spirit is as often used to signify resurrection as regeneration. John v. 21. 'as the Father raiseth up the dead and quickeneth them, even so the Son quickeneth whom he will.' v. 25. the dead sball hear the voice of the Son of God, and they that hear shall live.'
The whole man. 1 Cor. vi. 15, 19. know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you?' 1 Thess. v. 23. the very God of peace sanctify you wholly, and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.'
For the performance of good works. 1 John ii. 29. “if ye know that he is righteous, ye know that
every one that doeth righteousness is born of him.' Eph. ii. 10. 'we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works.'
Is sanctified. 1 John iii. 9. whosoever is born of God, doth not commit sin ; for his seed remaineth in him; and he cannot sin, because he is born of God.' v. 18. • whosoever is born of God, sinneth not, but he that is begotten of God keepeth himself, and that wicked one toucheth him not.' Hence regeneration is sometimes termed sanctification, being the literal mode of expressing that, for which regeneration is merely a figurative phrase.. 1 Cor. vi. 11. - such were some of you ; but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified.' 1: Thess. iv. 7. • God hath not called us unto uncleanness, but unto holiness.' 2 Thess. ii. 13. because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit.' 1 Pet. i. 2. 6according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit.' Deut. xxx. 6. • Jehovah thy God will circumcise thine heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love, Jehovah thy God.' Sanctification is also attributed to the Son. Eph. v. 25, 26. Christ loved the church, and gave himself for it, that he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word. Tit. ii. 14. that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself? (unto himself as our Redeemer and King) 'a peculiar • people.'
Sanctification is sometimes used in a more extended sense, for any kind of election or separation, either of a whole nation to some particular form of worship, or of an individual to some office. Exod.
xix. 10. 'sanctify them to-day and to-morrow. xxxi. 13. that ye may know that I am Jehovah that doth sanctify you.' See also Ezek. xx. 12. Numb. xi. 18. “sanctify yourselves against to-morrow. Jer. i. 5. before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee, and I ordained thee a prophet unto the nations.' Luke i. 15. he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother's womb.'
The external cause of regeneration or sanctification is the death and resurrection of Christ. Eph. ii. 4, 5. when we were dead in sins, God hath quickened us together with Christ.' v. 25, 26. • Christ gave himself for the church, that he might sanctify and cleanse it.' Heb. ix. 14. how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God.' x. 10. by the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ.' 1 Pet. i. 2, 3. through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ ... which hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.' 1 John i. 7. the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.'
Sanctification is attributed also to faith. Acts xv. 9. * purifying their hearts by faith ;' not that faith is anterior to sanctification, but because faith is an instrumental and assisting cause in its gradual progress.